Name: archibald r. M. Ritter



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A. RITTER



CURRICULUM VITAE

October 16, 2013

NAME: ARCHIBALD R.M. RITTER
DEPARTMENT: Department of Economics and the

Norman Paterson School of International Affairs,

Loeb Building, Room B-802,

Carleton University, 1125 Colonel By Drive,

Ottawa, K1S5B6, Ontario,

Canada
COMMUNICATIONS: TELEPHONE: (613) 520-2600 ext.: 6668;

FAX: (613) 520-3906;

E-Mail: Arch_Ritter@carleton.ca

BLOG: http://thecubaneconomy.com/

PERSONAL DATA: Date of Birth: 25 October 1941

Citizenship: Canada

Married, five children

Address: 65 Ruskin Street, Ottawa, K1Y4A8, Canada

Tel: (613) 728-1609



  1. EDUCATION:


High School Kingston Collegiate and Vocational Institute, Kingston, Canada,1956-1960

BA Economics, Queen's University, Kingston, Canada, 1960-1962; 1963-1964 and University of St. Andrew's, St. Andrew's, Scotland, 1962-1963

MA Economics, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada, 1965

PhD Economics; (Minor: Latin American Studies,) University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, USA, 1972



  1. EMPLOYMENT:


Academic Appointment:
1969 – 2008: Norman Paterson Norman Paterson School of International Affairs and Department of Economics (Joint Appointment), Carleton University,

  • Assistant Professor, 1969-1975

  • Associate Professor, 1975-1992

  • Professor, 1992-2008

  • Distinguished Research Professor Emeritus, 2008 -2014


Other Employment:
1985 - 1988 Senior Economist, Long-Range Planning Unit, Ministry of Planning and National Development, Nairobi, Kenya, (half time)
1979 - 1980 Senior Economist (Executive Interchange), Economic Policy and Analysis Sector, Department of Energy, Mines and Resources, Government of Canada
January-July, 1979 Research Associate, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
1973 - 1974 Instituto Latinoamericano para Planificación Económico y Social, United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, Santiago, Chile
1965-1968 Teaching Assistant and Instructor, University of Texas at Austin

May-July 1965 Labourer, Smith Brothers Construction, Kingston, Canada

May-July 1962 Labourer, Ball Brothers Construction, Kingston, Canada

1960-1962 Counsellor, Swimming Instructor and Out-Tripping Instructor, Camp Ponacka, Baptiste Lake, Ontario (summers)

December 1960 Temporary Worker, Canada Post Office, Kingston Canada

Periodically 1960-1961 Temporary Worker, Pickwick Book Shop, Kingston Canada

June 1958 Hemlock Park Dairy, Summer Employment, Kingston Canada

1958-1959 Counsellor and Swimming Instructor, RKY Camp, Parham Ontario (summer)


Administrative Positions:
Chair, Department of Economics, Carleton University, July 2001 – June 2004
Co-ordinator, Carleton University Economics M.A. Program, at the University of Havana, Havana, Cuba 1994-2001
Senate, Carleton University, 2001-2004
Chair, Senate Financial Review Committee, Carleton University, 2002-2003; 2003-2004
Senate Executive Committee, Carleton University, 2003-2004
Associate Director, Norman Paterson School of International Affairs, Carleton University 1981-1982
Voluntary Activities, 2008-2012:
Institutional Manager, Academics Without Borders Canada, for the University of Liberia, January 2012-2013;

Visiting Lecturer, Department of Economics University of Liberia, July 2011, Instructor for course “African Economic Development” arranged through Academics Without Borders Canada;

Founding Member of the Board of Directors, Academics for Higher Education and Development (AHED), 2006-2009;

Treasurer, Academics Without Borders Canada, September 2008 - December 2009;

Interim Director, Cuba Program, Canadian Foundation for the Americas (FOCAL), Ottawa Canada, January 1 to December 31, 2009;

Member, Board of Directors, Society for International Development, Ottawa-Gatineau Chapter, 2008 - 2011

“Project Adviser”, Brookings Project on U.S. Policy Toward a Cuba in Transition, 2008-2010, Brookings Institution, Washington D.C., [Publication: CUBA: A New Policy of Critical and Constructive Engagement]

Research BLOG:
The Cuban Economy / La Economia Cubana

http://thecubaneconomy.com/ (English language)



http://es.thecubaneconomy.com/ (Spanish language)

C. PUBLICATIONS:
REFEREED SCHOLARLY PUBLICATIONS:
Books:
The Economic Development of Revolutionary Cuba: Strategy and Performance, New York: Praeger 1974, pp. 1-372


  • Excerpts published in Chinese translation as "Cuba's Development Policy," Journal of the Institute for Latin American Studies, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing, China, 1977


Development Strategy and Structural Adjustment in Chile: From the Unidad Popular to the Concertación, 1970-1992, Ottawa: North-South Institute, 1992

