Note: Please look through resources very carefully. This is a controversial issue so some sources may have bias. Check carefully for the expertise or background of the writer or contributor. To Link to any article



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Animal Abuse


Note: Please look through resources very carefully. This is a controversial issue so some sources may have bias. Check carefully for the expertise or background of the writer or contributor.

To LINK to any article, click on the titles in BLUE

Academic Search Premiere Articles


How to open articles. Click on the BLUE link under the citation information for each article. Articles are already in MLA format. Then enter the username and password for the article database

Puppy Mills


  1. Sharon L., Peters, and TODAY Special for USA. "Puppy mills leave lasting emotional scars, study finds." USA Today n.d.: Academic Search Premier. Web. 2 May 2012. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=J0E273960105211&site=ehost-live

  2. "End puppy mills by shelter adoption." USA Today n.d.: Academic Search Premier. Web. 2 May 2012. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=J0E055241805709&site=ehost-live

  3. Hamilton, Anita, and Sean Scully. "Curbing The Puppy Trade." Time 166.24 (2005): 62-63. Academic Search Premier. Web. 2 May 2012. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19047089&site=ehost-live

  4. Herbst, Diane. "The Puppy Saver." People 70.13 (2008): 163-167. Academic Search Premier. Web. 2 May 2012. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=34460475&site=ehost-live

  5. "Iowa Tames Puppy Mills." American City & County 125.4 (2010): 22. Academic Search Premier. Web. 2 May 2012. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=50502610&site=ehost-live

  6. "Saving Gracie: How One Dog Escaped The Shadowy World Of American Puppy Mills." Publishers Weekly 257.1 (2010): 41. Academic Search Premier. Web. 2 May 2012. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=47686385&site=ehost-live

  7. Maddox, Michael P. "Response To Article On Bill To Regulate 'Puppy Mills'." DVM: The Newsmagazine Of Veterinary Medicine 36.12 (2005): 24. Academic Search Premier. Web. 2 May 2012. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=19417837&site=ehost-live

  8. Frabotta, David. "Proposal Allows USDA To Regulate Puppy Mills." DVM: The Newsmagazine Of Veterinary Medicine 36.10 (2005): 8. Academic Search Premier. Web. 2 May 2012. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=18475045&site=ehost-live

  9. "Activists Vs. Kitties." Newsweek 157.26 (2011): 24. Academic Search Premier. Web. 2 May 2012. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=61687902&site=ehost-live

  10. Smalley, Suzanne. "Animal Instinct." Newsweek 154.3 (2009): 8. Academic Search Premier. Web. 2 May 2012. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=43179227&site=ehost-live

  11. Pham, Thailan. "A Mutt With A Mission." People 69.22 (2008): 57. Academic Search Premier. Web. 2 May 2012. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=32461198&site=ehost-live

  12. Whitcomb, Rachael. "Rally Against Proposition B." DVM: The Newsmagazine Of Veterinary Medicine 41.12 (2010): 10. Academic Search Premier. Web. 2 May 2012. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=56575172&site=ehost-live

  13. "A Dog's Life." Economist 397.8708 (2010): 36-39. Academic Search Premier. Web. 2 May 2012. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=55198988&site=ehost-live

  14. "Breeder Freedom." State Legislatures 34.1 (2008): 11. Academic Search Premier. Web. 2 May 2012. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=28454095&site=ehost-live

  15. McCallum, Larry. "The Travelling Canine Horror Show." Alberta Report / Newsmagazine 22.5 (1995): 21. Academic Search Premier. Web. 2 May 2012. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=9502027506&site=ehost-live



Animal Rights


  1. A Closer Look At Animal Welfare Issues - Issues affecting animals are examined more closely on a local, nationwide and worldwide level by Tina Evangelista-Eppenstein, animal welfare advocate/talk show host/writer. Photos/videos included.

