Sample descriptive words for rocks



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Sample descriptive words for rocks


Rough

Smooth


Sharp

Flat


Rounded

Oval


Square or rectangular

Bumpy


Lumpy

Broken


Heavy

Light


Clean

Dirty


Jagged

Polished


Sandy

Crumbly


Grainy

Muddy


Dusty

Soft


Hard

Shiny


Sparkly

Glittery


Dull

Plain


Common

Unusual


Cold

Warm


Pale

Dark


Bright

One color—

Multicolored—

Scratchable

Breakable

Striped


Spotted

Streaked


Speckled

Pitted (tiny holes all over it)

Transparent (you can see through it)

Translucent (light comes through it)

Crystalline (has crystals in it)

Magnetic (a paper clip is attracted to it)




Color descriptors

Brown: tan, beige, muddy brown, cardboard brown, Snuffleupagus brown, dark brown, mahogany, chocolate, taupe, mocha, Cocoa Puff brown, sandy brown, leaf brown, cinnamon, khaki, oatmeal, ecru

Gray: dark gray, light gray, elephant gray, storm gray, fog gray, smoky gray, pale gray, shadow gray, silver, steel gray, cement gray, computer gray, lead gray

Black: shiny black, midnight black, ebony, oily black, dull black, tire black, ink black, sooty black, spider black, patent leather black, licorice

White: milk white, marshmallow white, cloud white, ghost white, paper white, polar bear, ivory, cream, snowflake, moon white, vanilla, eggshell, winter white




Questions to ask

Can you scratch it with your fingernail?

Can you write or make marks on paper with it?

What does it smell like?

It is as big (or as small) as…

What happens when you rub it?

Does it change color if you put a drop of water on it?

What could you use it for?

Is it lighter or heavier than other rocks of a similar size?

It reminds me of…

It has ____________ (holes? dents? fossils? crystals? bubbles?) in it.

Where did you find it? How do you think it got there?
Vocabulary

Cleavage - how it breaks—whether the break is flat, like the surface of a crystal, or rough, like there are no crystals

Luster - how the surface reflects light—whether it is shiny or dull

Hardness - how hard the rock is—whether it can be scratched by a fingernail or a penny or a steel file (or only by a diamond, the hardest mineral)



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