Pensum/læringskrav (sas1502 Vår 2008)

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Pensum/læringskrav (SAS1502 - Vår 2008)


Studentene forventes å ha en viss bakgrunnskunnskap i sørasiatisk historie. For eksempel kan leses:

Ganguly & DeVotta, red. : Understanding contemporary India , 2003. Boulder.

Sugata Bose & Ayesha Jalal: : Modern South Asia: History, culture, political economy, 1998. Routledge . Kapitlene 10-20.

Ruud, A.E., E. Mageli og P. Price: Indias historie, med Pakistan og Bangladesh, 2004. Cappelen akademisk forlag. Kapitlene 7-10.


Mesteparten av pensum er å finne i Fronter (markert med F)

The readings are marked according to priority:

A: you MUST read it in order to understand the issue

B: you CAN read it if you are interested in learning more about the topic


(F) Nicholas B. Dirks, “The Original Caste: Power, history and hierarchy in South Asia”. In: McKim Marriott, red. India through Hindu categories. (Contributions to Indian sociology, Occasional studies no 5). Sage, New Delhi 1990 (s. 59-77). A

(F) Wilhelm Halbfaß, Tradition and Reflection, Delhi 1991, (esp. chapter 10: "Homo Hierarchicus: The Conceptualization of the Varṇa System in Indian Thought", S. 347-405). B

(F) Brian K. Smith, "Canonical Authority and Social Classification: Veda and Varṇa in Ancient Indian Texts", History of Religions 32 (1992), 103-125. A

(F) Romila Thapar, “Imagined Religious Communities? Ancient History and the Modern Search for a Hindu Identity”; Modern Asian Studies, Vol. 23, No. 2 (1989), pp. 209-231. B

(F) William Sax 2000.  “Conquering the Quarters: Religion and Politics in Hinduism”.  International Journal of Hindu Studies 4(1): 39-60. A

Dumont, Louis, Homo Hierarchicus: Le système des castes et ses implications, 1966 (Homo Hierarchicus: The Caste System and its Implications, complete Revised English Edition, transl. by Mark Sainsbury, Louis Dumont and Basia Gulati, Chicago, 1980). B

Folk religions of the Indian Himalayas

(F) Zoller, Claus Peter 1997. Heroic ballads and the biography of a woman: on coping with conflicts in the western Garhwal-Himalaya. In: Stellrecht, Irmtraud and Mathias Winiger (eds.), Perspectives on history and change in the Karakorum, Hindukush, and Himalaya. Culture Area Karakorum, Vol. 3, Köln, pp. 473-497. B

Galey, Jean-Claude 1992. Hindu Kingship in its Ritual Realm: The Garhwali Configuration. In: Joshi, Maheshwar P. et al., Himalaya: Past and Present. Vol.II (1991-92); edited by Maheshwar P. Joshi, Allen C. Fanger, Charles W. Brown. Almora. B
Sax, William S. 2002. Introduction. In: Sax, William S., Dancing the Self: Personhood and performance in the Pandav Lila of Garhwal, OUP: New York, pp. 3-15. B

(F) Roma Chatterji, “The Category of Folk”. In: Veena Das (ed.), The Oxford India Companion to Sociology and Anthropology. OUP, 2003. A

(F) Sontheimer, Guenther-Dietz, “Rudra and Khandoba: Continuity in Folk Religion”. In: King of Hunters, Warriors, and Shepherds: Essays on Khandoba. Manohar 1997. A

Buddhism and Jainism as ancient Indian reform movements  

(F) K.W. Folkert, “Introduction to Jainism”, in: Scripture and Community, Atlanta 1993. A

Y. Krishan, "Buddhism and the Caste System", Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies 9.1 (1986), S. 71-83. A

(F) Balbir, Nalini, "Women in Jainism", Religion and Women, ed. by Arvind Sharma, Albany, 1994, pp. 121-138. B

(F) Steven Collins, "The Discourse on what is primary (aggañña-sutta). An Annotated Translation", Journal of Indian Philosphy 21 (?), pp. 301-393. B
(F) Andrew Huxley, "The Buddha and the Social Contract", Journal of Indian Philosophy 24/4 (Aug. 1996), 407-420. B
(F) Steven Collins, "The Lion's Roar on the Wheel-Turning King: A Response to Andrew Huxley's 'The Buddha and the Social Contract'", Journal of Indian Philosophy 24/4 (Aug. 1994), 421-446. B
(F) Oliver Freiberger. “Early Buddhism, Asceticism, and the Politics of the Middle Way”. In: Asceticism and Its Critics. Ed. By O. Freiberger. OUP 2006, pp. 235-258. A