  2. An Animal-Friendly Life - News and reviews about issues related to animals, animal abuse and suffering.

  3. Animal Rights Community Online - Weblog discussing animal rights issues.

  4. Animal Rights Debate: Peter Singer vs Richard A. Posner - Debate on Slate.com between the animal liberation philosopher Peter Singer and the US judge Richard Posner.

  5. Animal Rights Information and News Resource Blog - Current awareness weblog dedicated with information on animal rights related issues, the environment and human health.

  6. Animal Rights Stand - Information, news and products helping to raise awareness of animal rights issues.

  7. Animal Rights vs Animal Welfare: Know the Difference! - An educational resource to explain in simple terms, the difference between the Animal Rights and Animal Welfare agendas. Designed to aid the public in determining how they want their donation dollars to animal charities/causes to be spent.

  8. Animal Sentience - Feelings, Emotions And Thoughts - Using examples from farm animals, wild animals and companion animals, the website tries to build an appreciation that animals feel and care about they way they feel and their environment.

  9. Animal Welfare Information Center (US Department of Agriculture) - Large collection of information resources related to the improved care and use of laboratory, farm, companion, and exhibit animals.

  10. Animal-Revolution - An educational resource to the animal rights movement. Site contains links, animal rights information and a forum.

  11. Animals Voice Online - An online version of the Animals' Voice Magazine with educational and networking resources for animal rights activists. California, USA.

  12. Brute Ethics - A primer and encyclopedia on the practical craft of understanding and acting on animal-human issues, encompassing animal rights, animal welfare and nature conservation.

  13. Guardian: Animal Welfare - Ongoing news and commentary of UK and international issues covering medical research, wildlife including hunting and fishing, circuses, farming, fur, smuggling, zoos and aquariums. Includes effects of terrorism acts.

  14. Minoesj, An Animal Voice - Online animal rights community where you can meet activsts from around the globe and get support for less cruel diets as vegetarianism, veganism and fruitarianism. With a forum.

  15. Salon - Animal Rights - Small collection of articles from various perspectives.

  16. Similar Principles: The Animal Rights Movement, Feminism, and Abortion Opponents - Essay, with quotations, showing the similarities between the AR, feminism, and anti-abortion movements.

  17. The Rights of Animals - A critical overview of the philosophical and ethical pros and cons of animal rights.

  18. The Sanitizing of Violence in our Society - Information about blood sports, the hunting of animals, as well as bull and cock fights.

  19. U.S. Department of Justice: Animal Abuse and Youth Violence - Frank R. Ascione, Ph.D. Research of the relation between cruelty to animals and violence to humans. He specifically excludes legal hunting and certain agricultural and veterinary practices as having any connection. [PDF] (September, 2001)

  20. The Animal Rights Battle, Michael Woolverton, Rangelands, Vol. 11, No. 1 (Feb., 1989), p. 25

  21. Terrorism and Animal Rights, J. G. Collins, Science, New Series, Vol. 249, No. 4967 (Jul. 27, 1990), p. 345

  22. Moral Community and Animal Rights, Steve F. Sapontzis, American Philosophical Quarterly, Vol. 22, No. 3 (Jul., 1985), pp. 251-257

  23. Animal Rights Movement, John E. McArdle, Science, New Series, Vol. 225, No. 4658 (Jul. 13, 1984), pp. 114+116

  24. Animal Rights and Violence, John A. Hoyt, Martin L. Stephens, Science, New Series, Vol. 249, No. 4975 (Sep. 21, 1990), p. 1358

  25. The Rights of Man and Animal Experimentation, John Martin, Journal of Medical Ethics, Vol. 16, No. 3 (Sep., 1990), pp. 160-161

  26. The Animal Welfare Act and the Zoo: A Positive Approach, Glenn H. Olsen, Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, Vol. 20, No. 2 (Jun., 1989), pp. 135-137

  27. Animal Welfare, Animal Rights: The Past, the Present, and the 21st Century, Morton S. Silberman, The Journal of Zoo Animal Medicine, Vol. 19, No. 4 (Dec., 1988), pp. 161-167

  28. Animal Rights v Animal Research: A Modest Proposal, Joseph Bernstein, Journal of Medical Ethics, Vol. 22, No. 5 (Oct., 1996), pp. 300-301

Animal Research and Testing


  1. Alternatives to Skin Irritation Testing in Animals - Not-for-profit website developed to display information about alternatives to skin irritation testing in animals. Abstracts from peer-reviewed scientific journals, thesaurus, acknowledgments, archives, background notes, bibliography, featured abstract links, new additions, Student's Corner. Jane Huggins, Ph.D.

