|Nikky-Guninder Kaur Singh
Crawford Family Professor of Religious Studies
Colby College, Waterville, ME. 04901, USA
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org phone: 207-859-4644; fax: 207-872-3802
Areas of Teaching
Religions of South Asia, Women and Religion, Film and Religion, Sikhism
Areas of Research
Sikh Scripture, Punjabi Literature, Sikh Art
Feminist Interpretation of Sacred Indian Texts
Literary and Visual Representations of South Asian Religions
Ph.D. (l987) Temple University, Religion
M.A. (l982) University of Pennsylvania, Religion
B.A. (l978) Wellesley College, Religion (Honors) and Philosophy
Honors and Awards
2010 Honored by the Punjabi University for contribution to Sikh scholarship
2009 Mellon Collaborative Grant (Colby-Bates-Bowdoin)
2007 Kaur Foundation Leadership Award (Bethesda, Maryland)
2006 Mellon Collaborative Grant (Colby-Bates-Bowdoin)
2006 Professeur Invitee, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris
2003 Distinguished Achievements Award, Sikh Foundation (Asian Arts Museum,
2001 Senior Fellow (Summer) Centre for the Study of World Religions, Harvard University
2001 Outstanding Accomplishments Award, Sikh Association (Fresno, California)
1998 Sewa Award by the Sikh-Canadian Centennial Foundation for Scholarship on Sikhism (Toronto)
1998 Guru Gobind Singh Foundation Lecture and Award (Chandigarh, India)
1993-99 (Summers) Humanities Research Grant, Colby College
1992 Amritsar Rotary Club Award for scholarly work on Amritsar writer Bhai Vir Singh (India)
1991 Guru Gobind Singh Department of Religious Studies Award for Sikh Scholarship (Punjabi University, Patiala, India)
1990 Travel and Research Grant, Colby College
1989 N.E.H. Summer Institute, University of Hawaii
1988 N.E.H. Summer Institute, Harvard University
1987 Ph.D., with Distinction, Temple University
1985 Outstanding Young Women of America Award
l981-l983 University Fellow, Temple University
1978 Dean's Scholarship, University of Pennsylvania
1978 Phi Beta Kappa, Wellesley College
1978 Durant Scholar, Wellesley College
1976 Meiling-Soong Award for best research paper, Wellesley College
1974 Daughters of the American Revolution Award, Stuart Hall
1973 Highest average, Stuart Hall, Staunton, Virginia.
Book of the Sikh Teachers (three volumes of translation from the Guru Granth) for Harvard University Press within the Murty Classical Library of India. (Forthcoming)
Of Sacred and Secular Desire: An Anthology of Lyrical Writings from the Punjab (London:
IB Tauris) 2012
Sikhism: An Introduction (London: IB Tauris), 2011
Cosmic Symphony: The Early and Later Poems of Bhai Vir Singh (New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi — India’s National Academy of Letters) 2008; republished 2010
The Feminine Principle in the Sikh Vision of the Transcendent (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) 1993.
———Paperback edition, 2008.
The Birth of the Khalsa: A Feminist Re-memory of Sikh Identity (Albany: State University of New York) 2005
The Name of My Beloved: Verses of the Sikh Gurus (Translations from Sikh Sacred Literature) Penguin Classics, 2001
–––––(San Francisco: HarperCollins) 1995.
Sikhism: World Religions (New York: Facts on File) 1993.
Japanese translation of Sikhism, Tokyo, 1994.
Updated edition, 2004.
The Guru Granth Sahib: Its Physics and Metaphysics (New Delhi: Sterling Publishers) 1981.
Reprinted. New Delhi: Manohar Publications, 1995.
Translation of novel Tale of the Phoenix by Dalip Kaur Tiwana (New Delhi: Unistar Books) 2008
JOURNAL ARTICLES AND CHAPTERS FOR BOOKS
“Corporeal Metaphysics: Guru Nanak in Early Sikh Art” in History of Religions, Vol. 53, No. 1 (August 2013), pp. 28-65.
“Contesting Subjectivities: Feminist Hermeneutics of Sikh Scripture" book chapter in N. Reilly and S. Scriver (eds.) Religion, Gender, and the Public Sphere (Routledge NY and UK, 2013), pp. 83-96.
“My Dinner in Calgary: Sikh Diaspora in the Making” in Michael Hawley (ed.) Sikh Diaspora: Theory, Agency, and Experience (Brill, 2013), pp. 89-101.
“In the Language of Love: Reflections on the Milwaukee massacre” in Sikh Formations (2013)
“God IS Diversity and Justice: A Feminist Sikh Perspective” book chapter in Susanne Sholz (ed.) God Loves Diversity and Justice: Progressive Scholars Speak about Faith, Politics, and the World (Lexington Books, 2013), pp. 13-32.
“Sikh Theology” in Charles Taliaferro (ed.) The Routledge Companion to Theism (Routledge, 2012), pp. 88-101.
“Sikhism” with Todd Curcuru in Lawrence Sullivan (ed.) Religions of the World (Fortress Press, 2013), pp. 109-127.
The Guru Granth Sahib: A Global Reservoir” in Pashaura Singh (ed.) Sikhism In Global Context (Oxford University Press, 2011), pp. 39-61.
“Guru Granth: The Quintessential Sikh Metaphor” in Postscripts: The Journal of Sacred Texts & Contemporary Worlds (London: Equinox), Vol. 4, # 2, 2008, pp. 157-176.
“The Sikhs” in Graham Harvey (ed.) Religions in Focus: New approaches to Tradition and Contemporary Practices (London, UK & Oakville, CT: Equinox Pub. Ltd., 2009), pp. 33-53.
“The Kanjak and the Broken Bangles” in South Asian Review (University of Pittsburgh) 29/2 (2008), pp. 109-32.
“Female Feticide in the Punjab” in Vanessa Sasson (ed.) Imagining the Fetus (American Academy of Religion: Oxford University, 2009), pp.120-136.
Republished: “Why did I not light the Pyre? Refeminization of Ritual in Sikhism” in Doris Jakobsh (editor), Sikhism and Women (Oxford University, 2010), pp. 205-233.
