Personal Hygiene and You m-dcps physical education and health literacy health
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M-DCPS PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND HEALTH LITERACY Health According to the World Health Organization, health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. Hygiene The definition of hygiene is healthy habits that include bathing, keeping the mouth clean, keeping the skin protected from the sun and washing hands frequently before handling edibles to insure the safe delivery of food. Good and Bad Hygiene The difference between good and bad hygiene is: Good hygiene keep you protected from things, like germs and dangerous UV rays from the sun, in the environment that can hurt you Bad hygiene allows these things to affect your body and probably make you sick According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, addressing the spread of germs in schools is essential to the health of our youth, our schools, and our nation Good hygiene prevents the spread of germs It also helps to give a good first impression to others Healthy Skin: Hand Washing According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) 22 million school days are lost each year due to the common cold. Some viruses and bacteria can live from 20 minutes up to 2 hours or more on surfaces like cafeteria tables, doorknobs, and desks How to Wash Your Hands Use warm running water Use soap Scrub hands together and under nails for at least 15-20 seconds Dry hands on a clean cloth or paper towel or use an automatic hand dryer if possible Healthy Teeth and Gums The health and cleanliness of your mouth is important, if you don’t brush and floss… Cavities (holes in your teeth) may form Your breath will probably smell bad You may be at higher risk for serious disease later in life, such as heart disease, stroke, and diabetes Choosing a Toothbrush and Toothpaste Choose a toothbrush certified by the American Dental Association (ADA) A soft bristle brush is good, and it should fit to your mouth Get a new toothbrush at least every 3 or 4 months Choose a fluoride toothpaste also certified by the ADA How Often and When to Brush and Floss Brushing Technique and Skills Place your toothbrush against the gums. Move the brush back and forth gently in short (tooth-wide) strokes. Brush the outer tooth surfaces, the inner tooth surfaces, and the chewing surfaces of the teeth. Clean the inside surfaces of the front teeth, using a gentle up-and-down stroke. Brush your tongue to remove bacteria and freshen your breath. Proper Flossing Skills Hold the floss tightly between your thumbs and forefingers. Guide the floss between your teeth using a gentle rubbing motion. Never snap the floss into the gums. When the floss reaches the gum line, curve it into a C shape against one tooth. Gently slide it into the space between the gum and the tooth. Proper Flossing Skills (cont’d) Hold the floss tightly against the tooth. Gently rub the side of the tooth, moving the floss away from the gum with up and down motions. Repeat this method on the rest of your teeth. Don't forget the back side of your last tooth. Bacteria in your mouth grow on sugar Try to eat as little “junk food” as possible =candy, chocolate, and other sweets Avoid drinking soda and sweet tea If you do eat these things, you may want to brush immediately afterwards Protection From the Sun Cancer researchers believe childhood sunburns may increase a person's risk of developing melanoma, the most serious skin cancer. Most of the more than 1 million cases of nonmelanoma skin cancer diagnosed yearly in the United States are considered to be sun-related. Protection From the Sun 80% of the average person's lifetime sun exposure happens before age 18. Skin cancer is the most common of all cancers. It accounts for nearly half of all cancers in the United States. How to Protect Yourself Avoid the sun between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. Seek shade: Look for shade, especially in the middle of the day when the sun's rays are strongest. Cover your head with a wide-brimmed hat, shading your face, ears, and neck. How to Protect Yourself Wear sunglasses Cover up with protective clothing to guard as much skin as possible when you are out in the sun. Choose comfortable clothes made of tightly woven fabrics that you cannot see through when held up to a light. Sunscreen Use sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 15 or higher. Apply a generous amount about a palmful all over areas of your skin that are exposed. Put it on 15-20 minutes before going out in the sun. Sunscreen Reapply after swimming, toweling dry, or perspiring. Reapply every two hours Use sunscreen even on hazy or overcast days. Sunscreen More time in the sun! If you could spend 10 minutes in the sun without sunscreen and you apply SPF 15… Now you can stay in the sun for 2 hours! If you do get a sunburn, use a lotion or aloe vera on the skin. Review Hygiene: Lather, Rinse, Repeat. Teeth: Brush, Floss, Rinse. Sunscreen: Slip, Slop, Slap Resources National Food Service Management Institute (2002). Wash Your Hands. Retrieved May 18, 2005 from http://www.nfsmi.org/Information/handsindex.html Lesson Plans (2004). Why Wash? Retrieved May 19, 2005 from http://www.lessonplanspage.com/PEWhyWashHygieneComics2.htm American Dental Association (2005). Animation and Games. Retrieved May 20, 2005 from http://www.ada.org/public/games/animation/interface.asp Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2004). Stopping Retrieved May 26,2005 from http://www.cdc.gov/germstopper/home_work_school.htm Germs at Home, Work, and School. World Health Organization(1948-2005). Definition of Health. Retrieved May 26, 2005 from http://www.who.int/about/definition/en/ American Cancer Society (2005). Skin Cancer Facts. Retrieved May 22, 2005 from http://www.cancer.org/docroot/PED/content/ped_7_1_What_You_Need_To_Know_About_Skin_Cancer.asp?sitearea=PED
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