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TABLE OF CASES

References are to Pages


Watson V. M’Nairy, 277

Watson v. Rushmore, 563

Watson v. IVoolverton, 351

Wattles v. flu IbIs, 205

Watton V. Brintb, 288, 334

Watts v- Konnnmer, 387

Watts v. Lehman, 208

Watts v. Thomas, 105

Waugh cc Russell, 127

Wcall v. King, 426

\Vcar cc Jacksonville & Savannah H. H. Co., 403

WeaVer v. Bush, 164

Weaver v. Lawrence, 266

Webb V. Fox, 216, 403

Webb v. Mann, 220

Webb V. MartIn, 474

Webb V. Ross, 442

Webb v. Sturtevant, 162

Webber cc DaVis, 210

Webber V. Tivill, 350

Webster V. Hill, 233

Webster v. Holmes, 198, 199

Webster v, State Mut. Fire Ins. Co., 485

Weed V. Hall, 263

Weeding V. Aldrich, 140

Weedon v. Timbrell, 165, 179

Weeks v. Peach, 473

Weeton v. Woodcock, 208

Wegersioffe v. ICecnc, 324

Weidensaul V. Reynolds, 213

Weigley’s Adm’rs v. Weir, 333

Weller v. Kershuer, 358

Weiscnfield v, Macan, 594

Weiss v, Binnian, 405

Weiss cc Mauch Chunk Iron Co., 2~

Welch v, Jenks, 161, 162

Welch V. Sykes, 505

Weld cc Hubbard, 201

Weld v. Oliver, 220

Weldon V. Lytle, 208

Welker’s Lessee v. Coulter, 233

Weller v, Weyand, 201

Weller & Co. v. Camp, 132

Wellington cc Milliken, 108, 110

Wells v. Howell, 164, 180

Wells v. Iggulden, 130, 297

Wells cc ICanawba & 1.1. By. Co., 97

Wells v. Knight, 178

Welsh v. Seaborn, 353

Wcltale V. Clover, 533

Weltenhall v. Sherwin, 131

West cc H. 3. Lewis Oyster Co., 396

West v. Hughes, 240 West v. Ratledge, 68

West v. Trcude, 160, 191

West v. Troles, 100

West Chicago St. II. Co v. Levy. 129

West Chicago St. H, Co. cc Morrison, Adams & Mica

Co., 480


Western Loan & Say. Co. cc Butte & B, Consol. hUn.