“Thinking Differently in the Context of Sikh Religion,” in David Cheetham and Rolfe King (eds.), Contemporary Practice and Method in the Philosophy of Religion: New Essays. (Continuum: London and New York, 2008), pp. 117-132.
“The Guru Granth Sahib: A Magical Planetarium” in Sach ki Bani
(Institute for Conflict and Peace Studies, 2008), pp. 27-34.
“RE-Imagining the Divine in Sikhism” in Feminist Theology (Sage, United Kingdom) Vol. 16 (3) May 2008, pp. 332-349
“Intersection of Religion and Literature: The Sikh Perspective” in The Journal of Sikh Studies (Amritsar: Guru Nanak Dev University) Vol. XXXI, 2007, pp. 153-168.
“Translating Sikh Scripture into English” in Sikh Formations (Routledge, United Kingdom) Vol. 3, No. 1, June 2007, pp. 1-17
“Jesus Through Sikh Eyes” in Interreligious Insight: A Journal of Dialogue and Engagement (UK) Volume 4, No. 3, July 2006, pp. 36-41
“Re-membering the Body of the Transcendent One: Kristeva’s Semiotics and Sikh scripture” in Sikh Formations: Religion, Culture, Theory, volume 1, number 2, December 2005, pp. 201-216.
Stories Are Not Told for the Telling, But for the Teaching” A Sikh Feminist Reading of What the Body Remembers” for Chakra 3. 2005 (Lunds University), pp. 153-164.
“Remembering the Surge of the Tsunami” in Interreligious Insight: A Journal of Dialogue and Engagement, volume 4, no. 1, January 2006, pp. 49-53.
Also published in The Sikh Review, April 2007, pp. 22-25
“Dharam in the Sikh Tradition” in Rita Sherma and A Deepak (eds.) Contemporary Issues in Construction Dharma Volume II: Epistemology and Hermeneutics (Hampton, Virginia: Deepak Heritage Books, 2005), pp. 199-215.
“The Body of the Gurus: Sikh Scripture from a Contemporary Feminist Perspective” for Religious Studies and Theology, Volume 23, no. 2 (2004), pp. 27-52.
“Sacred Fabric and Sacred Stitches” for History of Religions (University of Chicago) 43 no. 4 (2004), pp. 284–302
“Twice Oppressed: The Case of Ondaatje's Kip” for the Journal of Religion and Film. Vol. 8 No. 1 April 2004
The Mahatma and the Sikhs," chapter for Indian Critiques of Gandhi (edited by Harold Coward), SUNY, 2003, pp. 171-191.
“Mythic Inheritance and the Drink of the Khalsa” in Sikhism and History (edited by Pashaura Singh and N. Gerald Barrier), New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2004) pp. 51-76
“The Mirror and the Sikh: The Transformation of Ondaatje’s Kip” chapter for Sikh Religion, Culture and Ethnicity (ed: Christopher Shackle) (Richmond, Surrey, UK: Curzon Press, 2001), pp. 118-141.
"Why did I not Light up the Pyre? The Refeminization of Ritual in Sikhism" Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion vol. 16, no. 1 (Spring 2000), pp.63-85.
“Infigurations and Configurations of India: Anandamoyi in Tagore's Gora"in Journal of South Asian Literature Vols. 31 (1996)-32 (1997), pp. 1-31.
"The Sikh Religion" (chapter 2) for The Arts of the Sikh Kingdoms (ed: Susan Stronge) (London: Victoria and Albert Museum, 1999), pp. 33-45.
"Poetry Urges Poetry: From the Guru Granth to Bhai Vir Singh" chapter for Sikh Art and Literature (ed: Kerry Brown) (New York: Routledge, 1999),pp. 143-154.
"Poetic Rhythm and Historical Account: the Portrait of Guru Nanak through Bhai Gurdas" for International Journal of Punjab Studies 5, 2 (1998), pp. 127-158.
"Text and Praxis: Sikh Manifesto and the End of Discord" for "Research in Human Social Conflict (Series editor: Joseph Gittler) (Greenwich: Jai Publishers, 1999)
"The Spiritual Experience in Sikhism" in K.R. Sundararajan and Bithika Mukerji (editors), Hindu Spirituality: Postclassical and Modern World Spirituality (New York: Crossroad Publications 1997), pp. 530-561.
"Crossing the Razor's Edge: Somerset Maugham and Hindu Philosophy" in Durham University Journal, July 1995, pp. 329-342.
"From Flesh to Stone: The Divine Metamorphosis in Satyajit Ray's Devi" in Journal of South Asian Literature (Michigan State University) Vol. XXVIII, pp. 227-250.
"The Cosmic Role of Man in the Doctrine of al-Insan al-Kamil" in Islamic Culture (Hyderabad) Volume LXVIII, No 4, October 1994, pp. 1-20.
"Guru Nanak's Vision of Ultimate Reality" in Dharam Singh (editor), Sikhism and Secularism: Essays in Honor of Professor Harbans Singh New Delhi: Harman Publishers, 1994), pp. 111-133.
"Bhai Vir Singh—Hermeneute of Sikh Scripture" in The Journal of Religious Studies, (Punjabi University, Patiala) Vol XX1, No. 2 pp. 136-157.
"The Sikh Bridal Symbol: An Epiphany of Interconnections" Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion (Fall 1992, Vol 8, no. 2) pp. 41-64.
"Recent Scholarship on Sikhism" Religious Studies Review (Vol. 19, no: 1)
"Sikh Existentialism and the Feminine Experience" in Gender and Literature New World Literature Series-60 (New Delhi: B.R. Publishing Corporation) pp. 113-129.
"The Myth of the Founder: The Janamsakhis and Sikh Tradition" in History of Religions (University of Chicago, 1992) pp. 329-343.
"Symbol as Universal Construction: Towards a Deconstruction of Syncretism," in Journal of Ecumenical Studies (Philadelphia, 28:2, Spring 1991) pp. 299-323.
“Barah Maha” in Khera: Journal of Religious Understanding (New Delhi, Jan-June, 1992) pp. 11-19.
"Poetics as a Hermeneutic Technique in Sikhism" in Texts in Context: Traditional Hermeneutics in South Asia (State University of New York Press, 1991) pp. 243-268.
"The Other World in This World: An Indian Interpretation of the Yamamba" in Japanese Religions (Kyoto, January 1991) pp. 46-59.
