Modes of Writing To Inform (Expository) To Persuade (Persuasive)



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  • To Inform (Expository)
  • To Persuade (Persuasive)
  • To Entertain (Narrative or Poetry)

Often called expository writing.

  • Often called expository writing.
  • Expository writing shows or explains facts.
  • Examples:
  • Biography of Barack Obama
  • News report about a shooting
  • Note to a friend
  • Essay about “killer bees”
  • Remember: Expository = Expose

Attempts to influence the reader.

  • Attempts to influence the reader.
  • Persuasive writing usually makes an argument.
  • Examples:
  • Political speeches
  • Advertisements
  • A cover letter for your resume
  • An essay urging readers to recycle

Stories that narrate and have a

  • Stories that narrate and have a
  • beginning, middle, and end
  • The story may teach a lesson, but the author’s
  • main purpose is to entertain.
  • Examples:
  • Harry Potter books
  • Poems about love
  • Narrative essay about the big game
  • Script for a TV show
  • Is it a story, poem, or drama (script)?
  • Entertain
  • Yes
  • No
  • Does the text make arguments?
  • Inform
  • Persuade
  • Yes
  • No
  • Does the text give facts?
  • Yes
  • No
  • Start
  • Over

Informative or expository writing provides factual information about a topic.

  • Informative or expository writing provides factual information about a topic.
  • Persuasive writing expresses an opinion (may use facts to support).
  • All narratives are written to entertain; so is poetry.

  • I will describe a piece of writing.
  • You will write the author’s purpose:

the story of a teenage boy, learning to understand and live with his father, who is an alcoholic Vietnam War veteran

  • the story of a teenage boy, learning to understand and live with his father, who is an alcoholic Vietnam War veteran

a list of the 25 richest

  • a list of the 25 richest
  • athletes in the world

an article that argues why Michael Jordan is the greatest basketball player ever

  • an article that argues why Michael Jordan is the greatest basketball player ever

an “X-men” comic book

  • an “X-men” comic book

the story about a young girl with low self-esteem learning to love herself

  • the story about a young girl with low self-esteem learning to love herself

A National Geographic article about the eating and breeding habits of the endangered bald eagle.

  • A National Geographic article about the eating and breeding habits of the endangered bald eagle.

a website that explains why a new shopping mall should not be built

  • a website that explains why a new shopping mall should not be built

a poem about Bald Eagles

  • a poem about Bald Eagles

a magazine ad that tells the reader to buy Nike Hyperdunk shoes because he will jump higher

  • a magazine ad that tells the reader to buy Nike Hyperdunk shoes because he will jump higher

a sign that reads, “Rest Stop

  • a sign that reads, “Rest Stop
  • Five Miles Ahead”

1. Entertain

  • 1. Entertain
  • 2. Inform
  • 3. Persuade
  • 4. Entertain
  • 5. Entertain
  • 6. Inform
  • 7. Persuade
  • 8. Entertain
  • 9. Persuade
  • 10. Inform


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