Organizer #1 of 4 Writing Strategies Differentiation Due: Tuesday, 24 January 2012 All homework must be completed in its entirety



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All about C


People have known about the benefits of vitamin C—ascorbic acid—for a long time. Sailors used to pack their ships with citrus and other vitamin C-rich foods to prevent scurvy. People have been downing vitamin C to supplement their daily diets for many years. For as long as people have been taking it as a supplement, however, scientists have been debating just how good for us vitamin C really is. Some believe that vitamin C taken in large doses can cure the common cold. Others think it can cure cancer.

What scientists do agree about is what vitamin C does inside our bodies. Ascorbic acid is needed for the body to produce collagen, which is the substance that binds cells to one another. Another way to get it is from processed foods that have been vitamin-enriched. In addition, because vitamin C dissolves in water, it, like other water-soluble vitamins, helps to prevent vitamins that are gas-dissolving from oxidizing in our bodies.

Because our bodies do not make ascorbic acid, we have to add it from the outside. You can get it from fresh fruits, leafy green vegetables, cooked vegetables (the less cooked, the more vitamin C), and nightshades (that is, tomatoes, potatoes, and eggplant). The question is: How much do we need on a daily basis? It probably won’t surprise you to learn that scientists are debating about that too.

Which sentence does NOT fit well into the paragraph in which it is found in the essay?



  1. “The question is: How much do we need on a daily basis?”

  2. “Some believe that vitamin C taken in large doses can cure the common cold.”

  3. “Another way to get it is from processed foods that have been vitamin-enriched.”

  4. “Sailors used to pack their ships with citrus and other vitamin-C rich foods to prevent scurvy.”

How to Answer: Figure out the main idea!

Main Idea: _____________________________________________

_____________________________________________

This question asks you which sentence does NOT fit with the main idea. Using POE, determine which answers DO fit the main idea and CROSS THEM OUT. The one that is left over will be your answer.

Correct Answer: _______________



In your own words, explain how you knew this was the correct answer. _____________________________________________

_____________________________________________




The Great Asia-North America Land Bridge


Paleontologists tell us that from approximately seventy thousands years ago to until about eleven thousand years ago, glacial action resulted in the formation of a “land bridge” between present day Alaska and Russia. They used a method called radiocarbon dating, but bits of ancient coal in the samples damaged the findings. Today the bridge is covered by the Bering Strait. The land bridge lasted long enough, however, for plants and animals to have thrived on the bridge, and for early humans to have crossed the bridge from Asia and become the first people ever to settle the “New World.”

Researchers speculate that the landscape of the land bridge was a lot like Alaska’s North Slope. There were stunted willows, clumps of sedges, and birch trees. What it didn’t have were glaciers, as much of the rest of North America did. Scientists assume this is due to the climate being too dry to form glaciers there.

One of the big unanswered questions in science is why people migrated across the land bridge into North America. They may have been following bison or game herds that were crossing the bridge. Or maybe something unpleasant was happening on the Asian side, and they were escaping across the land bridge. There are many theories, but something that has happened thirteen thousand years ago is difficult to prove with absolute certainty today.

Which of the following is LEAST related to the main idea of the essay?



  1. “The land bridge lasted long enough, however, for plants and animals to have thrived on the bridge, and for early humans to have crossed the bridge from Asia and become the first people ever to settle the ‘New World.’”

  2. “What it didn’t have were glaciers, as much of the rest of North America did”

  3. “One of the big unanswered questions in science is why people migrated across the land bridge into North America.”

  4. “They used a method called radiocarbon dating, but bits of ancient coal in the samples damaged the findings.”

How to Answer: Figure out the main idea!

Main Idea: _____________________________________________

_____________________________________________

This question asks you which sentence is LEAST related to the main idea. Using POE, determine which answers DO fit the main idea and CROSS THEM OUT. The one that is left over will be your answer.

Correct Answer: _______________



In your own words, explain how you knew this was the correct answer. _____________________________________________

_____________________________________________



Assignment #2: Literary Terms Quiz

Due: Thursday, 12 January 2012

Standards Addressed: Review of ALL Literary Response and Analysis Standards

ESLR: Resourceful Learner – Take responsibility for learning

Rationale: Over the next couple months, we will be reviewing literary terms on a regular basis. It is essential on the CAHSEE that you not only know what each of these literary terms means, but that you are able to identify examples of them in passages.

