Oakland Unified School District District Assessment 8 th



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Oakland Unified School District

District Assessment

8th Grade U.S. History, Fall Semester, 2010 – 2011
Writing the Essay
Using a Drafting Guide

Directions: Use this guide as a tool to help you write you essay.


Step 1 – For each row select a sentence starter that best begins a sentence or paragraph. Write that sentence starter in the empty box to the right.
Step 2 – Complete the sentence or idea by adding information from other boxes in that row, information learned in class, or information from the source documents you worked with on this assessment.
Step 3 - When you are finished with this work put together all of the sentences written in the blank boxes. These sentences will be your essay.

US CONSTITUTION WRITING ASSESSMENT – PAPER OUTLINE TOOL
PROMPT: “The Constitution as adopted in 1789 was a vast improvement over the Articles of Confederation.” –Professor Sánchez

Using the sources and your background knowledge defend or refute this statement.



INTRODUCTORY PARAGRAPH

Introduction Statement—Hook your reader

Background Information

  • The Constitution was adopted in 1789 in order to...

  • Prior to 1789 the United States...

  • Under the Articles of Confederation the United States had...

  • (create your own using who, what, where, when and why)


Definition of a government

  • A strong government must...

  • It is the responsibility of the government to...

  • The purpose of a government is ..




Thesis-- State your opinion about whether the Constitution or AOC was better

  • I think that…

  • I believe that…

  • In my opinion…

  • It is my opinion that…

  • In my view…

  • It is my position that…

  • It is my belief that…

  • From my perspective




  • The Articles of Confederation were







Support you thesis- Briefly introduce your 2 reasons

  • I think that because _____, _______ and _____.

  • I believe that because_____, _______ and _____.

  • I see things this way because_____, _______ and _____.









BODY PARAGRAPH #1

Restate your thesis

  • I think that…

  • I believe that…

  • In my opinion…

  • It is my opinion that…

  • In my view…

  • It is my position that…

  • It is my belief that…

  • The Constitution was an improvement over the Articles of Confederation.

  • The Constitution was not an improvement over the Articles of Confederation




Reason #1

  • One reason

  • A reason



  • I think this is because ______________

  • I believe this is because ____________

What should a government do?…What is a responsibility of a government?




Evidence Which primary or secondary source supports your argument ?


  • ____________ (name of person) said in _____ (year)

PUT QUOTE IN HERE

You do not have to put the whole quote, just the most important parts.

  • This quote supports my argument because




  • it shows that…

  • this source says…

this source tells us…


Compare the documents and provide facts–

Show how the Constitution is different than the AOC. This should support why it is better/ not better.



In the Constitution _______________

(explain how the part of the government that you use in your argument works in the Constitution)


Ex. In the Constitution people’s rights are protected through the Bill of Rights.

  • Similarly

  • In the same way

  • Also

  • Likewise




In the Articles of Confederation _________________

(explain how the part of the government that you use in your argument works in the AOC)


Ex. In the AOC people’s rights are not protected because there is no Bill of Rights.




Connect back to thesis

  • Therefore

  • Consequently

  • Clearly

  • The Constitution was an improvement over the Articles of Confederation.

  • The Constitution was not an improvement over the Articles of Confederation

because a government… (insert your argument from this paragraph)


BODY PARAGRAPH #2

Restate your thesis and your second reason (Reason #2)

  • Another reason why

  • In addition

  • I think that…

  • I believe that…

  • it is my opinion that…

  • it is my position that…

  • it is my belief that…

  • The Constitution was an improvement over the Articles of Confederation. Is because ______________ .

  • The Constitution was not an improvement over the Articles of Confederation is because ______________ .




Evidence Which primary or secondary source supports your argument ?



According to ______ (name of person) in _____ (date of quote)

PUT QUOTE IN HERE

You do not have to put the whole quote, just the most important parts.




  • This quote suggests…

  • This quote tells us…

  • From this quote I understand…

Compare the documents and provide facts–

Show how the Constitution is different than the AOC. This should support why it is better/ not better.



In the Constitution _______________

(explain how the part of the government that you use in your argument works in the Constitution)


Ex. In the Constitution people’s rights are protected through the Bill of Rights.

  • Similarly

  • In the same way

  • Also

  • Likewise




  • However

  • On the other hand

  • In contrast

  • But

In the Articles of Confederation _________________

(explain how the part of the government that you use in your argument works in the AOC)


Ex. In the AOC people’s rights are not protected because there is no Bill of Rights.




Connect back to thesis

  • Therefore

  • Consequently

  • Clearly

  • The Constitution was an improvement over the Articles of Confederation.

  • The Constitution was not an improvement over the Articles of Confederation

because a government… (insert your argument from this paragraph)

BODY PARAGRAPH #3 –

Counter Argument

Explain what someone on the other side would think.

  • Someone who disagreed with me would believe…

  • Some people think that…

  • The other side of this debate believes…

  • the Constitution is not an improvement over the Articles of Confederation because…

  • the Constitution is an improvement over the Articles of Confederation because…




Explain why the other side is incorrect.



  • However

  • Nonetheless

  • But

  • Yet

  • This belief is wrong because…

  • This idea is incorrect because…

  • People should not believe this because…

If possible use another quote that helps to explain why this side is wrong.





































CONCLUDING PARAGRAPH

Restate your thesis-- State your opinion about what the Cherokee’s should do.

  • I think that…

  • I believe that…

  • In my opinion…

  • It is my opinion that…

  • In my view…

  • It is my position that…

  • It is my belief that…

  • The Constitution was an improvement over the Articles of Confederation.

  • The Constitution was not an improvement over the Articles of Confederation




Support- Explain how you supported your thesis in the paper.

  • This should now be clear because _____and _____.

  • This is because ____ and _____.

  • The reasons that I believe this are _____and _____.







Conclusion Statement

Explain what you learned from this study.



  • From learning about the differences between the Constitution and the Articles of Confederation I learned that…

  • From studying these documents I learned that government should…

  • People should learn about the Constitution because…






OUSD 8th Grade U.S. History Writing Assessment / Fall Semester, 2010 / EL Support Materials / page #



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