Passage II when I was in America Passage I thanksgiving Day and Christmas



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  • Passage I
  • Thanksgiving Day and Christmas
  • Unit Nine
  • Passage I
  • Related Information
  • early in the new year. The main content is to hold a parade, a party, and other joyful activities.
  • Carnival
  • Related Information
  • Valentine’s Day
  • February 14, for lovers to express their love to each other.
  • Public Holidays in the West
  • Related Information
  • April Fool’s Day
  • the first day of April. People can make and tell white jokes to one another.
  • Public Holidays in the West
  • Related Information
  • usually in early April. This is a religious festival. On the very Sunday morning, children are busy looking for the color eggs assumed to be given by the Easter rabbit.
  • Public Holidays in the West
  • Related Information
  • Independence Day
  • July 4. It began from 1776. The celebration activities are mainly made up of a parade and making patriotic speeches.
  • Public Holidays in the West
  • Related Information
  • Halloween
  • the evening of October 31. Dancing parties are held with people wearing fancy masks.
  • Public Holidays in the West
  • Related Information
  • the first weekday after Christmas. Presents are given to those who deliver newspaper, milk or do other kinds of service to the family to express the thanks for their good service and help.
  • Public Holidays in the West
  • Related Information
  • The title of the song may be translated as “圣诞夜” or “平安夜”. It is a very sweet Christmas carol.
  • Silent Night, Holy Night
  • Santa Claus
  • Related Information
  • Patron saint of children. The legend first came from Holland and was brought to the US by Dutch immigrants. In America, Santa Claus is fat and jolly, with white hair and beard, and rides in the sky in a reindeer-drawn sleigh, delivering gifts to children at Christmas Eve.
  • Text
  • Intensive Study
  • Difficult Sentences
  • Important Words
  • Thanksgiving Day and Christmas
  • (Para. 1a) Thanksgiving Day on the fourth Thursday of November is uniquely an American holiday which dates back to the arrival of some of the first European settlers in the New World. America has been blessed with rich land and rich natural resources. However, those early settlers would not have survived their first cold winter without the help of their native Indian neighbors, who taught them how to plant corns, and how to hunt wild deer. The first Thanksgiving Day was observed after the fall harvest, and people gave thanks to God and to their friends.
  • Passage I
  • 1
  • 3
  • 2
  • (Para. 1b) A traditional Thanksgiving dinner usually includes turkey, corn, sweet potatoes and pumpkin pie --- all foods that early settlers and the Indians ate on the first Thanksgiving Day in 1621.
  • (Para. 2) Thanksgiving Day also marks the beginning of the Christmas shopping season in stores and shops of every kind. The day after Thanksgiving is the busiest shopping day of the year. Some American households will even put up a Christmas tree this early, although most will wait until a couple of weeks before Christmas Eve.
  • Passage I
  • 4
  • (Para. 3a) Christmas is a family holiday. This feeling is expressed in the song “I’ll be home for Christmas.” The sweet melody of “Silent Night, Holy Night” often makes people far away from their family feel nostalgic. Those who cannot join the family will send a Christmas card home to express greetings of the season. At home family and friends gather to sing Christmas songs and play games.
  • Passage I
  • (Para. 3b) Children are kept busy with gifts they believe to be brought to them by Santa Claus. Adults often talk over a cup of tea or coffee. Christmas dinner may be similar to Thanksgiving dinner; candy and fruitcake are especially associated with this holiday. Though Christmas is now celebrated widely the world over, it still maintains its “home, sweet home” flavor.
  • Passage I
  • 5
  • 引导定语从句
  • means “specifically,solely
  • 1. (Para. 1) Thanksgiving Day on the fourth Thursday of November is uniquely an American holiday which dates back to the arrival of some of the first European settlers in the New World.
  • 每年11月的第四个星期四的感恩节是唯有美国才有的节日。它可以追溯到第一批欧洲人移居到新大陆的时期。
  • Translation
  • English is one of the most important courses for the Chinese students which is compulsory in almost all the colleges and universities.
