Organizer #3 of 4 Writing Strategies Differentiation Due: Tuesday, 28 February 2012 All homework must be completed in its entirety



Download 234,42 Kb.
Page2/3
Date conversion08.12.2018
Size234,42 Kb.
1   2   3

A Great American Athlete

  • If you ask a room full of people, “Who was the greatest American athlete of the 1990s?” you are likely to get a number of different answers. Some people might say Michael Jordan, the basketball player, while others might argue for figure skater Michelle Kwan. Both of these athletes are truly great, having reached stunning heights in their respective sports, but in my opinion they are not the greatest. I believe that honor belongs to track athlete Gail Devers.

  • Devers’ competitive record in the 1990s is unparalleled. At the 1992 Olympics in Barcelona, she won the one-hundred-meter dash. When the starting gun sounded for that race, she burst out of the blocks like a bullet and defeated both of the prerace favorites, Jamaican Merlene Ottey and American Gwen Torrence.

  • Over the next few years Devers continued to rack up victories. At the 1993 world championships she won the one-hundred-meter hurdles and the one-hundred-meter dash, a remarkable double victory. No one had accomplished that in forty-five years! She won the one-hundred-meter hurdles again at the 1995 world championships! At pressure-filled competitions she was an unshakable rock.

  • At the 1996 Olympics Devers once again emerged as one of the brightest stars. She won the one-hundred-meter dash, becoming only the second woman to repeat as champion in this event. Devers also helped the American women win a gold medal in the four-by-one-hundred-meter relay race. In 2000, at the age of thirty-three, Devers set the American record in the one-hundred-meter hurdles. This record still stands today—and refuses to budge.

  • Throughout the 1990s Devers soared through competitions like an eagle, her power and grace unmatched. She is certainly the greatest American athlete of that decade.

    1. In the passage the author writes that Gail Devers “burst out of the blocks like a bullet.” Is this an example of a metaphor, a simile, or personification? How does this use of figurative language support the main argument of the passage?

    1. __________________________________________________

    2. __________________________________________________

    3. __________________________________________________

    1. Consider the following sentence from the passage: “At pressure-filled competitions, she was an unshakable rock.” Is this an example of a metaphor, a simile, or personification? How does the use of figurative language affect your opinion of the author’s argument?

    1. __________________________________________________

    2. __________________________________________________

    3. __________________________________________________

    1. Consider the following sentence from the passage: “Throughout the 1990s Devers soared through competitions like an eagle, her power and grace unmatched.” Is this an example of a metaphor, a simile, or personification? What effect does this statement have on you as you read it?

    1. __________________________________________________

    2. __________________________________________________

    3. __________________________________________________

    1. Take another look at this sentence from the passage: “Throughout the 1990s Devers soared through competitions like an eagle, her power and grace unmatched.” Rewrite this sentence so it does not contain any figurative language. In what way does your rewrite differ from the original sentence?

    1. __________________________________________________

    2. __________________________________________________

    3. __________________________________________________

    1. Consider this sentence from the passage: “This record still stands today—and refuses to budge.” Is this an example of a metaphor, a simile, or personification? How does this use of figurative language affect your opinion of Devers’s accomplishments?

    1. __________________________________________________

    2. __________________________________________________

    3. __________________________________________________











    4. A Red, Red Rose

    5. By Robert Burns

    6. O my Luve’s like a red, red rose,

    7. That’s newly sprung in June:

    8. O my Luve’s like the melodie

    9. That’s sweetly play’d in tune.

    10. As fair art thou, my bonnie lass,

    11. So deep in luve am I:

    12. And I will luve thee still, my dear,

    13. Till a’ the seas gang dry:

    14. Till a’ the seas gang dry, my dear,

    15. And the rocks melt wi’ the sun;

    16. O I will luve thee still, my dear,

    17. While the sands o’ life shall run.

    18. And fare thee well, my only Luve,

    19. And fare thee well, a while!

    20. And I will come again, my Luve,

    21. Tho’ it were ten thousand mile.



    1. Give an example of the author’s use of figurative language in the poem. Identify it as a metaphor, a simile, or personification.

