Productivity Accounting procedure



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  • Ceteris Paribus

Productivity Accounting procedure

  • The process of calculating is best understood by applying the term ceteris paribus, i.e. "all other things being the same," stating that at a time only the impact of one changing factor be introduced to the phenomenon being examined. Therefore, the calculation can be presented as a process advancing step by step. First, the impacts of the income distribution process are calculated, and then, the impacts of the real process on the profitability of the production.

Economics

  • Mainstream economic theory relies upon a priori quantitative economic models, which employ a variety of concepts. Theory typically proceeds with an assumption of ceteris paribus, which means holding constant explanatory variables other than the one under consideration. When creating theories, the objective is to find ones which are at least as simple in information requirements, more precise in predictions, and more fruitful in generating additional research than prior theories.

Deductive-nomological model - Strengths

  • Covering law model reflects neopositivism's vision of empirical science, a vision interpreting or presuming unity of science, whereby all empirical sciences are either fundamental science—that is, fundamental interactions|fundamental physics—or are special sciences, whether astrophysics, chemistry, biology, geology, psychology, economics, and so on.Reutlinger, Schurz Hüttemann, , § 1.1 Systematic introduction, in Zalta, ed, SEP, 2011.Spohn, Laws of Belief (Oxford U P, 2012), .Whereas fundamental physics has sought scientific law|laws of determinism|universal regularity, special sciences normally include ceteris paribus laws, which are predictively accurate to high probability in normal conditions or with all else equal, but have exceptions

Deductive-nomological model - Weaknesses

  • Scientific explanations increasingly pose not determinism's universal laws, but probabilism's chance, ceteris paribus laws

Derek Parfit - Ethics and rationality

  • For instance, it might be in my self-interest to become trustworthy in order to participate in mutually beneficial agreements, even though in maintaining the agreement I will be doing what will, ceteris paribus, be worse for me

Clark Glymour - Journal articles

  • * A Semantics and Methodology for Ceteris Paribus Hypotheses, Erkenntnis, Vol. 57 (2002), 395-405.

Paul Krugman - New trade theory

  • The home market effect states that, ceteris paribus, the country with the larger demand for a good shall, at equilibrium, produce a more than proportionate share of that good and be a net exporter of it

Virtue ethics - Criticisms

  • In other words, just because an action or person 'lacks of evidence' for virtue does not, ceteris paribus|all else constant, imply that said action or person is unvirtuous.

Proportionality (mathematics) - Inverse proportionality

  • The concept of inverse proportionality can be contrasted against direct proportionality. Consider two variables said to be inversely proportional to each other. Ceteris paribus|If all other variables are held constant, the magnitude or absolute value of one inversely proportional variable will decrease if the other variable increases, while their product (the constant of proportionality k) is always the same.

Substitute good - Increase in price

Substitute good - Good Substitution

  • In other words, 'good substitution' is an Economics|economic concept where two goods are of comparable value. Potatoes from different farms are an example; if the price one farm's potatoes goes up, people will stop buying them and buy the other farm's instead, ceteris paribus (assuming that potatoes from different farms are homogeneous).

Economic productivity - Accounting and interpreting

  • The process of calculating is best understood by applying the term ceteris paribus, i.e. all other things being the same, stating that at a time only the impact of one changing factor be introduced to the phenomenon being examined. Therefore, the calculation can be presented as a process advancing step by step. First, the impacts of the income distribution process are calculated, and then, the impacts of the real process on the profitability of the production.

Ordinary good

  • An 'ordinary good' is a microeconomics|microeconomic concept used in consumer theory. It is defined as a Good (economics and accounting)|good which creates increased demand when the price for the good drops or conversely decreased demand if the price for the good increases, ceteris paribus. It is the opposite of a Giffen good.

Defeasible reasoning

  • and in knowledge representation and planning in artificial intelligence. It is also closely identified with prima facie (presumptive) reasoning (i.e., reasoning on the face of evidence), and ceteris paribus (default) reasoning (i.e., reasoning, all things being equal).