  • Example
  • Difficult Sentences
  • Subjunctive Mood
  • 2. (Para. 1) However, those early settlers would not have survived their first cold winter without the help of their native Indian neighbors, who taught them how to plant corns, and how to hunt wild deer.
  • 然而,如果没有当地印第安人的帮助,那些早期的移民是无法度过他们在那里的第一个凛冽寒冬的。这些土著印第安邻居教他们如何种植玉米及如何狩猎野鹿。
  • I would like to say that without your help, I could not have completed the project on time.
  • Translation
  • Example
  • 引导非限制性定语从句
  • Difficult Sentences
  • 3. (Para. 1) The first Thanksgiving Day was observed after the fall harvest, and people gave thanks to God and to their friends.
  • 第一个感恩节是在秋收后庆祝的,人们借此对上帝和朋友们表示感谢。
  • The most important part of the Spring Festival is a big family reunion, and many people will also be busy with preparing all kinds of delicious traditional food.
  • Translation
  • Example
  • means “ spend and celebrate”
  • 引导 并列句
  • Difficult Sentences
  • means “so early
  • 4. (Para. 2) Some American households will even put up a Christmas tree this early, although most will wait until a couple of weeks before Christmas Eve.
  • 一些美国家庭甚至会在那时就早早地竖起了圣诞树, 虽然大部分人将会把这件事留到圣诞夜之前的几个星期才去做。
  • Some students have begun to prepare for the final examination, although most will wait until a few weeks before the tests.
  • Translation
  • Example
  • 引导
  • 让步性状语从句
  • Difficult Sentences
  • 5. (Para. 3) Children are kept busy with gifts they believe to be brought to them by Santa Claus.
  • 孩子们则忙于玩着那些他们认为是圣诞老人送给他们的礼物。
  • I’ve received several Christmas cards I believed to be given to me by my students.
  • Translation
  • Example
  • means “be occupied with, be busy doing sth.”
  • 定语从句(省略which)修饰“gift
  • Difficult Sentences
  • May God bless you.
  • This country is blessed with mild climate and rich land.
  • Bless me! (啊呀,我的天哪。)
  • I’m blessed if I know. (反语,咒语:我一点也不知道呀!)
  • 祈福,有福气,保佑
  • bless v.
  • FOR EXAMPLE
  • Important Words
  • Very few people in this area survived the earthquake.
  • The old lady was so lucky that she survived the accident.
  • It’s difficult for these plants to survive the cold climate in the north.
  • continue to live or exist, remain alive after, live or exist longer than 幸免于;比…长命
  • survive v.
  • Important Words
  • FOR EXAMPLE
  • Nobody is allowed to hunt here.
  • All the people are helping hunt for a missing child.
  • These students are hunting for a part-time job at the market.
  • go after wild animals; look for, try to find
  • 打猎;寻觅, 设法找到
  • hunt v.
  • Important Words
  • FOR EXAMPLE
  • Do they observe Thanksgiving Day in that country?
  • We always observe birthdays at home.
  • All drivers should observe traffic laws strictly.
  • celebrate; obey 庆祝;遵守
  • observe v.
  • Important Words
  • FOR EXAMPLE
  • Don’t you think we should include some examples in this paragraph?
  • This book includes 20 chapters.
  • Her duties include putting the children to bed.
  • bring in, reckon, as part of the whole
  • 包括,包括在内
  • include v.
  • Important Words
  • FOR EXAMPLE
  • I find it very difficult for me to express how grateful I am for your kindness.
  • The heartfelt smile expresses her joy at the good news.
  • You should learn to express yourself in good English.
  • She expressed her determination in this letter.
  • show or make known by words, looks, action; clearly and definitely state 表述,表达;说明
  • express v.
  • Important Words
  • FOR EXAMPLE
  • Where does the river join the sea?
  • Will you join us in the walk?
  • Why don’t you join in our conversation?
  • put together, unite; come into the company
  • 联接;参加,加入
  • join v.