"Guru Gobind Singh's Idea of Durga in His Poetry: the Unfathomable Woman as the Image of the Unfathomable Transcendent One: A Further Contribution to URAM Sikh Studies," in Journal of Ultimate Reality and Meaning (University of Toronto Press, Vol 13, 1990) pp. 243-267.
"Sundari: The Paradigm of Sikh Ethics," in The Toronto South Asian Review (Volume 9, Number 1) pp. 73-79.
——— Also published as Working Paper (209) by the Women in International Development (Michigan State University, August 1990) pp. 1-11.
"Guru Nanak's Vision of Ultimate Reality: Presentation of the Primal Paradox in the Puratan Janamsakhi" in Khera: Journal of Religious Understanding (New Delhi, Jan-March, 1990) pp. 16-41.
Preface to Michel Delahoutre's Fils D'Abraham: Les Sikhs (Belgium: Editions Brepolis) 1989.
"Durga Recalled by the Tenth Guru" in The Journal of Religious Studies (Patiala, Spring-Autumn 1988) pp. 63-76.
"Nur and Jyoti: A Comparative Analysis" in The Journal of Religious Studies (Patiala, Autumn, 1987) pp. 8-37.
"En Route to a Cosmic Existence: An Essay on Jalal ud-din Rumi," in Studies in Sikhism and Comparative Religion (New Delhi, October 1986) pp. 86-97.
"Tao and 1 Oan Kar: A Comparison Between Two Powers," in The Sikh Concept of The Divine. Pritam Singh (ed.), Amritsar: Guru Nanak Dev University Press, 1985, pp. 200-214.
"Al-Biruni and Comparative Study of Religions" in Studies in Sikhism and Comparative Religion (New Delhi, October 1982) pp. 135-148.
"Al-Biruni: An Early Student of Comparative Religion," in Islamic Culture (Hyderabad), April 1982.
"Shaikh Farid: Poet and Mystic" in The Spokesman (Calcutta, 30th Annual Number, 1981).
"Emile Durkheim's Critique of Max Muller," in The Journal of Religious Studies (Patiala, Fall 1980) pp. 79-96.
"Wilfred Cantwell Smith's approach to the Study of Religion," in The Journal of Religious Studies (Patiala, Fall 1979), pp. 50-65.
"Shaikh Farid" in Journal of Medieval Indian Literature (Chandigarh, Fall l979) pp. 17-34.
"Metaphysics of the Guru Granth Sahib," in The Journal of Sikh Studies (Amritsar, February 1979) pp. 79-99.
"Aesthetics of the Guru Granth Sahib," in The Journal of Religious Studies (Patiala, Fall 1978) pp. 83-102.
"Tao and 1 Oan Kar: A Comparison Between Two Powers," in Journal of Medieval Indian Literature (Punjab University, Chandigarh, March-Sept, 1978) pp. 53-66.
Publications in Newspapers and Popular Journals
“Fifty Shades of Maine” in Portland Magazine, Summer 2012, pp. 135-6.
“Going Home: Far and Near” in Colby, Winter 2012, pp. 12-3.
“ Professor Harbans Singh: A Daughter’s Homage” in The Sikh Review, August 2008, pp. 60-61
— first published in the book section of The Tribune, July 20, 2008.
Spotlight on teaching (Asian scripture at Colby College) in Religious Studies News (American Academy of Religion) May 2008, p. vi.
.“Tarlochan Singh: A Bridge with the Past” in The Day After (An International Illustrated News Magazine of India) 16-31 May 2008
——This article was also published in Merinews http://lifestyle.merinews.com/catFull.jsp?articleID=134278
“Guru Arjan’s Aesthetic Legacy” in Khalsa Samachar, (New Delhi, India) February 22, 2007, pp. 7-10.
“Remembering Amrita Pritam from Afar” in The Sikh Review (Calcutta, India) January 2007, vol. 55: 1 pp. 66-68
“Remembering the Surge of the Tsunami” in The Sikh Review, April 2007, pp. 22-25. (Formerly published in Interreligious Insight: A Journal of Dialogue and Engagement, volume 4, no. 1, January 2006, pp. 49-53).
“Aesthetics of the Guru Granth” in Panchbati Sandesh Special Anniversary Issue, Volume 26 (2-3), pp. 51-68.
“Gurbani in English: Translating Celestial Poetry" in The Sikh Review (Calcutta, June 2000) Vol. 48:6, pp. 15-21.
“From East to West" in Sikh Bulletin (UK: Chichester) No:13, 1996,pp. 5-10.
"Sikh Existentialism: A Poetic Restatement by Bhai Vir Singh" in The Sikh Courier International Quarterly (London, Autumn-Winter 1989) pp. 28-35.
"Sikhism" for the Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics, 2nd Edition, pp. 105-113. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123739322002155
“Sikhism” for the Encyclopedia of Sex and Gender (Macmillan, Gale Group, 2008)
Emotion in Sikhism” for the Encyclopedia of Love in World Religions (Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 2008), pp, 178-182.
“Sikhism,” “Guru Nanak,” “Dasam Granth” and “Sikhism and Gender” for the second edition of the Encyclopedia of Religion (Macmillan, 2005)
“Sikh Women in North America” for the Encyclopedia of Women and Religion in North America (Indiana University Press,) pp. 693-703.
Sikh Folklore” and “Sikhism” in South Asian Folklore: An Encyclopedia (edited by M. Mills, P. Claus and S. Diamond (New York: Routledge, 2003), pp. 550-555.
“Dharma in Hinduism,” ”Sikhism,” and with H. J. Walker “Saints” for the Encyclopedia of Women and World Religion (Macmillan, 1999), pp. 251-254, 904-907, and 864-866.
"Sikhism" in the Encyclopaedia of Applied Ethics, Volume 3, (Academic Press, A Division of Harcourt Brace and Company, 1998), pp. 109-118.
Barah Maha" in The Encyclopedia of Sikhism (Patiala: Punjabi University, 1992) pp. 282-288.
