Jails and prisons have become a dumping ground for offenders who suffer a mental illness. Overcrowding and lack of training and equipment in the institutions make it hard for inmates to get the proper care that they need for their disease. In this study, professionals from the mental health field, law enforcement, court and correctional institutions are interviewed for their perspectives on this issue. Files for offenders with mental health issues are also reviewed to shed light on this issue. Mental health professionals, law enforcement, and correctional institutions are developing strategies to work together to lessen the impact that the mentally ill have on the criminal justice system, including the use of mental health courts help to determine the severity of individual cases and also lead them in the right direction for rehabilitation, incarceration and treatment.