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Bibliography

No. 7

Bibliography on Women in Nepal




Bibliography prepared at the request of the Gender Equality and

WID Office of the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs (DANIDA)


by Zoë Oxaal

March 1997

CONTENTS

1. INTRODUCTION 2


2. NEPAL WOMEN/GENDER PROFILES AND STATISTICAL PROFILES 3
3. ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT 7
4. EDUCATION AND TRAINING 24
5. DECENTRALISATION 30
6. LEGAL STATUS 32
7. ENERGY 35
8. OTHER ITEMS 40
8.1 Development planning, programmes and projects 40

8.2 Women and agriculture/rural development 43

8.3 Gender, NGOs and women's organisations in Nepal 48

8.4 Labour and employment 50

8.5 Miscellaneous 53

1. INTRODUCTION

This bibliographic search was prepared by BRIDGE for the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs (DANIDA). The bibliography is intended as background information for a Nepal Gender Profile focused on the sectors; education; environment and natural resource management; energy; decentralisation; and legal status.


The databases searched included the British Library of Development Studies; CAB Abstracts; Academic Index; Sociological Abstracts; Econlit; Geobase; PAIS; IntelEc; UNBIS; and Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) materials at the Institute of Development Studies (IDS).
This bibliography was compiled by Zoë Oxaal for BRIDGE at IDS. Sally Baden provided advice. This bibliographic search aims to be comprehensive of recent literature on the sectors specified but is not exhaustive. It covers materials which could be identified within the time frame allowed. The entries are ordered under headings as listed in the table of contents. The entries vary in both content and format due to the different sources searched. Some abstracts are provided in cases where they were readily available. The bibliography includes unpublished literature from women's organisations as well as published sources. For sectors in which scant literature directly addressing the topic was found, references likely to cover relevant issues have been included. Section 8 is comprised of other references collected in the course of the search, but does not attempt to be comprehensive in its coverage.


2. NEPAL WOMEN/GENDER PROFILES AND STATISTICAL PROFILES

Statistical profiles : women. country profile. No. 2- New York : UN ESCAP, 1995-Irregular. ST/ESCAP/1546. - ST/ESCAP/1547. ST/ESCAP/1558. - ST/ESCAP/1649

CORPORATE AUTHOR(S): United Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

DESCRIPTORS: /Asia/ /women/ /statistical data/ - /Bangladesh/ /Philippines/ /Nepal/ /Thailand/

SHELF CATEGORY: [INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS COLLECTION]

SHELVED AT: U.N. ST/ESCAP. Statistical profiles: women ... country profile.

Record no: 160744

The statistical profile on Nepalese women : an update in the policy context Kathmandu : IIDS, 1994. -- 152 p

PERSONAL AUTHOR(S): Acharya, Meena

CORPORATE AUTHOR(S): Institute for Integrated Development Studies (Kathmandu, Nepal)

DESCRIPTORS: /Nepal/ /women/ /women's status/ /women workers/ /women's

participation/ /statistical data/

SHELF CATEGORY: [NON-OFFICIAL MONOGRAPHS COLLECTION]

SHELVED AT: INSTITUTE FOR INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT STUDIES. Statistical profile on Nepalese women ...

Record no: 145722

Children and women of Nepal : a situation analysis 1992. -- Kathmandu :

UNICEF, 1992. -- xvi, 201 p. -- Sales No. E.92.XX.NEP.1. -- ISBN 92-806-1029-5

CORPORATE AUTHOR(S): Nepal. National Planning Commission United Nations Children's Fund. Nepal Office

DESCRIPTORS: /Nepal/ /children/ /women/ /economic conditions/ /social conditions/ /maternal and child health/ /poverty/ /development policy/

SHELF CATEGORY: [INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS COLLECTION]

SHELVED AT: U.N. E/ICEF/. Nepal Country Office. Children and women of Nepal .

Record no: 96514


Children and women of Nepal : a situation analysis. -- [Kathmandu?] :

UNICEF, 1987. -- xii, 201 p

CORPORATE AUTHOR(S): United Nations Children's Fund

DESCRIPTORS: /Nepal/ /women/ /children/ /economic conditions/ /social conditions/ /maternal and child health/ /quality of life/government policy/

SHELF CATEGORY: [INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS COLLECTION]

SHELVED AT: U.N. E/ICEF/. Children and women of Nepal: a situation analysis.

Record no: 38270

Mothers of the land : Nepalese women today. -- London : Change, 1993. -- 32 p. (International reports : women and society ; no. 18). -- ISBN 0-907236-26-X

PERSONAL AUTHOR(S): Sherpa, Chi'ing Lamu

CORPORATE AUTHOR(S): Change (Organization : U.K.)

DESCRIPTORS: /Nepal/ /women/ /women's rights/ /women's role/ /rural women/

/women workers/

SHELF CATEGORY: [NON-OFFICIAL SERIALS COLLECTION]

SHELVED AT:(32)CHANGE [U.K.] International reports:women and society, no.18.

Record no: 102579


Hamra chelibetiharu : an analysis of the situation of girl children in

Nepal. -- Kathmandu : UNICEF, 1991. -- 77 p

PERSONAL AUTHOR(S): Grover, Deepa

CORPORATE AUTHOR(S): United Nations Children's Fund. Nepal Office

DESCRIPTORS: /Nepal/ /children/ /women/ /females/ /sex discrimination /maternal and child health/ /access to education/ /education of women/ /marriage/ /prostitution/ /social conditions/ -/statistical data/

SHELF CATEGORY: [INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS COLLECTION]

SHELVED AT: U.N. E/ICEF/. Nepal Country Office. Hamra chelibetiharu ...