  • Important Words
  • FOR EXAMPLE
  • I don’t want to associate myself with that matter.
  • Don’t associate with these dishonest persons.
  • We always associate the Great Wall with China.
  • join or connect, be often in the company of ...
  • 联系,联络,有关系
  • associate v.
  • # associate … with … 把……和……联系起来
  • Important Words
  • FOR EXAMPLE
  • Teachers should maintain close ties with the students.
  • You’d better maintain 30 miles an hour in this area.
  • The workers are busy maintaining the roads before winter comes.
  • How could the students maintain themselves only by doing part time jobs?
  • You should learn to maintain your rights as a citizen.
  • continue to keep up, retain 保持,维护;保养,供养
  • maintain v.
  • Important Words
  • FOR EXAMPLE
  • Practice
  • What is the origin of Thanksgiving Day?
  • Its origin dates back to the arrival of some of the first European settlers in the New World.
  • Read and Think
  • Answer the following questions according to the text.
  • How did the early settlers survive their first winter in the New World?
  • What does a traditional Thanksgiving dinner usually include?
  • With the help of their native Indian neighbors.
  • It usually includes turkey, corn, sweet potatoes and pumpkin pie.
  • Read and Think
  • Why is Christmas said to be a family holiday?
  • What do people do if they can’t join the family for Christmas?
  • Because it always has its “home, sweet home” flavor.
  • They will send a Christmas card home to express greetings of the season.
  • Read and Think
  • Read and Complete
  • Fill in the blanks without referring to the passage.
  • The origin of Thanksgiving Day 1 _________ to the arrival of the first European settlers in America, which has been 2 ___________ favorable natural conditions. However, those early settlers would not have survived their first winter without the help of their Indian friends.
  • blessed with
  • dates back
  • Read and Complete
  • The first Thanksgiving Day 3 ____________ after the first harvest when people showed their gratitude to God and their friends. A Thanksgiving dinner usually 4 _______ traditional food such as turkey, corn, sweet potatoes and pumpkin pie that early settlers and the Indians 5 ___ on the first Thanksgiving Day in 1621.
  • ate
  • includes
  • Read and Complete
  • Now Thanksgiving Day is officially set on the fourth Thursday of November. The celebration also 6 ______ the beginning of the busiest Christmas shopping season in most stores and shops. Although most American households won’t 7 _______ a Christmas tree until a couple of weeks before Christmas Eve, there are impatient shops and families that 8 ___________ that long.
  • put up
  • will not wait
  • marks
  • Read and Complete
  • Christmas is a holiday for family reunions. Nostalgia for home 9 ____________ in quite a number of Christmas songs such as “I’ll be home for Christmas.”and “Silent Night, 10 __________”. People who 11 ___________ their family for Christmas 12 _________ a Christmas card home to express their love and best wishes.
  • Holy Night
  • cannot join
  • is expressed
  • will send
  • Read and Complete
  • Parents will prepare gifts for their children, which are often 13 ________ to be brought to them by Santa Claus. Adults enjoy their leisure by 14___________ a cup of tea or coffee. Though Christmas is now becoming a popular international holiday it 15 ____________ its “home, sweet home” flavor.
  • still maintains
  • talking over
  • Complete each of the following statements by adding a clause to each sentence according to the passage.
  • 1. Thanksgiving Day is a uniquely American holiday, _________________________________________________________________________.
  • 2. However, those early settlers would not have survived their first bitterly cold winter without the help of their native Indian neighbors, _______________ ____________________________________________.
  • which dates back to the arrival of the first European settlers in the New World
  • who taught them how to plant corn, and how to hunt wild deer
  • Read and Complete
  • 3. A traditional Thanksgiving dinner usually includes turkey, corn, sweet potatoes and pumpkin pie --- all foods ______________________________________________________________________ .
  • 4. Some American households will even put up a Christmas tree this early, _________________ _____________________________________________.