Edited Books:
A. Ritter and D. Pollock (editors), Latin American Prospects for the 1970s: What Kinds of Revolutions? New York: Praeger 1973, pp. 1-335
A. Ritter and D. Pollock (editors), Latin American Prospects for the 1980s: Equity, Democratization and Development, New York: Praeger, 1983, pp. 1-330
A. Ritter, M. Cameron and D. Pollock (editors), Latin America to the Year 2000: Reactivating Growth, Improving Equity, Sustaining Democracy, New York: Praeger, 1992 , pp. 1-257
A. Ritter and J. Kirk (editors), Cuba in the International System: Integration and Normalization, London: Macmillan, 1995, pp. 1-294
Archibald R. M. Ritter (editor), The Cuban Economy, Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2004, pp. 1-248

Articles in Refereed Journals:
"Growth Strategy and Economic Performance in Revolutionary Cuba: Past, Present and Prospective," Social and Economic Studies (Kingston, Jamaica), Volume 21, 3, September 1972, pp. 313-337
Republished in part as "Cuba's Development Policy," Journal of the Institute for Latin American Studies, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences; Beijing, China, 1977 (pp. 29-34). (In Chinese Translation)
Also republished as “Cuba cerca una strategia per lo sviluppo,” Mercurio: Sintesti del pensiero economico e sociale contemporaneo, Rome Italy, XVI:11, November 1973
"Estrategia por el movilización de los recursos humanos en Cuba Revolucionaria," Cuadernos de Economia, 11, 32: January 1974. pp. 75-109
"The Transferability of the Socio-Economic Development Models of Revolutionary Cuba," Cuban Studies/Estudios Cubanos, Vol. 7; No. 1, July 1977, pp. 183-204
"The Cuban Revolution: A New Orientation" Current History, February 1978, pp. 53-56 and 83-87.


"Los Organos del Poder Popular and Participatory Democracy in Cuba: A Preliminary Analysis" Social and Economic Studies, Volume 29, Nos. 2 and 3, June/September, 1980, pp. 193-210
"Stabilizing the International Copper Market: The Viability and Impacts of Alternate Market Management Arrangements," Canadian Journal of Development Studies, May 1981 (with H. Labib), pp. 70-115
"The Labour Force, Employment and Unemployment in Kenya," Canadian Journal of Development Studies, Vol. VIII, No. 2, 1987, pp. 203-226
"El Problema de la deuda de Cuba en monedas convertibles," Revista de la CEPAL No 36, Diciembre 1988, Naciones Unidas, Comisión Economica para America Latina y el Caribe, Santiago de Chile, pp. 115-140
An English-language version was published in the English version of the same Journal, CEPAL Review, No.36, December 1988, pp. 117-140
"Cuba's Convertible Currency Debt Problem, 1980-1988,” North-South, The Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies 1988, Vol. XIII, No. 25, pp. 107-136
"The Cuban Economy in the 1990s: External Challenges and Policy Imperatives", Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs, Volume 32, Number 3; Fall 1990, pp. 117-149
Reprinted in Horowitz, Irving L., Cuban Communism, 1959-1995, New Brunswick New Jersey: Transaction Books, 1996, pp.337-364
"Development Strategy and Structural Adjustment in Chile, 1973-1990," Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, Volume 15, No. 30, 1990, pp137-158
"Perspectivas para el cambio económico y politico en Cuba durante los noventa," Sintesis: Revista Documental de Ciencias Sociales Iberoamericanas, No. 15, Septiembre-Noviembre, 1991, Madrid, pp.375-394
"Exploring Cuba's Alternate Economic Futures," Cuban Studies/ Estudios Cubanos, Volume 28, 1993, pp.3-32
"Cuba en los Anos Noventa: Reorientación Económica y Reintegración Internacional" Estudios Internacionales, Santiago, Chile, Julio-Septiembre 1993, 454-479
"El problema de las compensaciones: quien compensa a quien, por que y como?" Estudios Internacionales, Santiago, Chile, Julio-Septiembre / Octubre-Diciembre, 1994, pp. 496-512
"The Dual Currency Bifurcation of the Cuban Economy in the 1990s: Causes, Consequences and Cures," CEPAL Review, United Nations: Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, Santiago Chile, No. 57, December, 1995, pp. 113-132
A Spanish-language version was published in the Spanish edition of the same journal, Revista de la CEPAL, No. 57, Diciembre, 1995, pp.113-132
"Entrepreneurship, Micro-Enterprise and Public Policy in Cuba in the 1990s: Promotion, Containment or Asphyxiation?" Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs, 40:2, Summer 1998, pp. 673-94
“The Tax Regime for Micro-Enterprise in Cuba,” CEPAL Review, United Nations: Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, August 2000, pp. 139-156
A Spanish language version was published in the Spanish edition of the same journal, Revista de La CEPAL, August, 2000, pp145-162
“Cuba: From “Dollarization” to “Euroization” or Peso-Re-Consolidation” Latin American Politics and Society, Summer 2002, pp. 99-124
Review Article: “Shifting Realities in ‘Special Period’ Cuba”, Latin American Research Review, Volume 45 No. 3, 2010, Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh, 2010
“Canada’s Economic Relations with Cuba, 1990 to 2010 and Beyond,” Canadian Foreign Policy, SPECIAL SECTION – The Politics of Canada-Cuba Relations: Emerging Possibilities and Diverse Challenges Ottawa Canada, Volume 16, Issue 1 (Spring 2010)

