On Meeting Gender Data Needs in the Philippines Presented by



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  • Presented by
  • Romulo A. Virola
  • Secretary General
  • National Statistical Coordination Board, Philippines
  • Side Event at the 42nd Session of the UN Statistical Commission and 55th Session of the Commission on the Status of Women
  • Making Gender Statistics Meaningful on the Ground
  • Organized by UNFPA, UNSD, and UN-Women
  • 8:30-10:00 a.m., 24 February 2011, Conference Room D, North Lawn Building
  • Outline of Presentation
  • I. Background
  • Promotion of Gender Concerns in the Philippines:
  • Guided by internationally agreed frameworks/commitments, such as the:
    • Beijing Platform for Action
    • Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW)
    • Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
  • I. Background
  • 1. The 1987 Constitution – “The state recognizes the role of women in nation-building, and shall ensure the fundamental equality before the law of women and men." 
  • 2. Executive Order No. 348 of 1989, Approving and Adopting the Philippine Development Plan for Women for 1989 to 1992
    • Mandates the creation of Gender and Development (GAD) focal points within an agency, a sector or a locality.
    • Executive Order No. 273 – The 1995-2025 Philippine Plan for Gender Responsive Development (PPGD)
  • Promotion of Gender Concerns in the Philippines:
  • Guided by local legal/official frameworks such as the:
  • I. Background
  • 3. Republic Act 7192 of 1992, Women in Development and Nation-Building Act
  • Promotion of Gender Concerns in the Philippines:
  • Guided by local legal/official frameworks such as the:
  • 4. Section 27 of the General Appropriations Act of the Republic of the Philippines
  • - States that all departments, bureaus, offices and agencies shall set aside an amount to be used for gender-responsive projects with the minimum amount of 5% of an agency’s total appropriation.
  • I. Background
  • 5. Magna Carta of Women (15 September 2009)
  • Mandates all government offices to
    • adopt gender mainstreaming as a strategy - planning, budgeting, monitoring and evaluation for gender and development,
    • creation and/or strengthening of gender and development focal points, and
    • generation and maintenance of gender statistics and sex-disaggregated databases to aid in planning, programming and policy formulation.
  • Promotion of Gender Concerns in the Philippines:
  • Guided by local legal/official frameworks such as the:
  • I. Background
  • Now widely recognized that,
  • Efforts aimed at advancing the status of women require timely and accurate information on the situation of women and men.
  • In the Philippines,
  • The Philippine Statistical System (PSS) has institutionalized various mechanisms to provide the necessary data support to gender-responsive development.
  • Framework of Statistical Coordination in the PSS
  • Framework of Statistical Coordination in the PSS
  • produces general-purpose statistics
  • Produces establishment- based labor and employment statistics
  • produces agricultural statistics
  • produces money and banking statistics
  • conducts short-term courses in statistics and researches to enhance methodologies, concepts, etc.
  • Policy-making and coordinating body
  • The Decentralized Philippine Statistical System Major Statistical Agencies
  • II. Efforts of the Philippine Statistical System in the Compilation of Gender Statistics
  • What Do We Have In the Philippines?
  • D. Access to Gender Statistical Products and Services
  • NSCB Resolution No. 8, Series of 1994 – Enjoining Different Agencies to Promote Gender Concerns in the Generation of Statistics
    • - Provides for strong data support for the effective implementation of various laws protecting the rights of women.
  • II. Efforts of the Philippine Statistical System in the Compilation of Gender Statistics
  • 2. NSCB Resolution No. 5, Series of 2001 - Approval and Adoption of the Statistical Framework on Gender and Development Indicators System
  • - Contains the key macroeconomic impact indicators needed to monitor and assess the state of gender and development in the country.
  • - Serves as reference for government and non-government organizations in the formulation of indicators for monitoring and assessment of outputs and impact of their GAD activities.
  • A. Statistical Policies on Gender Statistics
  • 3. NSCB Resolution No. 6 - Series of 2001 – Approval and Adoption of the Statistical Framework and Glossary Related to the Protection of Women and Children
  • - Directing all concerned government agencies to adopt the Framework and the Glossary in the generation and analysis of VAWC statistics.
  • NSCB Resolution No. 12 - Series of 2005 – Approving the Recommendations of the Interagency Committee on Gender Statistics
  • - To ensure the continuing efforts in the generation of gender statistics and institutionalize the implementation of the Core GAD framework.