Record no: 100044

Women in Nepal. -- [England : s.n.], 1991. -- 23 p. -- BRIDGE Report No. 1. Prepared for South East Asia Development Division, British Embassy, Bangkok". PERSONAL AUTHOR(S): Joekes, Susan

CORPORATE AUTHOR(S): United Kingdom. South East Asia Development Division

DESCRIPTORS: /Nepal/ /women/ /women's role/ /women's status/ /women workers/

/women's participation/

SHELF CATEGORY: [GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS COLLECTION]

SHELVED AT: U.K. South East Asia Development Division. Women in Nepal.

Record no: 87424

The status of women in Nepal. Volume 2, Field studies ... / Meena Acharya

... [et al.]. -- Kathmandu : CEDA,Tribhuvan University, 1981. -- [ ]v. --

Contents: Pt. 1. The Maithili women of Sirsia -- pt. 2.The Kham Magar women of

Thabang -- pt. 3. The Tharu women of Sukhrwar -- pt. 5. The women of Baragaon

-- pt. 6. The Newar women of Bulu -- pt. 7. The Parbatiya women of Bakundol --

pt. 9. The rural women of Nepal : an aggregate analysis and summary of 8

village studies

PERSONAL AUTHOR(S): Acharya, Meena

CORPORATE AUTHOR(S): Tribhuvan University. Centre for Economic Development and

Administration

DESCRIPTORS: /Nepal/ /women/ /villages/ /women's role/ /women's status/ /case

studies/ /field research/

SHELF CATEGORY: [NON-OFFICIAL MONOGRAPHS COLLECTION]

SHELVED AT: CENTRE FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND ADMINISTRATION [NEPAL]. Status

of women in Nepal ...

Record no: 107682


Statistics on women in Nepal / Social Service National Co-ordination

Council, Women Service Co-ordination Committee. -- Kathmandu : The Committee,

1986. -- [12] p

CORPORATE AUTHOR(S): Social Services National Co-ordination Council of Nepal.

Women Services Co-ordination Committee

DESCRIPTORS: /Nepal/ /women/ /educational statistics/ /health statistics/

/agricultural statistics/

SHELF CATEGORY: [NON-OFFICIAL MONOGRAPHS COLLECTION]

SHELVED AT: SOCIAL SERVICE NATIONAL CO-ORDINATION COUNCIL OF NEPAL. Women

Services Co-ordination Committee. Statistics on women in Nepal.

Record no: 12646


03256436/7

DIALOG(R)File 50:CAB Abstracts

(c) 1997 CAB International. All rts. reserv.

03256436 CAB Accession Number: 961806511

Nepal: new horizons?

Sattaur, O.

64 pp.


Publication Year: 1996

Oxfam Country Profiles

Publisher: Oxfam Publications Department Oxford, UK

ISBN: 0-85598-290-X

Language: English

Document Type: Book

A study is presented of Nepal and the social, economic and environmental

impact of the growing tourist industry. The history of the Kingdom is

described together with the changing political system. Different sections

examine: the agricultural economy; the role of women in society; health

provision in remote rural areas; Nepal's relationship with its neighbours;

and environmental problems (including the development of community

forestry). The final section considers the involvement of an NGO, Oxfam in

Nepal.


?t 03243831/7

373909/7


DIALOG(R)File 37:Sociological Abstr.

(c) 1997 Sociological Abstracts Inc. All rts. reserv.

373909 93a90967

Women in India and Nepal

DOCUMENT AUTHOR: Allen, Michael [Ed]; Mukherjee, S. N. [Ed]

Sathyamurthy, T. V.

EDITION DATE(S): 1990

The Journal of Commonwealth and Comparative Politics 1993, 31, 1, Mar,

133-135.

CODEN: JCPLDM

PUB. YEAR: 1993

COUNTRY OF PUBLICATION: United Kingdom

LANGUAGE: English

DOCUMENT TYPE: Book Review (brv)

?t 336758/7
3. ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

Rhetoric and reality : a gender analysis. Volume I. -- Kathmandu : Swiss Development Cooperation, 1995. -- xi, 107 p

CORPORATE AUTHOR(S): Switzerland. Direktion fÏr Entwicklungszusammenarbeit und HumanitÌre Hilfe Dolakaha - Ramechhap Community Forestry Development Project

DESCRIPTORS: /Nepal/ /forestry development/ /agricultural projects/ /social

participation/ /project evaluation/ /women's role/ /women's participation/

SHELF CATEGORY: [BRIDGE COLLECTION ROOM 165]

SHELVED AT: SWITZERLAND. Direction de la CoopÅration au DÅveloppement et de l'Aide Humanitaire. Rhetoric and reality ...

Record no: 154500


Guidelines to involve women in the Tinau Watershed Project (TWP). --

Kathmandu : IDS, 1986. -- 1 v. (various pagings). -- Photocopy

CORPORATE AUTHOR(S): Integrated Development Systems (Kathmandu, Nepal)

DESCRIPTORS: /Nepal/ /agricultural projects/ /women's participation/ /forestry

development/ /livestock/ /soil conservation/

SHELF CATEGORY: [NON-OFFICIAL MONOGRAPHS COLLECTION]

SHELVED AT: INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT SYSTEMS [NEPAL]. Guidelines to involve women

Record no: 4940

Women and community forestry in Nepal: expectations and realities.

PERSONAL AUTHOR: Tinker,-I.

SOURCE: Society-and-Natural-Resources. 1994. 7(4), pp 367-381.