Book reviews have not been included here
LECTURES, PAPERS, AND TALKS (MOSTLY INVITED)
“Feminist Hermeneutics of Sikh Scripture” key note speech for Conference on Women in Dharma Traditions, Claremont Lincoln University, August 23, 2013
Presentations given at McGill University, May 2013:
“Reciting Sikh Melodies: Paradise on Earth” (May 27)
“Pilgrimage to the Golden Temple” (May 28)
“The Punjab: Homeland of the Sikhs?” (May 30)
Visual Phenomenology: Seeing-in Guru Nanak at the Asian Arts Museum SFO" at the University of California, Riverside, May 11, 2013
“M.A. Macauliffe and the Angst of the Translator” at University College Cork, Ireland, March 15, 2013
“Feminist Hermeneutics of Sikh Scripture,” at the University of Santa Cruz, California, January 26, 2013
“Sikhism” for the American Academy of Religion Chaplaincy Session, Chicago, Nov. 17, 2012
“Guru Granth Sahib: Physics and Metaphysics” for the conference on Guru Granth Sahib, San Jose, August 25, 2012
“Sikhism and Suffering: Understanding and Healing after the Milwaukee tragedy” at Drake University, September 27, 2012
“Contesting Subjectivities” at the National University of Ireland in Galway, June 27, 2012
“Forming Arabesques: The work of a Colby Professor” for Colby Staff Retreat, June 13, 2012
“RE” the Intensive Prefix,” reunion address to Colby Class of 1997, June 2, 2012
Gave three lectures for Religious Studies 2012 summer program McGill University: “The Institution of Langar and the Origins of Sikhism” (May 14), “Sikh Scripture and the Language of Food” (May 15), “Food in Sikh Ritual Performance” (May 17)
“Of Desire Sacred and Secular: Translating poetry from the Punjab,” Noontime Talk for Colby faculty and staff, April 25, 2012
Poetry from the Punjab: A Connective Ligament,” Public Lecture delivered at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, April 3, 2012
“Divided World, Global Poetry” for Colby College Alumnae, Boston, January 31, 2012
Graduation Address to Mid-Year Seniors, Colby College, December 9, 2011
"Corporeal Mnemonics: Guru Nanak in the B-40 Manuscript" at the Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Religion, San Francisco, November 21, 2011
"Sikh Philosophy: A Dialectic between Physics and Metaphysics" also at the Sikh and Punjabi Studies Conference, University of Santa Cruz, November 11, 2011
"Gender issues in Sikh Theology and Praxis" at the Sikh and Punjabi Studies Conference, University of Santa Cruz, November 11, 2011
"Sikhism and Women: Sacred and Secular Interpretations" Public lecture delivered at Mount Royal University, Calgary, Canada, October 3, 2011
"A Thealogical Exploration of Sikhism" inaugural address for the launching of the First Sikh Feminist Research Conference, OISE, University of Toronto, October 1, 2011
"Teaching of Sikhism in North America: Achievements and Challenges" Keynote address delivered at McGill University, (hosted by the President of the University, Principal Heather Munroe-Blum), Sept. 19, 2011
“Symbiosis of Sacred Text and Material Symbols" Public lecture delivered at the Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, India, July, 19, 2011
Sikhism: An Introduction (UK: IB Tauris, 2011) at its launch at the Bhai Vir singh Sahitya Sadan, New Delhi, July 21, 2011
“Sikh Theism: Intersection of Timeless and Time," delivered at the Institute of Sikh Studies, Chandigarh, India, July 17, 2011
B-40 manuscript delivered at the Punjabi University, Patiala, India, (hosted by the Vice Chancellor of the University), July 15, 2011
Gave four lectures for Religious Studies 2011 summer program McGill University:
“Ritual Violence and the Birth of the Khalsa” (May16), “Themes of peace and violence in Sikh sacred literature” (May 17), “Martyrdom in the Sikh religion”(May 19), “The Bloody Partition of 1947 and the Balm of Poetry” (May 20)
“Scriptural Elements of the Five Sikh Symbols of Faith,” inaugural lecture at the Manhattan Sikh Center, NYC, April 16, 2011
“Relevance of the Guru Granth Sahib in global world,” for the Sikh Symposium, Richmond, Virginia, April 9, 2011
“Poetry from the Punjab,” for the Mathew Memorial Lecture, Inverness, California, February 19, 2011
“Translating Sikh Scripture without His Masters Voice,” at the Attic, New Delhi, Dec 21, 2010
“The Guru Granth Sahib for a Global Society” at the Punjabi University, Patiala, December 20, 2010
“Bhai Vir Singh’s Poetry: Nothing Short of Rocket Fuel for the Soul” at the international conference inaugurated by the President of India, New Delhi, December 17, 2010
“Feminist Perspectives from Sikh Dharma” for Dharma Academy of North America in conjunction with the Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Religion, Atlanta, October 29, 2010
“Sikh Paintings from Early Eighteenth Century” at the Chester Beatty in Dublin, Ireland (in conjunction with the exhibition Sikh faces in Ireland) August 12, 2010
Gave three lectures at the Department of Religious Studies Summer Program at McGill: “Reflections on the Origins of the Cosmos in Sikh Scripture,” (May 18), “Birth Narratives of the Founder Guru: Visual and Literary Representations” (May 19), “The Origins of Sikhism: Tradition vs. Scholarship”(May 20)
“Feminist Text, Patriarchal Context: Feminine Principle in the Sikh Vision” at the Asian American for the Asian American/Asian Research Institute at CUNY, New York, April 23, 2010.
Guru Gobind Singh’s Pluralistic Vision” for the Sikh Foundation of Virginia, Richmond, April 18, 2010.
Keynote address for Baiskahi Celebration at the Indian Ambassador’s Residence, Washington DC, April 17, 2010.
“Indian women: Ideals and Reality” for the “Among Women” collaboration (Seven Sister Colleges Tour) New Delhi, India, January 20, 2010
The Quintesssential Sikh Metaphor” at the University of California, Santa Barbara November 14, 2009
“Sacred Text as the Body of the Gurus” at the Annual Meeting of the Academy of Religion, Montreal, Canada November 6, 2009
'The Kanjak Ritual in the Land of Disappearing Kanjaks” at the University of Cork, Cork, Ireland, July 1, 2009.
“Sitting Still but Still Moving: Scholarly Ventures at Colby” for Reunion Weekend at Colby, June 4, 2009.