  2. Information on Alternatives Databases - Worldwide directory of databases created as an international joint effort with ECVAM. From the Norwegian Reference Centre for Laboratory Animal Science and Alternatives.

  3. Laboratory Animals - Animal Welfare Institute - Searchable collection of information resources on care and environmental enrichment for animals kept in cages or used in research.

  4. Medical Research - Articles and links concerning fraudulent and unscientific practices in medical research and product safety testing, including many about the use of animals. From Campaign Against Fraudulent Medical Research. New South Wales, Australia.

  5. NIH Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare - Policies, laws, certifications, grant information, and other resources pertaining to treatment of animals used for research by the U.S. National Institutes of Health.

  6. Scientific Anti-Vivisectionism - Attempts to refute the claims made for animal experiments by showing differences in animal physiology.

  7. The Absurdity of Vivisection - Extensive set of arguments, articles and newsletters against animal experimentation. Surrey, England.

  8. The Costs of Animal Research: Origins and Options, Linda C. Cork, Thomas B. Clarkson, Robert O. Jacoby, Diane J. Gaertner, S. L. Leary, Jeffrey M. Linn, Steven P. Pakes, Daniel H. Ringler, John D. Strandberg, Michael M. Swindle, Science, New Series, Vol. 276, No. 5313 (May 2, 1997), pp. 758-759. (JSTOR login required)

  9. Pain, Vivisection, and the Value of Life [with Commentary], R. G. Frey, D. Thomas, Journal of Medical Ethics, Vol. 31, No. 4 (Apr., 2005), pp. 202-204. (JSTOR login required)

  10. Supportive Evidence Is Lacking For Report On Animal Studies, Pandora Pound, Shah Ebrahim, BMJ: British Medical Journal, Vol. 325, No. 7371 (Nov. 2, 2002), pp. 1038-1039. (JSTOR login required)

  11. Animal Models Can Assist Medicine In Humans, Alastair R. Michell, BMJ: British Medical Journal, Vol. 324, No. 7351 (Jun. 15, 2002), p. 1457. (JSTOR login required)

  12. Does Animal Experimentation Inform Human Healthcare? Observations From A Systematic Review Of International Animal Experiments On Fluid Resuscitation, Ian Roberts, Irene Kwan, Phillip Evans, Steven Haig, BMJ: British Medical Journal, Vol. 324, No. 7335 (Feb. 23, 2002), pp. 474-476. (JSTOR login required)

  13. Animal Testing: Is It Worth It?, Geoff Watts, BMJ: British Medical Journal, Vol. 334, No. 7586 (Jan. 27, 2007), pp. 182-184. (JSTOR login required)

  14. Animal Experimentation in Psychology and the Question of Scientific Merit, Denise Russell, Ethics and the Environment, Vol. 2, No. 1 (1997), pp. 43-52. (JSTOR login required)

  15. Animal Rights v Animal Research: A Modest Proposal, Joseph Bernstein, Journal of Medical Ethics, Vol. 22, No. 5 (Oct., 1996), pp. 300-301. (JSTOR login required)

  16. Action For Singapore Dogs - Network of volunteers that helps stray and abandoned dogs find homes through fostering and adoption programs. Includes photos of available dogs, event details, mailing list, and success stories.

  17. Common Misconceptions About Breed Rescue - Misconceptions about how breed rescues get and place dogs.

  18. Animal Education and Rescue - Animal rescue with adoptable pets and educational programs. Lists available animals and information on adoption, volunteer work and donations.