AB: Community forestry programs in Nepal, based on the erroneous assumption that farming families are the major cause of deforestation, ignore other critical causes. Recent emphasis on the inclusion of women in these programs, based on the recognition of women's subsistence activities and understanding of nature, minimizes fundamental constraints embedded in Nepalese society. A review of community forestry programs funded by international agencies and nongovernmental organizations indicates increasing participation of both women and men at the community level. Exaggerated expectations of the potential of community forestry in solving Nepal's ecological crisis could undermine the fragile gains of Nepali women. -Author

AN: (1073168); 95V-00593


Implementation of the results of scientific research in practical

management: a case study from Nepalese forestry.

PERSONAL AUTHOR: Griffin,-D.-M.

SOURCE: Mountain-Research-and-Development. 1991. 11(3), pp 195-201.

AB: This paper discusses the experiences of the Nepal-Australia Forestry Project from 1978 until 1988. The research, aimed at improving the productivity of the forests, was developed in response to the expressed needs of the local people, although there were no qualitative nor quantitative data on forest use. Changes were introduced at the panchayat level by local initiatives. A series of questions were discussed concerning available land, species to be planted, forest protection, and other topics that arose during the course of the project. Examples of this action research are described together with changes in community and private forest species and management practices that result from the direct participation of local mountain communities. It is noted, however, that user groups tend to be dominated by men and by those of higher caste and higher economic status, whereas it is the women and the poor who depend on the forests for fuelwood and fodder products; changes may be needed to ensure sustainable utilization of forests and a reasonable equity in the distribution of benefits. -from Author

AN: (0899918); 92V-01763

Land, livestock and livelihoods : changing dynamics of gender, caste and

ethnicity in a Nepalese village. // IN: Human ecology : an interdisciplinary

journal (US) 22,no.4 (1994): 467-94.

PERSONAL AUTHOR(S): Thomas - Slayter, Barbara; Bhatt, Nina

DESCRIPTORS: /Nepal/ /rural development/ /rural economy/ /livestock/

ethnicity/ /sex roles/ /division of labour/ /castes/ /ecology/

SHELF CATEGORY: [NON-OFFICIAL SERIALS COLLECTION]

SHELVED AT: (112) HUMAN ECOLOGY: an interdisciplinary journal - 22,no.4 (1994): 467-94.

Record no: 141651


The urban environment and some gender concerns:the case of Kathmandu.1993? 10p

PERSONAL AUTHOR(S): Thacker, Prabha; Malla, Umesh

CORPORATE AUTHOR(S): Manushi (for Sustainable Development) (Kathmandu, Nepal)

DESCRIPTORS: /Nepal/ /urban environment/ /women/ /women's status/ /women's

participation/ /environmental degradation/ /public services/

SHELF CATEGORY: [NON-OFFICIAL MONOGRAPHS COLLECTION]

SHELVED AT: MANUSHI (For Sustainable Development). Urban environment ...

Record no: 125177

Managing resources in a Nepalese village : changing dynamics of gender,

caste and ethnicity / Nina Bhatt ... [et al.]. -- [Worcester, Mass.] : ECOGEN,

1994. -- 50 p. -- (ECOGEN case study series)

PERSONAL AUTHOR(S): Bhatt, Nina

CORPORATE AUTHOR(S): ECOGEN Research Project

DESCRIPTORS: /Nepal/ /villages/ /hills/ /livestock/ /milk/ /small farms/

/agricultural projects/ /agricultural cooperatives/ /rural women/ /sex roles/ /division of labour/ /forest resources/ resources management/ /agricultural credit/ /castes/ /ethnic

groups/ /ethnicity/

SHELF CATEGORY: [NON-OFFICIAL MONOGRAPHS COLLECTION]

SHELVED AT: CLARK UNIVERSITY. ECOGEN Research Project. Managing resources in aNepalese village ...

Record no: 129038


Tourism and gender : impact and implications of tourism on Nepalese women :

a case study from the Annapurna Conservation Area Project. -- Kathmandu :

ICIMOD, 1995. -- 84 p. -- (Discussion paper series ; no. MEI 95/3)

PERSONAL AUTHOR(S): Gurung, Dibya

CORPORATE AUTHOR(S): International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development.

Mountain Enterprises and Infrastructure Division

DESCRIPTORS: /Nepal/ /women/ /tourism/ /tourism development/ /women's

participation/ /economic implications/ /social implications/ -

/case studies/

OTHER TERMS: [gender]

SHELF CATEGORY: [INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS COLLECTION]

SHELVED AT: INTERNATIONAL CENTRE FOR INTEGRATED MOUNTAIN DEVELOPMENT.

Discussion paper series, no. MEI 95/3.

Record no: 151

Gender aspects of irrigation management : the Chhattis Mauja Irrigation

System in Nepal. // IN: Asia - Pacific journal of rural development / CIRDAP,

Centre on Integrated Rural Development for Asia and the Pacific (BD) 5,no.1

(1995): 1-26.

PERSONAL AUTHOR(S): Zwarteveen, Margreet; Neupane, Nita

DESCRIPTORS: /Nepal/ /irrigation/ /water management/ /women's participation/

/sex roles/

OTHER TERMS: [gender]

SHELF CATEGORY: [INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS COLLECTION]

SHELVED AT: CENTER ON INTEGRATED RURAL DEVELOPMENT FOR ASIA AND THE PACIFIC.

Asia-Pacific journal of rural development - 5,no.1 (1995): 1-26.

Record no: 15156
Peasant women in agriculture and environment : Consultation on Women and

Sustainable Agriculture / Environment, Kathmandu, Nepal, 18 - 21 April, 1993.

