Revision Essay Questions



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Revision Essay Questions

(on dot points not examined since 2006)


1 e)


Discuss the political and religious significance of the building programs of at least three pharaohs in this period.


1 f)

Describe the establishment and significance of the Nineteenth Dynasty to the death of Ramesses II.

1 i)

Evaluate the role and contribution of prominent Egyptian officials within Egypt in this period.

2 b)

Assess the relationship between the Egyptian pharaohs and the vassal rulers of Byblos and Amurru.

2 c)

Explain the significance of the “warrior pharaoh” image in this period.

2 e)

How successful was Ramesside imperialism during the reigns of Seti I and Ramesses II?

2 g)

Analyse the importance of the Egyptian-Hittite Peace Treaty to Ramesses II.




Analyse the significance of the reign of Ramesses II.




Analyse the significance of the reign of Tutankhamun.




Analyse the significance of the reign of Horemheb.




Analyse the significance of the reign of Akhenaten.

Tips:

-“in this period” means mentioning the reigns of several pharaohs in the 18th dynasty from Amenhotep III AND the 19th dynasty up to Ramesses II.

- after doing your revision notes on the pharaohs and the dot points, prepare answers to practice questions

- my suggestion is for each question to write : an introduction which includes reference to your line of argument and the points you would discuss in your essay.

- pick one question and write 1000 words or however much you can in 45 mins

- remember that you can include information you know from other dot points



What you need to know for each dot point of the syllabus

1 Internal developments

  1. reign of Amenhotep III




  • -significant achievements

  • -policies and actions

  • -evaluation of his success as a pharaoh




  1. the Amarna ‘revolution’: religion, kingship, Akhetaten (Tel el-Amarna)




  • Akhenaten – personality, what changes he made, why

  • Religious reforms and beliefs

  • New capital – stats, details etc




  1. failure of the Amarna ‘revolution’




  • why did it fail

  • what evidence is there for its failure



  1. post-Amarna reforms: restoration of Amun and other gods





  1. political and religious significance of building programs




  • political reasons for building

  • examples by pharaohs across the 18th-19th dynasties that were studied

  • religious reasons for building

  • examples by pharaohs across the 18th-19th dynasties that were studied



  1. establishment and significance of the Nineteenth Dynasty to the death of Ramesses II




  • why/how did the 18th dynasty end

  • what led to the 19th dynasty

  • how was it different





  1. role and contribution of rulers: Amenhotep III, Akhenaten, Tutankhamun, Horemheb, Seti I, Ramesses II






  1. changing role and contribution of queens: Tiye, Nefertiti, Ankhesenamun, Nefertari






  1. role and contribution of prominent Egyptian officials within Egypt and the empire




  • what were the titles/positions of the impt officials

  • give examples of specific men associated with various pharaohs across the period

  • what did they do

  • why were they important

2 Foreign relations

  1. maintenance and administration of the ‘empire’: Nubia and Syria-Palestine




  • significance and uniqueness of each area

  • policies of various pharaohs

  • how was each administered by Egypt


  1. relationship with vassal rulers: Rib-Addi of Byblos, Aziru of Amurru





  1. image of the ‘Warrior Pharaoh’




  • what is a warrior pharaoh

  • why is this image important

  • know how each of the main 6 pharaohs meets this image with specific evidence



  1. changing relations with foreign powers: Mitanni, Hittites




  • overview of relationship between Egypt (eg specific pharaohs) and Mitanni




  • overview of relationship between Egypt (eg specific pharaohs) and Hittittes




  • relationship between Mitanni and Hittites



  1. Ramesside imperialism: the wars of Seti I and Ramesses II





  1. Battle of Kadesh: background, course and consequences




  • Where

  • Why

  • What happened

  • Why are there different claims on who won

  • What was the result of this battle

  • Why is it important


  1. Egyptian-Hittite Peace Treaty, diplomatic marriage, trade and cultural exchange

  • Details of treaty – who, when, why

  • What did each side gain

  • Terms of the treaty

  • How it affected both sides

  • Examples of diplomatic marriage

  • Know about trade and cultural exchange links between the two empires after the Treaty.

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