  • II. Efforts of the Philippine Statistical System in the Compilation of Gender Statistics
  • A. Statistical Policies on Gender Statistics
  • II. Efforts of the Philippine Statistical System in the Compilation of Gender Statistics
  • A. Statistical Policies on Gender Statistics
  • 5. Official Concepts and Definitions for Statistical Purposes on the Gender and Development Sector
  • To date, there are 56 concepts on violence against women and children and 10 other gender-related terms to standardize the generation of gender statistics
  • (http://www.nscb.gov.ph/glossary/terms/sector.asp.)
  • 1. Interagency Committee on Gender Statistics (IACGS)
  • Aims to resolve statistical issues and to address emerging concerns on gender statistics to be able to provide relevant reliable and timely data for planning and programming purposes concerning women.
  • Composition:
  • Chair: Philippine Commission on Women (PCW)
  • Co-Chair: National Statistics Office (NSO)
  • Vice-Chair: National Statistical Coordination Board
  • Members: GAD focal points of 17 member agencies
  • II. Efforts of the Philippine Statistical System in the Compilation of Gender Statistics
  • B. Coordination Mechanisms on Gender Statistics
  • Some Accomplishments of the IAC on Gender Statistics
  • Recommendations on the following:
  • Official concepts and definitions for statistical purposes for the gender and development sector
  • Philippine MDG targets on GAD-related indicators
  • Development of a Directory on Gender Statistics and Focal Points
  • Conduct of a Statistical Advocacy Forum on Gender Statistics
  • Creation of the Small Working Group on the Measurement of the Economic Contribution of Women
  • Comments/Inputs on the following:
  • MDG expanded indicators relating to GAD
  • Methodology to measure Gender Development Index (GDI), at the subnational level
  • II. Efforts of the Philippine Statistical System in the Compilation of Gender Statistics
  • 2. Philippine Statistical Development Program (PSDP) – NSDS Chapter on Social Needs, and Gender and Development
  • - Serves as a guide to the PSS in the formulation and implementation of statistical activities during the period as well as the directions/work plan of the NSCB-coordinated IAC-GS.
  • - One chapter is the Social Needs, Gender and Development, which particularly addresses concerns on the generation, dissemination, and utilization of statistics on women and children.
  • National Convention on Statistics (NCS)
  • - Triennially conducted/ spearheaded by the NSCB, provides a forum for practitioners and theoreticians in the field of statistics to discuss emerging statistical issues and concerns.
  • - A session on gender statistics is regularly organized and has always been one of the most popular sessions during the NCS.
  • II. Efforts of the Philippine Statistical System in the Compilation of Gender Statistics
  • B. Coordination Mechanisms on Gender Statistics (cont.)
      • 4. National Women’s Month
  •  
  • Spearheaded by the Philippine Commission on Women, which aims to promote the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and widen its reach among policy makers, planners and other stakeholders with emphasis on promoting women's economic rights and empowerment.
      • Millennium Development Goals
      • NSCB serves as repository of official Philippine MDG statistics
      • MDG Report is the collaborative effort of various agencies
      • 6. Hosting of International Conferences (the 3rd Global Forum on Gender Statistics)
  • II. Efforts of the Philippine Statistical System in the Compilation of Gender Statistics
  • B. Coordination Mechanisms on Gender Statistics (cont.)
      • 7. Cadre of Gender and Development (GAD) focal points in the different government agencies (Magna Carta of Women)
      • 8. Conduct of consultative meetings with data users and data producers to thresh out issues –established tradition in the PSS
  • II. Efforts of the Philippine Statistical System in the Compilation of Gender Statistics
  • B. Coordination Mechanisms on Gender Statistics (cont.)
  • NSCB:
  • 1. Online Interactive Gender Statistical Database
  • (http://www.nscb.gov.ph/gender/index.asp)
  • 2. Annual Factsheet on Women and Men
  • 3. Biennial Statistical Handbook on Women and Men (Central Office and all nine Regional Divisions)
  • 4. Poverty Statistics among the Basic Sectors (includes women and children)
  • 5. Statistically Speaking web articles, (http://www.nscb.gov.ph/headlines/StatsSpeak/default.asp)
  • 6. MDGWatch (http://www.nscb.gov.ph/stats/mdg/mdg_watch.asp)
  • II. Efforts of the Philippine Statistical System in the Compilation of Gender Statistics
  • C. Gender Statistical Products and Services
  • II. Efforts of the Philippine Statistical System in the Compilation of Gender Statistics
  • C. Gender Statistical Products and Services –NSCB-Developmental
  • Activity
  • Indicators used/generated
  • Area for improvement
  • 1. Local-level gender- development index (GDI) – with UNDP
  • Provincial and municipal GDI follows the HDI framework
  • (Note: For the estimation of the municipal gender-related health index, proportion of population aged 50 and above was used instead of life expectancy.)