Index of economics articles - C

  • * Canadian and American economies compared – Capital (economics) – Capital asset – Capital intensity – Capitalism – Cartel – Cash crop – Catch-up effect – Celtic Tiger – Central bank – Ceteris paribus – Charity shop – Chicago school of economics – Classical economics – Classical general equilibrium model – Coase conjecture – Coase theorem – Cobweb model – Collective action – Collusion – Commodity – Commodity market – Community-based economics – Comparative advantage – Comparative statics – Compensating differential – Competition – Competition law – Complementary good – Comprehensive Income Policy Agreement – Computational economics – Concentration ratio – Consumer – Consumer price index – Consumer sovereignty – Consumer theory – Consumerism – Consumption (economics) – Contestable market – Contract curve – Contract theory – Cooperative – Cost – Cost-benefit analysis – Cost curve – Cost-of-production theory of value – Cost overrun – Cost push inflation – Cost underestimation – Cournot competition – Cross elasticity of demand – Cultural ecology – Currency

Demand - From individual to market demand curve

  • If the proportion of consumers with a strong preference for a good increases, ceteris paribus the demand for the good will increase

Supply and demand - Partial equilibrium

  • Partial equilibrium as the name suggests takes into consideration only a part of the market, ceteris paribus to attain equilibrium.

Discounted utility

  • Despite arguments about how \beta should be interpreted, the basic idea is that all ceteris paribus|other things equal, the agent prefers to have something now as opposed to later (hence \beta 1).

Urban sprawl - Paradox of intensification

  • Ceteris paribus, urban intensification which increases population density will reduce per capita car use, with benefits to the global environment, but will also increase concentrations of motor traffic, worsening the local environment in those locations where it occurs.

Speed of sound - Basic concept

  • All other things being equal (ceteris paribus), sound will travel more slowly in spongy materials, and faster in stiffer ones

Smart growth - The Paradox of Intensification

  • These findings led them to propose the paradox of intensification, which states Ceteris paribus, urban intensification which increases population density will reduce per capita car use, with benefits to the global environment, but will also increase concentrations of motor traffic, worsening the local environment in those locations where it occurs.

Technology dividend

  • 'Technology dividend' is an IBM term referring primarily to the lower software costs that accrue, ceteris paribus, when upgrading from one zSeries or System z9 server model to the next generation (e.g. from a z990 to a System z9-109).

Unintended consequence - Unexpected drawbacks

  • While there was a reduction in the number of head injuries, there was also an unintended reduction in the number of juvenile cyclists—fewer cyclists obviously leads to fewer injuries, assuming Ceteris paribus|all else being equal

Model (economics) - Are economic models falsifiable?

  • Research conducted according to this three-question test finds that in the 2004 edition of the Journal of Economic Theory, only 12% of the articles satisfy the three requirements.” Ignoring the fact that the ceteris paribus assumption is being made is another big failure often made when a model is applied

International Financial Reporting Standards - Objective of financial statements

  • Capital Maintenance in Units of Constant Purchasing Power in terms of a Daily Consumer Price Index or daily rate of all constant real value non-monetary items in all entities that at least break even in real value at all levels of inflation and deflation - ceteris paribus - remedies for an indefinite period of time the erosion caused by Historical Cost Accounting of the real values of constant real value non-monetary items never maintained constant as a result of the implementation of the stable measuring unit assumption at all levels of inflation and deflation under HCA.

International Financial Reporting Standards - Concepts of capital maintenance and the determination of profit

  • the restatement of Historical Cost or Current Cost period-end financial statements in terms of the period-end monthly published Consumer Price Index.[http://www.aasb.com.au/admin/file/content105/c9/Framework_07-04nd.pdf] Framework for the Preparation and Presentation of Financial Statements, Par 104 Only financial capital maintenance in units of constant purchasing power (Capital Maintenance in Units of Constant Purchasing Power) in terms of a daily index per se can automatically maintain the real value of financial capital constant at all levels of inflation and deflation in all entities that at least break even in real value—ceteris paribus—for an indefinite period of time