Gave three lectures at the Department of Religious Studies Summer Program at McGill University, May 19-May 21, 2009: “Sikh Metaphors of Divine Embodiment”, “Sikh Scripture: Body of the Gurus,” and “Adorning the Body: Wearing the Five Symbols of Sikhism.
“Feminine Principle in the Sikh Vision” at the Library of Congress, Washington DC, May 8, 2009
“Two Beloved Sufi Poets of the Punjab: A case of “Hearing without Listening?” at the Sufism Symposium, Colby College, April 18, 2009
“The Kanjak Ritual in the Land of Disappearing Kanjaks” for the 23rd Annual Maine Women’s Studies Conference, Farmington, April 4, 2009
“Body of the Gurus: A Contemporary Feminist Perspective” at the University of California, Riverside, Dec. 5, 2008.
Respondent, “Identity Construction in the Asian Diaspora” for the cosponsored session of Sikhs Studies and Asian North American Religion, Culture, and Society group at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Religion, Chicago, Nov. 3, 2008.
“Social and Cultural Impact of Globalism on Punjabi Women” for the Mid-Maine Global Forum, Waterville, June 11, 2008
Gave three lectures at the Department of Religious Studies at McGill University, May 20-May 23, 2008: “Devotion in Daily Sikh Life,” “Devotion in the Interior Landscape,” and “Feminist Interpretation of Devotion in Sikhism.”
”The Role of Aesthetics in Inter-Religious Understanding” at the Union Theological Seminary, Richmond, Va. March 27, 2008
“Globalism and Women in India" for AAUW, Colby College, March 19, 2008
“Aesthetic Patterns in Bhai Vir Singh’s Poetic Discourse” at the India International Centre, New Delhi, India, January 8, 2008.
“Islam in India: Historical Queens and Legendary Heroines” for Wellesley Education Expedition, Agra, India January 9, 2008
Women in India: Divine Models and Tragic Reality” for Wellesley Education Expedition, Jaipur India, January 12, 2008
Role of Aesthetics in Contemporary Global Society” for Wellesley Education Expedition, Jodhpur, India January 14, 2008
Amrita Pritam: Feminist Writer from the Punjab” at Women’s Studies Centre at the University of Galway, Ireland, July 2, 2007
“Identity and the Dialectic between Inclusion and Exclusion” Keynote address for the Kaur Foundation (Hyatt Regency, Bethesda, Maryland, April 6, 2007)
“Female Feticide in the Punjab and Fetus Imagery in Sikhism” at the Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Religion, Washington DC, November 18, 2006
“The Sikh Japuji: A Poetic Resource for DANAM, at the AAR, Washington DC,
November 19, 2006
“Taha Baikhunthu Jah Kirtanu Tera: Guru Arjan’s Aesthetic Legacy” at the International Symposium, New Delhi, India September 27, 2006
“An Aesthetic Reading of the Katha Upanishad” at the Department of Philosophy, University of Pune, August 10, 2006
“Translating Sacred Literature” at the Central Institute for English and Foreign Languages, Hyderabad, India, August 8, 2006
“The Five Symbols of the Sikhs: A Feminist Interpretation” at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris, June 13, 2006
“Mythic Narratives and the Origins of the Sikh Tradition,” at McGill University, Montreal, May 22, 2006
“Religious and Aesthetic Elements in Amrita Pritam’s “Kanjak,” for the Mellon Collaborative project, Bates College, March 20, 2006
“Sarnath Buddha” for the Wellesley Education Expedition, Taj Varanasi, January 21, 2006
“Feminist Re-memory of Sikh Identity” at the Bhai Vir Singh Sahitya Sadan, New Delhi, January 18, 2006
“Hinduism: Metaphysics and Iconography” for the Wellesley Education Expedition, Lake Palace, Udaipur January 13, 2006
“Mughal Emperors and Islamic Arabesques” for the Wellesley Education Expedition, Amarvillas Hotel, Agra, India, January 9, 2006
“Walt Whitman’s “A Passage to India” and 21st Century Global Reality,” for Wellesley Education Expedition, New Delhi; January 7, 2006
“Cultivating Humanity: The Sikh Perspective” at the Punjabi University, Patiala, India, January 4, 2006
“Translating Sikh Scripture without God, Lord, and Soul,” at Center for South Asia Studies, University of California, Berkeley, November 11, 2005
“Sikh Sacred Space” for Islamic Contributions to Indian Cultures, workshop sponsored by the American Institute for Indian Studies, Delhi, India, July 8, 2005
“Hair: Getting to the Roots of the Sikh Religion,” at McGill University, Montreal, June 13, 2005
“Issues and Problems in translating Sikh Scripture” for Special Topics Forum (Racial and Ethnic Minority Scholars and the Relation Between the Study of Religion and the Study of Scripture) at the Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Religion, San Antonio, November 20, 2004
“Dharam in the Sikh Tradition” also at the AAR, San Antonio, November 21, 2004.
Sacred Text and Sacred Outfit: A Feminist Re-Memory of Bani and Bana,“ McGill University, Canada, September 19, 2004.
“Symbols of Sikh Identity” for the World Parliament of Religions, Barcelona, Spain, July 9, 2004 (Also chaired panel)
“Hindu Philosophy and Western Literature: Re-reading the Katha Upanishad” for the Nehru Centre, London, U.K., July 2. 2004.
A Feminist Reconstruction of Sikh Identity” at Stanford University, April 24, 2004.
“Feminism and Sikhism” at the University of Richmond, April 19, 2004.
Teaching Indian Religions at a New England Liberal Arts College,” at the Consulate General of India, New York, March 27, 2004.
“Sikh Religion and the Arabesques of Pluralism” at the University of California, Riverside, January 29, 2004.