  • Replication in all cities and municipalities in the country;
  • Greater data support from local government units
  • Users/stakeholders need to demonstrate actual policy uses
  • 2. Development of methodology for the estimation of the Child Development Index (CDI) – with UNICEF
  • National and regional CDI follows the HDI framework
  • CDI by life stages:
  • Infants
  • 1-5 years
  • 6-10 years
  • 11-17 years
  • Replication in all provinces in the country
  • Integration in the State of the Filipino Children Report
  • Users/stakeholders need to demonstrate actual policy uses
  • 3. Estimation of women’s contribution to the economy
  • Expansion of the SNA production boundary to include unpaid work
  • Methods for valuing unpaid work
  • Institutionalization
  • Other PSS Agencies:
  • II. Efforts of the Philippine Statistical System in the Compilation of Gender Statistics
  • C. Gender Statistical Products and Services
  • Aside from “conventional” gender statistics produced from censuses and surveys, following are some of the new statistics on gender in the Philippines:
  • Area of Concern
  • Indicators
  • Source
  • 1. Health
  • Attitude on sex-related issues
  • Young Adult Fertility and Sexuality Study, UPPI
  • 2. Peace and human rights
  • Awareness or experiences of violation of women/men’s ancestral domains and lands
  • CHR-NCIP-NSCB-NSO-SRTC Metagora Project
  • 3. Public life
  • Judges and lawyers trained; bar passers, etc.
  • Supreme Court
  • Access to microfinance credit; beneficiaries of agrarian reform
  • Department of Agriculture
  • 5. Violence against women
  • Module on VAW
  • National Demographic and Health Survey, NSO
  • Section
  • Data Collected
  • Violence Experienced by women aged 15-49
  • Physical Violence
  • Percentage of women who experienced physical violence since aged 15
  • Persons who committed the violence
  • Percentage of women who have ever experienced physical violence during pregnancy
  • Sexual Violence
  • Percentage who said that their first experience of sexual intercourse was forced against their will
  • Percentage of women who ever experienced sexual violence
  • 2. Measures of Marital Control
  • Percentage of ever-married women whose husbands have ever exhibited specific types of controlling behavior
  • Controlling behaviors exhibited by husbands were:
  • 1) to be jealous or angry when women communicate with other men;
  • 2) frequently accuses of unfaithfulness;
  • 3) does not permit to see her female friends;
  • 4) tries to limit contact with families;
  • 5) insists on knowing where she is at all times; and
  • 6) does not trust her with the money.
  • Women’s Safety Module
  • (2008 National Demographic and Health Survey)
  • Section
  • Data Collected
  • Percentage of ever-married who have experienced specific forms of violence committed by their husband
  • - currently married women were asked about 7 specific acts of physical violence, 4 forms of sexual violence and 7 other forms of violence including emotional violence within the marriage
  • Frequency of Spousal Violence
  • Frequency of spousal violence among those who reported violence
  • Consequences of Spousal Violence
  • -respondents are asked if, as a consequence of what their husband did to them, they ever had:
  • 1) physical injuries
  • 2) loss of job
  • 3) depression
  • 4) attempted suicide
  • Women’s Safety Module
  • (2008 National Demographic and Health Survey)
  • Section
  • Data Collected
  • 4. Violence Initiated by Women Against Husbands
  • Percentage of women who ever initiated violence against their husband
  • Percentage of women who have committed physical violence against their husband
  • 5. Response to Violence
  • Percentage of women who fought back physically, fought back verbally or sought help from any source to stop the violence
  • Sources from which help was sought
  • Women’s Safety Module
  • (2008 National Demographic and Health Survey)
  • II. Efforts of the Philippine Statistical System in the Compilation of Gender Statistics
  • D. Availability/Access to Gender Statistical Products and Services
  • From the Gender Statistics page of the NSCB website:
  • STATISTICAL PRODUCTS AND DATABASES
  • 1.1 Online interactive gender database
  • (http://www.nscb.gov.ph/gender/index.asp)
  • - Focuses on the situation of women relative to men in the following major areas of concern, in accordance with the BPA:
  • i) Population and Families (6) vii) Social Welfare (6)
  • ii) Work (10) viii) Public Life (6)
  • iii) Economic Participation (4) ix) Migration (4)
  • iv) Agriculture (7) x) Peace and Human Rights (3)
  • v) Education (8) xi) Violence Against Women and Children(10)
  • vi) Health and Nutrition (11) xii) Environment (2)
  • D. Availability/Access to Gender Statistics
  • STATISTICAL PRODUCTS AND DATABASES (cont.)