Idiosyncrasy Credits - Social identity analysis

  • SIA studies have suggested that, ceteris paribus, the status accorded by high identifying followers to prototypical leaders contains a component of idiosyncrasy credit

Constant purchasing power accounting

  • The stable measuring unit assumption is never implemented under CMUCPP.[http://www.amazon.com/s/ref=nb_sb_noss?rh=n%3A133140011%2Ck%3AB008LAC0FEkeywords=B008LAC0FEie=UTF8][http://www.amazon.com/s/ref=nb_sb_noss?rh=n%3A133140011%2Ck%3AB008LAC0FEkeywords=B008LAC0FEie=UTF8] Smith, NJ, 2012, Constant Item Purchasing Power Accounting per IFRS, Chapter 1.1.11 Monetary items inflation-adjusted daily CMUCPP implements financial CMUCPP – as originally authorized in IFRS in the Framework (1989), Par 104 (a) [now Conceptual Framework (2010), Par 4.59 (a)[http://www.ifrs.org/IFRSs/Pages/IFRS.aspx] Conceptual Framework (2010)] which states: Financial capital maintenance can be measured in either nominal monetary units or units of CPP as an alternative to the 3000-year-old generally accepted globally implemented traditional historical cost accounting (HCA) model – with differentiated variable and constant real value non-monetary items in terms of a Daily CPI which automatically maintains the real value of capital constant for an indefinite period of time in all entities that at least break even in real value at all levels of inflation and deflation – ceteris paribus

Constant purchasing power accounting

  • CMUCPP automatically maintains the CPP of capital constant for an indefinite period of time in all entities that at least break even in real value at all levels of inflation and deflation (including during hyperinflation as guide-lined in IAS 29) – ceteris paribus – whether they own any revaluable fixed asset or not.

Constant purchasing power accounting

  • The CMUCPP model presents substantial benefits, for example, automatically maintaining banks' and companies' existing capital base constant for an indefinite period of time in all entities that at least break even in real value at all levels of inflation and deflation - ceteris paribus.

Constant purchasing power accounting - Authorized by the IASB during low inflation

  • It also means that financial CMUCPP to automatically maintain the real value of capital constant in all entities that at least break even - ceteris paribus - in a low inflationary environment is authorized in IFRS since the original Framework (1989) is applicable in the absence of specific IFRS

Constant purchasing power accounting - Concepts of capital maintenance and the determination of profit

  • Prescribed in IAS 29 [http://www.iasb.org/IFRSs/IFRs.htm] during hyperinflation: CMUCPP[http://www.aasb.com.au/admin/file/content105/c9/Framework_07-04nd.pdf] Framework for the Preparation and Presentation of Financial Statements, Par 104 Only financial capital maintenance in units of CPP per se automatically maintains the real value of financial capital constant at all levels of inflation and deflation in all entities that at least break even—ceteris paribus—for an indefinite period of time

Productivity model - Business models

  • #Calculation order of the variables can differ. Calculation is based on the principle of Ceteris paribus stating that when calculating the impacts of change in one variable all other variables are hold constant. The order of calculating the variables has some effect on the calculation results, yet, the difference is not significant.

Post-materialism - The Socialization Hypothesis

  • Therefore, cohort (statistics)|cohorts which often experienced economic scarcity would ceteris paribus place a high value on meeting economic needs (such as valuing economic growth above protecting the environment) and on safety needs (will support more authoritarian styles of leadership, will exhibit strong feelings of national pride, will be strongly in favor of maintaining a large, strong army and will be more willing to sacrifice civil liberties for the sake of law and order (politics)|law and order)

Independent school (United Kingdom) - School type and eventual degree class

  • The authors noted a very well-determined and monotonically positive effect defined over Social Classes I to V whereby, for both men and women, ceteris paribus, academic performance at university is better the more advantaged is the student's home background

Aggregation problem - Aggregate consumer demand curve

  • If the proportion of consumers with a strong preference for a good increases ceteris paribus the demand for the good will change