Co., 79


Western Union Tel. Co., Er Porte, 306

Western Union Tel. Co. v, Bowen, 322

Western Union Tel, Co. v. Longwlll, 576

Western Union Tel. Co. v. Morrison, 396

Weston cc Mason, 576

Westropp v. Solomon, 353

Westwood V. Cowne, 129

Wetherell v. Spencer, 265

Wetmore V. Baker, 350, 363

Wetnel v. Hancock County, 79

W. F. Parker & Son ‘v, Clemons, 360

Wheeler v. Curtis, 403, 469

Wheeler v. Hotchkiss, 160

Wheeler v, MeCorristen, 500

Wheeler v. Train, 215, 263

Wheeler v. Wilson, 364 -

Wheeler & Wilson Mfg. Co. v. Hell, 221

Wheeling Mold & Foundry Co. v. Wheeling Steel &

Iron Co., 324

Wbeelock v, Wheclrigbt, 220

Whelan v. Massacbusetts Bonding & Ins. Co., 330

Wbelpdale’s Case, 504

Whidden V. Seelye, 208

Whipple v. Fuller, 97

Whipple v. Gilpatrick, 210

Whippie V. MeGinn, 238

Whipple v. Parker, 343

Whitacre v. City of Charlotte, 396

Wbltaker v. Freeman, 475, 480

Whitall cc Morse, 330

Wbitbeck V. Whitbeck, 357

White v. Bailey, 575

White V. Bourquln, 396

White v. Brantlcy, 157

White v. Concord B. Co., 575, 576

White v. Delavan, 556

White cc Demary, 222

White v, East Side Mill Co., 446

White v. Hapeman, 235

White V. Oliver, 841

White V. Romans, 131

White v. Sanborn, 105

White v. Sheffield & T. St. By. Co., 251

White v. Street, 308

White v. Teale, 404

White v. Thomas, 294

White V. White, 232

White v. Wilson, 327, 828

White Co. v. Union Transfer Co., 265

Wifitecraft v. Vanderver, 296, 297

Whitehead v. Burgess, 121, 393

Whitehead V. Harrison, 246, 249

Wbltfield V. Whltfield, 247

Whitford v. Drexel, 235

Whitley v, Bramble, 235

Whitmaker cc Fitcairn, 186

Whitman cc Merrill, 267

Whitmore v, Green. 494

Whitney v. Spencer, 294

Whitney V. Wright, 233

Whittclscy v. Wolcott, 472

Whittington v. Christian, 240

Whitwell v. Wells, 478

Wiard v. Semken, 246, 526

Wiatt v. Essington, 111, 131

Wickham cc Freeman, 159, 160

Wickliffe v. Hill, 327

Wiggins Fcrry Co. V. Blakeman, 489

Wilbraham v. Snow, 116. 161, 165, 213, 215, 220, 221

Wilbur v. Gilmore, 406

Wilby v. Bower, 183

Wilcox v. Cohn, 332

Wilcox v. Kiazic, 160, 448

Wilcox v. Servant of Skipwitb, 466

Wilde v. Cantillon, 163

Wilder cc Bandy, 131

Wildey v. Fractional School Dist. No. I of Paw Paw

and Antwcrp, 342

Wildman v. North, 498

Wildman v. Wildman, 87

Wilkerson V. McDougal, 247

Wilkes v. Broadbent, 578

Wilkin v. Wilkin, 313

Wilkins v. Wingate, 277, 356

Wilkinson V. Connell, 157

Wilkinson v. Hall, 280

Wilkinson V. Verity, 243, 250, 251

Willard v. Missani, 100

Willard v, Zehr, 414

Willey v, Carpenter, 392

Willey v. Paul, 129

Williams cc Allen, 425

Williams v. Bemis, 343

Williams v. East India Co., 142

Williams v. Cease, 220-

Williams V. Holland, 160, 178, l~

Williams v. Jones, 361

Williams v. Lewis, 157

Williams v. Morland, 163, 180

Williams v. Ogle, 113

Williams V. Peninsula Grocery Co., 93, 420

Williams v. Preston, 208

Williams v, Sherman, 340

Williams v. Smith, 329, 498

Williams v, Staton, 333

Williams v. Wilcox, 91

Williamson y. Allison, 189

Williamson cc Columbia Gas & Electric Corp., 203, 302

Willington cc Inhabitants of West Boylston, 341

Willis v. Noycs, 265

WilIlmarth v, Crawford, 283, 290

WillIs v. Barrister, 267

Wills cc Clatlin, 557

Wilison V. Force, 243, 357, 358, 365

Wilison v. Willson, 313

Wilmington & Raleigh U. U. Co. v. Itobeson, 331

Wilson v. Alexander, 353

Wilson v, Bibb, 118

TABLE OF CASES

References are to Pages

643


cc Breehemin, 304

V. Eilis, 109

v. Gilbert, 148

v. Guyanl]otte Timber Co., 92

cc Hick-son, 284, 305

v, Hobday, 142

v. Kemp, 535



v. King, 512

V. Martin, 158

v. Myrick, 403