Directions: Circle the letter that best answers each of the following questions. If you have forgotten what one of these literary terms means, look it up in your CAHSEE Literary Terms packet!

  1. After reading the story “Where Have You Gone, Charming Billy?” we read several articles that expanded upon some of the ideas and issues presented by the author. When discussing these articles, we related them back to the original story in order to better understand the author’s intention. What is the literary term for what we did with all of this information?

    1. foreshadowing

    2. chronological order

    3. synthesize

    4. soliloquy

  1. When writing a research paper it is often helpful to use your primary and secondary sources as resources for furthering your investigation. Consulting the __________ or __________ is one way to find out where to look for more information.

    1. dialect; colloquialisms

    2. bibliography; Works Cited

    3. indirect characterization; direct characterization

    4. dialogue; soliloquy

  1. If a character seems real or alive to us as readers we can assume that the author has created a __________ character. These characters are usually the ones who learn lessons or grow in some way throughout the course of the story.

    1. flat character

    2. round character

    3. atmosphere (mood)

    4. synthesize

  1. “She didn’t never let nobody touch her quilts.”

“I was thinkin’ ‘bout marryin’ him.

These statements are both examples of:



    1. flat characters

    2. character traits

    3. dialect

    4. direct characterization

  1. “It was an ominous day; a bank of dark clouds loomed in the distance, threatening to invade the city and unleash their fury.” An author might use this sentence as a technique called:

    1. foreshadowing

    2. chronological order

    3. synthesize

    4. direct characterization

  1. “He saw a dark woman—in her twenties, perhaps—who was slender and shy. Her dress was simple, one of her stockings drooped at the ankle, but her voice was soft and he was willing to give her a chance at the job.” The description of this character is an example of:

    1. dialogue

    2. secondary source

    3. flashforward

    4. indirect characterization

  1. A short story written by Isaac Bashevis Singer begins with the sentence, “I am Gimpel the fool.” This is an example of:

    1. indirect characterization

    2. cause/effect

    3. direct characterization

    4. complication



  1. A __________ character usually has only one or two defining characteristics. “The mysterious outsider who dressed in black” might be one example of this character type.

    1. flat character

    2. round character

    3. tone

    4. dialogue

  1. “Pardon me, ma’am, but I’ve been seein’ you out here ever’day for weeks and I jest got up my nerve to come over and speak to you. . . .” The underlined words are examples of __________, or local expressions.

    1. tone

    2. synthesize

    3. inference

    4. colloquialisms

  1. In a newspaper article titled, “Stunned Homeowners Hope to Rebuild in Scripps Ranch,” journalists Dave McKibben and Ann M. Simmons write, “Fire Department officials said at least 150 homes, most of them in the million dollar range, were destroyed in Scripps Ranch.” This kind of information is considered to be a:

    1. secondary source

    2. primary source

    3. dialect

    4. foreshadowing

  1. The article “The Day the Clowns Cried” is an account of the worst circus tragedy in history. In order for the reader to understand the significance of this event it is important for the author to use words that will influence the reader’s reaction in a certain way. The author’s use of words contributes to the overall _____________ of the article.

    1. foreshadowing

    2. round character

    3. dialogue

    4. tone

  1. David Letterman, Jay Leno, and Conan O’Brien all begin their shows with these. A __________ occurs when a character (in this case a host) speaks directly to the audience.

    1. dramatic monologue

    2. flat character

    3. flashback

    4. colloquialism

  1. In the fairy tale “Snow White and the Seven Dwarves,” the queen gives Snow White a poisoned apple. After eating the apple, Snow White falls into a deep sleep. This is an example of:

    1. atmosphere (mood)

    2. flashback

    3. inference

    4. complication

  1. Many actors love to perform William Shakespeare’s works because he uses the __________ in his plays, a literary device that allows an actor to be alone on stage as he speaks directly to the audience.

