In today’s generation, the world is facing a global water crisis consisting of drought and flood. According the Water Resources Group forecasts (2010) lobal water requirements may outstrip sustainable use by 40 percent on year to 2030. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (2008) also predicts that by that time, almost half the world's people will be living under severe water stress.
As stated by Greenpeace Southeast Asia (2007), Philippines has an aggregate area of about 50,000 sq. km. groundwater reservoir. Region II or Cagayan Valley has the highest potential source of groundwater, while the Northern Mindanao having the highest potential resource of surface water. However, Central Visayas has the lowest potential source for both groundwater and surface water. This same report predicts that by year 2025, deficits of water availability would take place in several river basins such as in Pampanga and Agno, in Pasig-Laguna, in Cagayan Valley, all other regions in Luzon, in Jalaur and Ilog Hilabangan, and in the island of Cebu in Visayas.
In Cebu, several reports of flood incidents were issued by the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Control (NDRRMC) as of the first half of 2017. Hundreds of families fled to safer ground due to massive flooding specifically in Southern and Northern Cebu. Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Office (2017) have identified poor drainage system and proximity to shore area as the main causes of massive flooding.
Lapu-Lapu City is the next business and tourism hotspot in Cebu province, but, despite its reputation, according to Press Reader (2017), Lapu-Lapu is prone to flood especially in Barangay Basak and Maribago. The government is making progress in utilizing an effective drainage system. In the study of Manila Standard (2016), despite all the flood prone areas, Lapu-Lapu is significantly safer compared to Cebu and Mandaue City. The flood caused by heavy rains and inefficient drainage systems led to diseases amongst children and adults alike.
Science and Technology Education Center (STEC) located at Basak, Lapu-Lapu City is not an exemption to this flooding incidents. A survey has been conducted among STEC students and it was found out that flooding is the most alarming issue inside the campus especially during wet seasons.
The researchers having the passion to help the community in any way that capitalizes their strengths, skills and abilities and whose interest are in the field of engineering and sciences, the proponents of this study is interested in constructing this project in order to solve the school’s issue of water shortage and flood. It is on the premise that the researchers initiated this project in order to provide adequate water supply for the school and ensure a flood free campus.
Statement of the Problem
This Engineering Project aimed to produce a drainage and filtration system prototype in Science and Technology Education Center.
Specifically, this study sought to answer the following questions:
1. What is the problem in the community that needed to be solved?
2. What proposed product was made to solve the problem?
3. What materials were utilized in producing Project Hydra?
4. What is the project design of Project Hydra?
5. How effective is Project Hydra as a drainage and filtration system in terms of:
5.1. drainage efficiency?
5.2. filtering ability?
5.3 water storage capacity?
Assumption The Project Hydra prototype is an effective drainage and filtration system.
The conceptual framework showed the nature of the study. The top two problems in Science and Technology Education Center (STEC) were flooding and water shortage. The proposed solution was a prototype of the Drainage and Filtration system - Project Hydra. The functionality was indicated by its Draining Efficiency, Filtering Ability and Storage Capacity, in turn, was effective in solving the flood and water shortage problems.