V. Nevers, 425, 428

Wood v. City of Salamancn, 588

Wood v. Darndll, 262

Wood v. Fletcher, 113

Wood v. Cunston, 508, 581

644

Wilson


Wil so a

Wilson


Wilson

Wilson


Wilson

Wilson


Wilson

Wilsoa


Wilson

Wilson


Wilson v, Ray, 400

Wilson v. Reed, 220

Wilson v. Boyston, 263

Wilsoa v. SmIth, 103, 160, 178, 181



-- Wilsoa v. Wagar, 357

Wllsoa V. Wilson, 180, 425, 516

Wilson’s Adm’r v. Bowens, 128

Wilson’s Lessee v. Inloes, 235

Wilt v. Ogden, 340, 508

Wilt v. Vickers, 179

Wimberly v. Hurst, 233

Wimbish v. Tailbois, 135

Wimbleton V. Hoidrip, 133

Wincher y. Slirewsbnry, 162

Winchester v, Rounds, 216

Wing v. Milliken, 220

Wingate cc Smith, 202

Wingo V. Brown, 324, 364

Winbeim V. Field, 03

Winkler v, Moister, 179

Winn cc Columbian Ins. Co., 581

Winsbip V. Neale, 1ST, 214

Winslow v. Benl, 154, 176

Winstone V. Linn, 525

Winston’s Efr v. Francisco, 327

Wintle v, Freeman, 200

Wire V. Sloeum, 217

Wisconsia Cent, B. Co. v. Wleezerolc, 7

Wiseots’ Case, 122

Wise v, Hodsoll, 460, 463

Wisner v. Wilhelm, 314

Witbeck v. Waine, 371

William cc Lewis, 570

Witherell V. Clerkson, 137

Withers v. Greene, -131

Withers V. Knox, 332

Witherspoon v. Clegg, 213

Witt v. St. Paul & N. P. fly., 169

Wolf v. Beaircl, 352

Wolf v. Binder, 114

Wolfe v. Howcs, 143, 341

Wolkau ‘,c Wolkau, 312

Wonsettler cc Lee, 343

Wood v. Budden, 442, 443

Wood V. Butts, 468

TABLE OF CASES

References are to Pages

Wood V. Morton, 235

Wood v. Papendick, 387

Wood cc Weimar, 264, 265

Woodcock v. Cole, 133

Wooderman cc Baldoek, 215

Woodgate v. Knatclibull, 169

Woodruff v. Zabsn & Son, 358

Woods v, Ayres, 338, 362

Woods V. Haukshead, 526

Woods cc Lane, 233, 234

Woods v. Nixon, 264

Woods cc Pettis, 298

Woodstock V. Town of Hancock, 362

Woodward v. Grand Trunk Ry. Co., 266

Woodward v. Walton, 161

Woodward v. Walton, 182, 191

Woodworth V. Kiasain, 212

Woodworth V. Woodhurn, 129

Woolaston v. Webb, 137

Wooster cc Butler, 237

Worley v. Rarrisou, 438

Worley v. Johnson, 348

Wormouth v. Cramer, 199

Worsley v. Wood, 329

Worster v. Proprietors of Canal Bridge, 572

Worth v. Butler, 197

Wright cc Armstrong, 266

Wright v, Atlantic Coast Line B. Co., 92

Wright V. Campbell, 507

Wright v. Carter, 232

Wright v. Dickinson, 351, 353

Wright v. Freeman, 180

Wright cc Geer, 426

Wright v. Guy, 316

Wright cc Haskell, 341

Wright v. JOhnson, 338

Wright cc Raniseot, 106

Wright v. Sharp, 601

Wright cc Tuttle, 330

Wright v, Watts, 480

Wright v. Weisinger, 504

Wright v. Wilcox, 165, 193

Wynnt v. Crouso, 178

Wyat v. Aland, 143, 145, 146

Wyld v. Pickford, 219

Wyman v. Brown, 55

Y

Yale v. Saunders, 222, 223



Yarber cc Chicago & A. H. Co., 570

Yates y. Boeu, 503

Yates v. Carlisle, 143

Yates V. Joyce, 190

Yeager cc Wallace, 221

Yeatmari y. Collen. 526


teasel v. Rarber Bros., 149

Yelverton v. Conant, 420

te~er cc Warren, 165

Yerrington v. Greene, 341

Tingling v. l-ColjIlras~, 461

Yocum v. ZalI]tei~ is7

Yong Den v. Hitchcock, 365

York V. Marshall, 257

York v. Texas, 79

Young v. Black, 508, 547

Young,. Cooper, 298, 494

Young v. Dresser, 529

Young v. Edwards, 245

Young cc Fentress, 473

Young v. Hawkins, 276, 284

Young v. Hcrdic, 257

Young v. Kimball, 264

TABLE OF CASES

References are to Pages



S

Youngv. Rudd, 441, 466

Young,, Huddle, 441

Young v; Rummell, 510

Young v. Scott, 284

Young v. Stevens, 509

Young & Ashburnsham’s Case, 283

Younglove v.~ Knox, 268

Yundt cc Hartrunft, 182

Zeidler v, Johnson, 147

Zell v. Jiunkle, 322

Zerger cc Sailer, 329



z

645


INDEX

References are to Pages



ABATEMENT

See Dilatory Pleas.



