Chapter 3: The Lasting Legacy of the Apostles
True or False
___ 1. The Good News of Christianity found a place among people whose mythology failed to satisfy the needs and longings of the human heart.
___ 2. The followers of Jesus offered the people a God with a human face.
___ 3. The first Christian communities flourished only after they received the Christian Testament.
___ 4. Paul traveled alone on his second missionary journey.
___ 5. Early Christians met in house churches to celebrate the Eucharist.
___ 6. Because he was a Roman citizen, Paul was sometimes saved from personal danger by Roman soldiers.
___ 7. Persecution of Christians occurred during the reign of Augustus Caesar.
___ 8. Paul was in his fifties when he undertook his third and last missionary journey.
___ 9. Paul’s third missionary journey began about twenty years after his first.
___ 10. Scholars are sure of how Peter and Paul died.
Identify the descriptions below with the place associated with it. Write the letter of the place in the blank before the description it corresponds to. Some of the place names are used more than once.
___ 11. Probable place of Peter’s and Paul’s martyrdoms
___ 12. First Christian community on the continent of Europe, established here by Paul
___ 13. Greek city and birthplace of democracy
___ 14. Hometown of Lydia, a woman known for her Christian hospitality
___ 15. A town so hostile to Paul and Silas that they had to be smuggled out at night
___ 16. The silversmiths and magicians drove Paul away from this town because his teaching threatened their business.
___ 17. Paul stayed here with Priscilla and Aquila and returned to tent making for awhile.
___ 18. The people in this town preferred making money off a fortune-teller to heeding Paul’s message.
___ 19. Paul failed to start a community in this town.
___ 20. Paul converted a good number of poorer Gentiles in this seaport town.
True or False
Put a t in the blank next to each true statement and an f in the blank next to each false
statement. Then turn each false statement into a true statement by drawing a line through the false part and replacing it with a word or words that make it true.
Note: In no case is it necessary to rewrite or restructure an entire false statement in order to make it true.
___ 21. The books that make up the Christian Testament were written in the first century.
___ 22. By the end of the second century, church leaders agreed on those books considered special and authoritative for the Christian church.
___ 23. The Christian inspiration means “rule” or “standard”.
___ 24. The word “epistle” means “letter”.
___ 25. The word “church” means “building”.
___ 26. Paul wrote his first letter to the Christians of Jerusalem in about 51 c.e..
___ 27. Reading Paul’s letters became an important part of the Christian communities’ eucharistic celebrations.
___ 28. Paul wrote his letters in response to specific concerns in specific communities.
___ 29. There were two gospels already written when Paul was writing his letters.
___ 30. During Paul’s time, only a small minority could read or write.
___ 31. During Paul’s time, people depended on learning by watching, listening, and memorizing.
___ 32. The word “gospel” means “hear ye! hear ye!”.
___ 33. The Gospels were finally written down because of the need to preserve the first eyewitness account of Jesus and because the written word could be spread more widely.
___ 34. The first writings that made up the Gospels were initially written in complete scrolls or books.
___ 35. The Gospel of Mark was the first one written.
___ 36. The Gospel of John became the source for the Gospels of Matthew and Luke.
___ 37. The Gospel of Luke is addressed to Gentile Christians.
___ 38. The Gospel of Matthew was first written for Jews and Gentiles, probably in the Antioch community.
___ 39. There are twenty-seven books in the Christian Testament.
___ 40. The Acts of the Apostles is regarded as a companion piece to Paul’s letters.
___ 41. The Acts of the Apostles tells of the early church in Jerusalem and its spread throughout the Roman Empire.
___ 42. Thirteen of the epistles are attributed to Paul.
___ 43. The remaining eight epistles are attributed to Isaiah, John, James, and Jude.
___ 44. The Book of Genesis gives a symbolic picture of the sufferings and final triumph of the church.
___ 45. By the end of the first century, the early church had given us two
treasures—communities of believers and the Scriptures of the Christian Testament.
1. Describe how the epistles or letters evolved in the early church and what they contain.
2. Describe how the Gospels developed in the early church.
3. Create a timeline and indicate the approximate years when each Gospel was composed.
4. Name each Gospel and describe characteristics that distinguish it.
5. Describe the circumstances that led the Jewish people to distinguish themselves as
separate from Christianity.
6. Describe how the church’s sources of faith—Tradition and the Scriptures—are grounded in
the early church’s development.
If Paul were to come to your parish to celebrate the Eucharist with your assembly, what
similarities would he find between your celebration and those he experienced in the house
churches of his time? What differences would he observe? Would these differences bring him
sadness or joy? Why?