-- Kathmandu : Women in Development/Nepal, 1993. -- v, 122 p

CORPORATE AUTHOR(S): Women in Development / Nepal

DESCRIPTORS: /Nepal/ /rural women/ /agricultural development/ /women's

participation/ /development strategy/ /resources conservation/

/environmental management/

SHELF CATEGORY: [NON-OFFICIAL MONOGRAPHS COLLECTION]

SHELVED AT: WOMEN IN DEVELOPMENT/NEPAL. Peasant women in agriculture and

environment ...

Record no: 134187

Women in forestry : study of a women's forest committee in a Nepalese

village. -- Kathmandu : [The Programme], 1992. -- 26 p. -- (Research report

series ; no. 20)

PERSONAL AUTHOR(S): Regmi, Shibesh Chandra

CORPORATE AUTHOR(S): HMG Ministry of Agriculture - Winrock International Policy

Analysis in Agriculture and Related Resource Management

(Programme : Nepal)

DESCRIPTORS: /Nepal/ /women's role/ /villages/ /forestry research/

OTHER TERMS: [social forestry]

SHELF CATEGORY: [GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS COLLECTION]

SHELVED AT: NEPAL. Ministry of Agriculture. HMG Ministry of Agriculture-Winrock

International Policy Analysis in Agriculture and Related Resource

Management [Programme]. Research report series, no. 20.

Record no: 104404

Forest conservation in Nepal : encouraging women's participation / story by

Augusta Molnar. -- New York : SEEDS, 1987. -- 20 p. -- (SEEDS, ISSN 073-6833 ;

no. 10)


PERSONAL AUTHOR(S): Molnar, Augusta

CORPORATE AUTHOR(S): SEEDS (Organization)

DESCRIPTORS: /Nepal/ /forest conservation/ /women's participation/

SHELF CATEGORY: [NON-OFFICIAL SERIALS COLLECTION]

SHELVED AT: (112) CARNEGIE CORPORATION OF NEW YORK. Seeds. Seeds, no. 10.

Record no: 29994

Consequences of deforestation for women's time allocation, agricultural

production and nutrition in hill areas of Nepal. -- Washington, D.C. : IFPRI,

1988. -- 72 p. -- (Research report ; 69). -- ISBN 0-89629-071-9

PERSONAL AUTHOR(S): Kumar, Shubh K.; Hotchkiss, David

CORPORATE AUTHOR(S): International Food Policy Research Institute

DESCRIPTORS: /Nepal/ /hills/ /deforestation/ /fuelwood/ /women/ /time factor/

/agricultural production/ /human nutrition/ /household income/

SHELF CATEGORY: [INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS COLLECTION]

SHELVED AT: IFPRI. Research reports, 69.

Record no: 25192


Women's participation on forest committees : a case study. -- Morrilton,

Ark. : Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development, 1987. --

25 p. -- (Forestry research paper series ; no. 11)

PERSONAL AUTHOR(S): Prasai, Yogendra

CORPORATE AUTHOR(S): Project "Strengthening Institutional Capacity in the Food

and Agricultural Sector in Nepal"

DESCRIPTORS: /Nepal/ /forestry development/ /women's participation/ /forest

management/ /institutional framework/ - /case studies/

OTHER TERMS: [social forestry]

SHELF CATEGORY: [GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS COLLECTION]

SHELVED AT: NEPAL. Ministry of Agriculture. HMG-USAID-GTZ-IDRC-Ford-Winrock

Project [on] Strengthening Institutional Capacity in the Food and

Agricultural Sector in Nepal. Forestry research paper series, no.

11.

Record no: 21623


Women's participation in forestry : a case study of Akrang village. --

Morrilton, Ark. : Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development,

1987. -- 22 p. -- (Forestry research paper series ; no. 10)

PERSONAL AUTHOR(S): Gurung, Durga Kumari

CORPORATE AUTHOR(S): Project "Strengthening Institutional Capacity in the Food

and Agricultural Sector in Nepal"

DESCRIPTORS: /Nepal/ /forestry development/ /women's participation/ - /case

studies/

OTHER TERMS: [social forestry]

SHELF CATEGORY: [GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS COLLECTION]

SHELVED AT: NEPAL. Ministry of Agriculture. HMG-USAID-GTZ-IDRC-Ford-Winrock

Project [on] Strengthening Institutional Capacity in the Food and

Agricultural Sector in Nepal. Forestry research paper series, no.

10.

Record no: 21621


TI: Whose? Trees: a people's view of forestry aid

AU: Anon-,

SO: (Panos Publications, London), 1991, 143pp, 9maps.

AB: Funded by the aid agency FINNIDA, this book explores fow far three different projects succeeded in involving local people and in meeting their real needs. It examines pat mistakes and provides a fresh perspective - that of men and women at village-level - on what sustainable forestry must entail if it is to succeed. Focusing on Sudan, Nepal, and Tanzania, it addresses the question of how to balance environmental, social and economic sustainability.

-C.Barrow

AN: (0906553); 92V-02606


TI: Migration: a strategy for survival in the mountains.

AU:Thacker,-P.

SO: Appropriate-Technology. 1991. 17(4), pp26-28.

AB: Migration has always existed at high altitudes in Nepal, usually among single, able-bodies men, but in recent times environmental degradation of the hills has led to and influx of femal migrants into Kathmandu. Describes the effects on and within the carpet industry which mainly employs women and female chidren and concludes that some form of employment generation for rural women must be found if this valuable resource is not to be drained completely away from the hills. -C.Wilson

AN: (0882428); 91V-04587


UNBIS Plus on CDROM

UN doc. symbol: [TD/]UNCTAD/LDC/GE.1/6

Title: Involvement of women in social forestry programme in Nepal: report prepared for UNCTAD/ by Women Development Research and Publications Centre, Nepal

-21p, Geneva:UN, 22 Nov.1994

Documentation series:TD/UNCTAD/LDC/GE.1/

Distribution: Restricted

Collective powers in common places : the politics of gender and space in a

women's struggle for a meeting center in Chitwan, Nepal. // IN: Himalayan

research bulletin (US) 12,nos.1-2 (1992): 11-25.