Aśoka, the ”ideal ruler”; the conflict in Sri Lanka  

Tambiah, Stanley: Buddhism betrayed: religion, politics, and violence in Sri Lanka, University of Chicago Press, 1992. Hele boken. A

(F) Seneviratne, H.L.: The Work of Kings: The New Buddhism in Sri Lanka, 1999. The University of Chicago Press. Kap. 2 s. 25-55, Dharmapala and the Definition of the Monk's Mission. A

(F) Selvanayagam, Israel, "Aśoka and Arjuna as Counterfigures Standing on the field of Dharma: A Historical-Hermeneutical Perspective", History of Religions 32 (1992), 59-75. A

Political impact of religious leaders

(F) Fuller, C.J. 1982. The attempted Reform of South Indian Temple Hinduism. Religious Organization and Religious Experience, Davis, J. (ed.). London, Academic Press: 153-167. A

Film: King Khandoba : scenes from the life of an Indian folk god / a film by Günther D. Sontheimer and Günter Unbescheid  
(F) Sontheimer, Günther-Dietz 1978 (1997). Some incidents in the history of the God Khandoba. In: Feldhaus, Anne, Aditya Malik and Heidrun Brückner (eds.), King of hunters warriors, and shepherds: Essays on Khandoba. Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts and Manohar, New Delhi, pp. 19-33. A

Preachings of Bhakti Saints and Brahmanic Rituals 

Hawley, John Stratton 2005. Author and Authority. In: Hawley, John Stratton, Three Bhakti voices: Mirabai, Surdas, and Kabir in their time and ours. OUP: Delhi, pp. 21-47. A

The radicalization of religious identities in South Asia from around 1850 to today  

Jones, Kenneth W.: Socio-religious reform movements in British India, 1989. Cambridge U. Press. 220 s, hele boken.

Brekke, Torkel. The conceptual foundation of missionary Hinduism: Journal of religious history, 23, 2 1999. 12 s. A

Modern Hindu Nationalism 

Corbridge, Stuart and Harriss, John: Reinventing India, 2000. Polity Press, Cambridge UK. Kapitlene 5-8.

van der Veer, Peter: Religious nationalism: Hindus and muslims in India, 1994. U. of California Press. 203 s, hele boken.

(F) Davis, Richard H. The iconography of Rama's chariot: Making India Hindu: Religion, community, and the politics of democracy in India, David Ludden, red.. Oxford U.P. Delhi 1996 (s. 27-54). A

Thapar, Romila. A historical perspective on the story of Rama: Anatomy of a confrontation: The Babri Masjid--Ramjanmabhumi issue, Viking 1991 (s. 141-163).

Gandhi og nasjonalbevegelsen

Rudolph, Lloyd I., & Susanne Hoeber Rudolph: The modernity of tradition: Political development in India, 1967. U. of Chicago Press. Part Two: The traditional roots of charisma: Gandhi (s.155-249). A

(F) Parekh, Bhikhu: Gandhi's political philosophy: A critical examination, 1989. Notre Dame. Kap. 8 Critical appreciation (s. 195-225). A

Religion and temple politics 

Arjun Appadurai 1978, "Kings, Sects and Temples in South India, 1350-1700 A.D.", South Indian Temples. An Analytical Reconsideration, ed. by Burton Stein, New Delhi: 47-73. A

Appadurai, Arjun and Carol Appadurai Breckenridge, "The South Indian Temple: Authority, Honor and Redistribution", Contributions to Indian Sociology (NS), Vol. 10, No. 2 (Dec. 1976), S. 187-211. A

Presler, Franklin A. "The legitimation of religious policy in Tamil Nadu", Religion and the legitimation of power in South Asia, B. L. Smith (ed.) Leiden 1978, 106-133 A

Abeyesekara, Ananda, "Politics of Higher Ordination, Buddhist Monastic Identity, and Leadership at the Dambulla Temple in Sri Lanka", JIABS 22.2 (1999), pp. 255-280. B

(F) Christopher John Baker, "Temples and political development", Baker and D. A. Washbrook, South India: political institutions and political change, 1880-1940, Delhi 1975 A

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