  •  
  •  1.2 Annual FactSheet on Women and Men
  • (http://www.nscb.gov.ph/factsheet/pdf10/Women_Men_March2010.pdf)
  • Produced annually as part of the National Women’s Month celebration by the NSCB Central Office and all its nine Regional Divisions.
  • Contains 65 indicators covering 14 socio-economic sectors and gender concerns.
  • From the Gender Statistics page of the NSCB website:
  • As part of other web pages within the NSCB website:
  •  1.3 MDGWatch
  • Provides statistics at a glance of the Philippines' Progress based on the MDG indicators (http://www.nscb.gov.ph/stats/mdg/mdg_watch.asp)
  • D. Availability/Access to Gender Statistics
  • STATISTICAL PRODUCTS AND DATABASES (cont.)
  •  
  •  1.4 Online interactive MDG database
  •  (http://www.nscb.gov.ph/iMDGs/)
  • Provide users a user-friendly and interactive experience on monitoring the MDGs
  • Contains: 1) time series data of MDG indicators starting from 1990 to the latest available data; and 2) subnational MDG data.
  • Graphs and thematic maps can be generated online and datasets can be downloaded for free in various file formats.
  • 1.5 MDG Motion Charts (powered by Google Docs)
  •  (http://www.nscb.gov.ph/iMDGs/)
  • Presents MDG data using powerful data visualization tools
  • As part of other web pages within the NSCB website:
  • D. Availability/Access to Gender Statistics
  • As part of other web pages within the NSCB website:
  • 2. RESEARCH PAPERS, STUDIES,  
  • 2.1 Statistically Speaking web articles on gender statistics
  • (http://www.nscb.gov.ph/headlines/StatsSpeak/default.asp)
  • These are NSCB web articles, which presents viewpoints and perspectives of the members of the NSCB Technical Staff on various statistical concerns.
  • It seeks to assist the users by informing, enlightening, and guiding them on various statistical concerns, including GAD.
  • 2.2 NSCB papers/studies on women’s contribution to the economy
  • NSCB studies in 1998, 1999, 2007, and 2010 on the measurement of the contribution of women and men, accounting for unpaid work.
  • D. Availability/Access to Gender Statistics
  • As part of other web pages within the NSCB website:
  • 3. STATISTICAL POLICIES, including concepts & definitions
  •  
  • 3.1 NSCB Resolutions and Memorandum Orders
  • (http://www.nscb.gov.ph/resolutions/default.asp )
  • Policy measures approved by the NSCB Executive Board in the form of resolutions and memorandum orders designed to introduce new statistical frameworks and activities, enhance existing methodologies, and improve the quality and accessibility of government-produced statistics, including concerns on GAD.
  • 4. INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCES HOSTED
  •  
  • 4.1 Webpage on the 3rd Global Forum on Gender Statistics
  • (http://www.nscb.gov.ph/events/globalforum/default.asp)
  • III. Making Gender Statistics Meaningful on the Ground: The Philippine Experience
  • III. Making Gender Statistics Meaningful on the Ground: The Philippine Experience
      • 1. Addressing data gaps through generation of small area estimates
  • Some  experiences in the PSS:
  • 1.1 City and municipal level GDI
  • Used small area estimation techniques to generate income data at the city and municipal levels; and used as one of the three components of the GDI
  • Undertaken for five pilot provinces
      • 1.2 Poverty statistics among women
  • Used merged survey data sets (i.e., FIES and LFS) to estimate sex-disaggregated income
      • 1.3 FactSheets/Statistical Handbooks on Women and Men prepared by NSCB Regional Divisions (Subnational)
  • III. Making Gender Statistics Meaningful on the Ground: The Philippine Experience
      • Increasing Use of Gender statistics in conceptualizing development project proposals on women
  • Gender Responsive Economic Actions for the Transformation of Women (GREAT Women) Project
  • Aims to promote and support a gender-responsive enabling environment for women’s economic empowerment, particularly those in microenterprises
  • 5-year Project (2006-2011), with funding support from CIDA
  • III. Making Gender Statistics Meaningful on the Ground: The Philippine Experience
      • 3. Using gender/MDG statistics to raise public awareness of governance issues
      • Communicating statistics, in partnership with the media
      • In 2010, the Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism (PCIJ), conducted Knowledge Sharing Sessions for Journalists on the MDGs, specifically on MDG 5 (i.e., on MMR with very low probability of achieving the target by 2015)
      • Aimed to promote among the media that meeting the MDGs is a governance issue
  • III. Making Gender Statistics Meaningful on the Ground: The Philippine Experience
      • 4. Using/citing gender statistics in enacted laws/proposed bills
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