PERSONAL AUTHOR(S): Enslin, Elizabeth

DESCRIPTORS: /Nepal/ /resource centres/ /women's organizations/ /community

facilities/ /community power/ /communal land/ /space/

SHELF CATEGORY: [REFERENCE COLLECTION]

SHELVED AT: 793(112)321 HIMALAYAN RESEARCH BULLETIN. - 12,nos.1-2 (1992): 11-25.

Record no: 129903


Women, poverty and resources.

PERSONAL AUTHOR: Wignaraja,-P.

SOURCE: (Sage, New Delhi), 1990, 241 pp, index.

AB: Over the past decade, both women's movements and national policy-makers in South Asia and elsewhere have begun to recognise the crucial inter-linkage between gender and equity in poverty alleviation and sustainable development. The author surveys the work of a number of grassroots women's organisations in Bangladesh, Nepal, India and Pakistan, as also related processes in Africa and Latin America. Based on this field experience, he outlines the alternative approach for alleviating the poverty which afflicts both rural and urban women. He argues that the solution lies in collective action by women's groups using primarily local resources and knowledge. In order for these processes to be replicated on a larger scale, they may require the support of sensitive NGOs, banks, government agencies and donors. -from Publisher

AN: (0849192); 91V-02195

02847165/7

DIALOG(R)File 50:CAB Abstracts

(c) 1997 CAB International. All rts. reserv.

02847165 CAB Accession Number: 940603851

Training for farmers and forest committee members.

Fisher, K. J.

Rural Development Centre, Pokhara, Nepal.

Banko Janakari vol. 3 (1): p.3-7

Publication Year: 1991

Language: English

Document Type: Journal article

In response to the need for greater participation by villagers in the community forestry programme of Nepal, a forestry training initiative has been established by the United Mission to Nepal (UMN). This article explains the importance of the courses, and describes their contents and methods. The primary objective of the courses is to motivate the participants by helping them to analyse their present situation and to see

what possibilities exist to improve it. Courses last from 6 to 10 days and are designed for 2 different groups. There is a course for farmers which emphasizes the management of privately owned resources, and one for committee members that considers the management of community resources. There is, however, considerable overlap in the material. Occasional courses are also provided for basic development workers and motivation staff. These are designed to assist them in the work of encouraging farmers and committee members who have attended the training courses. One-week courses are also available to enable farmers to set up and run a small private nursery close to their home. It is emphasized that courses will be successful only if they are seen as a part of the activities of a project or local organization. Participants will need ongoing support to implement any resulting activities; hence a follow-up visit to the home of each of the trainees is made later in the year by one of the training staff. Ways of enabling more women to participate are being considered. 6

ref.

?t 03185552/7


03185552/7

DIALOG(R)File 50:CAB Abstracts

(c) 1997 CAB International. All rts. reserv.

03185552 CAB Accession Number: 960603113

Women, environment and local initiatives: factors affecting the degree

of successful management of forest resources.

Pandey, S.

G.E.B. School of Social Work, Washington University, Missouri, USA.

Himalayan Research Bulletin vol. 13 (1/2): p.54-59

Publication Year: 1993

BIDS

Language: English



Document Type: Journal article

Forest destruction is a threat to environmental stability and the

equitable economic development of people in developing countries. This is

particularly true in the Himalayan region, where rural people spend a

large proportion of their time collecting scarce forest resources. The

efforts of the government and forestry officials to increase forest

resources are insufficient and inefficient. However, studies have shown

that in spite of tenure problems and lack of policy support, rural people

in the Himalayan region have planted, protected and managed forest

resources on their own land and community land. Current knowledge about

these local initiatives is insufficient to make appropriate policy

changes. This paper emphasizes the need to study the nature, scope and

policy implications of rural people's initiatives to plant, protect and

sustainably use trees on their own land and on community land in the

Himalayan region, particularly in Nepal. 40 ref.

?t 03159459/7


03159459/7

DIALOG(R)File 50:CAB Abstracts

(c) 1997 CAB International. All rts. reserv.

03159459 CAB Accession Number: 960600332

Status, property and forest management: women's role in community

forestry in Nepal.

Hughes, E.

Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Tropical Resources

Institute, New Haven, CT 06511, USA.

TRI News vol. 12 (2): p.46-50

Publication Year: 1993

Language: English

Document Type: Journal article

12 ref.

?t 03085603/7


03085603/7

DIALOG(R)File 50:CAB Abstracts

(c) 1997 CAB International. All rts. reserv.

03085603 CAB Accession Number: 950613164

A review of forest user groups: case studies from Eastern Nepal.

Dahal, D. R.

Tribhuvan University, Research Centre for Nepal and Asian Studies,

Pokhara, Nepal.

xiv + 219 pp.

Publication Year: 1994

Publisher: International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development

(ICIMOD) Kathmandu, Nepal

ISBN: 92-9115-290-0

Language: English

Document Type: Miscellaneous

This study is one of a series commissioned by ICIMOD to provide insights

into community managed forests in the over-exploited Hindu Kush-Himalayas.

There are 5 chapters: Introduction; Forest user management: a historical

perspective; Case studies of forest user groups (FUGs) in Sankhuwasabha,

Dhankuta, and Ilam Districts; Forest management issues in FUGs in the

Eastern Hill Region - user identification, relations with neighbouring

areas, gender, leadership, decision making, distribution of benefits, and

conflict resolution; and Conclusions and recommendations. There is an

annex containing detailed data, references and a topic index by chapter.