    1. foreshadowing

    2. tone

    3. soliloquy

    4. indirect characterization

  1. In the novel A Christmas Carol, Ebeneezer Scrooge is visited by three ghosts. One of these ghosts shows Mr. Scrooge what will become of him if he refuses to change his ways. This ghost is used to illustrate the literary device termed:

    1. flashback

    2. flashforward

    3. mood

    4. soliloquy

  1. “In the day time the street was dusty, but at night the dew settled the dust and the old man liked to sit late because he was deaf and now at night it was quiet and he felt the difference.” The old man is noticing a change in:

    1. dialect

    2. flashback

    3. indirect characterization

    4. atmosphere (mood)

  1. “I saw the fire come up and over the ridge; all I could think was that my dog Lucy was still in the house. I was stuck behind the police ‘Do Not Cross’ line, powerless to save her. I hoped that I would be one of the lucky ones, and that my house would be saved,” Mary tells her friend Sally at school the next day. This is an example of a:

    1. flashforward

    2. indirect characterization

    3. bibliography

    4. primary source



  1. “Last week he tried to commit suicide,” one waiter said.

“Why?”

“He was in despair.”

“What about?”

“Nothing.”

“How do you know it was about nothing?”

“He has plenty of money.”



This passage, taken from Ernest Hemingway’s short story “A Clean, Well-Lighted Place” is an example of:

    1. soliloquy

    2. dialogue

    3. atmosphere (mood)

    4. synthesize

  1. “He understood fully that he might actually be going to die; his arms, maintaining his balance on the ledge were trembling steadily now. And it occurred to him then with all the force of a revelation that, if he fell, all he was ever going to have out of life he would then, abruptly, have had.” In the short story “Content’s of the Dead Man’s Pocket,” Tom’s thoughts reveal:

    1. cause/effect

    2. chronological order

    3. synthesize

    4. mood

  1. The narrator in the short story “Everyday Use” describes herself for the reader: “In real life I am a large, big-boned woman with rough, man-working hands.” From this sentence we make a few guesses about the narrator’s appearance and lifestyle. What is the literary term for these “guesses”?

    1. resolutions

    2. inferences

    3. complications

    4. causes/effects

  1. I am working on an outline for writing my autobiography. I am planning on devoting one chapter to each year of my life. Chapter One will chronicle the first year of my life, Chapter Two will be an account of my second, and so on. Which of these terms best describes my approach to this writing?

    1. complication

    2. cause/effect

    3. inference

    4. chronological order

  1. “Everything went on in the tomblike houses at night now. . . . The tombs, ill-lit by television light, where the people sat like the dead, the gray or multicolored lights touching their faces, but never really touching them.” The author’s use of the underlined words was not accidental. What was he trying to convey?

    1. chronological order

    2. dialogue

    3. mood

    4. secondary source

  1. “I remember my tenth birthday like it was yesterday . . .” If I were to begin my autobiographical narrative with this phrase, you might assume that I was planning to use this literary device to tell my story:

    1. flashback

    2. flashforward

    3. complication

    4. cause/effect

  1. A strong commitment to family, a lazy eye, a love of dark chocolate, a willingness to work hard. These are examples of:

    1. primary sources

    2. causes/effects

    3. character traits

    4. mood

  1. These characters are usually known by their character “type”: Prince Charming in fairy tales, the mad scientist of horror movies, the loyal sidekick in comedy films.

    1. expositions

    2. round characters

    3. primary sources

    4. stock characters


Assignment #3: Due Friday, 13 January 2012

Practice Questions on Main Ideas in Writing



Standard: WS1.1 – Establish a controlling impression or coherent thesis that conveys a clear and distinctive perspective on the subject and maintain a consistent tone and focus throughout the piece of writing.

ESLR: Resourceful Learner – Take responsibility for learning

Rationale: On the CAHSEE you will be asked (a) if a sentence supports a main idea and (b) to identify a sentence that does not fit into an essay. So remember that (a) each sentence in an essay should focus on the essay’s main idea (thesis statement) and (b) each sentence should fit into the essay. If it doesn’t, then it should be moved, revised, or removed.

Directions: While carefully reading the passages, look for the MAIN IDEA. Find the correct answer using the Main Idea/Detail and POE strategies. Record your answer and be sure to give support.
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