Post-Secondary Options for High School Students Military Options

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Post-Secondary Options for High School Students

Military Options

  • The U.S. Military consists of five active-duty Services and their respective Guard and Reserve units.
  • Service Academies
  • ROTC

Air Force

  • Focused on air, space and cyberspace superiority
  • The US Air Force includes the following:

Coast Guard

  • The Coast Guard operates under the Department of Homeland Security during peacetime and under the Navy during wartime, or by presidential order.
  • The US Coast Guard includes the following:


  • Today’s Navy is equipped to handle operations on and under the sea, in the air, and on the ground.
  • US Navy options include the following:

Marine Corps

  • The core values of Honor, Courage and Commitment influence everything a Marine does. They play a major role as the first force on the ground in most conflicts.
  • http://todaysmilitary/service-branches/marines
  • US Marine Corps options include the following:


  • Members of the Army defend our nation by air, sea and land.
  • US Army options include the following:

Career Colleges

  • Trade Schools —a secondary school that offers instruction in skilled trades designed for immediate application.
  • Technical Schools —a school teaching mechanical and industrial arts and the applied sciences.
  • Proprietary Schools —a privately owned educational institution offering instruction in business, trade, technical, industrial, or related areas.

Community College

  • 2 year degree programs
  • Certificate programs
  • MACRAO Transfer Agreement
  • Advantages:
    • Lower cost
    • Smaller class sizes
    • Broad course offerings with quality instruction

MACRAO Transfer Agreement

  • Many community college programs have articulation agreements with other colleges and universities that allow students to transfer courses to a bachelor’s degree program without loss of credit.

4 Year Colleges & Universities

  • Public schools
  • Private schools
  • All-male schools
  • Women’s colleges
  • Religious colleges
  • Historically Black Colleges & Universities (HBCU’s)
  • Professional Colleges
  • Colleges outside of the United States

Earning College Credit in High School

  • Advanced Placement Program (AP)
  • Dual Enrollment
  • CLEP—College Level Examination Program
  • Early & Middle Colleges
    • ECA – Early College Alliance

13th Year Programs

  • Americorps
  • ANDEO International Homestays
  • Carpe Diem Education
  • City Year
  • Council on International Educational Exchange
  • Dynamy
  • Rustic Pathways

13th Year Websites


Freshman Year

  • 1. Create a four-year high school plan.
  • Start thinking about careers.
  • Take part in extracurricular activities.
  • Meet with the school counselor.
  • Start saving money for college.
  • Obtain a social security number.

Sophomore Year

  • Meet with the school counselor–again.
  • Take the PSAT/NMSQT.
  • Request a pre-candidate questionnaire and complete it if interested in the military.
  • Attend college and career fairs.
  • Continue to participate in extracurricular activities and volunteer in your community.
  • Tour college campuses.

Fall of Junior Year

  • List things you want to study and do in college.
  • Learn about colleges and features that interest you.
  • Figure out what resources are available to you through your counselor.
  • Sign up early to take the PSAT/NMSQT.
  • Make a file to manage your college data.
  • Start to gather material for a portfolio.
  • Start to learn about financial aid.

Winter of Junior Year

  • Discuss ways to improve your college-prep and selection processes with your counselor.
  • Sign up to take the SAT &/or ACT at least once in the spring and again next fall.
  • Begin a search for FA sources.
  • Ask about taking the SAT Subject Tests.
  • Register for AP Exams, given in May.

Spring of Junior Year

  • Visit local colleges and college fairs.
  • Start a file of local organizations offering FA to seniors.
  • Develop a list of 15-20 colleges that attract you.
  • Request info for FA and academic programs that interest you.
  • Visit some colleges over your spring break.
  • If considering military or ROTC, contact counselor before leaving for the summer.

Summer of Junior Year

  • Register with the NCAA Clearinghouse.
  • Begin the application process for the military or ROTC scholarships.
  • Find a job or participate in a camp or summer college program.
  • Visit colleges.
  • Create a resume.
  • Download applications from colleges to which you’ll apply—check application dates.

College Planning Calendar for Seniors

  • September
    • Narrow your list of colleges to 5-10.
    • Create a master calendar of important deadlines and dates.
    • Request fee waivers, if needed.
    • Contact the College Board or ACT to have scores sent to the colleges to which you are applying.

College Planning Calendar for Seniors

  • October
    • Try to finalize your college choices.
    • Prepare Early Decision, Early Action or rolling admissions applications asap.
    • Ask for counselor or teacher recommendations.
    • Write first drafts of essays and have them proofread.

College Planning Calendar for Seniors

  • November
    • Nov. 1-15: For ED, colleges may require test scores and applications btw. these dates.
    • Complete at least one application by Thanksgiving.
    • Make sure your counselor has sent your transcripts to colleges. Give them the proper forms at least two weeks in advance.

College Planning Calendar for Seniors

  • December
    • Keep copies of applications and essays as you finish and send them.
    • Give the form for seventh semester grades to your counselor.
  • January
    • If you apply to college online, have your high school send a transcript.

College Planning Calendar for Seniors

  • February
    • No senioritis—colleges look at second semester grades.
  • March
    • Keep active in school.
  • April
    • You should receive acceptance letters and FA offers. Notify your counselor of you final choice.
    • Talk to your counselor or college about housing questions.

College Planning Calendar for Seniors

  • May
    • May 1: Accept or decline acceptance and FA offers by this date.
    • Send deposit to one college only.
    • Work with a counselor to solve any problems.
  • June
    • Ask your high school counselor to send a final transcript to your college.

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