“Feminist Roots of Kesha: Sikh Long Hair and Sikh Identity” at the Humanities Center, Harvard University, December 5, 2003
“Sikh Sacred Aesthetics and the Arabesques of Inter-Religious Understanding” at the University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK, October 25, 2003
“Women and Religion in Modern India” at National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland, June 24, 2003
“Sikh Gender Politics in Modern West” at Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK, June 28, 2003
“Mubarak: Congratulations from India to Graduating Students,” Baccalaureate Address 2003, delivered at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, May 15, 2003
“Sikh Theological Principles” at Stanford University, San Francisco, April 21, 2003
“Sacred Aesthetics of the Sikhs” at the Asian Art Museum, San Francisco, April 5, 2003
"Sikh Scripture and Feminist Mnemonics" at the University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada, March 8, 2003
"Daughters and Killings" BBC London, February 28, 2003
"Sikh Long Hair and Sikh Identity" for the Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Religion, Toronto, November 25, 2002
"Jesus Christ Through Sikh Eyes" for BBC, aired March 17, 2002
"Amritsar: The Sacred City of the Sikhs" at the Smithsonian, Washington DC, November 15, 2001
"The Poetic Voice of Guru Nanak" for BBC, aired November 9, 2002
"Guru Granth: The Body of the Transcendent" at New England Sikh Study Circle, Milford, MA, November 4, 2001
"Mythic Inheritance and the Historic Drink of the Khalsa" paper delivered in absentia at the University of Ann Arbor, Michigan, September 28, 2001
"Double Jeopardy: Sikh Women in North America" Keynote address given at the Sikh Association of Fresno, Fresno, California, July 28, 2001
"Sikh Identity" for Fresno TV Broadcasting, July 28, 2001.
"Double Freedom, Double Oppression: Sikh Women in the North American Landscape" for the American Academy of Religion Regional Conference, Episcopal Divinity School, Cambridge, April 27, 2001
" Kristeva's Semiotics and a Female Revisioning of Sikh Scripture" for Conference on Feminist Philosophy, Worcester College, Oxford University, Oxford, UK, April 21, 2001
"The Dramatic Elements in Guru Gobind Singh's Creation of the Khalsa" for Hofstra University, New York, April 6, 2001
"Drinking Amrit at the Baisakhi of 1699" for the Sikh Society, Palatine, March 20, 2001
"The Mahatma and The Sikhs" paper read in absentia for the Indian Critiques of Gandhi at the University of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, March 15, 2001
"Globalization and the Confusion of Religion and Nationalism" at the University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, February 7, 2001
"Religious Backdrop to Anita Desai's Clear Light of Day, (CBB Mellon project) Bates College, January 17, 2001
"Mythic Narrative and the Genesis of Sikhism" at Nashua, New Hampshire, November 12, 2000
"A Feminist Reconstruction of Sikhism" at George Washington University, Washington D.C., May 27, 2000
Key Note address: "A Feminist Revisioning of Baisakhi 1699" at the Sikh Centennial, Toronto, May 6, 2000
"Second Thoughts on the Feminine Principle in Sikhism" at the University of Texas at Arlington, March 31, 2000
"From Sacred Text to Ritual Practice: Opening A Gender Sensitive Hermeneutics" at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, April 3, 2000
"Twice Repressed: The Case of Ondaatje's Kip" for the Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Religion, Boston, November 22, 1999
"Asian Religion in the Post-Colonial World" at University College Cork, Cork, Ireland, November 28, 1998
"The Dramatic Elements in the Baisakhi of 1699" at the National Convention Centre, Washington D.C., April 4, 1999
"Ondaatje's Kip: From a Colonial to a Postcolonial Sikh" at the School of Oriental and African Studies, London, May 29, 1998
"Infigurations and Configurations of India: Anandamoyi in Tagore's Gora" for the American Association of Asian Studies, Washington DC, March 27, 1998
"Universal Concerns of Sikhism" at the Guru Gobind Singh Foundation, Chandigarh, India, January 30, 1998
"Remembering Giani Zail Singh" at the Department of Languages, Patiala, India, Janauary 19, 1998
"Sikh Scripture: Receptions East and West" at the Department of Religious Studies, Santa Barbara, California, December 5, 1997
"Guru Nanak's Pluralistic Perspective" at George Washington University, Washington D.C., November 23, 1997
"Dharma's Construction, Women's Destruction: Gender in Ancient Indian Thought" at the Annual Maine Women's Studies Conference, October 1997
"Whose God: Pluralism and the Sikh Perspective" at Bates College, Lewiston, October 1997
"Aborted and Exalted: the Female in Contemporary India" panelist at Thomas College, October, 1997
"Ondaatje's Kip: A Postcolonial Sikh" at the 12th Annual Pakistan-Punjab Conference, Satterthwaite, England, June 26, 1997
"The Birth of the Khalsa" public lecture delivered at Springfield Gurudwara, Springfield, Maryland, April 14, 1997
"The Significance of Religion in Modern Times: A Global Context" at Kurukshetra University, India, January 29, 1997.
"Love and Strife in the Poetry of Guru Gobind Singh" at Punjabi University, Patiala, India, January 19, 1997
Response to J.S. Neki, "Spiritual Consciousness and Contemporary Society" at Punjabi University, Patiala, India, Janauray 14, 1996
"Guru Nanak Remembered" public lecture delivered at Springfield Gurudwara , Springfield, Maryland, November 24, 1996
"Sikhism in 21st Century" at International Sikh Heritage Association, Washington D.C., November 9, 1996
"Why did I not Light Up the Fire?: The Feminization of Ritual in Sikhism" at the University of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, May 16, 1996
"Voices of Hope: Echoes of Women's Spirituality from the Sikh perspective" at University of Victoria, BC, Canada, May 17, 1996
"Manu Jeetai Jagu Jeetu: Going Back into the Future" for the Michigan Sikh Study Circle, Detroit, May 25, 1996
"Infiguration and Configuration of India: Anandamoyi in Tagore's Gora" for the Institute of Commmonwealth and American Studies and English Language, Mysore, India, January 10, 1996
"Authoresses and Goddesses: Teaching Asian Women's Writing in Maine" for the Tenth Annual Maine Women's Studies Conference, University of Maine, Gorham, December 2, 1995
"Textual Overture, Traditional Closure" for the American Academy of Religion Conference, Philadelphia, November 18,1995
"Guru Nanak: A Feminist Philosopher?" for Institute of Global Cultural Studies SUNY, Binghamton, October 21, 1995
"Women in North Indian Society" for the Curraheen Women's Centre, Cork, Ireland, June 7, 1995
"Pluralism and Indian Philosophy" for the School of Philosophy and Economic Science" Cork, Ireland, June 21, 1995
"Counterpoint to the Four Quartets in Anita Desai's Clear Light of Day" for the Women's Reading Group, Cork, May 29, 95
"Ideas Against Icons: the Conflict for Hindu Women" at the Women's Art History Group, Crawford Art School, Cork, Ireland, May 9, 1995
"Poetic Rhythm and Historical Account: the Portrait of Guru Nanak through Bhai Gurdas" at the Guru Gobind Singh Department of Religious Studies, Punjabi University, Patiala, April 10, 1995
"Transference and Translation: Introducing an Asian text to the West" at Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, India, March 31,1995
"Feminine Themes in Sikh Sacred Literature" at the Queen's University, Belfast, Ireland, March 7, 1995
"Feminine Images of the Divine in India" at the Crawford School of Art, Cork, Ireland, February 8, 1995
"Teaching Sacred Punjabi Literature in an American College" at the International Punjabi Conference, Punjabi University, Patiala, December 28, 1994
Response to Margaret Chatterjee, "The Spiritual Landscape in Sikhism" at the Annual Kailash Kaur Memorial Lecture, Patiala: Punjabi University, December 12, 1994
"The Razor's Edge and Hindu Philosophy" at the Conference for the Irish Philosophical Society, Galway, Ireland, November 26, 1994
"Bhai Vir Singh's Sundari: A Blue-print for Cultural Expression" at the Conference on the Academic Study of Religion, University of Toronto, February 11, 1994
"Sikhism: A Feminist Perspective on Religion" at the Conference on the Academic Study of Religion, University of Toronto, February 12, 1994
Commencement Address at Pingree, South Hamilton, MA, June 13, 1993
"The Guru Granth: An Eastern Text in a Western Context" at Asian American Arts Conference, Providence College, Providence, Rhode Island, April 22, 1993.
