Use a famous quote (“To be or not to be; that is the question.”)
Use a statistic (If world temperatures continue to rise, Singapore will be under water by 2050.)
Attention Getters/Hooks-Connecting Information
After the attention getter/hook, the writer usually writes three to five sentences that connect it to the topic.
Example from Keith Folse:
Her daily routine was not glamorous. She did everything from sweeping the floors to cooking the meals. If someone had asked her, “Are there any household chores that you practically hate?”, she probably would have answered, “None.”
Write a sample hook for this paragraph:
At 16 I worked in the toy department of Sears Department Store, where I learned that I enjoyed helping people. I always went out of my way to help people because I learned that if I worked hard, I would succeed. This is the reason why I want to go to business school and work in business.
I had never been more anxious in my life. I had just spent the last three hours trying to get to the airport so that I could travel home.
What questions do you have?
What do you think will happen next?
States the main idea of the essay (thesis statement).
In narrative essays, they introduce the action that begins in the first paragraph of the essay.
Now, as I watched the bus driver set my luggage on the airport, I realized that my frustration has only just begun.
A paragraph must have one main idea/topic sentence.
Every sentence in the paragraph must be relevant to that main idea.
As you manage your time, think about how long certain activities will take. A common mistake is to underestimate the time needed to do something simple. For example, when you are planning to go to the store, there may be a line of people. Last week in line I met a woman I went to high school with, so we chatted. It turns out she has two children just the same age as mine.
Transitions: Connectors and Time Relationship Words
Show how events progress.
Chronological Order- first (second, third, etc.), next, finally, later, now, then
Prepositions- after (a moment), at (1pm), by (Thursday), during (class), until (6:00)
Time Words that begin clauses- after, as soon as, before, (two weeks) later, from then on, when, while, whenever, until