Package Title: Lab Questions Course Title: Big Java

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Package Title: Lab Questions

Course Title: Big Java

Chapter Number: 11 Input/Output and Exception Handling

Question type: Essay

1.1) Using a text editor, copy the data below into a text file called ziptable.txt. Each line of the table contains a state abbreviation, the state name, and one or more ZIP code specifiers. The ZIP code specifiers consist of the first three digits of a ZIP code. For example 350-369 denotes ZIP codes in the range 35000 to 36999.

Tables like this one are used in mailing applications to verify that an address has a reasonable ZIP code. Each ZIP code specifier is either a pair of three-digit integers separated with a hyphen, or a single three-digit integer. A ZIP code for a state is “valid” if the first three digits falls in the range of a ZIP code specifier pair or matches a single three-digit ZIP code specifier.

In order to standardize the data in the table, we will create a new file by modifying the old table data so that every ZIP code specifier is a pair or integers separated with a hyphen. For example, in the case of New York, we will change the single ZIP code 005 into 005-005. We will divide the task into three steps.

As the first step, write a program that reads and prints each line in the table exactly as it appears in the file.

Here is the table data:

AL Alabama 350-369

AK Alaska 995-999

AS American Samoa 967-967

AZ Arizona 850-865

AR Arkansas 716-729 755

CA California 900-966

CO Colorado 800-816

CT Connecticut 060-069

DE Delaware 197-199

DC District of Columbia 200-205

FM FS of Micronesia 969-969

FL Florida 320-349

GA Georgia 300-319 398-399

GU Guam 969-969

HI Hawaii 967-968

ID Idaho 832-838

IL Illinois 600-629

IN Indiana 460-479

IA Iowa 500-528

KS Kansas 660-679

KY Kentucky 400-427

LA Louisiana 700-714

ME Maine 039-049

MH Marshall Islands 969-969

MD Maryland 206-219

MA Massachusetts 010-027 055

MI Michigan 480-499

MN Minnesota 550-567

MS Mississippi 386-397

MO Missouri 630-658

MT Montana 590-599

NE Nebraska 680-693

NV Nevada 889-898

NH New Hampshire 030-039

NJ New Jersey 070-089

NM New Mexico 870-884

NY New York 005 063 090-149

NC North Carolina 269-289

ND North Dakota 580-588

MP N. Mariana Islands 969-969

OH Ohio 430-459

OK Oklahoma 730-749

OR Oregon 970-979

PW Palau Island 969-969

PA Pennsylvania 150-196

PR Puerto Rico 006-009

RI Rhode Island 028-029

SC South Carolina 290-299

SD South Dakota 570-577

TN Tennessee 370-385

TX Texas 750-799 885

UT Utah 840-847

VT Vermont 050-059

VA Virginia 201 220-246

VI Virgin Islands 008-008

WA Washington 980-994

WI Wisconsin 530-549

WV West Virginia 247-268

WY Wyoming 820-831
1.2) Modify the ZipsReader program so that it passes each line of the table file as a String to another Scanner constructor. Use the new Scanner to read the single line of the table as a sequence of strings by invoking the next method. Print out the state name, state abbreviation, and each ZIP code specifier.

In order to make the output consistent, single integer ZIP code specifiers should be printed as a two-integer range. For example, New York’s ZIP code of 005 should be printed as 005-005. There are a couple of hurdles to completing this:

1) Some states like New Jersey have multi-part names, and

2) We need to determine which strings are ZIP code specifiers.

Fortunately, the String class supports the matches method and we can use that method to determine if a string matches a specific pattern. We will denote the pattern as a regular expression. For example, if we have a String identifier called token, we can invoke token.matches("\\d{3}-\\d{3}") to make sure the string referenced by token consists of three digits followed by a “-” followed by three more digits. We can use token.matches("\\d{3}") to make sure the string referenced by token consists of exactly three digits. In each case, matches returns true or false, so we can use this expression in an if statement to detect when we have scanned a ZIP code specifier.
1.3) Modify the ZipsReader program by directing the output to a file rather than System.out. Create a PrintWriter object that is associated with a file for output. Use print and println to write your output to the file. Be sure to invoke close on the stream when you are finished. Use a text editor to examine the output file and verify that it is correct.
2.1) Write a program to store multiple memos in a file. Allow a user to enter a topic and the text of a memo (the text of the memo is stored as a single line and thus cannot contain a return character). Store the topic, the date stamp of the memo, and the memo message.