Automatic stabilization - Automatic stabilizers incorporated into the expenditure multiplier

  • Holding all other things constant, ceteris paribus, the greater the level of taxes, or the greater the MPI then the value of this multiplier will drop. For example, lets assume that:

Knut Wicksell - Theoretical contributions

  • If the market rate is beneath the natural rate, an economic expansion occurs, and prices, ceteris paribus, will rise

Economic theory - Supply and demand

  • That is, the higher the price of a product, the less of it people would be prepared to buy of it (other things ceteris paribus|unchanged)

Economic theory - Theory

  • Theory typically proceeds with an assumption of ceteris paribus, which means holding constant explanatory variables other than the one under consideration

Diminishing returns

  • The 'law of diminishing returns' (also 'law of diminishing marginal returns' or 'law of increasing relative cost') states that in all productive processes, adding more of one factor of production, while holding all others constant (ceteris paribus), will at some point yield lower per-unit returns. The law of diminishing returns does not imply that adding more of a factor will decrease the total production, a condition known as 'negative returns', though in fact this is common.

Parsimony - Formulations before Ockham

  • Philosophical Studies (Ireland) Aristotle writes in his Posterior Analytics, we may assume the superiority ceteris paribus [all things being equal] of the demonstration which derives from fewer postulates or hypotheses.Wikipedians, [http://books.google.com/books?id=WIXP-3VhztgC Complexity and Dynamics] citing Richard McKeon (tr.) Aristotle's Posterior Analytics (1963) p.150 Ptolemy (c

Cournot competition - Implications

  • * According to this model the firms have an incentive to form a cartel, effectively turning the Cournot model into a Monopoly. Cartels are usually illegal, so firms might instead tacitly collude using self-imposing strategies to reduce output which, ceteris paribus will raise the price and thus increase profits for all firms involved.

Marginal utility - Quantified marginal utility

  • (where “ceteris paribus|c.p.” indicates that the only Dependent and independent variables|independent variable to change is g\,).

The Wealth and Poverty of Nations

  • * The 'climate thesis' that posits that tropical climes are, ceteris paribus, poor candidates for development.

Present value - Background

  • If offered a choice between 100 today or 100 in one year and there is a positive real interest rate throughout the year ceteris paribus, a rational person will choose 100 today

Stackelberg competition - Stackelberg compared with Cournot

  • In Cournot competition, it is the simultaneity of the game (the imperfection of knowledge) that results in neither player (ceteris paribus) being at a disadvantage.

Price elasticity of demand

  • 'Price elasticity of demand' ('PED' or 'Ed') is a measure used in economics to show the responsiveness, or elasticity (economics)|elasticity, of the quantity demanded of a good or service to a change in its price. More precisely, it gives the percentage change in quantity demanded in response to a one percent change in price (ceteris paribus, i.e. holding constant all the other determinants of demand, such as income). It was devised by Alfred Marshall.

Wealth elasticity of demand - Definition

  • The wealth Elasticity (economics)|elasticity of consumption quantity for some good will determine the size of the expenditure shift due to unexpected changes in net personal wealth, ceteris paribus (i.e

Principles of grouping - Proximity

  • The principle of proximity states that, ceteris paribus|all else being equal, perception tends to group stimuli that are close together as part of the same object, and stimuli that are far apart as two separate objects

Fundamental science - Versus special science

  • Modeling fundamental interactions, fundamental physics is presumed to underlie all other sciences—such as astrophysics, chemistry, biology, geology, psychology, and economics—categorized as special sciences.Wolfgang Spohn, The Laws of Belief: Ranking Theory and Its Philosophical Applications (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012), [http://books.google.com/books?id=MSXrFBvIZIUCpg=PA305dq=fundamental+special+sciences p 305].Alexander Reutlinger, Gerhard Schurz Andreas Hüttemann, [http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/spr2011/entries/ceteris-paribus Ceteris paribus laws], sec 1.1 Systematic introduction, in Edward N Zalta, ed, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Spring 2011 edn.Vítor Neves, [http://books.google.com/books?id=LtdC3q7lOO4Cpg=PA205 ch 12 Sciences as open systems—the case of economics], in Olga Pombo, Juan M Torres, John Symons Shahid Rahman, eds, Special Sciences and the Unity of Science (Dordrecht, Heidelberg, London, New York: Springeory of Light and Matter, exp edn w/ new intro by Anthony Zee|A Zee (Princeton London: Princeton University Press, 2006), [http://books.google.com/books?id=Uv-uxB0sRKECpg=PA5dq=chemistry p 5]