66 ref.

?t 03085602/7


03085602/7

DIALOG(R)File 50:CAB Abstracts

(c) 1997 CAB International. All rts. reserv.

03085602 CAB Accession Number: 950613163

Sustainable management of common forest resources: an evaluation of

selected forest user groups in western Nepal (case studies of Palpa

District and the Phewa watershed).

Karki, M.; Karki, J. B. S.; Neeta Karki

Tribhuvan University, Institute of Forestry, Pokhara, Nepal Nepal.

xvi + 174 pp.

Publication Year: 1994

Publisher: International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development

(ICIMOD) Kathmandu, Nepal

ISBN: 92-9115-287-0

Language: English

Document Type: Miscellaneous

This study is one in a series commissioned by ICIMOD to provide insights

into community managed forests in the over-exploited Hindu Kush-Himalayas.

There are 8 chapters: Study objectives, methodology and framework; Review

of community forestry development; Background of the study area;

Institutional development of forest user groups; Analysis of external

inputs and variables; Comparative analysis of the two sites - social

systems, user group effectiveness and sustainability, gender analysis, and

equity considerations; Observations and discussion; and Conclusions and

recommendations. An annex with detailed data, references and a topic index

(by chapter) are included. 43 ref.

?t 03071313/7


03071313/7

DIALOG(R)File 50:CAB Abstracts

(c) 1997 CAB International. All rts. reserv.

03071313 CAB Accession Number: 950612561

Looking at gender and forestry: operational issues for project planners,

implementors and administrators.

Finland, Finnish International Development Agency

Katajanokanlaituri 3, 00160 Helsinki, Finland.

35 pp.


Publication Year: 1993

Publisher: Finnish International Development Agency (FINNIDA)

Helsinki, Finland

Language: English

Document Type: Miscellaneous

A review of gender aspects in 8 FINNIDA forestry projects (in Tanzania,

Zanzibar, Kenya, Nepal, SADC countries, Senegal, and Central America) was

undertaken in 1992, and country profiles for 7 countries (Kenya,

Nicaragua, Zambia, Senegal, Nepal, Tanzania and Zanzibar) prepared at the

same time. This paper is one of the results of the review, and supports

the Rapid Gender Analysis (RGA) procedure developed by FINNIDA to give

guidance to personnel during project preparation, design and

implementation, while expanding it to include institution building and

policy level projects in addition to field level projects. After an

introduction, the paper is in 4 parts: The framework; When is gender an

issue?; The project cycle and gender analysis; and The woman question. 55

ref.

?t 03029131/7


03029131/7

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(c) 1997 CAB International. All rts. reserv.

03029131 CAB Accession Number: 951804863

Gender roles in agroforestry systems in the hills of Nepal.

Bajracharya, B.

Winrock International, PO Box 1312, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Book Title: Recherches-systeme en agriculture et developpement rural:

Symposium international, Montpellier, France - 21-25 novembre 1994.

Communications.

Conference Title: Recherches-systeme en agriculture et developpement

rural: Symposium international, Montpellier, France - 21-25 novembre 1994.

Communications.

p.420-424

Publication Year: 1994

Publisher: CIRAD-SAR Montpellier, France

ISBN: 2-87614-181-7

Language: English Summary Language: french

Document Type: Conference paper; Book chapter

This paper highlights the gender roles in agroforestry management and

the impact of women on the tree planting programme conducted by the

Pakhribas Agricultural Centre (a multidisciplinary semigovernmental

organization with the main objective of developing agricultural and rural

situations in eastern Nepal). Data were gathered through formal survey,

participatory rural appraisal (PRA), and rapid rural appraisal (RRA).

Results indicated strong interaction among the agroforestry components,

ie, crops, trees, and livestock. It was found that women worked for 12

hours 49 minutes per day, while men worked eight hours five minutes. The

analysis of labour-use patterns for agroforestry activities revealed

significant differences in the involvement of women as compared with that

of men. Preference criteria for tree species were also different by

gender. Overall, women are more involved than men in agroforestry

production and management activities. The tree planting programme

conducted by the Pakhribas Agricultural centre has brought about some

changes including changes in livestock population, livestock management,

availability of bedding material and some fodder, and also the division of

labour. With the household changed from a free-grazing livestock system to

stall feeding, the women find they have more work, as the children who

once took care of the livestock now attend school. 7 ref.

?t 02881004/7

02881004/7

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02881004 CAB Accession Number: 940605027

Women's participation in community forestry: the Nepal-Australia

Community Forestry Project's experience.

Kharel, S.

Nepal-Australia Community Forestry Project, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Conference Title: Second National Community Forestry Workshop, Nepal.

Banko Janakari vol. 4 (1): p.73-75

Publication Year: 1993

Editors: Riley, J.

Language: English

Document Type: Conference paper; Journal article

Most development specialists recognize that women play a vital role in

forest resource management. However, involving women who are illiterate or

semi-literate and overburdened with farm and household work in forest

management activities is a challenge. In general, rural women lack basic

information about new activities, and what information they receive is

filtered through their fathers, brothers, husbands and sons. Because most

community forestry training is directed towards literate people and

conducted at district level, women are usually deprived of opportunities

for training. This paper reports on how the Nepal-Australia Community

Forestry Project (NACFP) started conveying development messages while

implementing training at the village level. One such training programme

started with the building of smokeless stoves (chulo) out of locally

available materials, as a means of reducing fuel consumption and

associated women's labour. The process of communicating the community

forestry message to women during the stove training programme is

described. The need to identify and act on the needs of women is

emphasized, and a methodology for involving women in community forestry is

outlined. 2 ref.

