In the Greek educational system , law of 3848/ 19-05-10 describes the procedure of being selected in the position of principals.
It is mandatory the acquisition of a Certification of Guidance Adequacy and of a Certification of Administrative Adequacy.
The Certification for Guidance Adequacy is conducted every year for 96 hours theoretical approach and 80 hours practicing by the National Center of Public Administration (ΕΚΔΔΑ) and the Periferical Training Center (ΠΕΚ) and includes training in:
HR administration in education
Organizing and administration in education as a new organization
Institutional frame and assessment procedure in education
Andragogiki of Malcolm Knowles, remodeling learning,
The holistic approach of P. Jarvis
Group characteristics and processes theory
The “Greek Ministry of Administrative Reform and eGovernance” in 2011 presented an essay with the results of the training programmes showing that formally the stages of evaluation of principals concern :
The results in the employment of the principals trained (Kirkpatrick model)
And the transfer of knowledge acquainted in the school environment (model of Baldwin and Ford), something very difficult to measure
The aim was to combine direct connection of the employment with learning procedure of the staff.
“New School” is the Greek version of the European policy since 2009, aiming in a new way of governance and governmentality in education so as to extract a specific result, according to a socially acceptable prototype and relocation to an international place.
This plan includes relations with the self and the other, private interpersonal relations of control and guidance and how the governor goes by.
And consequently new forms of educational leadership in the new knowledge society with the configuration of free persons.
There is a strong relationship between learning and leadership.
Leaders can only develop and improve their leadership skills if they are able to learn in a formal or self – study way.
Leaders also learn from the situations they find themselves in and from others around them so as to help develop his/ her team.
Benjamin Samuel Bloom (educational psychologist) made a distinction between three different categories of learning:
A term that is similar to change, the achievement of specific goals according the vision of the leader while administration in education has to do with influence “… in a way that voluntarily and gladly give their best to fulfill team goals…” (Bouradas, 2005).
Types of Leadership:
Postmodern leadership (Katsaros, 2008)
In a relative autonomy of Greek “New School” it is mainly the transactional model taking place (Koutouzis, 1999) as a facilitator of the school life (Ministry of Education, April, 2011).
In another research distributed leadership is concerned as the most able team interaction (Xronopoulou, 2012)
The dominant form of leadership in Attica is managerial/ transactional leadership although elements, practices and behaviors of transformational, instructional and distributed leadership are also adopted by the headteachers at some point. (Χρονοπούλου, 2012)
Characteristics of a leader are
Supervision of educational staff is an aim of the “New school”
Today the frame is problematic. People are in quest, giving meaning to by saying sufficiently phrases full of meanings. (Ch. Taylor, 1989)
Will to learn through others
Education is a social conquest and is dominated by moral and values content which consists the essential difference of genre than common goods. This means that knowledge produced in school is not clearly measurable
The Moral commitment of leaders for the authorities and structures is mandatory macroscopically in the system
Mentor in “New School” is a teacher with professional experience and specific skills in communicational and relational type. These skills can be acquired through proper training. He / she as an wise guider, advisor or sponsor by interacting and coaching gives personalized assistance to new colleagues and opportunities for inspiration, reflections and self assessment in an equal relationship. (Ministry of education, 2010).