|Exercise: Sentence Variety and Transitions
1. Review the student essay that begins on page 157 of your text, “Pursuit of Possessions.”
2. Identify the kinds of sentences that appear in the first three paragraphs (see below). For example:
Paragraph One: simple, compound, complex, compound, simple.
Paragraph Two: compound, compound-complex, simple, etc.
3. Underline every transitional word or phrase you find in the essay (see list below).
Kinds of Sentences and Their Punctuation
A sentence may be one of four kinds, depending upon the number and type(s) of clauses it contains.
An independent clause contains a subject, a verb, and a complete thought.
A dependent clause contains a subject and a verb, but no complete thought.
1. A SIMPLE SENTENCE has one independent clause.
Punctuation note: NO commas separate compound elements (subject, verb, direct object, indirect object, subjective complement, etc.) in a simple sentence.