  • that early settlers and the Indians ate on the first Thanksgiving in 1621
  • Read and Complete
  • although most will wait until a couple of weeks before Christmas Eve
  • 5. Those ________________________ will send a Christmas card home to express greetings of the season.
  • 6. Children are kept busy with gifts ________________ ________________________________.
  • 7. ______________________________________________ ____________, it still maintains its sweet home flavor.
  • who cannot join the family
  • they believe to be brought to them by Santa Claus
  • Read and Complete
  • Though Christmas is now celebrated widely the world over
  • Fill in the blanks with the proper words and expressions given below, changing the form if necessary.
  • believe bless with talk responsible date back
  • express fail to maintain mark
  • observe put up similar to survive
  • 1. This china vase __________ to the early Song dynasty.
  • 2. The company has tried to ________ the high quality of their products.
  • 3. The baby is the only person that ____________ the air crash.
  • dates back
  • maintain
  • has survived
  • Read and Complete
  • 4. People have different ideas as to who should be ____________ for the accident .
  • 5. Gold is __________ copper in color.
  • 6. Shall we _______ the tent near the river?
  • 7. The couple often ______ understand each other.
  • 8. It can __________ that there is no life on Mars.
  • responsible
  • similar to
  • put up
  • fail to
  • be believed
  • Read and Complete
  • 9. China’s accession to WTO _______ a new era in her development.
  • 10. Dragon Boat Festival ___________ on the 5th of May.
  • 11. China ______________ a long history of civilization.
  • 12. I still find it difficult to ________ myself in English.
  • 13. I regard it a great enjoyment to _____ over a cup of tea with friends.
  • marks
  • is observed
  • is blessed with
  • express
  • talk
  • Read and Complete
  • Read and Translate
  • Translate the following sentences into English.
  • 1. 这座城市有着天赐美景和丰富的自然资源。
  • be blessed with
  • natural resources
  • This city is / has been blessed with beautiful scenery and rich natural resources.
  • 2. 第一个端午节出现在屈原离世之后,人民用一种独特的方式向这位伟人表达敬意。
  • Read and Translate
  • in a unique way
  • Dragon-boat Festival
  • The first Dragon-boat Festival was observed after the death of Qu Yuan, and people showed their respect to this great man in a unique way.
  • be observed
  • Read and Translate
  • 3. 传统的中国生日宴常有鸡汤面。
  • traditional
  • include
  • A traditional Chinese birthday dinner usually includes chicken soup noodle.
  • Read and Translate
  • 4. 尽管大部分人家要等到春节前几个星期才动手准备,可有些中国家庭却这么早就开始筹备了。
  • wait until
  • prepare for …
  • Some Chinese families will even start to prepare for the new year this early, although most will wait until a couple of weeks before Spring Festival.
  • Spring Festival
  • Read and Translate
  • 5. 他们对祖国的热爱之情表达在“我的祖国”的甜美歌声中。
  • express
  • sweet melody
  • Their love for the country is expressed in the sweet melody “My Homeland”.
  • Read and Translate
  • 6. 那些不能跟随俱乐部观看主队比赛的足球迷绝对会在电视上观看每一场比赛。
  • join
  • the host matches
  • The football fans who could not join the club in the host matches will never fail to watch each game on TV.
  • will never fail to
  • Read and Translate
  • 7. 尽管粤菜闻名全世界,许多广东菜肴已不再保留它们的特有风味了。
  • Guangdong dishes
  • maintain
  • Though Guangdong dishes are popular the world over, many of them no longer maintain their special flavor.
  • flavor
  • Read and Simulate
  • Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences.
  • 1. America has been blessed with fertile land and rich natural resources.
  • China has been blessed with a long history and rich cultural heritage.
  • 滨海市享有天然的旅游资源和宜人的气候。
  • 希腊盛富美丽的神话与童话故事。
  • Greece has been blessed with beautiful myths and fairy stories.
  • Binhai has been blessed with tourist resources and pleasant weather.
  • Read and Simulate
  • 2. However, those early settlers would not have survived their first cold winter without the help of their native Indian neighbors.
