Nanotechnology.” “We are placing bets on things we can do uniquely well. First, new ways to power the world. Second, molecular medicine. And third, nanotechnology



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Nanotechnology A Brief Overview

  • -Identifying Opportunities and Strategies-

“We are placing bets on things we can do uniquely well. First, new ways to power the world. Second, molecular medicine. And third, nanotechnology.” 

  • “We are placing bets on things we can do uniquely well. First, new ways to power the world. Second, molecular medicine. And third, nanotechnology.” 
  •  - Jeff Immelt, CEO, General Electric

What is Nanotech?

  • NanoTechnology – Art and science of manipulating atoms and molecules to create new systems, materials, and devices.
  • Nanomeasurement – Size
  • Nanomanipulation – Building from the bottom up.

Size Matters

    • How Big is a Nano?
      • Nano = 1 billionth;100,000 x’s smaller than the diameter of a human hair.
    • Examples of Nanoscale
      • A cubic micron of water contains about 90 billion atoms. A micron is one thousandth of a millimeter, and a thousand times larger than a nanometer.
      • Another way to visualize a nanometer: 1 inch = 25,400,000 nanometers
  • Applied Nanotechnology – Examples of Current Research and Applications
  • Materials Science
  • Energy
  • Solar Power and PhotoVoltaics, Hydrogen Fuel Cells, LED White Light
  • Medicine/Biotech
  • Electronics
  • MRAM, NRAM, Q-Dots, Q-Bits
  • Devices
  • Lithography, Dip Pen Lithography, AFM, MEMS

Fiber that is stronger than spider web

  • Disruptive Apps - Materials
  • Fiber that is stronger than spider web
  • Metal 100 x’s stronger than steel, 1/6 weight
  • Catalysts that respond more quickly and to more agents
  • Plastics that conduct electricity
  • Coatings that are nearly frictionless –(Shipping Industry)
  • Materials that change color and transparency on demand.
  • Materials that are self repairing, self cleaning, and never need repainting.
  • Nanoscale powders that are five times as light as plastic but provide the same radiation protection as metal.

Fuel cell technology becomes cost effective within 3 years.

  • Disruptive Apps - Energy
  • Fuel cell technology becomes cost effective within 3 years.
  • Batteries that store more energy and are much more efficient
  • Plastics and paints that will store solar power and convert to energy for $1 per watt.

Silicon is hitting its size limit, Moore’s law reaches maximum in 2007

  • Disruptive Apps - Computing
  • Silicon is hitting its size limit, Moore’s law reaches maximum in 2007
  • SuperChips –Combination of Silicon and Galium Arsenide create wireless chips
  • Plastic semiconductors manufactured by regular printing devices – cheaply produced.
  • Electronic Paper

Cosmetics that can penetrate the skin

  • Disruptive Apps – Bio Medicine
  • Cosmetics that can penetrate the skin
  • Cures for Aids, Cancers, Alzheimer's, Diabetes
  • Ability to view cells In vivo - Fast Drug Creation
  • Nanomaterials that can see inside vessels for plaque buildup
  • Technology that can re-grow bone and organs
  • NanoSensors for disease detection – 10x’s faster and 100,000 x’s more accurate
  • Nanofilters will help create impurity free drugs.

BuckyBalls

  • Key Terms You Need to Know
  • BuckyBalls
  • Carbon Nanotubes
  • MEMS
  • Quantum Dots
  • Molecular Self Repair/Assembly
  • MRAM/Spintronics
  • Lithography

4 nm width (smaller diameter than DNA)

  • Carbon Nanotubes
  • 4 nm width (smaller diameter than DNA)
  • 100x’s stronger than steel 1/6 weight
  • Thermal/electrically conductive
  • Metallic and Semi-Conductive

Roundest and most symmetrical molecule known to man

  • BuckyBalls – C60
  • Roundest and most symmetrical molecule known to man
  • Compressed – becomes stronger than diamond
  • Third major form of pure carbon
  • Heat resistance and electrical conductivity
  • MEMS and Quantum Dots
  • Micro Sized Motor
  • Quantum Dot

Mass Production/Throughput and Cost Constraints

  • Obstacles and Hurdles
  • Mass Production/Throughput and Cost Constraints
  • Funding Requires Long-Term Investments
  • Intellectual Property Issues - Patent Office that is Overwhelmed and Under-Qualified

The International Race for Nanotech Supremacy

  • 1998 Bill Clinton Signed the NNI
  • June 2003 - Congress approves $2.3b in additional funding
  • Europe and Asia are Moving Fast – Maybe Faster
    • S.Korea just announced a $2b gov. initiative
  • Why? Because Winner controls manufacturing for next century
  • U.S Market Nanomaterials Projections

"There is no reason anyone would want a computer in their home." (Ken Olsen, Digital Equipment Corp, 1977)

  • Technology Momentum Reminders
  • "There is no reason anyone would want a computer in their home." (Ken Olsen, Digital Equipment Corp, 1977)
  • "Computers in the future may weigh no more than 1.5 tons." (Popular Mechanics, 1949)
  • "I think there is a world market for maybe five computers." (IBM's Thomas Watson, 1943)
  • Resources
  • Must Read Books
    • As the Future Catches You – Juan Enriquez
    • Investors Guide to Nanotechnology and Micromachines – Glenn Fishbine
    • Next Big Thing Is Really Small: How Nanotechnology Will Change the Future of Your Business – Jack Uldrich, Deb Newberry
    • Hacking Matter – Will McCarthey
  • Periodicals
  • Web – www.nanotechgroup.org


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