Estados Unidos-Cuba: potenciales implicaciones económicas de la normalización, in Revista TEMAS, Special Issue: Cuba-Estados Unidos: tan lejos, tan cerca, Editor: Rafael Hernandez Havana Cuba, and Special Editor, Jorge Dominguez, Harvard Unuiversity, Boston Massachusetts, número 62-63 abril-septiembre de 2010, Web Address: http://www.temas.cult.cu/index.php

Guest Editor of Journal:
Estudios Internacionales: Cuba en el Sistema Internacional: Normalización y Integración, Numero Especial, Julio-Septiembre / Octubre-Diciembre, 1994, XXVII, No.107-108, Instituto de Estudios Internacionales de la Universidad de Chile, Santiago Chile, with co-editor Francisco Leon, pp. 275-617

Chapters Published in Books:
"The Political Economy of Revolutionary Socialism in Cuba," in J. Chant, G. Paquet, K. Acheson and P. Copes (editors), Canadian Perspectives in Economics, Toronto: Collier-Macmillan, 1972, pp. 1-12


"Revolution in Latin America: An Overview", in A. Ritter and D. Pollock (editors), Latin American Prospects for the 1970s: What Kinds of Revolutions, New York: Praeger, 1973, pp. 3-29
"Institutional Strategy and Economic Performance in Revolutionary Cuba", Ibid. pp. 230-259
"The Transferability of the Socio-Economic Development Models of Revolutionary Cuba," in C. Mesa-Lago (editor), The Role of Cuba in World Affairs, Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1978, pp. 313-331
"The Authenticity of Participatory Democracy in Cuba in A. Ritter and D. Pollock (editors), Latin American Prospects for the 1980s: Equity, Democratization and Development, New York: Praeger 1983, pp. 182-213
"Policy-Making in the Mineral Sector: Global, Continental and Regional Dimensions," in J. Pammett and B. Tomlin (editors), The Integration Question: Political Economy and Public Policy in Canada and North America, Toronto: Addison Wesley, 1984; pp. 205-223
"The Feasibility of Establishing Jointly-Owned Regional Minerals Enterprises (JRMEs) in Sub-Saharan Africa", in E. Lazlo (editor), Arab and African Regional Cooperation for Development, Dublin: Tycooly International, 1984, pp. 52-88
"The Organs of People's Power and the Communist Party: The Nature of Cuban Democracy," in S. Halebsky and J. Kirk (editors), Cuba: Twenty-five Years of Revolution, 1959-1984, New York: Praeger, 1985, pp. 270-290
"The International Debt Crisis: Towards Resolution", with David H. Pollock, in Maureen Appel Molot and Brian W. Tomlin (editors) Canada Among Nations, 1985: The Conservative Agenda, James Lorimer and Company, Toronto, 1986, pp. 131-160
"The Debt Crisis: Contained or Postponed?" (With D.H. Pollock), in Canada and Common Security: The Assertion of Sanity, a collection by members of the Group of 78 and Others, Editor: Penny Sanger, Ottawa: The Group of 78, 1987, pp. 53-56
"Cuba in the 1990s: Economic Reorientation and International Reintegration," in J. Kirk and S. Halebsky (editors). Cuba's Struggle for Development: Dilemmas and Strategies, Boulder Colorado: Westview Press, 1992
"Prospects for Economic and Political Change in Cuba in the 1990s" in A. Ritter et. al., Latin America to the Year 2000: Reactivating Growth, Improving Equity, Sustaining Democracy, New York: Praeger, 1992, pp. 235-252


Stratégie de dévelopement et ajustement structurel au Chili, 1973-1900,” in J. del Pozo (editeur) Le Chili de 1970 a 1980: De L’Unité populaire à l’aprés-Pinochet, Montreal: VLB Editeur, 1994, pp127-168
"Cuba's Economic Strategy and Alternate Futures," in J. Perez-Lopez (editor), Cuba at a Crossroads, Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida, 1994, pp. 67-93

"Financial Aspects of Normalizing Cuba's International Relations: The Debt and Compensation Issues," in Cuban Research Institute, Transition in Cuba: New Challenges for U.S. Policy, Miami: Florida International University, 1993