  19. Animal Sheltering Online - The Humane Society of the United States presents this resource for animal shelters and rescues organizations. Online magazine, list of available publications, library of articles dealing with shelter work, and job listings.

  20. Global Federation of Animal Sanctuaries (GFAS) - Accrediting organization for sanctuaries worldwide. Includes aims, operation and contact information. Washington DC.

  21. Home Sweet Home - Small group of volunteers working to provide financial help to animal shelters. Includes animal quotes and stories.

  22. Hugs For Homeless Animals - Nonprofit charitable organization dedicated to homeless and displaced animals worldwide. Information on the Snuggles Project, donation form, shelter directory, and virtual volunteer opportunities.

  23. Noah's Wish - Rescues and shelters animals during disasters throughout the United States. Includes how to help and volunteer opportunities.

  24. Society for the Protection of Animals Abroad - Works to prevent the suffering of working animals and to improve standards of animal care for horses, donkeys, camels, farm animals, and dogs and cats. Operates veterinary centers and mobile clinics, with bases in Morocco, Tunisia, Jordan, Mali, Syria, Mauritania, Algeria, and Ethiopia.

  25. Stahl, Brandon. "Duluth animal shelter adopts no-kill goal: The Duluth Animal Shelter and Animal Allies Humane Society are announcing a joint goal of not euthanizing a single healthy animal starting this year." Duluth News-Tribune (MN) 24 Mar. 2010: Points of View Reference Center. Web. 20 Jan. 2012. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=pwh&AN=2W63787883611&site=pov-live

  26. Maki, Amos. "Memphis Animal Shelter employees had ties to dog-fighting rings, report says." Commercial Appeal, The (Memphis, TN) 16 Nov. 2011: Points of View Reference Center. Web. 20 Jan. 2012. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=pwh&AN=2W6712359007&site=pov-live

  27. Cox, Teri. "BRIEF: Animal Activists Claim Shelter Kill Rate is Too High." KTXL-TV (Sacramento, CA) 01 Nov. 2011: Points of View Reference Center. Web. 20 Jan. 2012. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=pwh&AN=2W61261514906&site=pov-live

  28. Maki, Amos. "Report says evidence lacking in dog fighting allegations by Memphis Animal Shelter workers." Commercial Appeal, The (Memphis, TN) 04 Jan. 2012: Points of View Reference Center. Web. 20 Jan. 2012. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=pwh&AN=2W62108902925&site=pov-live

  29. Hughes, Haley. "Fostering shelter animals helps to make them more adoptable." Aiken Standard (SC) 27 Dec. 2011: Points of View Reference Center. Web. 20 Jan. 2012. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=pwh&AN=2W62840981182&site=pov-live

  30. Rockett, Ali. "Facebook boosts rescuesat county animal shelter." Robesonian, The (Lumberton, NC) 18 Sept. 2011: Points of View Reference Center. Web. 20 Jan. 2012. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=pwh&AN=2W63449184875&site=pov-live

  31. Pomeroy, Courtney. "Animal shelter video riles Humane Society." Frederick News-Post, The (MD) 17 Dec. 2011: Points of View Reference Center. Web. 20 Jan. 2012.http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=pwh&AN=2W63837742853&site=pov-live

  32. Cholodofsky, Rich. "Bitten Westmoreland veterinarian sues animal shelter." Tribune-Review (Greensburg, PA) 30 Nov. 2011: Points of View Reference Center. Web. 20 Jan. 2012. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=pwh&AN=2W62697629503&site=pov-live

  33. Lucich, Jennifer. "Thou Shalt Not Kill." E: The Environmental Magazine 16.3 (2005): 14. Points of View Reference Center. Web. 20 Jan. 2012. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=pwh&AN=16832405&site=pov-live

  34. NAKAI, DAISUKE. "Percentage of Animals Killed In City's Shelters Reaches Low." New York Times 13 Apr. 2010: 20. Points of View Reference Center. Web. 20 Jan. 2012. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=pwh&AN=49078428&site=pov-live