?t 0288 02849793/7


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02849793 CAB Accession Number: 941804251

Domestic and community water management.

Hope, R.

Health Department, British Council, Manchester, UK.

Conference Title: Proceedings of the conference on priorities for water

resources allocation and management. Natural Resources and Engineering

Advisers Conference, Southampton, July 1992.

p.51-54


Publication Year: 1993

Publisher: Overseas Development Administration London, UK

ISBN: 0-90-2500-49-X

Language: English

Document Type: Conference paper

In traditional cultures throughout the world, the burden of domestic water collection falls on women. Participatory hygiene education for women can improve domestic sanitation and increase hygienic use of domestic water, but for fully effective and efficient use of community water supplies, women need to be involved in water supply management from at least the design stage of the supply. A case study of the UK/Nepal Eastern Region Water Supplies Project (ESWSP) demonstrates the value of water consumer involvement in projects at the earliest possible stage. It is suggested that early participation of all the consumers in water supply schemes will result in more effective use of available water, less pilfering of materials, improved construction, more appropriately sited standpipes with consequent increased utilization and maintenance of pipelines.

?t 02801512/7
02772187/7

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(c) 1997 CAB International. All rts. reserv.

02772187 CAB Accession Number: 930672053

Proceedings of the third meeting of the working group on fodder trees,

forest fodder and leaf litter, Kathmandu, December 18-20, 1989.

FRIC Occasional Paper

Additional Authors: Gatenby, R. M.; Bhattarai, P. P.; Sita Shrestha;

Shrestha, S.; Thapa, B.; Joshi, L.; Sherpa, S. L.; Wallace, D.; Baidya, H.

R.; Neopane, S. P.; Chemjong, P. B.; Subba, D. B.; Tamang, P. M.;

Budhathoki, P.; Robinson, P. J.; C., S. K.; KC, S.

(No. 2/90): iv + 51 pp.

Publication Year: 1990

refs at ends of papers

Editors: Amatya, S. M.; Philip, M. S.

Publisher: Forestry Research and Information Centre (FRIC), Department

of Forest and Plant Research Kathmandu, Nepal

Language: English

Document Type: Conference proceedings

These proceedings include an opening address, 9 papers on various

aspects of fodder in Nepal, working group recommendations for 1989, and a

list of participants. The papers are: (1) Women's work with tree fodder

and bedding for animals (Gatenby, R.M.; Bhattarai, P.P.; Sita Shrestha; 1

ref.); (2) Fodder research and development activities at PAC (Thapa, B.;

Joshi, L.; Sherpa, S.L.; Wallace, D.) - at the Pakhribas Agricultural

Centre; (3) Fodder extension in 1990 (Baidya, H.M.); (4) Traditional

feeeding practices for buffaloes in the Koshi Hills (Neopane, S.P.;

Gatenby, R.M.; Chemjong, P.B.; 1 ref.); (5) Seasonal variation in the

chemical composition of the leaves of Ficus species fodder trees (Subba,

D.B.; Tamang, P.M.; 5 ref.); (6) A training on forestry information to

farmers held in Bhaktapur District (Budhathoki, P.); (7) Collecting khanyu

(Ficus semicordata) figs for seeds: a practical application (Amatya, S.M.;

12 ref.); (8) Summary of results of a survey on the vegetative propagation

of fodder trees by farmers (Robinson, P.J.; C., S.K.; 7 ref.); and (9)

Some results of the Dolakha private tree survey (Robinson, P.J.; 1 ref.).

?t 02764048/7


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(c) 1997 CAB International. All rts. reserv.

02755945 CAB Accession Number: 930670649

Towards effective participation: a guide for working with women in

forestry.

Najma Siddiqi

Nepal-Australia Forestry Project, PO Box 208, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Technical Note - Nepal-Australia Forestry Project

(No. 1/89): v + 38 pp.

Publication Year: 1989

Publisher: Kathmandu, Nepal

Language: English

Document Type: Miscellaneous

8 ref.


?t 02668135/7

02668135/7

DIALOG(R)File 50:CAB Abstracts

(c) 1997 CAB International. All rts. reserv.

02668135 CAB Accession Number: 930665156

Forest conservation in Nepal: encouraging women's participation.

Molnar, A.

Seeds (New York) (No. 10): 20 pp.

Publication Year: 1987

ISSN: 0073-6833

Language: English

Document Type: Miscellaneous

Notes are given on the importance of the forest to life in the Nepalese

Hills and women's roles in forest use, and descriptions are given of the

ways in which women have been involved in a government forest conservation

and restoration programme in Nepal. 12 ref.

?t 02647858/7

02630641/7

DIALOG(R)File 50:CAB Abstracts

(c) 1997 CAB International. All rts. reserv.

02630641 CAB Accession Number: 920663235

Women's participation in community forestry in Nepal.

Inserra, A. E.

Banko Janakari vol. 2 (2): p.119-120

Publication Year: 1989

Language: English

Document Type: Journal article

A short summary of a report prepared for USAID, Kathmandu, analysing the

major issues relating to women's participation in community forestry in

Nepal. The importance of women in forest utilization activities

(collecting fuelwood, fodder, leaf compost and bedding, and controlling

grazing) and in nurseries and tree planting is emphasized, and the

advantages and benefits of their participation on forestry committees

(both mixed and all-female) and in extension work with women discussed. In

the latter context, the promotion of women into forestry jobs (as rangers,

nursery naikes and forest watchers) is urged as a means of bringing more

women into forestry management.

?t 02347673/7

02106120/7

DIALOG(R)File 50:CAB Abstracts

(c) 1997 CAB International. All rts. reserv.

02106120 CAB Accession Number: 891865549

Consequences of deforestation for women's time allocation, agricultural

production, and nutrition in hill areas of Nepal.