Creating a java.util.Date object with no arguments will initialize the Date object to the current time and date. A date stamp is obtained by calling the Date.toString() method.

Use a text editor to view the contents of the output and to check that the information is stored correctly.

Part of the program code has been provided for you:

import . . .

public class MemoPadCreator


public static void main(String[] args) throws FileNotFoundException


Date now;

Scanner console = new Scanner(;

System.out.print("Output file: ");

String filename = console.nextLine();
PrintWriter out = . . .;
boolean done = false;

while (!done)


System.out.println("Memo topic (enter -1 to end):");

String topic = console.nextLine();

if (topic.equals("-1"))


done = true;




System.out.println("Memo text:");

String message = console.nextLine();

// Create the new date object and obtain a dateStamp

out.println(topic + "\n" + dateStamp + "\n" + message);



// Close the output file



2.2) Modify your memo writing program to read multiple memos stored in a text file. Memos are stored in three lines. The first line is the memo topic, the second line is the date stamp, and the third line is the memo message. Display the memos one at a time, and allow the user to choose to view the next memo (if there is one).

Part of the program code has been provided for you:

. . .
public class MemoPadReader


public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException


Scanner console = new Scanner(;

System.out.print("Input file: ");

String inputFileName = console.nextLine();

File inFile = . . .;

Scanner in = new Scanner(inFile);

boolean done = false;

while (in.hasNextLine() && !done)


String topic = . . .;

String dateStamp = . . .;

String message = . . .;

System.out.println(topic + "\n" + dateStamp + "\n" + message);

if (. . .) // You should only ask to display the next memo if

// there are more memos in the file


System.out.println("Do you want to read the next memo (y/n)?");

String ans = console.nextLine();

if (ans.equalsIgnoreCase("n"))


done = true;





2.3) Modify your simple memo reader program. Use a JFileChooser dialog box to allow the user to choose the file from which the memos will be read.

You can use the showOpenDialog method to enable the user to select a file to open. This method returns either JFileChooser.APPROVE_OPTION, if the user has chosen a file, or JFileChooser.CANCEL_OPTION, if the user canceled the selection.

If a file was chosen, then you call the getSelectedFile method to obtain a File object that describes the file. Here is a complete example:

JFileChooser chooser = new JFileChooser();

if (chooser.showOpenDialog(null) == JFileChooser.APPROVE_OPTION)


File selectedFile = chooser.getSelectedFile();

Scanner in = new Scanner(selectedFile);

. . .

Provide the complete code of your modified MemoPadReader program below.

3) In this exercise you will develop skills with input and output of text strings. Start with the code below and complete the following tasks:

a) Read String input1 with a Scanner and print each word.

b) Read String input2 with a Scanner and print each character.

c) Read String input3 with a Scanner and print each character and whether it is a letter, a digit, or whitespace.

d) Read String input4 with a Scanner and print each line on a different line.

public class TextIO


public static void main(String[] args)


String input1 = "Now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of their country.";

String input2 = "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789";

String input3 = "a1b2c3 d4";

String input4 = "Line 1\nLine2\nLine3\nLine4";



4) Scanners are handy for reading input that is stored in a file. For this exercise, create a file called "c:\\aaa\\numbers.txt" that contains the following data:

1.2 2.3 3.4 4.5

2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0

6.0 7.0 8.0 9.0

Read each line, convert the numbers in each line to doubles, and print each row of numbers and their total.

5) Write a program that processes command line arguments. The arguments are a mixture of numbers (ints and doubles). Concatenate all the arguments into a single string. Scan the string, then print each number on a separate line and whether it is an int or a double.

Test your program with each of the following lists of arguments:

a) 1 2 3 4 5

b) 1.1 2.2 3.3 4.4

c) 1 2.9 3 4.9 5 6.9

6.1) Start with the code below and complete the getInt method. The method should prompt the user to enter an integer. Scan the input the user types. If the input is not an int, throw an IllegalArgumentException; otherwise, return the int.

import java.util.Scanner;

public class Throwing


public static void main(String[] args)


int x = getInt();


public static int getInt()


// your code goes here



6.2) Modify the program from Lab 11.6.1 so that getInt throws an IOException instead of an IllegalArgumentException. Modify the main program so that it catches and prints the IOException.

7.7) Write a program that prompts the user to enter an int. Print the integer the user enters. If the user doesn’t enter an int, keep looping, prompting the user to enter the required int.

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