ADMISSION

Demurrer, 396—390.

Failure to deny, 465—466.

Ill-pleaded facts, 397—305.

Oath, 21.

Protestation to prevent, 466-461.

WeU-pleaded facts, 307—398.
ArFIRMATIVE DEFENSE

See Confession and Avoidance.



AFFIRMATIVE PREGNANT

t~ature and effect, 444.


AGGRAVATION

PartIcularity, 156—138.

Purpose, 187—138.

ALTERNATIVE PLEADING

Nature and effect, 146—147.

Special demurrer to, 147.

AIDER

Defective pleadings, by statute, 504.

Definition, 554.

Modern codes, rules, etc., 5431, 564.

Pleading over without verdict, In general, 554—556.

Express averment, 555.

Implied admissions, 555—556.

Supplemental pleadings, statutory provisIons, 564. Verdict,

in general, 550—558.

intendment after verdict, 556—551.

Relation to motion for arrest of judgment, 575—577.

ABSCUE HOC

See also Traverse.

Clause In special traverse, 447-457.
ACCOUNT

Concurrent, other actions, dIstinguished, 313—314. Declaration, essential allegations,

In general, 315.

Damages, 816.

Pacts showing rIght, 815—316.

Refusal or breach, 316.

Declaratios (Form), 314—315.

Modern codes, rules, etc., 310—317.

Scope and nature, 310—313.
ACTIONS

See also Mixed Actions: Personal Actions; Real Actions.

Appearance,

Default, 80.

General, 78--SO.

SpecIal, 78—SO.

Classification, 45—48, 55—SC.

Commencement,

Generally, CS—Si.

Modern practIce, 72.

Original wrIt, 72.

?raecipe, 72.

Contract, prima facia case, 274. Dilatory character of, 61—62.

Judgment,

Classification and scope, 586—587.

Relation to, 584—585.

Local and transItory, 103—107.

Proceedings to obtain judgments, 58-1-585.

Bight to be heard, 72.


ADJECTIVE LAW

Position In Anglo-Amerlcaa Law, b—u.



AMS IOU IT?

Meaning and effect, 1443, 444-446.


AMENDMENT

Change of cause of action,

Modern codes, rules, etc., 562—563.

Relation to form of action, 662—563. Change of form of action,

in general, 559-560.

Modern law, 560.

Defective pleadthgs, statutory provisIons, 564.

Leave of court, modern rules, 502,

Status under modern codes, 561—503.

Statute of limitations,



In general, 560—562.

Modern codes, rules, etc., 503.

Statutes of Jeofails,

History, 558.

Purpose and effect, 558.

Variance, modern codes, rules, ctc., 564. Where permitted, 558—561.


ANOTHER ACTION pgNufpJG

See DIlatory Pleas.


ANTICIPATING DEFENSES

Fixeeptionu, estoppel, dUatory pleas, 132, 140.

Not requIred, 140—141.

APPEARANCE

See Actions.


647

Kotfkr & licppy Com.Law Ridg. HR



APPELLATE REVIEW

Bill of exceptions,

Nature, 601—602.

OrigIn, 601—602.

Statute of Westminster II (1285), 801—602.

Certiorari, writ to review record, 597—308.

Modern codes, rules, etc., 602—603,

Prohibition, writ, excess of jurisdiction, 590—507.

Writ of error,

Common law record, 509—000.

Coram Nobis, 599, 601.

Coram Vobis, SPa.

Matter of right, 590.

Nature, 5913-601.


ARGUMENTATIVENESS

improper pleading, 407.

Nature of, 467—460.

Two affirmatives rule, 467—489.

Two negatives rule, 467—469.
ARREST

Ball, special and common, 73.

Capias Ad Respondernlum, 73.

Capias Ad Satisfaciendum, 502—593.

Imprisonment for debt, 503.


ARREST OF JUDGMENT, MOTION

Alder by verdict, relation, 573—577.

Defects in pleadings, 572—574.

