The first sentence of a Chunk. (There are 4 sentences per chunk)
The BP is generally the most natural sentence that we write –
we make a statement that includes both our opinion and a fact, which then needs to be backed up with a specific example [CD], and clarified with further development and explanation [CM]).
Body Points are just what they sound like – points that you make in a body paragraph
A Body Point has 2 purposes: 1. to introduce the ideas that will be covered in that Chunk 2. to transition from one Chunk to the next.
BPs directly support and prove your Topic Sentences.
[A BP acts as a mini-mini-thesis] [It is the thesis of the Chunk, giving a topic & opinion]
Specific details or facts that prove the assertions you make in your Body Points, Topic Sentences, and ultimately your Thesis.
CDs are the second sentence in a chunk.
Concrete Details get their name because they are facts – concrete, not debatable.
CDs can appear in any of the following forms: Direct Quotation, Summary, or Paraphrase.
CDs MUST be properly Cited.
Select your CDs thoughtfully and carefully – be sure that they really prove what you are arguing; effective CDs are the skeleton of your paper – essentially, they are the facts that prove your thesis.
There is 1 Concrete Detail to every 2 Commentary sentences.
Like in math problems, Commentary sentences explain your thinking; this is where you show your reader the connection you are making between your CDs and your Body Point, Topic Sentence, and ultimately your Thesis.
This is the place in your writing for insightful elaboration, where you explain your analysis, responses and interpretations.
You MUST comment on the Concrete Details you include in your writing – you cannot expect your examples to prove your assertions for you.
Insightful Commentary makes a paper; do not waste these sentences by repeating yourself over and over again.
CMs are the third and fourth sentence in a chunk.
Restates (in new language) the main idea / argument of the paragraph
Restate the thesis (without using the same wording)
No statements like “In conclusion…” “As you can see…” “All in all…” etc.
End your essay with a final reflection on the “Bigger Picture” significance of the paper’s content – how is it relevant to the world – or what other questions / thoughts does it raise?
Help writers to effectively move from one subject to another.
Method of effectively and clearly presenting quotations in your writing.
Quotations are used in writing to support and clarify a point you are making; it is important that the quotations are the most effective they can be, therefore they must fit smoothly and logically into the rest of your writing.
Do NOT just insert a quotation in your writing and expect your reader to make sense of it for themselves (that is called a “Dangling Quotation”); you must first introduce, and then elaborate on, the quotations you include in your writing.
You need to effectively incorporate the quotations into your writing by introducing them. **Be sure that the verb tenses agree**
Avoid starting your sentences with a quotation.
Avoid ending paragraphs with quotations.
Every quotation needs to be introduced, and then commented on.
Students often confuse Weaving with another term called Blending...
What is the difference?
Giving credit to the sources and people you reference in your writing, by putting the page number in parentheses.
If you quote a text, or even paraphrase or summarize a text, you MUST cite the author and the page number.
If the ideas you express in your writing are not your own, or were influenced by another text or person, you MUST cite them.
Generally, ALL of your CD’s should be cited. [Refer to the MLA format for guidelines on how to properly cite a source.] Citing is a crucial part of academic writing, please see the plagiarism handout for any questions or concerns about citing.
* We will cover this in more detail while preparing for our first essay.
The methods necessary to develop an idea into an organized, convincing essay.
PVHS has a smaller campus and student body, which makes it easier to feel at home, and to not get lost in the crowd
PVHS has elite programs such as the award winning drama department and bi-weekly television show Live from 205, as well as athletic teams that are CIF champions, and the PIVOT and the former DARPA programs that compete on national levels.
The block schedule teaches students responsibility and time management, while also allowing students more flexibility with their time outside of school.
This might not work on every computer (it works on my laptop, but not my desktop). If it does work, please do a quick mental review.