"The Compensation Issue in U.S.-Cuban Normalization: Who Compensates Whom, Why and How?" in A. Ritter and J. Kirk (Editors), Cuba in the International System: Normalization and Integration, London: MacMillan, 1995, pp259-277.
"Introduction" with J. Kirk, in A. Ritter and J. Kirk (Editors), Cuba in the International System: Normalization and Integration, London: MacMillan, 1995, pp. 1-8
"Implications for Reform Processes in Cuba," in FOCAL, "Helms-Burton and International Business: Legal and Commercial Implications, Ottawa: Focal, 1996
"The Cuban Economy in the mid-1990s: Structural/Monetary Pathology and Public Policy," in M. A. Centeno and M. Font (Editors) Toward a New Cuba: Legacies of a Revolution, Boulder CO: L. Rienner, forthcoming 1997, pp151-170
"Internal Obstacles to Cuba's Reinsertion in the Latin American Economy," in F.Leon and Mauricio Font (Editors,) Integración Económica y Democratización: America Latina y Cuba, Santiago Chile, 1998, pp 87-116
“Cuba’s Economic Reform Process, 1998: Paralysis and Stagnation,” in C. Warren (Editor) Cuba Today: Events Taking Place in Cuba and Ensuing Issues for Canadian Policy, Ottawa: FOCAL, 1999
“Canada: From ‘Fly In - Fly Out’ to Mining Metropolis,” in G. McMahon and F. Remi, Large Mine and Community: Socioeconomic and Environmental Effects of Mining in Latin America, Canada and Spain, Washington DC: The World Bank and Ottawa: IDRC, Third Quarter, 2001, pp.223-262
La Aglomeración Minera en Canadá: Estructura, Evolución y Funccionamiento,” in Rudolf M. Buitelaar, Extraer Minerales y Producir Desarollo: Potendcialidades y Limitaciones de Aglomeraciones en Torno a la Mineria en América Latina, United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, Santiago Chile, and IDRC, Noviembre de 2001, pp. 17-46
La unificación de los sistemas monetarios duales y los sistemas de tasa de cambio en Cuba,” in Mauricio de Miranda, Editor, Cuba: reestructuración económica y desarrollo en la era de globalización, Santa Fe de Bogota, Colombia: Centro Editorial Javeriana, 2003, pp. 117-148
"Cuba: Dollarizarion and "Dedollarization," in Dominick Salvatore, James W. Dean and Thomas D. Willett, The Dollarization Debate, New York: Oxford University Press, 2003, Chapter 24, pp. 425 – 448, with Nicholas Rowe.
“An Overview of Cuba’s Economy in the 2000s: Recuperation and/or Relapse,” in Archibald R. M. Ritter (Editor) The Cuban Economy, Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2004, pp. 1-24
“Economic Illegalities and the Underground Economy in Cuba,” Underground Economy: A Constant Companion, Icfai University Press, Ahmedabad, India, forthcoming, 2008; (reprinted from Background Briefing, RFC-06-01, FOCAL, Ottawa Canada, March 2006)
“Canadian-Cuban Economic Relations: Past, Present and Prospective”, in Robert Wright and Lana Wylie (Editors) The Long Dance: Cuba and Canada in the Castro Era, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2009
“U.S.-Cuba Relations: the Potential Economic Implications of Normalization”, in Debating U.S.-Cuban Relations: Shall We Play Ball? Editors: Rafael Hernandez, Jorge Dominguez and Lorena Barberia, New York: Routledge, 2011
“Economy: Revolution, 1959-1990” in Cuba: People, Culture, History, Editor in Chief: Alan West-Durán, Editorial Board: Victor Fowler Calzada, Gladys E. García Pérez, Louis A Pérez, Jr., César Salgado, Maria de los Angeles Torres, New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 2011.
“Economy: Special Period and Globalization” in Cuba: People, Culture, History Editor Alan West-Durán, Editorial Board: Victor Fowler Calzada, Gladys E. García Pérez, Louis A Pérez, Jr., César Salgado, Maria de los Angeles Torres, New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 2011.
“Cuba’s Evolving Public Policies towards Small Enterprise”, Handbook of Contemporary Cuba: Economy, Politics, Civil Society, and Globalization, Mauricio A. Font and Carlos Riobo, Editor, New York: Paradigm Press, 2013.
Also published in an earlier abbreviated form as “Cuba’s Apertura to Small Enterprise”, in C. Brundenius and R. Torres Perez, No More Free Lunch: Reflections on the Cuban Economic Reform Process and Challenges for Transformation, New York: Springer Science and Business Media, 2013.

D. OTHER SCHOLARLY PUBLICATIONS:
1. Articles in Non-Refereed Journals:
"OPEC and the Prospects of the Oil Importing Nations of the Third World," Cooperation Canada, March/April 1975, pp. 9-15.


"Primary Commodity Trade and Developing Countries", North-South Institute, Ottawa, Canada, Briefing 4, October, 1982; pp. 1-12
Also published by the Overseas Development Institute, London, U.K.: No. 1, July 1982.
"The Latin American Debt Crisis: Causes, Consequences and Prospects" (with D. Pollock), North South Institute, Ottawa, Canada, Briefing 12, October 1985, pp. 1-13.
"La Crisis de la deuda latinoamericana: causas, efectos y perspectivas", Comercio Exterior, 37:1, enero de 1987, Mexico, pp. 18-26.