Defects in verdict, 575.

Definition, 571.

Misjoinder or nonjoinder, 424, 426.

Modern codes, rules, etc., 582.

Nature and function, 571—577.

Non obstantc vercdicto, compared, 573, 574.

Question of law raised, 572.

Theory underlying, 571—572.
ASSAULT AND BATTERY

See Trespass.


ASSUM PS IT

See Indobitatus Assumpsit; Special Assumpslt.


ATTACHMENT

See Courts; Process; Writ of Attachment


AUTHORITY

Cognizance in replevin, 125.

Justification, 124—125.

Particularity in showing, 124—125.


AVOWRY

See Iteplevin.


BENTHAM, JEREMY

Influence on procedural reform, 3.


BILL OF EXCEPTIONS

Nature, 601-602.

Origin, 601—602.

Statute of Westminster II (1285), 601—602.


BILL OF PARTICULARS

Modern codes, rules, ate., 375—377.

Nature, 372—375.

OrigIn, 372—373,

Scope, 373—375.

BLACKSTONE, WILLIAM

Classification of common law actions, 47.


BOND

flreaeh, condition of, 133.

Debt on a specialty for, 292—293.

Performance, condition of, 183.


BREACH

See speciric actions for allegaliol’s of breach.



BURDEN OF PROOF

Affirmative of issue has, 542.

Burden of rebuttal, 542—543,

Function of judge and Jury, 348—544.

Indicated by pleadings, 15—IC, 542.

Prima facie case, 542.



CASE

See Trespass on the Case.



CAUSA DEBENDI

See also Debt.

Debt obligation, 275, 278, 280, 287, 204, 206.
CAUSE OF ACTION

Analysis of, 12.

Defined, 85.

Form of action dIstinguished, 59—60.

Joinder, 06—08.

Pleading, 85, so—go.

Prima f,qcie, 92.

Statement of, 85, 80-90.


CERTAINTY

Degrees of,

To certain intent,

Every particular, 132—133.

In general, 132.

To common intent, 132.

General rules in pleading, 131.

In pleading,

Authority, 124—125.

Names of persons, 113—114.

Performance of condition, 133.

Place, 107.

Quality, 111—113.

Quantity, 111—113.

Time, 108—ill.

Title, 115—116.

Value, 111—113.

Subordinate rules limiting degree of, 134—ISO.


CERTIORARI

See Writ of Certiorari.


CIVIL ACTION

See also Cause of ActIon; Forms of Action. Form of, under codes, 66-CT.


CIVIL LAW PROCEDURE

States adoptIng, 26.


CODE PLEADING

Common law actions and, 26.

Common law and equity suits, 26,

Complaint under, 23.

Forced Issue In, 382—383.

Nature of, 21—23.

Objections of judges to, 26—27.

Principles applicable to, 25.

Relation to common-law pleading, 21—23.

Restatement of common law, 22.



648 INDEX

References are to Pages

COGNIZANCE

See Repievin.


COMMENCEMENT AND CONCLUSION

Conclusion of plea,

Confession and avoidance, 462, 532—Sat Traverse, 436, 532—534.

Of a,


Plea In abatement, 431-432.

Plea in suspension, 431.

Plea to jurisdiction, 431

Replication, 522.

Subsequent pieading, 522
COMMENCEMENT OF ACTION

See Process.


COMMON BAR, PLEA OF

Llberum Tenementum, 487.


COMMON BREACH

Alleged with common counts, 344, 347.

In declaration (Form), 347.
COMMON COUNTS

See also Iridebitatus Assumpsit.

Classification, 349.

Field, David Dudly, on, 93.

Indebitatus count in debt, 292.
COMMON LAW ACTIONS

Mixed actions, 28, 46—47, 48, 53. Personal,

In general, 46—47, 56—58.

Modern, —58.

Iteal,

In general, 46—56.



Ancient, 28, 47—51.

Modern, 53—56.


COMMON LAW PLEADING

Characteristics of, 25.

Civil law compared, 21,

Evolutionary development, 27.

Functions of, 13—17.

Importance of, 10—12.

Methodology, 1—8.

Modern procedure, relation to, 27—29.

Nature of, 19-24.