"Goddess Durga in Guru Gobind Singh's Poetry" at the New England American Academy of Religion Conference, Boston University, Boston, April 21, 1993.
"A Feminist Reading of Sikh Literature" at the Eighth Annual Maine Women's Studies Conference, University of Maine, Farmington, April 10, 1993
"Sikh Sacred Literature" for Global Conference on Inter-Religious Dialogue,
Ashoka Hotel, New Delhi, India February 4, 1993
"The Artistic Splendours in Bhai Vir Singh's Mere Sainan Jio" for Sikh Art and Literature, Asian Art Museum, San Francisco, November 29, 1992.
"Mother: The Infinite Matrix in Sikh Literature, A Literary Resource for Asian American Women" paper presented in absence at The Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Religion, November 22, 1992.
"Feminine Metaphor in the Guru Granth," a paper for SSIPS/SAGP 11nth Annual Conference, Columbia University, New York, October 24, 1992.
"The Poet from Amritsar" at the Rotary Club, Amritsar, India, July 2, 1992.
"The Sikh Response to Pluralism" at Amritsar, India, July 3, 1992
"Feminist Ideology in Sikhism" at the International Conference on Punjabi Heritage," Singapore, June 5, 1992.
"Guru Nanak's Quest for Peace and the Ultimate" a paper for Eighth International Conference on "God: The Contemporary Discussion," Chateau de Bellinglese, Elincourt-St Marguerite, France, May 7-12, 1992.
"Incorporating Women in the Study of Indian Religions" at the American Academy of Religion: Eastern International Regional Annual Meeting , University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, April 25, 1992.
"Guru Nanak and Origins of the Sikh Religion" at the Union Theological Seminary, Richmond, Virginia, March 10, 1992.
"Literary Figures, Real Bodies: The Paradoxical Situation of the Indian Women" at the Union Theological Seminary, Richmond, Virginia, March 11, 1992.
"Feminism and Indian movies," Faculty Workshop, Smith College, Northampton, Massachusetts, February 8, 1992.
"Sikh Poetics" at the International Conference on Sikhism, Guru Gobind Singh Foundation, New Delhi, January 3, 1992.
"Satyajit Ray: the Artist and Social Critic" at Hampshire College, Amherst, Massachusetts, November 14, 1991.
"The Interplay of Myth and Fantasy in Satyajit Ray's Devi" at the International Conference on Myth and Fantasy, Atlanta, October 27, 1991.
"Teaching Women in Asian Religions" a presentation for the New England Association of Asian Studies, Dartmouth College, November 1, 1991.
"Sikh Mysticism and the Feminine Dimension," at the Sixth Annual Maine Women's Studies Conference, Bowdoin College, April 13, 1991.
"Somerset Maugham's The Razor's Edge: A Western Interpretation of the Katha Upanishad" at the International Conference on Transcendence and Immanence," Elon College, North Carolina, April 2, 1991.
"Feminine Dimensions of Sikh Mysticism" at the National Institute of Punjab Studies, New Delhi, March 6, 1991.
Respondent for "Womanist Approaches to Religion" at the Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Religion, New Orleans, November 18, 1990.
"Sikh Literature: A Matrix for Feminist Philosophy" at the Maine Philosophical Institute, University of Southern Maine, April 28, 1990.
"Thealogical Elements in the Guru Granth Sahib" at Columbia University, March 31,1990.
"Guru Nanak's Vision of The Ultimate Reality" at India International, New Delhi, December 30, 1989.
"The Function of Symbols in Sikh Literature", at Punjabi University, Patiala, India, December 29, 1989.
"The Bridal Symbol in Sikh Literature," at Gandhi Bhavan, Punjab University, Chandigarh, December 21, 1989.
"Hermeneutics as Vehicle of Religious Self Understanding: The Sikh Instance" at the Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Religion, November 19, 1989.
"Feminist Reflections on Religious Language" at The Society for The Scientific Study of Religion, Salt Lake City, MD, October 28, 1989.
"Women and Religion in India" at University of Maine, Orono, October 24, 1989.
"The Mystical Journey of Rani Raj Kaur" at the New England Conference of the Association for Asian Studies Annual Meeting, Harvard University, October 14, 1989.
"Sikhism and Islam: Affinities and Divergences" at Hamilton College, September 25, 1989.
"The Web of Life: Bridal Symbol in Sikh Literature" at Hamilton College, September 24, 1989.
"Guru Nanak's Concept of Ultimate Reality and Meaning" at the Fifth Biennial Meeting of the International Society for the Study of Human Ideas on Ultimate Reality and Meaning, University of Toronto, August 25, 1989.