    1. __________________________________________________

    2. __________________________________________________

    3. __________________________________________________

    1. What effect does the author’s use of figurative language have on you as you read the poem?

    1. __________________________________________________

    2. __________________________________________________

    3. __________________________________________________

    4. Directions: The following exercise allows you to practice using figurative language. Feel free to review the definitions of metaphor, simile, and personification before answering these questions. Be creative with your answers.



    1. Think about your favorite actor. Write a brief paragraph or poem in which you describe that actor using metaphors and similes. Be sure to use at least one metaphor and one simile.

    1. __________________________________________________

    2. __________________________________________________

    3. __________________________________________________

    4. __________________________________________________

    1. Think about something you did before you arrived at school this morning. Write a brief paragraph or poem in which you describe what you did using metaphors and similes. Be sure to use at least one metaphor and one simile.

    1. __________________________________________________

    2. __________________________________________________

    3. __________________________________________________

    4. __________________________________________________

    1. Think of an object in your classroom or school. Write a brief paragraph in which you describe that object using personification.

    1. __________________________________________________

    2. __________________________________________________

    3. __________________________________________________

    4. __________________________________________________















































    1. Assignment #4: Due Wednesday, 22 February 2012

    2. English Usage

    3. Standard: WOC 1.3 – Demonstrate an understanding of proper English usage and control of grammar, paragraph and sentence structure, diction, and syntax.

    4. ESLR: Resourceful Learner – Take responsibility for learning

    5. Rationale: On the CAHSEE you will be asked to identify well-constructed sentences. To answer these questions, you should be familiar with the rules and conventions of sentence structure, with an emphasis on correct forms of verbs, pronouns, possessives, and superlatives.

    6. Directions: Review the definitions below and then answer the questions that follow.

    1. Questions about verb usage will ask you to recognize sentences in which verbs correctly agree with the subject of the sentence.

      • Example: The polish on the cowboy’s boots was wearing off.

      • The trick here is not to let the plural noun boots throw you off, causing you to use the plural verb were by mistake. Boots is not the subject of the sentence; polish is the subject.

    2. Questions about pronoun usage will ask you to identify the correct pronoun in a given sentence.

      • Example: They were coming around the corner just as I rode up on my bike.

    3. Questions about possessive pronouns will ask you to identify the correct form of a possessive pronoun in a given sentence.

      • Example: The puppy was so rambunctious that it tore apart its squeaky toy.

      • Be careful not to confuse its, which is a form of the possessive pronoun, with it’s, which is a contraction meaning it is.

    4. Questions about the use of superlatives (usually end in –est; used to compare 3 or more things) and comparatives (usually end in –er; used to compare 2 things) will ask you to identify the appropriate superlative or comparative form in a given sentence.

      • Example of a superlative: At the concert, Jango sang the lowest note he’s ever sung.

      • Example of a comparative: Jango sang in a lower key than he had in yesterday’s rehearsal.

    1. Directions: Choose the word that best completes the following sentences. Be sure to use POE and answer the additional questions.

    1. In my opinion, good neighbors always mind __________ own business.

      1. there

      2. their

      3. his

      4. one’s

    2. What is the subject of the sentence? ____________________

    3. Is it singular or plural? ________________________________

    4. Which two answers can you eliminate because they suggest the wrong number of people? __________ and __________

    5. Define there. _______________________________________

    6. Define their. _______________________________________

    7. Use these definitions to help you select the right answer!

    8. John threw the ball to________________.

      1. I

      2. we

      3. me

      4. he

    9. This is an easy one – plug each answer choice in and see which one sounds right! We expect to see that you crossed off the wrong answers – use POE!

    10. ________________ lives down the street from me in a big white house.

