Paragraphing: correctly written paragraphs are absolutely vital. Remember to use the formula- topic sentence, development, linkage. Tone



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Life in the trenches
This essay is a piece of Transactional Writing (W1) whose purpose is to convey information. Your task is to use sources in an appropriate way in order to create a detailed and interesting essay on life in the trenches for the average soldier in World War 1.
You should keep the following in mind at all times:


  1. Paragraphing: correctly written paragraphs are absolutely vital. Remember to use the formula- topic sentence, development, linkage.




  1. Tone: your tone should be formal and detached- keep yourself out of the essay.




  1. Paraphrasing: on no account may you simply copy chunks from the source material- this is plagiarism. You must put the information you wish to communicate into your own words and form at all times.




  1. Vocabulary and sentence structure: a wide and accurate vocabulary, and a variety of sentence structures, are to be expected.




  1. Sources: use information from the internet/library, and/or include information from your own knowledge, as long as you are sure of its accuracy.




  1. Style: remember that you are trying to make your essay interesting. Aspects of style designed to achieve this are to be encouraged. How are you going to begin your essay in an interesting way? How are you going to involve the reader? How can tone, vocabulary and sentence structure contribute to impact?




  1. Bibliography: Keep a note of the web pages you have used to put in your bibliography at the end.


Introduction

Your opening paragraph, should be designed to grip the reader, to catch their attention. (You may wish to leave this to the end)


In the rest of the essay research the following areas. You can arrange this information in any order you want, as long as it has a logical structure.


  • Write a couple of paragraphs giving the background to your subject: what, where, when, why.




  • Using pictures and/or diagrams, describe the interior of a trench in some detail.




  • Summarise the normal daily routine of a soldier in a trench.




  • What about the nightly routine?




  • What were the discomforts of living in a trench?




  • What were the dangers of trench life?




  • Try and include eyewitness accounts (e.g. how the soldiers felt/poets who wrote about the trenches) and explain what this suggests about their lives




  • What did living in a trench do to soldiers?




  • Imply your opinion on the life of the soldiers in the trenches. Do not say ‘I feel/I think’ instead say ‘it is clear/evident…’ ‘Life in the trenches was distressing/horrific…’ etc.




  • Any other information you find interesting.




  • Sum-up/Conclusion


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