  35. Boks, Ed. "The Dirty Little Secret In Your Community." Newsweek 145.26 (2005): 15. Points of View Reference Center. Web. 20 Jan. 2012. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=pwh&AN=17393041&site=pov-live

  36. Maki, Amos. "Memphis Animal Shelter worker, charged with cruelty, is fired from city job." Commercial Appeal, The (Memphis, TN) 18 July 2011: Points of View Reference Center. Web. 20 Jan. 2012. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=pwh&AN=2W62931485864&site=pov-live

  37. Kus, Lindsay. "Animal Cruelty Investigation: Man Confesses to Setting Trap." WXMI-TV (Grand Rapids, MI) 08 Nov. 2011: Points of View Reference Center. Web. 20 Jan. 2012. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=pwh&AN=2W63248762258&site=pov-live

  38. Fujimori, Leila. "Crackdown vowed on animal cruelty." Honolulu Star-Advertiser 02 Mar. 2011: Points of View Reference Center. Web. 20 Jan. 2012. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=pwh&AN=2W6297617165&site=pov-live

  39. Orr, Becky. "Does new animal cruelty law do enough?." Wyoming Tribune-Eagle (Cheyenne, WY) 20 Mar. 2011: Points of View Reference Center. Web. 20 Jan. 2012. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=pwh&AN=2W63085703507&site=pov-live

  40. Tongish, Dawn. "Unleashing the law: Do those convicted of Animal abuse in Texas, skirt punishment?." KDAF-TV (Dallas, TX) 17 Jan. 2012: Points of View Reference Center. Web. 20 Jan. 2012. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=pwh&AN=2W61391649479&site=pov-live

  41. Bush, Rudolph. "Dallas animal services beefs up on fighting animal cruelty, but critics want more action." Dallas Morning News, The (TX) 05 July 2009: Points of View Reference Center. Web. 20 Jan. 2012. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=pwh&AN=2W61414399869&site=pov-live

  42. Long, Sherry. "Director: Ruling not likely to take bite out of area SPCA: The state's highest court recently determined that animal shelters have no immunity from civil suits." Times Leader, The (Wilkes-Barre, PA) 03 Jan. 2010: Points of View Reference Center. Web. 20 Jan. 2012. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=pwh&AN=2W61536107426&site=pov-live

  43. RUDY, KATHY. "Ethics And Animals: An Introduction." Ethics & The Environment 18.1 (2013): 125-135. Academic Search Premier. Web. 6 Feb. 2014. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=87902452&site=ehost-live

  44. Krauth, David, Tracey J. Woodruff, and Lisa Bero. "Instruments For Assessing Risk Of Bias And Other Methodological Criteria Of Published Animal Studies: A Systematic Review." Environmental Health Perspectives 121.9 (2013): 985-992. Academic Search Premier. Web. 6 Feb. 2014. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=90085165&site=ehost-live

  45. YELLOWLEES, ANN, et al. "Efficient Analysis Of Dose-Time-Response Assays." Bioscience 63.6 (2013): 490-498. Academic Search Premier. Web. 6 Feb. 2014. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=88370132&site=ehost-live

  46. Zhao-Jia, Ge, et al. "DNA Methylation In Oocytes And Liver Of Female Mice And Their Offspring: Effects Of High-Fat-Diet-Induced Obesity." Environmental Health Perspectives 122.2 (2014): 159-164. Academic Search Premier. Web. 6 Feb. 2014. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=94259508&site=ehost-live

  47. Franco, Nuno Henrique. "Animal Experiments In Biomedical Research: A Historical Perspective." Animals (2076-2615) 3.1 (2013): 238-273. Academic Search Premier. Web. 6 Feb. 2014. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=86682812&site=ehost-live



The following is a list of articles by doctors and scientists or professional medical organizations that oppose animal experimentation along with a few articles that explain specific types of animal experiments. Links to articles are in BLUE or PURPLE

    • vivisection

    • pharma testing

    • statistics of scientific experiments performed on animals in UK

    • alternatives to animal testing

 

  1. "Animal Experiments: Types of Experimental Treatments." Animal Aid UK. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2011. www.animalaid.org.uk/images/pdf/factfiles/exp.pdf

  2. "Animal Testing Is Bad Science: Point/Counterpoint | PETA.org." People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA): The animal rights organization | PETA.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2011. http://www.peta.org/issues/animals-used-for-experimentation/animal-testing-bad-science.aspx.