Deductive–nomological - Strengths

  • Covering law model reflects neopositivism's vision of empirical science, a vision interpreting or presuming unity of science, whereby all empirical sciences are either fundamental science—that is, fundamental interactions|fundamental physics—or are special sciences, whether astrophysics, chemistry, biology, geology, psychology, economics, and so on.Reutlinger, Schurz Hüttemann, [http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/spr2011/entries/ceteris-paribus Ceteris paribus], § 1.1 Systematic introduction, in Zalta, ed, SEP, 2011.Spohn, Laws of Belief (Oxford U P, 2012), [http://books.google.com/books?id=MSXrFBvIZIUCpg=PA305dq=fundamental+special+sciences p 305].Whereas fundamental physics has sought scientific law|laws of determinism|universal regularity, special sciences normally include ceteris paribus laws, which are predictively accurate to high probability in normal conditions or with all else equal, but have exceptions [Reutlinger et al § 1.1]

Deductive–nomological - Weaknesses

  • Scientific explanations increasingly pose not determinism's universal laws, but probabilism's chance, ceteris paribus laws

Penn effect - The international development implications

  • If the money income levels are taken as given, then ceteris paribus, the Penn effect is a very good thing

Liebig's law of the minimum - Other applications

  • Economic theories based on ceteris paribus deal only with a small selection of variables and are a weak planning tool when applied to the complex web of interconnectedness of the global market responsible for the primary consumption of natural resources

Airsoft - Ballistics and velocity

  • For example, a gun with a large cylinder and a long barrel will shoot slightly harder than a gun with a small cylinder and a short barrel (ceteris paribus).

3,4-Methylenedioxy-N-methylamphetamine - Research

  • A p-score of 5% or less is often considered statistically significant, and the effect found needs to be larger with smaller studies to have statistical significance, ceteris paribus, in order to correct for sample size.) In the second study, positive effect in CAP scale immediately after treatment did not achieve statistical significance (p=6.6%), but may do so with a larger sample size

Crowding out (economics) - Crowding out resources

  • If increased borrowing leads to higher interest rates by creating a greater demand for money and loanable funds and hence a higher price (ceteris paribus), the private sector, which is sensitive to interest rates, will likely reduce investment due to a lower rate of return

Crowding out (economics) - Crowding out resources

  • This in turn leads to higher interest rates (ceteris paribus) and crowds out interest-sensitive spending

Crucial experiment

  • In particular, such an experiment must typically be able to produce a result that rules out all other hypotheses or theories if true, thereby demonstrating that under the conditions of the experiment (i.e., Ceteris paribus|under the same external circumstances and for the same input variables within the experiment), those hypotheses and theories are proven false but the experimenter's hypothesis is not ruled out

Utility (economics) - Discussion and criticism

  • Available at: http://fixingtheeconomists.wordpress.com/2014/02/17/joan-robinsons-critique-of-marginal-utility-theory/ This criticism is similar to that of the philosopher Hans Albert who argued that the ceteris paribus conditions on which the marginalist theory of demand rested on rendered the theory itself an empty tautology and completely closed to experimental testing.Pilkington, Philip

Ceteris paribus

  • or is a Latin phrase meaning with other things the same or all other things being equal or held constant. A prediction or a statement about a ontic|causal, epistemic|empirical, or inductive logic|logical relation between two states of affairs is ceteris paribus entails an acknowledgement that the prediction, although usually accurate in expected conditions, can fail or the relation can be abolished by intervening factors. chapter 2

Ceteris paribus

  • A 'ceteris paribus assumption' is often key to scientific inquiry, as scientists seek to screen out factors that perturb a relation of interest. Thus, epidemiologists seek to control independent variables as factors that may influence dependent variables—the outcomes or effects of interest. Likewise, in scientific modeling, simplifying assumptions permit illustration or elucidation of concepts thought relevant within the sphere of inquiry.