      1. Them

      2. They

      3. She

      4. Her

    11. If the subject of this sentence “lives,” is the subject singular or plural? ____________________________________________

    12. Which two answer choices can you eliminate because they suggest the wrong number of people? ________ and _______

    13. The boys forgot _____________ book bags.

      1. their

      2. they’re

      3. theirs

      4. them

    14. Define their. _______________________________________

    15. Define they’re. ______________________________________

    16. Use POE to cross out answers you know are wrong and narrow your choices down to the right answer!

    17. Explain how you knew this was the correct answer.

    18. __________________________________________________

    19. __________________________________________________

    20. ________________ the best player on the team.

      1. Your

      2. You

      3. You’re

      4. Yours

    21. Define your. ________________________________________

    22. Define you’re. ______________________________________

    23. Freebie (sort of)! Why is C a wrong answer? (Hint: What would be missing from the sentence? ____________________

    24. Use POE to cross out answers you know are wrong and narrow your choices down to the right answer.

    25. I can hit a baseball _____________ than George.

      1. more far

      2. farthest

      3. far

      4. farther

    26. Using the four rules of English usage above (and your grammar packet), explain how you knew this was the correct answer. (Hint: It has to do with comparatives and superlatives.)

    27. __________________________________________________

    28. __________________________________________________

    29. The influence of the student representatives _______________ over the past five years.

      1. has decreased

      2. have decreased

      3. is decreasing

      4. were decreased

    30. When did the student representatives’ influence decrease – did it happen once in the past, over a long period of time in the past, or is it still happening today?

    31. __________________________________________________

    32. Cross out any answer choices that don’t fit with your answer to the above question.

    33. Is “influence” (the subject) singular or plural? _____________

    34. Cross off the answer choice that does not agree with the subject in number, and you should have your correct answer!

    35. Dan has the _____________ theory about global warming that I’ve ever heard.

      1. interesting

      2. more interesting

      3. most interested

      4. most interesting

    36. Using the four rules of English usage above (and your grammar packet), explain how you knew this was the correct answer. (Hint: It has to do with comparatives and superlatives.)

    37. __________________________________________________

    38. __________________________________________________





























    1. Assignment #5: Due Thursday, 23 February 2012

    2. Identifying Genre and Purpose

    3. Standard: LRA3.2 - Compare and contrast the presentation of a similar theme or topic across genres to explain how the selection of genre shapes the theme or topic.

    4. ESLR: Resourceful Learner – Take responsibility for learning

    5. Rationale: In this lesson you will review how to identify the genre and purpose of a book or passage.

    6. Identifying Genre

    7. A genre is an artistic category that describes the content and style of a text. Some examples of genre in literature are the novel, the biography, drama, and poetry. Sometimes a good way to determine the genre of a text is to look at the title.

    8. Here are some examples of different genres:

    9. *A novel is a lengthy work of prose fiction. Because there is no limit to how long it can be, a novel can have a complex plot with any number of characters, events, and settings.

    10. *A short story is a work of prose fiction that is usually less than forty pages long. A short story usually covers only a few characters in a specific plot that takes place during a limited period of time.

    11. *A reference book is a text that contains factual information about one subject or a wide variety of subjects. An example of a reference book is an encyclopedia.

    12. *A biography is a factual text that gives an account of the life of a real person. Biographies are often about well-known public figures such as politicians, social activists, artists, and athletes.

    13. *A play (or drama) is a dramatic composition that is intended to be performed on a stage.

    14. *A narrative poem tells a story through rhythmic, often rhyming verse. Narrative poems contain all the elements of a story, including plot, characters, and setting.

    15. *Other genres include essays, articles, poems, etc.

    1. Directions: The school library has just received a donation of books, and student Aisha Wagner has volunteered to help sort them. Help her by writing the genre of each book beside its title. Some genres will be used more than once.

    2. novel reference book play

    3. poetry biography short story

    1. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire ______________

    2. Romeo and Juliet ____________________________

    3. The Encyclopedia of Airplanes __________________

    4. Summer Poems _________________________

    5. George Washington, President and General ____________

    6. The Physician’s Desk Reference _________________

    7. The Poetry of Emily Dickinson ___________________

    8. An Illustrated History of World War II ____________

    9. The Collected Short Stories of Ernest Hemingway ______________

    10. Moby Dick __________________________________



    1. Identifying Purpose

    2. Different genres have different purposes. For example, the purpose of a biography is to educate readers about somebody’s life. Some genres are used for research (reference books), and others are read for pleasure (fiction and poetry). Some genres, including biographies, can be read for pleasure and used for research. The three most common purposes are to inform, to persuade, and to entertain.