Also published as: La Crisis de la Deuda en America Latina Causas, Consequencias, y Perspectivas, Documento DE-70, Instituto Latinoamericano de Planificación Económica y Social, U.N., CEPAL, Santiago Chile, pp. 1-49, and as


"Towards Resolution of the Latin American Debt Crisis", Journal of the Institute of Latin American Studies, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences; Beijing, China, 1985 pp. 55-57. (In Chinese Translation)
"Should Cooperation be Ad Hoc or Institutionalized," with D.H. Pollock, in E. Barot (editor), Proceedings of an International Conference on Current Trends in Inter-American Relations and Cooperation, Ottawa: University of Ottawa, 1986, pp. 12-39.
"Seized Properties vs. Embargo Losses," Hemisphere, V. 3, Miami, Florida, Summer 1993.
"The Rise of a Chilean Model of Economic Development?" World Economic Affairs, Spring/Summer 1997, pp. 57-62.
"Cuba’s Economic Reform Process, 1998: Paralysis and Stagnation" in World Economic Affairs, Autumn 1998, pp. 13-20.
“Cuba’s Economic Performance and the Challenges Ahead,” Canadian Foundation for the Americas, (FOCAL) Background Briefing, RFC-02-1, January 2002
“Economic Illegalities and the Underground Economy in Cuba,” Background Briefing, RFC-06-01, FOCAL, Ottawa Canada, March 2006
“Survival Strategies and Economic Illegalities in Cuba,” in Cuba in Transition, Volume 15, Conference Proceedings, the Association for the Study of the Cuban Economy, August 2005
“Cuba’s Strategic Economic Reorientation,” in Cuba in Transition, Volume 16, Conference Proceedings, the Association for the Study of the Cuban Economy, August 2006

2. Teaching Texts:
El Sector Minero y la Política Pública, Corporación de Investigaciones Económicas para América Latina, Santiago Chile, Serie Docente No 20, Noviembre de 1999, pp. 1-90.

3. Conference Proceedings Edited:
Latin American Prospects for the 1980s: Deformation, Reformation or Transformation? Ottawa: Carleton University, 1981 (Co-editor with D. Pollock):

Volume I Equity, Human Rights and International Interconnections, pp. 1-236

Volume II Prospects for and Processes of Democratization in Latin America, pp. 1-242



Volume III The Caribbean and Issues of Communication and Development
Latin America and the Caribbean: Geopolitics Development and Culture, Ottawa: Canadian Association of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, 1984 (Editor), pp. 1-355.
Prospects for Latin American and the Caribbean to the Year 2000, Ottawa: Canadian Association of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, 1991 (Editor) pp. 1-453.

4. Technical Reports:
Conflict and Coincidence of Canadian and Less Developed Country Interests in International Trade in Primary Commodities, Discussion Paper, No. 109, Economic Council of Canada, 1978, pp. 1-194.
"Canada's Mineral Cluster: Structure, Evolution and Functioning," prepared for the Seminario Internacional sobre ‘Clusters’ en America Latina," United Nations, Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, Santiago Chile, 20 November, 2000, pp 1-75..

5. Journalistic Writing:
"Castro's New Man Falling Short of the Ideal," The Globe and Mail, Toronto, September 12, 1969
"Castro's Ambitious Sugar Goal is Economic Trouble with High Political Stakes," The Globe and Mail, Toronto, December 1969
"Cuba's New Design for Selling Revolt, The Globe and Mail, Toronto, March 18. 1970
"How ‘Sugarmania’ Affects Castro's Goals, The Globe and Mail, Toronto, September 15, 1970
"Cuba: Straining," Newsweek, the International Magazine, 20 March 1978, p. 53
“Carleton University: Structural Adaptation and Survival,” This Week, Carleton University, Ottawa, Volume 3, Number 23, October 10, 1982
“Cuba’s Continuing Economic Challenges,” Cuban Affairs/Asuntos Cubanos, Volume V, Numbers 1-2, 1999, Cuban Committee for Democracy, Washington DC, 1999
“Look South for the Benefits of Open Trade,” Ottawa Citizen, 19 April 2001, with David H. Pollock
"Lives Lived: David Harold Pollock," The Globe and Mail, December 20, 2001, with Pat O'Manique
"Lives Lived: Allan Quinn," The Globe and Mail, November 10, 2003, with Bev Quinn
“Cuba: ‘La Revolución Energética’ Generates a ‘Quick Fix’” FOCALPoint, Ottawa: Canadian Foundation for the Americas, May, 2006
“The Cuban Economy after Fidel”, FOCALPoint, Ottawa: Canadian Foundation for the Americas. February 2007
“Obama, Cuba and Latin America: Renewal and Reconciliation?” FOCALPoint, Canada’s Spotlight on the Americas, 2:7, Ottawa: Canadian Foundation for the Americas, November 2008
“U.S..-Cuba Normalization: Is Impasse Inevitable?” The Globe and Mail, Toronto, March 12, 2009
“Cuban Bloggers: Is Cuba Relaxing Restrictions on Freedom of Expression?” FOCALPoint, Ottawa: Canadian Foundation for the Americas. September 2009
“Cuba in the 2010s: Creative Reform or Geriatric Paralysis”, FOCALPoint, Canadian Foundation for the Americas (FOCAL), April 2010
“VI Congreso del Partido y los Lineamientos: ¿Un punto de viraje para Cuba?”, Espacio Laical, La Habana Cuba, May 2011”
“Cuba's Economic Agenda and Prospects” FOCALPoint, Canadian Foundation for the Americas (FOCAL), April 2011
“Are Raul Castro’s Reforms helping Cuba?” “Featured Q & A” in Inter-American Dialogue’s Latin American Advisor, October 15, 2013, www.thedialogue.org
E. OTHER SCHOLARLY AND PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES:
1. Conferences Organized:

Organizer, Carleton University Lecture Series and Conference on Latin America, October-November 1970; held under the auspices of The Norman Paterson School of International Affairs and the Canadian Institute for International Affairs entitled Latin American Prospects for the 70s: What Kinds of Revolutions?