Ceteris paribus

  • The focus on universal laws is a criterion distinguishing fundamental physics as fundamental science, whereas ceteris paribus laws are predominant in most other sciences as special sciences, whose laws hold in special cases.

Ceteris paribus - Clause

  • For example, it can be predicted that if the price of beef increasesmdash;ceteris paribusmdash;the quantity of beef demanded by buyers will decrease

Ceteris paribus - Clause

  • This operational description intentionally ignores both known and unknown factors that may also influence the relationship between price and quantity demanded, and thus to assume ceteris paribus is to assume away any interference with the given example

Ceteris paribus - Characterization given by Alfred Marshall

  • In breaking it up, he segregates those disturbing causes, whose wanderings happen to be inconvenient, for the time in a pound called Ceteris Paribus

Ceteris paribus - Two uses

  • The other use of the ceteris paribus clause is to see it as a means for obtaining an approximate solution

Ceteris paribus - Two uses

  • 'Temporal isolation' requires the factors fixed under the ceteris paribus clause to actually move so slowly relative to the other influence that they can be taken as practically constant at any point in time

Ceteris paribus - Two uses

  • The other aspect of substantive isolation is 'causal isolation': those factors frozen under a ceteris paribus clause should not significantly be affected by the processes under study. If a change in government policies induces changes in consumers' behaviour on the same time scale, the assumption that consumer behaviour remains unchanged while policy changes is inadmissible as a substantive isolation (Lucas critique).

Identity (game show) - Show summaries

  • Had she thought about dramatic ways for the strangers to reveal their identities, Guzik might have realized that a person wearing separates, but not a person in a dress, could lift her shirt to reveal the scar from her donation surgery, such that producers might have planned such a reveal and advised the kidney donor to wear separates; therefore, ceteris paribus|all else being equal, the person wearing separates would be more likely to be the kidney donor.

Law of demand

  • In economics, the Scientific law|law states that, ceteris paribus|all else being equal, as the price of a product increases, quantity demanded falls; likewise, as the price of a product decreases, quantity demanded increases.

Placebo-controlled study - Indexing

  • In certain clinical trials of particular drugs, it may happen that the level of the placebo responses manifested by the trial's subjects are either considerably higher or lower (in relation to the active drug's effects) than one would expect from other trials of similar drugs. In these cases, Ceteris paribus|with all other things being equal, it is reasonable to conclude that:

Javed Ahmad Ghamidi - Penal laws

  • * Ceteris paribus (all other things being equal), a woman's testimony is equal to that of a man's.[http://www.renaissance.com.pk/septrefl12y2.html The Law of Evidence], Al-Mawrid|Renaissance – Monthly Islamic Journal, 12(9), 2002.

Partial derivative

  • In mathematics, a 'partial derivative' of a function (mathematics)|function of several variables is its derivative with respect to one of those variables, Ceteris paribus|with the others held constant (as opposed to the total derivative, in which all variables are allowed to vary). Partial derivatives are used in vector calculus and differential geometry.

Social welfare function - Arrow social welfare function (constitution)

  • Along earlier lines, his version of a social welfare function, also called a 'constitution', maps a set of individual orderings (ordinal utility functions) for everyone in the society to a social ordering, a rule for ranking alternative social states (say passing an enforceable law or not, ceteris paribus)

John L. Pollock - Knowledge and Justification

  • His epistemic norms are governed by defeasible reasoning; they are ceteris paribus conditions that can admit exceptions

Law of diminishing returns

  • The law of diminishing returns states that in all productive processes, adding more of one factor of production, while holding all others constant (ceteris paribus), will at some point yield lower incremental per-unit returns. The law of diminishing returns does not imply that adding more of a factor will decrease the total production, a condition known as 'negative returns', though in fact this is common.