    1. Directions: The following are titles of books donated to the school library that Aisha is going to highlight in a school newsletter. Identify the specific purpose of each book below its title. For example, the purpose of The Illustrated Source of African Monkeys is to provide pictures and information about African monkeys. The purpose of Tales to Scare You Silly is most likely to entertain with short, fictional scary stories.

    1. A Beginner’s Guide to Carpentry

    1. _____________________________________________

    1. An Illustrated History of Los Angeles

    1. _____________________________________________

    1. The Life and Times of Theodore Roosevelt

    1. _____________________________________________

    1. Felines, Fish, and Frogs: Funny Poems about Pets

    1. _____________________________________________

    1. Cookies: Recipes for the Whole Family

    1. _____________________________________________

    1. Can You Solve It? A Collection of Mystery Stories

    1. _____________________________________________

    1. Pasta Dishes in Ten Minutes or Less

    1. _____________________________________________

    1. The Princess and the Dragon

    1. _____________________________________________

    2. Directions: Another shipment of books arrives, and Aisha is asked to sort them by considering what kind of school reports they would be used for. Write “sports,” “science,” or “history” next to each of the following book titles.

    1. A Beginner’s Guide to Baseball ______________

    2. How Columbus Explored America ____________

    3. Football in the United States _______________

    4. The Tragedy of Pearl Harbor ________________

    5. The Physics of Automobiles ________________

    6. Fossils and What They Mean _______________

    7. The Civil War and Ulysses S. Grant ___________

    8. How Tiger Woods Changed Golf _____________

    1. Directions: Read each of the following excerpts from texts and then identify the genre (novel, reference book, biography, or poetry) and purpose for each excerpt.

    2. It was that time of year for Derek to decide

    3. What gifts he should buy for his loved ones.

    4. December had arrived, it was so cold outside.

    5. He was ready for some shopping and fun.

    1. Which genre would best describe this text? _________________________

    2. For what purpose would somebody read this text?

    1. _____________________________________________

    2. The battle at the Alamo was one of the most pivotal moments in Texas history. Although the “freedom fighters” at the Alamo were so outnumbered that they couldn’t hold off Mexico’s attack, they are remembered today by many for their courage and perseverance.

    1. Which genre would best describe this text? _________________________

    2. For what purpose would somebody read this text?

    1. _____________________________________________

    2. To stay alive, plants must convert energy from sunlight into chemical energy. This process is known as photosynthesis.

    1. Which genre would best describe this text? _________________________

    2. For what purpose would somebody read this text?

    1. _____________________________________________

    2. Every day the little puppy would look out the window of the animal shelter and wonder if anybody would ever take him home. But when one Sunday came around, it was his lucky day. No more would he look out the window in deep anticipation. A beautiful family came in and adopted him. He had no idea of the adventures that were in store for him.

    1. Which genre would best describe this text? _________________________

    2. For what purpose would somebody read this text?

    1. _____________________________________________

    2. You may think of peanuts as just a snack food, but George Washington Carver turned peanuts into much more. This was just one of many contributions during his amazing life as a scientist and inventor.

    1. Which genre would best describe this text? _________________________

    2. For what purpose would somebody read this text?

    1. _____________________________________________

    2. Jota and Ashley were best friends and also were the two best players on the girls’ volleyball team at their school. They were good students and almost invincible teammates. They thought nothing could ever come between them, but that was before Ms. Tecu showed up and announced that she would be their new coach.



    1. Which genre would best describe this text? _________________________

    2. For what purpose would somebody read this text?

    1. _____________________________________________















    1. Assignment #6: Due Friday, 24 February 2012

    2. English Usage
  • 1   2   3


    The database is protected by copyright ©sckool.org 2016
    send message

        Main page