  • However, we would not have succeeded in the campaign without the support from all the volunteers.
  • 然而,如果没有队友们的合作,这个球员是不可能攻入这个球的。
  • 然而,如果没有解放军战士的帮助,许多人是不可能躲过这场洪水的。
  • However, the player would not have made the goal without the cooperation of his teammates.
  • However, many people would not have survived the flood without the help given by the PLA men.
  • Read and Simulate
  • 3. The first Thanksgiving Day was observed after the fall harvest.
  • The first modern Olympics were observed in 1792.
  • 中国第一个教师节出现在八十年代早期。
  • 第一个联合国日出现在二战之后。
  • The first Teacher’s Day was observed in the early 1980s in China.
  • The first United Nations Day was observed after World War II.
  • Read and Simulate
  • 4. The day after Thanksgiving is the busiest shopping day of the year.
  • The period after Christmas is the most relaxing of the year for many people.
  • 期末考试后是繁忙学期中最轻松的一段时光。
  • 午夜后的时辰是一天中最黑暗的。
  • The hour after midnight is the darkest time of the day.
  • The time after the final examinations is the most relaxing of the busy term.
  • 5. This feeling is expressed in the song “I’ll be home for Christmas”.
  • This idea is expressed in the speech “I have a dream”.
  • 这一愿望被表达在《给我三天光明》这一文章中。
  • 这种情绪被表达在《月光》这首诗中。
  • This desire is expressed in the article/essay “Three days to see”.
  • This mood is expressed in the poem “Moonlight”.
  • Read and Simulate
  • Read and Simulate
  • 6. Children are kept busy with gifts they believe to be brought to them by Santa Claus.
  • Teachers are kept busy with papers they believe to be valued by students.
  • 父母们忙于他们认定是天予的职责。
  • 主妇们忙于她们认定是社会强加在她们身上的家务琐事。
  • Parents are kept busy with duties they believe to be offered by nature.
  • 7. The usual Christmas dinner is similar to Thanksgiving dinner.
  • The fashionable birthday party today in China is similar to those in the West.
  • 练瑜珈功的基本方法大体与练太极拳相同。
  • 传统的径赛项目大体与现代径赛项目相同。
  • The general way of practicing yoga is similar to that for practicing tai-ji.
  • The traditional track races are similar to the modern ones.
  • Read and Simulate
  • 8. Though Christmas is now celebrated widely the world over, it still maintains its “home, sweet home” flavor.
  • Though yoga is now a popular practice almost the world over, it still maintains its strong mysterious flavor.
  • 尽管剪纸现在已成为享誉世界的艺术形式,它依然保留着东方韵味。
  • 尽管这位总裁 (CEO) 现在已成为世界知名人物,他依然保持着简朴的生活风格。
  • Read and Simulate
  • Though paper cutting is now a popular art form almost the world over, it still maintains its oriental flavor.
  • Though the CEO is now a well-known figure almost the world over, he still maintains his simple life style.
  • Passage II
  • When I Was in America
  • Related Information
  • Intensive Study
  • Practice
  • Related Information
  • There are many Mexican immigrants in America. Most of them speak Spanish as their mother tongue. Mexican people are very warm-hearted and hospitable. They are also well-known for their special cuisines.
  • Mexican-American
  • Text
  • Intensive Study
  • Difficult Sentences
  • Important Words
  • When I Was in America
  • (Para.1) For most people the holiday season is a time of joy and family reunions. For me, it is a time of mixed emotions --- for I have been away from my family and friends in Iran while studying in the United States. Rather than lock myself in my loneliness, I have tried each Christmas to learn a little more about the culture of the country and know more about my American friends.
  • Passage II
  • 1
  • (Para.2) A tie-clasp I still wear reminds me repeatedly of the Christmas of 1989, which was quite memorable. All my classmates had eagerly looked forward to the holiday time. I had no vacation because I was short of money. My check from home had not arrived on schedule because of the crush of holiday mail.