Cost curve - Short-run average total cost curve (SRATC or SRAC)

  • The average total cost curve is constructed to capture the relation between cost per unit of output and the level of output (economics)|output, ceteris paribus

Logrolling - Logrolling in real politics

  • Thus, ceteris paribus, members who receive such projects, are likely to vote in support of their leader's wishes (Evans 1994).

Units of constant purchasing power

  • The stable measuring unit assumption is never implemented under CMUCPP.[http://www.amazon.com/s/ref=nb_sb_noss?rh=n%3A133140011%2Ck%3AB008LAC0FEkeywords=B008LAC0FEie=UTF8][http://www.amazon.com/s/ref=nb_sb_noss?rh=n%3A133140011%2Ck%3AB008LAC0FEkeywords=B008LAC0FEie=UTF8] Smith, NJ, 2012, Constant Item Purchasing Power Accounting per IFRS, Chapter 1.1.11 Monetary items inflation-adjusted daily CMUCPP implements financial CMUCPP – as originally authorized in IFRS in the Framework (1989), Par 104 (a) [now Conceptual Framework (2010), Par 4.59 (a)[http://www.ifrs.org/IFRSs/Pages/IFRS.aspx] Conceptual Framework (2010)] which states: Financial capital maintenance can be measured in either nominal monetary units or units of CPP as an alternative to the 3000-year-old generally accepted globally implemented traditional historical cost accounting (HCA) model – with differentiated variable and constant real value non-monetary items in terms of a Daily CPI which automatically maintains the real value of capital constant for an indefinite period of time in all entities that at least break even in real value at all levels of inflation and deflation – ceteris paribus

Income elasticity of demand

  • In economics, 'income Elasticity (economics)|elasticity of Supply and demand|demand' measures the responsiveness of the demand for a good to a change in the income of the people demanding the good, ceteris paribus. It is calculated as the ratio of the percentage change in demand to the percentage change in income. For example, if, in response to a 10% increase in income, the demand for a good increased by 20%, the income elasticity of demand would be 20%/10% = 2.

Anti-metrication - Natural evolution and human scale

  • The use of such a system thereby increases the evolutionary advantage that mathematical aptitude provides (i.e., increases its relevance as a factor affecting fitness for survival), increases the evolutionary fitness (ceteris paribus) of persons who have genetically or culturally inherited mathematical aptitude that is above the population-wide average during their reproductive years, and thereby increases the rate of growth in mathematical aptitude of the population as a whole

Bharatiya Mahila Bank - Banking For Women

  • Furthermore, the results of a study using a global dataset covering 350 Microfinance Institutions (MFIs) in 70 countries indicates that more women clients is associated with lower portfolio-at-risk, lower write-offs, and lower credit-loss provisions, ceteris paribus. provision

Team Deathmatch - Description

  • assuming ceteris paribus, the player who controls the [most powerful] power-ups (namely collect the item most often) is the one that will have the best potential for making the best score.

Gender discrimination in Pakistan

  • 'Women's rights in Pakistan' Under Pakistan's dual system of civil and sharia law, females are considered equal under the law (ceteris paribus is assumed) and in religious practice, rights accorded to them by Pakistan's Islamic Republic Constitution of Pakistan|constitution of 1958 and consolidated in 1973, which outlawed gender discrimination on all levels

Alastair Hannay - Essays

  • *–––––––––, Conscious Episodes and Ceteris Paribus, The Monist, 78:4, 1995, pp. 447-463.

Reproducible

  • It is one of the main principles of the scientific method and relies on ceteris paribus (other things being equal)

The Ultimate Resource - Population

  • A large section of the book is dedicated to showing how population growth ultimately creates more resources. The basic argument echoes the overarching thesis: as resources become more scarce, the price rises, creating an incentive to adapt. It suggests that the more a society has to invent and innovate, ceteris paribus, the more easily the society will raise its living standards and lower resource scarcity.

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