Organizer, Carleton University Lecture Series and Conference on Latin America, October-November 1980, held under the auspices of The Norman Paterson School of International Affairs and the Canadian Association for Latin American and Caribbean Studies, entitled Latin American Prospects for the 1980s: What Kind of Development: Deformation, Reformation or Transformation?
Organizer, Symposium and Lecture Series, Food for All, 16-17 October 1981, held under the auspices of The Norman Paterson School of International Affairs and the Canadian Institute of International Affairs in cooperation with Agriculture Canada.
Coordinator, Annual Conference of the Canadian Association of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, Geopolitics, Ideology and Culture in Latin America and the Caribbean, Carleton University, Ottawa, 7-9 October, 1983.
Coordinator, Annual Conference of the Canadian Association of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, Carleton University, Ottawa, Latin America and the Caribbean to the Year 2000, October 1989.
Coordinator, Consultative Symposium on Canadian Relations with Latin America and the Caribbean, Carleton University, Ottawa, May 4-5, 1989. Sponsored by the Department of External Affairs, with the Canadian Association of Latin American and Caribbean Studies as the Executing Agency
Principal Organizer, International Symposium: Cuba in the International System: Normalization and Reintegration, Carleton University, Ottawa, 23-25 September 1993 (Prof. J.Kirk, Dalhousie University, Co-organizer).
Principal Organizer, International Symposium: The Cuban Economy: Problems, Policies, Perspectives, September 28 - 30, 1999, Carleton University, Ottawa.
Principal Organizer, General Meeting and Conference, Canadian Association of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, September 28 - October 2, 1999, Carleton University, Ottawa.
Organizing Committee, Conference entitled Intervention: What Next? Reconstruction and Development in War-Torn Muslim Countries, Carleton University, December 17-18, 2005
Co-organizer, with Stephen Baranyi and Ann Weston, North-South Institute, International Policy Forum: The Cuban Economy, Challenges and Options, September 9 to 11, 2007, Carleton University



  1. Papers Presented (since 1997 only)

"Observations on Canadian-Cuban Relations," Centro de Estudios sobre Estados Unidos, University of Havana, Havana Cuba, January 28, 1997.



"The Cuban Ecoomy, 1997," United Nations, Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, Santiago Chile, May 1997.
"Obstaculos Internos a la Reinsercion de Cuba en el Sistema Internacional," Instituto de Relaciones Internacionales, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile, May 1997.
"Cuba's Economic Situation in the late 1990s," Georgetown University, Washington D.C. June 1997.
"Canadian and U.S. Policy towards Cuba: The Eagle Screams, the Beaver Toils but Neither to Any Effect," Group of 78, Ottawa, February 25, 1997.
"The Helms-Burton Phase of US-Cuban Relations: Strengthening the Status Quo in Cuba," North American Committee, NAC Business Principles and Secondary Boycotts, Washington DC, January 7, 1998.
"Cuba's Economic Reform Process, 1998: Through Paralysis to Renewal?" for Conference on Cuba Today, March 13, 1998, Inter-American Dialogue, sponsored by Weatherhead Center for International Affairs and David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies, Harvard University, Boston, USA.
"Canada-Cuba Relations: the Human Rights and Democratic Development Dimension," and "Cuba's Economic Reform Process," presented at the Annual Conference of the Canadian Association of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, March 20, 1998, Vancouver, BC
Optimizar los Beneficios Sociales Netos del Desarrollo del Sector Minero,” presented ant the Ministry of Mines, Government of Peru, 10 June, 1999.
“The Tax Regime for Micro-Enterprise in Cuba: Implications for Equity, Efficiency and Viability,” presented at Conference on The Cuban Economy, Problems, Policies and Perspectives, Carleton University, Ottawa, September 28-30, 1999.
“Cuba: From ‘Dollarization’ to ‘Euro-ization’?” With Nicholas Rowe, presented at the North South Institute Conference on Dollarization, September 2000, Ottawa.
“Canada’s Mineral Cluster: Structure, Evolution and Functioning,” presented at United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, Seminario Internacional sobre Clusters Mineros en America Latina, Santiago Chile, November 20, 2000.
Panelist, “The Summit of the Americas III: Results and Implications,” Bildner Center for Hemispheric Studies, Graduate Center, City University of New York, New York, April 24, 2001
“Canada’s ‘Engagement’ with Cuba: Naiveté, ‘Tough Love’ or Realism,” Bildner Center for Hemispheric Studies and Cuba Project, Graduate Center, City University of New York, New York, April 25, 2001
“Cuba: Dollarization and De-Dollarization,” Symposio Internacional sobre Cuba: Economia, Sociedad y Desarrollo, Reestructuracion en la Epoca de Globalizacion, Universidad Complutemse de Madrid, Spain, 4-5 April, 2002
Briefing on the Cuban Economy, Carter Centre, Atlanta Georgia, Briefing on Cuba for President Jimmy Carter, April 19, 2002
“Cuba: Dolarizacion, Desdolarizacion y Unificacion Monetaria,” Facultad de Economia, Universidad de Oriente, Santiago de Cuba, 30 de Mayo de 2002.
“Cuba: Dollarization and De-Dollarization,” Latin American Studies Association, Dallas Texas, March 20, 2003
“Cuba: What’s Going On?” Society for International Development, Ottawa, May 28, 2003
“US Intervention in Latin America: The Chilean and Cuban Cases Reconsidered,” Conference entitled “Intervention: Then What?” Centre on Values and Ethics, Carleton University, October 5, 2003
"Cuba's Underground Economy," Latin American Studies Association, Las Vegas Nevada, September 2005.
“Survival Strategies and Economic Illegalities in Cuba,” Association for the Study of the Cuban Economy, Miami Florida, August 2005
“Survival Strategies and Economic Illegalities in Cuba,” ASSA/American Economic Association, Boston Massachusetts, January 6, 2006
“Cuba: Economic Reorientation in a Changed Geo-Political Environment” Opening Plenary, Cuba: In Transition? Bildner Centre for Western Hemisphere Studies, the Graduate School, CUNY, New York, City March 30, 2006
“Cuba’s Strategic Economic Reorientation,” Annual Conference of the Association for the Study of the Cuban Economy, August 2006
“Small Enterprise and Public Policy in Cuba”, International Policy Forum: The Cuban Economy: Challenges and Options, Carleton University, September 9-11, 2007
“Entrepreneurship, Small Enterprise and Public Policy in Cuba”, Cuba 2008, Counterpoints of Continuity and Change, CRI Conference on Cuba, February 20-22, 2008, Cuban Research Institute, Florida International University, Miami USA.
Cuba: Current Challenges and Alternate Economic Futures,” Opening Plenary, Presented at a Conference, Changing Cuba / Changing World, The Graduate Centre, City University of New York, New York USA, March 13, 2008
“Cuba: Economic Performance and Policy Evaluation Overview, CIAPA, Costa Rica and Tulane University, San Jose, Costa Rica, February 3 and 4, 2009
“Public Policy and Micro-Enterprise, Legal and Illegal”, Queen’s University, Kingston Canada, Conference: The Measure of a Revolution: Cuba, 1959-2009. May 7 to 9, 2009
“Raul Castro’s New Economic Strategy: Context, Viability and Prospects” Bildner Center for Western Hemisphere Studies, City University of New York, New York,

