Nanotechnology.” “We are placing bets on things we can do uniquely well. First, new ways to power the world. Second, molecular medicine. And third, nanotechnology
- -Identifying Opportunities and Strategies-
“We are placing bets on things we can do uniquely well. First, new ways to power the world. Second, molecular medicine. And third, nanotechnology.”
- “We are placing bets on things we can do uniquely well. First, new ways to power the world. Second, molecular medicine. And third, nanotechnology.”
- - Jeff Immelt, CEO, General Electric
What is Nanotech?
- NanoTechnology – Art and science of manipulating atoms and molecules to create new systems, materials, and devices.
- Nanomeasurement – Size
- Nanomanipulation – Building from the bottom up.
- How Big is a Nano?
- Nano = 1 billionth;100,000 x’s smaller than the diameter of a human hair.
- Examples of Nanoscale
- A cubic micron of water contains about 90 billion atoms. A micron is one thousandth of a millimeter, and a thousand times larger than a nanometer.
- Another way to visualize a nanometer: 1 inch = 25,400,000 nanometers
- Applied Nanotechnology – Examples of Current Research and Applications
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- Solar Power and PhotoVoltaics, Hydrogen Fuel Cells, LED White Light
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- MRAM, NRAM, Q-Dots, Q-Bits
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- Lithography, Dip Pen Lithography, AFM, MEMS
- Disruptive Apps - Materials
- Fiber that is stronger than spider web
- Metal 100 x’s stronger than steel, 1/6 weight
- Catalysts that respond more quickly and to more agents
- Plastics that conduct electricity
- Coatings that are nearly frictionless –(Shipping Industry)
- Materials that change color and transparency on demand.
- Materials that are self repairing, self cleaning, and never need repainting.
- Nanoscale powders that are five times as light as plastic but provide the same radiation protection as metal.
Fuel cell technology becomes cost effective within 3 years.
- Fuel cell technology becomes cost effective within 3 years.
- Batteries that store more energy and are much more efficient
- Plastics and paints that will store solar power and convert to energy for $1 per watt.
- Disruptive Apps - Computing
- Silicon is hitting its size limit, Moore’s law reaches maximum in 2007
- SuperChips –Combination of Silicon and Galium Arsenide create wireless chips
- Plastic semiconductors manufactured by regular printing devices – cheaply produced.
- Electronic Paper
Cosmetics that can penetrate the skin
- Disruptive Apps – Bio Medicine
- Cosmetics that can penetrate the skin
- Cures for Aids, Cancers, Alzheimer's, Diabetes
- Ability to view cells In vivo - Fast Drug Creation
- Nanomaterials that can see inside vessels for plaque buildup
- Technology that can re-grow bone and organs
- NanoSensors for disease detection – 10x’s faster and 100,000 x’s more accurate
- Nanofilters will help create impurity free drugs.
- Key Terms You Need to Know
- Carbon Nanotubes
- Quantum Dots
- Molecular Self Repair/Assembly
4 nm width (smaller diameter than DNA)
- 4 nm width (smaller diameter than DNA)
- 100x’s stronger than steel 1/6 weight
- Thermal/electrically conductive
- Metallic and Semi-Conductive
Roundest and most symmetrical molecule known to man
- Roundest and most symmetrical molecule known to man
- Compressed – becomes stronger than diamond
- Third major form of pure carbon
- Heat resistance and electrical conductivity
- Mass Production/Throughput and Cost Constraints
- Funding Requires Long-Term Investments
- Intellectual Property Issues - Patent Office that is Overwhelmed and Under-Qualified
The International Race for Nanotech Supremacy
- 1998 Bill Clinton Signed the NNI
- June 2003 - Congress approves $2.3b in additional funding
- Europe and Asia are Moving Fast – Maybe Faster
- S.Korea just announced a $2b gov. initiative
- Why? Because Winner controls manufacturing for next century
- U.S Market Nanomaterials Projections
"There is no reason anyone would want a computer in their home." (Ken Olsen, Digital Equipment Corp, 1977)
- Technology Momentum Reminders
- "There is no reason anyone would want a computer in their home." (Ken Olsen, Digital Equipment Corp, 1977)
- "Computers in the future may weigh no more than 1.5 tons." (Popular Mechanics, 1949)
- "I think there is a world market for maybe five computers." (IBM's Thomas Watson, 1943)
- Must Read Books
- As the Future Catches You – Juan Enriquez
- Investors Guide to Nanotechnology and Micromachines – Glenn Fishbine
- Next Big Thing Is Really Small: How Nanotechnology Will Change the Future of Your Business – Jack Uldrich, Deb Newberry
- Hacking Matter – Will McCarthey
- Web – www.nanotechgroup.org
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