  3. "Biomed for the layperson", Laboratory Primate Advocacy Group, accessed February 24, 2006.

  4. "CAAT - Doctors Speak Out Against Animal Research." Coalition to Abolish Animal Testing (CAAT). N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2011. http://www.ohsukillsprimates.com/quotes.htm.

  5. "DOCTORS AGAINST ANIMAL RESEARCH." Exposing Pharmaceutical Drug Damages & Drug Deaths to Humans, Medical Myths, Medical Fraud, Medical Research Scams, Vivisection (Animal Research), Scientific Fraud.. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2011. http://www.medicinekillsmillions.com/articles/doctors_oppose_animal_research.html.

  6. "Scientific Argument Against Animal Testing." No More White Coat Welfare. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2011. http://whitecoatwelfare.org/aat-text.shtml.

  7. "Statistics of Scientific Procedures on Living Animals", Great Britain, 2004.

  8. "Why use animals?" and other FAQ, North Carolina Association for Biomedical Research, accessed October 23, 2005

  9. A Critical Look at Animal Experimentation - By Christopher Anderegg MD PhD, Murry J. Cohen MD, Stephen R. Kaufman MD, Rhoda Ruttenberg MD, Alix Fano MA, Medical Research Modernization Committee - The animal research community wishes the public to equate animal experimentation with medical progress, but increasing numbers of scientists and clinicians are challenging animal experimentation on scientific grounds.

  10. Aërzte gegen Tierversuche (Doctors against Animal Experiments), accessed October 23, 2005. Website: http://www.aerzte-gegen-tierversuche.de/en/. (in English)

  11. Animal Experimentation: The Hidden Cause of Environmental Pollution - By Hoorik Davoudian BSc, SUPRESS/The Nature of Wellness - Exposes the scientific fraudulence of animal research and shows how it is routinely used and manipulated to make toxicants appear "safe" for human consumption.

  12. DBAE's Third International Scientific Congress - For the first time, lawyers joined doctors to seriously question the validity of animal experimentation in relation to human health at Doctors in Britain Against Animal Experiments's Third International Scientific Congress, London, 10 May 1995.

  13. Doctors Against Vivisection - Quotes by doctors denouncing the scientific validity of animal research. Excerpted from the book 1000 Doctors (& many more) Against Vivisection, (Ed. Hans Ruesch).

  14. Encyclopedia of Earth: Animal testing alternatives

  15. In Focus "Animal Experiments in Research" (German Reference Centre for Ethics in the Life Sciences)

  16. Perspectives On Medical Research - By Medical Research Modernization Committee - Scientific journal focusing on the use of animals in biomedical research.

  17. Riyaz, Fareed. "UK scientists explore faults of animal testing - Science." The Johns Hopkins News-Letter. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2011. http://media.www.jhunewsletter.com/media/storage/paper932/news/2004/03/05/Science/Uk.Scientists.Explore.Faults.Of.Animal.Testing-2245312.shtml.

  18. Rollin, Bernard E.. "Animal research: a moral science : Article : EMBO reports." Nature Publishing Group : science journals, jobs, and information. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2011. http://www.nature.com/embor/journal/v8/n6/full/7400996.html.

  19. Stephens, Martin & Rowan, Andrew. "An overview of animal testing"PDF (129 KB), Humane Society of the United States, accessed October 29, 2005

  20. The Scientific Case Against Animal Experiments - By Dr Robert Sharpe - Former Senior Research Chemist says that the case against animal experiments is strongly reinforced by scientific arguments. This is because people and animals are different in the way their bodies work and in their response to drugs and disease.



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