Review Chapter Assessments & Integrative Assessments Ch 1 p 20-21 Ch 2 p 49

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Anatomy & Physiology Fall Study Guide Test 1 Kerry Zimmerman

Review Chapter Assessments & Integrative Assessments

  • Ch 1 p 20-21

  • Ch 2 p 49


Chapter 1. Overview

        • The effect of technology?

        • Directional Terms & Body Planes

        • Organization of the Body: cells on up

        • Systems of the Body and their responsibilities

        • Histology vs. Cytology

        • Anatomy vs. Physiology

        • Terms for parts of the body (labeling!!!)

        • Homeostasis: What is it?

          • Three features of?

          • Positive Feedback. Define. Example.

          • Negative Feedback. Define. Example.

Chemical Organization

  • Components of an atom

  • Isotopes

  • Importance of valence electrons?

  • Relevant bonds

  • Reactions important in Physiology. Examples?

  • Acids & Bases: general definitions, examples

  • Inorganic Compounds: examples. Where/why important?

  • Organic Compounds. Important elements?

  • Carbohydrates: examples. How does bonding play a role in polysaccharides?

  • Lipids

      • Fatty Acids: properties depend upon?

      • Fats: What are they? An example. Role in the body?

      • Steroids: What are they? An example. Role in the body?

      • Phospholipids: Where found?

      • Proteins: examples with function. Levels of structure. Structures of AAs? What is different/similar in different AAs?

      • Nucleotides: examples, function, structure

    • DNA vs. RNA. Central Dogma?

    • ATP. Why important?

Possible Short Answer Questions

  1. Describe the three components of homeostatic regulation as it relates to your body’s response to putting your hand on a hot stove.

  2. How do proteins and nucleic acids relate to one another in normal circumstances? When mutations occur?

  3. A certain reaction pathway consists of four steps. How would decreasing the amount of enzyme that catalyzes the second step affect the amount of product produced at the end of the pathway?

  4. Describe three similarities and two differences between glycogen and starch?

  5. What is the difference between anatomy and physiology? Describe the terms and give an example of each.

  6. What is similar about the structure of fats, fatty acids, and phospholipids? Include a comparison of fats and phospholipids.

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