  • Passage II
  • 2
  • (Para.3) One day I walked to the campus to pick up my mail at the International Students office. But the all important check still had not arrived. Maria, a Mexican-American student, who worked as a temporary secretary in the department when others left for their holidays, must have seen me as I left the mailbox with disappointment showing on my face. She invited me to spend Christmas Eve with her family. I accepted all too gladly.
  • Passage II
  • 3
  • (Para.4) Maria’s family was not rich. They lived in a modest small house. Maria introduced me to her parents, her aunt and her sister, who welcomed me warmly. Maria’s father could only speak Spanish, so he talked to me while Maria’s sister acting as interpreter. The kind look in his eyes and his relaxed behavior made me feel right at home.
  • Passage II
  • 4
  • (Para.5) The dinner was very elaborate. Each dish had a special feature, sauce and blend of seasonings. Maria’s aunt ate while standing at a corner of the small, old table. I felt a little uncomfortable, knowing that I was occupying her place, but her gesture expressed the sincere hospitality with which Maria’s whole family received me. After dinner, Maria chose a small package from under the Christmas tree and handed it to me. Inside I found the tie-clasp I still use to this day.
  • Passage II
  • 5
  • Para.6 Looking at the tie-clasp, I knew I would always regard it as a memento of an unforgettable evening of good friendship during a hard and lonely period of my life.
  • Passage II
  • 6
  • rather than 后省略不定式符号 “to
  • 时间状语
  • 1. (Para. 1) Rather than lock myself in my loneliness, I have tried each Christmas to learn a little more about the culture of the country and know more about my American friends.
  • 但是我并没有沉溺于个人的孤独。我一直在努力利用每一个圣诞节的机会更多地了解这个国家的文化,更多地知道一些有关我美国朋友的情况。
  • Rather than make money, he came to the country all the way to help sick children each Children’s Day.
  • Translation
  • Example
  • Difficult Sentences
  • 定语从句(省略that)修饰“tie-clasp
  • 2. (Para. 2) A tie-clasp I still wear reminds me repeatedly of the Christmas of 1989, which was quite memorable.
  • 我有一只迄今仍然随身佩带的领带夹,它不时让我想起1989年的圣诞节。那是一个令人难忘的日子。
  • A map I always carry in my bag helps me repeatedly with directions, which is really valuable for a person without much sense of directions like me.
  • Translation
  • Example
  • 引导非限制性 定语从句
  • Difficult Sentences
  • 3. (Para. 3) Maria, a Mexican-American student, who worked as a temporary secretary in the department when others left for their holidays, must have seen me as I left the mailbox with disappointment showing on my face.
  • 由于其他人都离开学校去度假了,一位名叫玛丽亚的美籍墨西哥学生在系里担任临时秘书。她一定是看到了我离开邮箱时流露在脸上的沮丧和失望。
  • Li Xin, an American-Chinese girl, who stayed in the room as a baby-sitter, must have noticed my two little brothers as they hung their empty socks on the fireplace with great expectation.
  • Translation
  • Example
  • conj. 引导时间状语从句
  • prep. 作为
  • 表示肯定的判断
  • Difficult Sentences
  • V+O+OC Structure
  • 4. (Para. 4) The kind look in his eyes and his relaxed behavior made me feel right at home.
  • 他眼睛中流露出的和蔼目光以及他随和的举止使我感觉完全就跟在自己家里一样自在。
  • He said he was quite satisfied. But his long face made me feel just the opposite.
  • Translation
  • Example
  • Difficult Sentences
  • 现在分词短语作时间状语
  • 5. (Para. 5) I felt a little uncomfortable, knowing that I was occupying her place, but her gesture expressed the sincere hospitality with which Maria’s whole family received me.
  • 我觉得有些不安,因为我知道我占了玛利亚姑妈的位置。但是她的手势却向我表达了她真诚的亲情,玛利亚全家就是用这种热情好客款待我的。
  • He shouted at the top of his voice, knowing that the crowds could hardly hear him; but their cheering revealed such warmth with which they welcomed him as a hero.
