P. Kay Formal Research Essay
Mr. P. Kay
Formal Research Essay:
Style and Format Recommendations & Reminders:
Works Cited: remember to use a hanging indent for the second and third lines of a citation.
your Works Cited page is paginated (and in fact, may have more than one page) as per the essay proper.
if you have an embedded citation, it (usually the surname) must appear in the Works Cited.
spacing: double space all elements of your essay; do not add extra spaces between paragraphs; do not add extra spaces after your title; do not add extra spaces after your pagination; do not add extra spaces…
avoid changing your margin settings
know the significance of square brackets: “[W]hy he went to this trouble is evident…”
know the significance and proper usage of the ellipsis ( … …. )
do not use personal pronouns (I think; you begin to believe; we think)
do not use the verb ‘being’.
create an effective title for your essay; it should lead to or link with your theses; the title should not refer to the essay (i.e. Macbeth Essay); the title should not ask a question.
use the simple past; keep your tense consistent (do not switch tenses).
be careful with your preposition choice (where – wherein; that – who)
never use quotations side by side. (… in the end.” “Then he was…)
use single quotation marks within quotation marks [i.e.” Macbeth said, ‘Help!’ to anyone who would listen” (Smith, 24).]
avoid all tentative diction: somewhat, sort of, could be, may be, maybe could, might, possibly, in a way, evidently, it seems, though opinions may vary, of sorts, appears, likely…
avoid quotations in your Introduction paragraph
avoid stopping the essay and defining terms.
avoid short forms (etc., i.e. e.g.); avoid asking a question of the reader.
do not use anecdotal evidence (i.e. “my friend said…”)
avoid short forms and contractions of any kind (etc.; c-section; shouldn’t, couldn’t, haven’t, don’t…)
avoid short forms with numbers (i.e. do not use 1; write it out as one).
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