Name: Hawra Al-Abkari



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UNIV 1212: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving

Ms. Lisa Marie Hibbard


Section 202


Name: Hawra Al-Abkari


ID: 201102200


Major: Finance


Assignment 4: Compare and Contrast Two Argument Essays (20%)







Criteria

Assessment Rubric for Written Report

SCORES

Introduction

Introduces the issue and its importance, a reference to justify importance of assignment, states your initial overall opinion of both essay’s arguments, says what your report will cover

4

Arguments against issue







Identify reason

Identify the reasons

2

Argument type

Identify the argument type and justify

2

Fallacy

Identify the fallacies and justify

2

Assumptions

Highlight questionable assumptions

2

Counterexamples

Offers alternative explanations for reasons

2

Arguments for issue







Identify reason

Identify the reasons

2

Argument type

Identify the argument type and justify

2

Fallacy

Identify the fallacies and justify

2

Assumptions

Highlight questionable assumptions

2

Counterexamples

Offers alternative explanations for reasons

2

Compare

Compares the similarities of the type of arguments and fallacies used in the 2 essays, and other similarities

4

Contrast

Contrasts the differences of the type of arguments and fallacies used in the 2 essays, and other differences

4

Conclusion

Restate the issue, summarizes the strength of the arguments in the essays, gives your opinion about which essay is the strongest with supporting reasons

4

Mechanics

Punctuation, spelling, and capitalization are correct, words are well chosen, no cut and pasting, uses your own words, use of headings, topic sentences, third person, full sentences, no bullet points

4

TOTAL




40


Introduction :

These two essays present contrast between pros and cons of smoking in public. One essay debates arguing that smoking ban infringes the freedom of smokers to live with their preferred choices while other essay stresses the point that the health and safety of the community and the society is of crucial value so ban must be enforced. The both essays provide evidences to support their view. The evidences are very logical and most of them are based on facts.



Arguments against Banning Smoking :
The first argument says smoking in public does not really harm the public by any means because smokers are provided with smoking zones that keeps their smoke away from other people unless they enter their area. These smoking zones are found everywhere, workplaces, shopping areas, restaurants keeping smokers confined.
The second argument defends the right of smokers by pointing to its psychological effect. It is quite true that smoking is an addiction. Those who are heavily addicted to it, feel helpless, overstress, agitated and suffer with mental concentration problem if they cannot smoke as usual. It means smoking ban at work places will force these people to suffer with psychological side effects of giving up smoking and finally it will be a cause of less focused and less productive employees at work.

The third argument is founded on civil rights of citizens. Smokers pay taxes on tobacco and follow smoking rules by smoking at specific places and disposing cigarette remains in the proper way. So due to their addiction, they also deserve the right of freely smoking instead of being restricted from public smoking.


The writer further defends the right of smoking by showing the downside of public ban. The public ban will probably limit smokers to remain at their homes so long as they want to smoke. By smoking at their home, they will turn out to be heavier smokers and even alcoholic and long term practice of such heavy smoking will drastically abolish the health of their siblings and other family members.

The second immediate effect of limiting people to their homes for smoking will cause considerable economic loss to the business run by sale of tobacco and its consumers. Pubs, clubs and bars will also stop hiring people when their business is down. It will cause unemployment of many people.


The last argument states that smoking ban will not be effective as it is not practical to stop people from smoking activity at their workplaces, markets and restaurants. Such law is easy to approve but not easy to enforce on public.

Arguments for Banning Smoking :
The second essay acknowledges the psychological effects, needs and level of addiction of smokers to nicotine consumption. But it disregards these evidences to justify smoking in public. It uses medical and health related facts to emphasize the need for the abolishment of smoking in public.

The first argument to support smoking ban is about health loss from second hand smoke. Medical reports reveal that there has been a rise in heart diseases due to second hand smoke in recent years. It has also developed lungs and other cancers and respiratory defects. In fact, 3,000 people die of lung cancer while 22,000 people die off heart disease initiated by passive smoking.

The next argument shows how children have been severely affected being passive smokers unintentionally. Medical records have recorded around 15,000 child patients in a year .Not only children but even fetus in a pregnant woman is not safe from second hand smoke. The younger, the more sensitive the children are to be affected by second hand smoke. The common health problem due to second hand smoke are linked with respiratory tract defects, ear infections, breathing problems like asthma, bronchitis diseases and lungs ailments. Most of the cases were caused by second hand smoke from a parent or family member.

The writer disagrees with the point that smokers do not harm others by smoking in specific places. Even if smokers are restricted to specific smoking areas, the smoke itself cannot be restricted to one area either it is a closed building or an open area. Smokers do not have the right to obstruct space for others and to fill it with unpleasant and harmful smoke that is inhaled by many innocent children unintentionally and decreases their life span exposing them to health risks.

Other arguments state that smoking in public increases chances of injury by fire. Many smokers throw lit cigarette pieces at very dangerous places such as close to diesel station, on a rug, paper waste bin. Ban on public smoking will reduce such accidents.
Based on these arguments, the writer criticizes free smoking in public as it has triggered great health risks to people worldwide including innocent children. It has been constantly increasing destroying people’s health for years .Even those, who smoke cannot deny its harmful effects. Therefore, it is very important that we take a serious collective step for its prevention.

The two essays have supported their views with solid arguments based on facts. For example, smokers keep feeling irritated and unfocussed if they are prevented from smoking. Smokers pay high tax on tobacco that is used for health care and education. The two essays have provided firm evidences to convince the readers. However, the second essay has used more logical reasons to support its view such as the smoke cannot be contained in one area so smoking even in designated areas remain harmful to others.



Conclusion :

The first essay compels the reader to believe that smokers are innocent. They smoke merely because that unluckily they have been indulged into this destructive addiction which is too hard to break. They provide taxes in return of the environmental harm they cause and they respect smoking rules so as not to harm non-smokers from their addiction so their right of freedom must be taken into account. However , I am more convinced with the second essay, that smoking must be stopped or at least avoided to save others from the second hand smoke who are fortunate enough not to be captures by this addiction. I agree smoking is an un-acceptable activity all over the world and government must cooperate with its citizens to get rid of this disease in our society.


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