  • Translation
  • Example
  • 引导定语从句
  • Difficult Sentences
  • 6. (Para. 6) Looking at the tie-clasp, I knew I would always regard it as a memento of an unforgettable evening of good friendship during a hard and lonely period of my life.
  • 望着这只领带夹,我知道我将会把它视作一个永久的纪念,它记录了在我生活最孤独寂寞的那段时光中一个充满友情的令人难忘的夜晚。
  • Reading the words again and again, she realized she would use them as her motto of life in the fierce struggle against her disease.
  • Translation
  • Example
  • 现在分词短语作时间状语
  • 后置定语
  • Difficult Sentences
  • Many students go home for a family reunion on the Mid-autumn Festival.
  • They had a happy reunion on the fiftieth anniversary of their university.
  • meeting with family members or old friends, etc. after separation 团圆,重聚
  • reunion n.
  • Important Words
  • FOR EXAMPLE
  • She told the story in a voice touched with deep emotion.
  • His argument relies too much on emotion rather than on reason.
  • excited state of mind or strong feelings
  • 情绪,情感
  • emotion n.
  • Important Words
  • FOR EXAMPLE
  • Loneliness is the worst enemy for the spacemen.
  • She sang to herself to rid her of the loneliness.
  • state of feeling sad or melancholy caused by lacking of companions 孤独, 孤单
  • loneliness n.
  • lonely adj. 孤独的,孤单的
  • Important Words
  • FOR EXAMPLE
  • He read the words repeatedly to lock them in memory.
  • Whatever she says, she’d say it repeatedly.
  • again and again 再三地,重复地
  • repeatedly adv.
  • repeat v. 重复
  • Important Words
  • FOR EXAMPLE
  • There was a frightful crush at the gate of the cinema.
  • The crush proved a danger with few emergency exits in the hall.
  • crowd of people or things gathered together
  • 挤满, 积压
  • crush v.
  • Important Words
  • FOR EXAMPLE
  • The hut was used as a temporary office.
  • Don’t worry. The bumping of the airplane is only temporary.
  • lasting for a short time only 临时的,暂时的
  • temporary adj.
  • temporarily adv. 临时地,暂时地
  • Important Words
  • FOR EXAMPLE
  • He suffered terrible disappointment when she failed to come.
  • To the children’s disappointment, it rained the whole night before the picnic.
  • the state of mind of failing to get what is expected
  • 失望, 沮丧
  • disappointment n.
  • disappoint vt.
  • disappointed adj.
  • Important Words
  • FOR EXAMPLE
  • He should accept my modest requirement.
  • The well-known scholar lives in a rather modest little house.
  • not large in size or amount 简陋的, 适度的
  • modest adj.
  • modest adj. 谦虚的
  • Important Words
  • FOR EXAMPLE
  • His improper behavior towards the guests shows his rudeness.
  • One’s behavior should go with one’s words.
  • ways of behaving oneself 行为, 举止
  • behavior n.
  • Important Words
  • FOR EXAMPLE
  • This tomato sauce goes very well with fried chicken.
  • Give each one a small saucer to put the sauce in.
  • liquid preparation served with some kind of food to give a flavor 调味汁, 酱
  • sauce n.
  • Important Words
  • FOR EXAMPLE
  • She uses different seasonings to make her cooking tasty.
  • This kind of fish only needs light seasoning.
  • something used to give flavor to food
  • 调味品,调味
  • seasoning n.
  • Important Words
  • FOR EXAMPLE
  • movement of hand or head to indicate an idea or feeling 手势,姿态
  • gesture n.
  • Is thumbing a gesture for a lift?
  • Can you make out what his gesture means?
  • Important Words
  • FOR EXAMPLE
  • hospitality n.
  • The Chinese enjoy a reputation of their hospitality.
  • The hostess’ hospitality put us at ease.
  • friendly and generous reception of guests
  • 好客, 款待
  • Important Words
  • FOR EXAMPLE
  • memento n.