November 29. 2010



“Cuba’s Economic Reform Process under President Raul Castro: Challenges, Strategic Actions and Prospective Performance,” Opening Plenary Presentation, Conference on Cuba’s Futures: Past and Present, Bildner Center for Latin American Studies, City University of New York, March 31-April 2, 2011
“Cuba’s Evolving Public Policies towards Small Enterprise”, Norwegian Institute of International Affairs/SSRC Conference on The Reform Process in Cuba in the Light of other Country Experiences, Holmsbu Norway, 27-29 June 2011
“Cuba’s Economic Problems and Prospects in a Changing Geo-Economic Environment”, Seminar on Prospects for Cuba’s Economy in 2012 and its Dependence on Venezuela, Department of State, Government of the United States, Washington DC, March 23, 2012
“Assessing the Goals and Impact of the Cuban Embargo after 50 Years”, Conference on The Cuban Embargo: Policy Outlook after 50 Years, Dean Rusk Center for International Law and Policy, University of Georgia School of Law, University of Georgia, March 22, 2013
“Cuba 2013: Economic Right Turn; Political Stasis”, Annual Congress of the Canadian Association for Latin American and Caribbean Studies, Carleton University, Ottawa, March 3-5, 2013
“The Movement towards Non-Agricultural Cooperatives in Cuba”, Annual Conference of the Association for the Study of the Cuban Economy, Miami Florida, August 1 to 3, 2013

3. Contract and Other Research:
3.a Department of Energy Mines and Resources
Mineral Policy Review, under contract with Department of Energy, Mines and Resources, Government of Canada, 1981-1982, responsibility for component on ‘The International Marketing of Minerals”.

3.b Unpublished Technical Reports:
Managing the International Tin Economy: A Review of Existing Simulation Studies, September 1980 (with P. Devine, Department of Finance), Department of Energy Mines and Resources, Government of Canada, pp. 1-36
Export Taxation for Aluminum, Uranium and Coal, May 8, 1980, Department of Energy Mines and Resources, pp.1-34
Tanzania's Agricultural Sector: An Analysis of Past Performance and of 1980-1981 Policy Initiatives, August 1981, Prepared under contract for Commonwealth Africa Division, CIDA, pp. 1-78
Tanzania's Long Term Development Prospects, June 1983, Prepared under contract for Commonwealth Africa Division, CIDA, pp. 1-182.
Mineral Sector Development in the SADCC Region: Investment Opportunities and Policies, January 1985. Prepared for the Commonwealth Secretariat and SADCC Mining Coordination Unit, Ministry of Mines, Government of the Republic of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia, pp. 1-45
"The Labour Force, Employment and Unemployment in Kenya," Technical Paper 86-04, Long Range Planning Unit, Ministry of Planning and National Development, Nairobi, Kenya; November 1986, pp. 1-46
"The Informal Sector in the Kenya CGE Model," Technical Paper 87-03, Long Range Planning Unit, Ministry of Planning and National Development, Nairobi, Kenya; May 1987, pp. 1-68
"Services, Transportation and Construction in the Kenya CGE Model," Technical Paper 87-04, Long Range Planning Unit, Ministry of Planning and National Development, Nairobi, Kenya; May 1987, pp. 1-45
"The Urban Small Scale Enterprise Sector: Information from the 1987 Urban Labour Force Survey," Technical Paper 88-02, Long Range Planning Unit, Ministry of Planning and National Development, Nairobi, Kenya, February, 1988 (with R. Robicheau), Nairobi, Kenya, pp. 1-30