Kumar, S. K.; Hotchkiss, D.

International Food Policy Research Institute, 1776 Massachusetts Avenue,

N.W., Washington, D.C., 20036 USA.

Research Report - International Food Policy Research Institute

(No. 69): 72pp.

Publication Year: 1988

13 fig., 27 tab., OQEH

Language: English

Document Type: Miscellaneous

The hill areas of Nepal are a prime example of an area in which low

productivity agriculture is surrounded by rapid environmental degradation

as the result of deforestation. The study is based on results from a

survey of 120 households in three hill districts of the Western

Development Region, conducted in 1982/83 jointly with the Agricultural

Projects Services Centre of Nepal and the FAO. Results indicate that when

deforestation, represented by the time required to collect a standard load

of firewood, increased by 1.0% there was a reduction in fuelwood

consumption of 0.3% and an increase in the total time required for its

collection of 0.6%. Assuming a similar response for other essential forest

products, the collection time for fuelwood, leaf fodder, and grass alone

required an additional 1.13 hours per day by women in the high

deforestation sites in the sample. The effects of this on the amount of

labour available for agriculture indicate that women's farm labour would

decrease by 1.4 hours per person per day, a decrease not compensated for

by an increase in wage labour or by men's labour, which may also decrease.

In addition to the effects of deforestation on agricultural production and

incomes, secondary or associated effects could be related to fuel

consumption and time spent on food preparation. The main determinants of

preschool child nutrition are degree of deforestation, household income,

household size, and work loads of women and older children. The results

suggest that it is not enough to rely on out-migration or reforestation

efforts alone to improve the economy and ecology of the region. Strategies

for raising agricultural productivity need to be considered.

?t 01215988/7

03319391/7

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(c) 1997 CAB International. All rts. reserv.

03319391 CAB Accession Number: 971800585

Multipurpose tree species in rice-based farming systems in Chitwan,

Nepal: a gender analysis approach.

Timsina, D.; Timsina, J.; Joshi, N. N.; Ghimire, D. P.; Thapa, F.

NGO Federation of Nepal, P.O. Box 7768, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Journal for Farming Systems Research-Extension vol. 6 (1): p.13-26

Publication Year: 1996

ISSN: 1051-6786

Language: English

Document Type: Journal article

Gender analysis has been identified as a useful tool in the diagnostic

phase of farming systems research. The tool was used for identifying the

gender (men and women) roles in terms of labour contribution in household,

farm and animal production, and fuelwood and fodder collection in two

distinct communities (indigenous Tharus and non-indigenous Brahmins and

Chhetries) of Chitwan, Nepal where integrated rice-based farming systems

are practiced. Results showed that women participated equally or sometimes

even more than men in different rice farming and livestock production

activities. Women were exclusively involved in fuelwood and fodder

collection from the nearby forest. Brahmin and Chhetry farmers were

raising large animals such as cattle and buffaloes, whereas the indigenous

Tharu farmers were raising small animals such as goats. Because of such

differences in the preferences of animals, women of the two communities

chose different multipurpose tree species for on-farm testing in the

project. Children's contribution was also noteworthy in both communities.

Results suggest that gender analysis can be an appropriate tool in

identifying gender roles and technology options for rice farming systems

where agriculture, livestock and forestry are integrated and interrelated

components of the systems. 17 ref.

?t 03303177/7

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(c) 1997 CAB International. All rts. reserv.

03303177 CAB Accession Number: 960612435

Opportunities in and constraints to the sustainable use of non-timber

forest resources in the Himalayas.

Pitamber Sharma

Mountain Enterprises & Infrastructure Division, ICIMOD, GPO Box 3226,

Kathmandu, Nepal.

ICIMOD, Newsletter of the International Centre for Integrated Mountain

Development (No. 25): p.9-11

Publication Year: 1996

ISSN: 1013-7386

Publisher: Kathmandu, Nepal

Language: English

Document Type: Journal article

An abridged version of a paper presented at the 'Workshop on the role of

bamboo, rattan and medicinal plants in mountain development', May 15-17,

1996, Pokhara, Nepal. A number of constraints and issues needing priority

attention are discussed. These include expansion of the existing

ecological database on non-timber forest products (NTFPs), the management

regime of common property resources, government policy and support,

marketing and marketing institutions, increasing value-added in

collection/harvesting, human resource development, better access to

resources and distribution of benefits, gender issues (with specific

reference to the role of women), and promotion of cultivation on private

land.


?t 03283526/7

02893278/7

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(c) 1997 CAB International. All rts. reserv.

02893278 CAB Accession Number: 940606055

Gender-specific features in forest and tree uses in South and Southeast

Asia.

Anoja Wickramasinghe



Department of Geography, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri

Lanka.


Multipurpose Tree Species Network Research Series: Report

(No. 19): iii + 59 pp.

Publication Year: 1993

Publisher: Forestry/Fuelwood Research and Development (F/FRED) Project,

Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development Arlington,

USA


Language: English

Document Type: Miscellaneous

This report analyses gender-specific patterns of forest- and tree-use practices in South and South East Asia using data gathered from 26 communities in 6 countries (Bangladesh, Indonesia, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Thailand). The analysis concentrates primarily on 2 patterns: (1) behaviour of men and women engaged as collectors of forest and tree products; and (2) utilizing sources of products. Information pertaining to these aspects was taken from a data set compiled by the Regional Study on Farm- and Village-Forestry Practices. The wide sources of the data enabled examination of broad regional patterns, as well as country- and community-specific features. Cross tabulations showed patterns of distribution of men and women as collectors among the categories of products, sharing collection tasks for individual products, and utilizing sources.

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