  • This dictionary is a memento of my English teacher.
  • The painting brush is now kept in the museum as a memento of the artist.
  • something that serves to remind one of a person or event 纪念物,纪念品
  • Important Words
  • FOR EXAMPLE
  • unforgettable adj.
  • She spent an unforgettable time in the mountainous area.
  • This failure is an unforgettable lesson for me.
  • that cannot be forgotten 令人难忘的, 忘不了的
  • Important Words
  • FOR EXAMPLE
  • Practice
  • Read and Judge
  • Are the following statements true or false according to the passage? Write T/F accordingly.
  • 1. The author of the passage used to be an overseas student in America.
  • 2. Unlike most other people, the author had a miserable Christmas.
  • 3. The author tried his best not to be overwhelmed by his loneliness.
  • 4. The Christmas of 1989 was an unforgettable event for the author.
  • T
  • F
  • T
  • T
  • 5. The author didn’t look forward to the holiday since he didn’t have much money to enjoy it.
  • 6. His check was probably delayed because of the crush of holiday mail.
  • 7. Maria was a secretary at the university while the author studied there.
  • 8. There was only enough room for five seats at the table in Maria’s home.
  • 9. Maria’s father did not talk because he couldn’t speak English.
  • 10. The author appreciated the tie-clasp because it conveyed the kindness of Maria’s family.
  • T
  • T
  • F
  • T
  • F
  • Read and Judge
  • T
  • Read and Rewrite
  • Rewrite part of the story about the author’s visit to Maria’s family (Para. 4 & 5) in the third person.
  • Reference
  • Maria’s family was not rich. They lived in a modest small house. Maria introduced the author to her parents, her aunt and her sister, who welcomed him warmly. Maria’s father could only speak Spanish, so he talked to him while Maria’s sister was acting as interpreter. The kind look in his eyes and his relaxed behavior made the author feel right at home.
  • Reference
  • The dinner was very rich. Each dish had a special feature, sauce and blend of seasonings. Maria’s aunt ate while standing at a corner of the small, old table. The author felt a little uncomfortable, knowing that he was occupying her place, but her gesture expressed the hospitality with which Maria’s whole family received him. After dinner, Maria chose a small package from under the Christmas tree and handed it to the author. Inside he found the tie clasp, which he still used to this day.
  • Reference
  • 2. A tie-clasp I still wear reminds me repeatedly of the Christmas of 1989, which was quite memorable for me.
  • Read and Translate
  • Translate the following sentences into Chinese.
  • 1. Rather than lock myself in my loneliness, I have tried each Christmas to learn a little more about the culture of the country and know more about my American friends.
  • 但是我并没有沉溺于个人的孤独。 我一直在努力利用每一个圣诞节机会去更多地了解这个国家的文化,更多地了解我的美国朋友。
  • 我有一只迄今仍然随身佩带的领带夹,它不时让我想起1989年的圣诞节。
  • 4. I felt a little uncomfortable, knowing that I was occupying her place, but this gesture conveyed told me the sincere hospitality with which I was treated by Maria’s whole family.
  • Read and Translate
  • 3. Maria, a Mexican-American student, who worked as a temporary secretary in the department when others left for their holidays, must have seen me as I left the mailbox with disappointment showing on my face.
  • 一位名叫玛丽亚的美籍墨西哥学生,在其他人外出度假期间,在系里担任临时秘书,她一定是看到了我流露在脸上的沮丧。
  • 我觉得有些不安,知道是我占了她的位置,但是她的手势却向我表达了她真诚的情谊,玛利亚全家就是用这种热情好客款待我的。
  • Read and Translate
  • 5. Looking at the tie-clasp, I knew I would always regard it as a memento of an unforgettable evening of good friendship during a hard and lonely period of my life.
  • 望着这只领带夹,我知道我将会把它视作一个永久的纪念,它记录了我在最孤独、最寂寞的日子里所度过的那个充满友情、令人难忘的夜晚。


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