"Productivity Change in the Non-Agricultural Economy of Kenya, 1964-1987," Technical Paper 88-06, Long Range Planning Unit, Ministry of Planning and National Development, Nairobi, Kenya, July 1988, pp. 1-52
"Consequences for Canada of Prospective Cuba-United States Relations: From the ‘Helms-Burton Bill’ to Rapprochement," Working Paper, on Cuban Policy Studies, Cuba Project, Queen’s College and Graduate School, City College of New York, March 22, 1996

3.c Research Grants and Awards:
St. Andrews Exchange Scholarship; awarded while at Queen's University for study at St. Andrews University, 1962-63
Canada Council Doctoral Fellowship; awarded while at the University of Texas for Dissertational study on and in Cuba, 1968-69
Canada Council Conference Grant: awarded for use in Conference held under the auspices of The Norman Paterson School of International Affairs and the Canadian Institute for International Affairs, 13-14 November 1970, entitled Latin American Prospects for the 1970s: What Kinds of Revolutions?
Leave Fellowship, Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada, January-August, 1979
Conference Grants, awarded for a Conference held under the auspices of the School of International Affairs and the Canadian Association for Latin American and Caribbean Studies, entitled Latin American Prospects for the 1980s, November 1980; with grants or assistance from:

  • Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada ($3,000);

  • Canadian International Development Agency ($2,500)

  • Ontario Co-operative Program on Latin American and Caribbean Studies (support in kind)

  • Department of External Affairs ($1,398)

Energy Mines and Resources Canada, "The Mineral Machinery and Equipment Industry in Mineral-Rich Countries," 1984-1988 ($8,350)


Conference Grants and assistance in kind awarded for the October 1989 Conference on Latin America and the Caribbean to the Year 2000:

  • Canadian International Development Agency ($25,000)

  • Graduate Studies, Carleton University (GR6) ($4,000)

  • CUSO ($1,000 plus support in kind)

  • Department of External Affairs, Government of Canada (support in kind);

  • Inter American Development Bank (support in kind)

  • U.N. Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (support in kind)

  • Embassy of Uruguay in Ottawa (support in kind)

  • Ontario Cooperative Program on Latin American and Caribbean Studies (support in kind)

Department of External Affairs, Government of Canada, Grant for Consultative Symposium on Canadian Relations with Latin America, May, 1989 ($39,950).


North-South Institute, Ottawa, Macroeconomic Policy, Structural Adjustment and Debt in Chile,

Research Grant, 1990-1992 ($17,000)


Grants and Assistance awarded for International Symposium entitled Cuba in the International System: Normalization and Reintegration, Carleton University, Ottawa, 23-25 September 1993 (Prof. J. Kirk, Co-organizer)

  • Graduate Studies and Research, Carleton University (GR-6) ($3,500.)

  • Carleton International ($500.)

  • Cooperative Security Competition, Ottawa ($15,000.)

  • MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, USA, ($37,000.)

International Development Research Centre, Grant for Carleton University Economics Department's MA Program at the University of Havana, 1994-1996, ($552,930)


Canadian International Development Agency, Economics Component, Carleton University - University of Havana Agreement, 1996-2002, Supporting Cuba's Management of its Transformation: Enhancing the Universities' Contribution, ($2,134,840)
Conference Grants and assistance in kind awarded for the October 1999 Conference and General Meeting of the Canadian Association of Latin American and Caribbean Studies,

  • Canadian International Development Agency ($12,000)

  • Graduate Studies, Carleton University (GR6; SSHRCC) ($1,500)

  • Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, ($10,000.00)

  • FOCAL, Ottawa, (support in kind)

  • Inter-American Development Bank (support in kind)

  • Embassy of Uruguay (support in kind)


The Cuban Economy: Problems, Policies and Perspectives, September, 1999:

  • Canadian International Development Agency: ($40,000.)

  • Institute for International Education, New York, ($16,500.)

  • FOCAL, Ottawa ($1,000.)



4. Other Professional Activities:

Witness, House of Commons Subcommittee on International Human Rights of the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Trade, Tuesday May 8, 2006. “Human Rights in Cuba” Room 307, Parliament of Canada, West Block, Ottawa



5. Offices in Learned Societies:
President, Canadian Association of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, 1989-1990

Vice-President, Canadian Association of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, 1988-1989

Secretary-Treasurer, Canadian Association of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, 1983-86



  1. External Referee for Scholarly Journals and Presses

Canadian Foreign Policy





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