National Rules Committee Chairman – Life Science



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2014 ENTOMOLOGY (B/C) – TRAINING HANDOUT
KAREN L. LANCOUR

National Rules Committee Chairman – Life Science



DISCLAIMER - This presentation was prepared using draft rules.  There may be some changes in the final copy of the rules.  The rules which will be in your Coaches Manual and Student Manuals will be the official rules.

  • BE SURE TO CHECK THE 2014 EVENT RULES for EVENT PARAMETERS.

  • THE NATIONAL INSECT LIST may be found at www.soinc.org under Event Information.


TRAINING MATERIALS:

  • Training Power Point presents an overview of material in the training handout

  • Training Handout presents introductory topic content information for the event

  • Sample Tournament has sample problems with key

  • Event Supervisor Guide has event preparation tips, setup needs and scoring tips

  • Internet Resource & Training Materials are available on the Science Olympiad website at www.soinc.org under Event Information.

  • A Biology-Earth Science CD, the Audubon Guide to Insects and Spiders as well as the Division B and Division C Test Packets are available from SO store at www.soinc.org


THE COMPETITION:


  • 30 Orders and 100 Families (B & C)

  • 2014 Official National Insect List is based upon the Audubon Guide to Insects and Spiders. Note: Since taxonomic schemes may vary greatly from source to source, the Science Olympiad Official Insect List will be used for all competitions and all arbitration questions will defer to the Audubon Guide to Insects and Spiders.

  • This national insect order/family is available on the Official Science Olympiad webpage at

www.soinc.org. as well as training materials, and web resources.

  • Identify insects and selected immature forms by Order and and/family Family and common name

  • Not more than 50% of the questions will require identification

  • Specimens or images (nymph or larva for selected orders and families) will be exhibited – usually as

stations.

history.

  • For any individual specimen, questions may also concern economic or health impact of specimens on

humans.

  • Beneficial and harmful properties of the insects

  • One of the stations may involve using or formulating a simple dichotomous key to identify insects.


Process Skills: observation, inferences, data and diagram analysis, making and/or using a dichotomous key on insects

INSECT TAXONOMY
Kingdom – Animalia

Phylum – Arthopoda

Subphylum – Mandibulata

Superclass - Hexapoda

Class – Insecta

30 COMMON ORDERS OF INSECTS
A. Protura (proturans) P. Mallophaga (chewing lice)

B. Collembola (springtails) Q. Anoplura (sucking lice)

C. Diplura (diplurans) R. Thysanoptera (thrips)

D. Thysanura (silverfish) S. Hemiptera (true bugs)

E. Ephemeroptera (mayflies) T. Homoptera (aphids, cicadas, hoppers)

F. Odonata (dragonflies, damselflies) U. Megaloptera (dobsonflies)

G. Blattodea (cockroaches) V. Neuroptera (lacewings, antlions)

H. Mantodea (mantids) W. Coleoptera (beetles)

I. Isoptera (termites) X. Strepsiptera (Twisted-Wing Parasite)

J. Grylloblattodea (Ice Insect) Y. Mecoptera (scorpionflies)

K Dermaptera (earwigs) Z. Siphonaptera (fleas)

L. Plecoptera (stoneflies) AA. Diptera (flies)

M. Orthoptera (crickets, grasshoppers, katydids) BB. Trichoptera (caddisflies)

N. Phasmatodea (walking sticks) CC. Lepidoptera (butterflies, moths)



O. Psocoptera (booklice & barklice) DD. Hymenoptera (ants, bees, wasps)
EXTERNAL ANATOMY

  • Segmented body divided into three sections: head, thorax, abdomen.

  • Mouth including mandibles.

  • Three pairs of legs attached to the thorax.

  • One pair of antennae.

  • External skeleton (exoskeleton)

  • Usually, one or two pairs of wings attached to the thorax



EYES – Compound and Simple (Ocelli)


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