"Feminine Imagery in Sikh Scripture," inaugurated The Distinguished Alumnae Lecture Series, Department of Religion, Wellesley College, Wellesley, April 25, 1989.
"Sikh Existentialism: A Poetic Restatement" at the 46th Annual Meeting of the Maine Philosophical Institute," University of Maine, Farmington, April 15, 1989.
"Guru Nanak Through the Eyes of Bhai Gurdas," for Sikh Awards Night, Windsor, Canada, November 26, 1988.
"Sundari: The Paradigm of Sikh Ethics,"at the 17th Annual Conference on South Asia at Madison, November 4, 1988 (chaired panel on Female Images in the Punjab).
"Otherworld in This World: An Indian Interpretation of the Yamamba," at the New England Conference of the Association for Asian Studies Annual Meeting at Wesleyan University, October 29, 1988.
"Methodological Issues in the Study of Sikhism" at Sikh Symposium at Toronto, August 14, 1988.
"Guru Nanak's Vision of the Transcendent One" at the Third Annual Conference on Sikhism. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, December 5, l987.
"Deconstruction of Silence: The case of Bhai Vir Singh" at the New England Conference of the Association for Asian Studies Annual Meeting, Tufts University, October 24, l987.
"The Guru Granth Sahib: The Guru Eternal for the Sikhs" at the Department of Religion, Temple University, September 23, l987.
"The Centrality of the Guru Granth Sahib in Sikh Life" at the University of Toronto, October 19, 1987.
"Pothi to Guru Granth Sahib: A Historical Study of the Origins and Compilation of the Sikh Holy Writ" at the University of Toronto, October 26, l987.
"Philosophy of the Guru Granth Sahib" at the University of Toronto, November 1, l987.
"Poetry of the Guru Granth Sahib" at the University of Toronto, November 8, l987.
"Music of the Guru Granth Sahib" at the University of Toronto, November 15, l987.
"Literary Inspirations from the Guru Granth Sahib" at the University of Toronto, November 22, 1987.
"Faith and Morality: The Sikh Perspective" at the Union Theological Seminary, Richmond, Virginia, March 9, l987.
PROFESSIONAL SERVICE OVER THE YEARS
At Colby College:
Member: Promotion and Tenure Committee
Vice-President: Phi Beta Kappa
Faculty Resident: Taylor Hall
Faculty Advisor: International Students Club
Faculty Representative: Student Affairs Committee
of the Board of Trustees
Director: Colby-in-Cork Program
Member: Independent Studies Committee
Member: Phi Beta Kappa Membership Committee
Member: Lovejoy Planning Committee
Member: Hearing Committee on Dismissal
Member: Women's Studies Advisory Board
Member: Women's Studies Curriculum
Member: All Campus Lecture
Member: Cultural Events Committee
Member: Grievance Committee
Speaker: The Center for Teaching at Colby
Organizer: Annual Divali Celebrations
Faculty Board Member: The ISLE Program
Teaching mentor: Center for Teaching at Colby
Member: many Search and Tenure committees
Equinox Publishers (UK)
Ashgate Publications (UK)
Oxford University Press (USA)
Prentice Hall (Simon and Schuster Education Group)
State University of New York Press
Journal for the American Academy of Religion
Journal for the History of Religions
Australian Religion Studies Review
Kikkim Media, Film on Sikhism
MPH Entertainment, Documentary on Asian Sexuality
Advisory Committee, Society and Religion, University Victoria, (BC)
Advisory Board, International Journal for Punjab Studies
Consultant: documentary film, A Dream of Doubt (PBS)
Consultant: “What does it mean to be a Sikh?” short film for Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington DC
Sikh Studies Section of the American Academy of Religion
American Institute for Indian Studies
Nominating Committee (American Institute for Indian Studies)
ANARCS-Steering committee of the American Academy of Religion
Editorial Board, History of Religions
Invited Research Scholar:
Institute for Scriptural Studies,
Claremont Graduate University
Des/Pardesh program (a nationally aired TV program in Canada) Vancouver, April 3, 2012
Day and Night Channel, (Chandigarh, India), July 17, 2011
Punjab Television PTC (Amritsar, India), July 19, 2011
Live talk show in Dacca, Bangladesh, January 2010
“Women and Sikhism” for a Canadian TV channel in Ottawa, Canada,
March 8, 2003
Interview for History Channel Documentary: The History of Sex (aired several times)
Interview with Fresno Broadcasting Company, July 2001
Interviewed by Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, aired April 26, 1998
WBEZ in Chicago, August 6, 2012
Radio India (Vancouver, Canada) April 2, 2012
RED FM, The Harjinder Thind Show (Vancouver) April 3, 2012
Interfaith Radio (Athlone, Ireland), August 3, 2011
Live one-hour show for the Progressive Radio Network, September 19, 2010
Australian Broadcasting Corporation on Translating Sikh scripture, June 19, 2006
Have been a frequent guest on BBC London including:
BBC Radio 4 “Women in Sikhism” (November 27, 2012)
BBC World News for Honor Killing case in UK (2010)
BBC World Service, Religion and Ethics, March, 2006
BBC Radio, "Daughters and Killings" February 28, 2003
BBC Radio,“Issues of revising and updating Holy Books”, Sept. 2004
Which Way LA on “Sexual Revolution in America,” (Santa Monica, California) October 21, 1999
"Sikh literature and Contemporary Society" (Patiala, India) Jan, 1997
Discussed my book, The Name of My Beloved. (WERU, Newport, Maine) August 1996.
Interviews with Newspapers and Magazines
The Boston Globe, 6, August 2012
Portland Press Herald, August 6, 2012
Vancouver Sun, April 3, 2012
US Newsweek and World Report, 2007
Tribune India, January 2006
Ajit Daily, Jullundur, India, January 2006
The Boston Globe April 3, 2005.
“Teaching and Writing at Colby College” for Portland Magazine. (An article on my teaching and research was published in Portland Magazine, February/March, 2005.)
“The impact of the upcoming building of America’s largest Gurdwara (San Jose) on the self-construction and psyche of diasporic Sikhs” for the San Jose Mercury News
“Issues of Sikh identity in contemporary West” for the Chicago Daily Herald