Real and mixed actions under, 28.

Reform of, 3’-6.

Relation to,

Code pleading, 21—23.

Equity pleading, 19—21.

Federal rules, 23, 24.

Other systems, 19—24. Status under codes, 24—27.


COMMON TRAVERSE

See Traverse.


CONCLUSIONS OF LAW

Insufficiency in pleading, 92-04.

Ultimate or operative facts, 90—94.
CONDITIONS

Averment of performance,

Certainty In pleadIng, 133,

In covenant, 307.

In special assumpsit, 328—332.

INDEX


References are to Pages

649

CONFESSION AND AVOIDANCE

See also Pleas In Ear.

Admission, adversary’s allegations, 460—465.

Classification of pleas, 434—435.

Conclusion of, 462.

Color,


Express, 462, 463—465.

Implied, 462, 463.



Discharge, 460, 461.

Ililary Rules, effect, 57—58, 484, 488, 492—404, 496, 497, 500, 502—505, 507, 510—511, 512.

Justification or excuse, 370—380. 400—461.

Nature, 460-482.

Plea (Form), 461.

Plea in,


507.

judgment, 505.

simple contrnet, 502.

specialty, 503—504.

statute, 502.

Covenant,

Debt on a

Debt on a

Debt on a

Debt on a

Retinue, 4.97.

Ejectsnent, 405—496.

Indebitatus assumpait, 512.

Replevin, 500.

Special assumpsit, 510.

Trespass, 486-488.

Trespass on the ease, 490—192.

Trover, 493.

Replication de injuria, relation. 521—522.

Statute of limitations, defense, 490—491.

Trespass, liberum tenemeatum (Form), 487—188.
GONSIMILI CASU

See also Trespass on the Case; Westminster II (1285), Statute of.

Trespass on the ease, history, 44—4.5, 175.

CONSTRUCTION OF PLEADINGS

Generally, 146—147, 444—446.

Dilatory pleas, 132. 423—429, 430—431.

CONTINUANCE

fly imparlance, 371—372.



CONTRACTS

See also Covenant; Debt; Indebitatus Assumusit; Special Assumpsit.

Collateral promise, debt not avaIlable. 289—291.

Comnion law and modern meaning. 289.



Debt, simple, mode of declaring, 291—291

Executory, 288—289.

Express, indehitatus assnrnpsit, applIcability, 338—343.

Implied, indebitatus assumpsit, 838.



Plea in abatement,

Defendant nonjoinder and misjoinder, 424—426. Plaintiff nonjoinder and misjoinder, 423-424.

Pleading according to legal effect, 126—128.

Prima fade case, 274.

Writing required by statute, pleading, 133.
CONVERSION

See Trover.


- CONVEYANCE

Manner of pleading, 120—122, 126—128.

Release, 127.
CORAM NOBIS

See Appellate Review.



CORAM VOWS

See Appellate Review.


COUNTS

See Declaration; Duplicity.


COURT AND JURY

See Courts; Jury Trial,


COURTS

Action on a record, facts trIable by, 538.

Different kinds, 69—70.

Effect of procedure on judicial organizatIon, 19.

England, development of,

Common pleas, 33.

Exchequer, 33.

King’s Bench, 33.

Findings of fact and conclusions of law,

Federal rules, 538.

New York CPLR, 538.

Trial without jury, 538.

Issues tried by courts of equity, 536.

Judicial notice, 88.

Jurisdiction,

Appearance, 78—SO.

Appellate, 70.

ConstitutIons as source of, 70, 71.

Constructive service, 76—78.

Corporations doing business, 76.

England, 70—71.

Federal system, 71.

General, 69—70.

In rem, 76.

Legal and equitable, 71.

Non-residents, 76.

Original, 70.

Parties, 70.

Personal serviCe, 75.

Quasi in rem, 70—78.

Residuary In equity, 71.

Special, 60—70.

Subject-matter, 70.

Substituted service, 75—70.

Supreme Court, 71.

Trial, 70.

United States, 70—71.

Nature, 69.

Not of record, 70.

Of record, 70. -

Personal judgments, 75.

Trial,


Argument on demurrer, 537—538. Issue of law, 536—538, Without jury, 538.
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