Mla citation The Works Cited Page & In-Text Citations The Works Cited Page

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MLA Citation

  • The Works Cited Page & In-Text Citations

The Works Cited Page

  • Tip: Work on your works cited page as you do your research to make your in-text citations easier to format.
  • The easiest way to do your in-text citations, which appear in your essay itself, is to do the works cited page first.
  • Why?
  • When you do the in-text citations, you will include the first bit of information included in your works cited page in the parentheses of your in-text citation.

Here’s an example.

  • Sumner, Thomas. "States Ranked On Climate Change
  • Preparation." Science News, vol. 189, no. 2, 23 Jan. 2016, pp.
  • 5. EBSCOhost, Accessed 12 Jan. 2016.
  • Works Cited entry
  • “Report cards are out and some states are better prepared
  • for climate change threats than others” (Sumner 5).
  • The in-text citation uses the first item from the works cited entry!

In-Text Citations

  • Include one every time you put information in your paper that you found somewhere else, i.e. somewhere other than your own brain.

Two reasons for the in-text citation

  • To show that you found the information in your paper elsewhere, i.e. to show that you are not plagiarizing.
  • To tell the reader where to look on the works cited page for the resource where you found that information.

When to include an in-text citation

  • When you directly quote a section from another text:
  • Example: “The paper takes stock of the wide-ranging implications for fiscal, financial, and macroeconomic policies of coming to grips with climate change” (“IMF Releases Paper”).

When to include an in-text citation

  • When you directly quote sections from another text:
  • Example: “Environmentalists chose” not to participate in state efforts to remedy the pollution at Silver Springs “and say they have no regrets” (Hiers).

When to include an in-text citation

  • When you paraphrase a section or idea from a text:
  • Example: In Australia, the middle class will be both the ones who lose the most from climate change and the ones with the most impact on government decisions (Bennett 16).

When NOT to include an in-text citation

  • When you are including commonly known information, such as the fact that George Washington was the first president of the U.S.
  • When you are including a quote that is well-known or from a very famous person, such as “I have not yet begun to fight,” by John Paul Jones.

How to Format an In-Text Citation

  • “In other words, the people who will figure out a response -- if not a solution -- to climate change will be working in the forests, in the waterways and in the farmland” (Trillhaase).
  • Use quotation marks around the words you copy from the source.
  • Place the in-text citation after the quotation marks.

How to Format an In-Text Citation—the block quote

  • If the quote extends beyond four lines on your page, format it as a block quote.
  • Start the quote on a new line, and indent each line of the quote.
  • Place the end punctuation (the period) before the parentheses.
  • Continue your paper on the next line after the quote.

Basic Format for an In-Text Citation

  • When you know the author’s name and the page number:
  • Example: “The disappearance of
  • mammoths and giant sloths has defied
  • explanation since the turn of the 19th
  • century” (Keats 14).

Format for an In-Text Citation

  • When you know the author’s name, but there is no page number:
  • Example: “There is no reason free trade
  • and climate progress can't coexist” (Boyd).
  • Include the author’s last name only.

Format for an In-Text Citation

  • When you don’t know the author’s name, but the information comes from an organization:
  • Example: “The United States and the world are warming, global sea level is rising, and some types of extreme weather events are becoming more frequent and more severe” (US Global Change Research Program).
  • Include the name of the organization in parentheses.

Watch out!

  • Sometimes you have to dig to find the author’s name, especially when you are getting information from a website.
  • Try clicking on the “About us” link if there is one to discover the name of the author or organization.
  • If you can’t find an author or organization name, you might not want to use the resource in your paper.

Format for an In-Text Citation

  • When you don’t know the author’s or organization’s name:
  • Example: “I am grateful to those who reach out to me, to others, when they are clearly in need or just to nod in understanding” (“Bears Repeating”).
  • Include an abbreviated name of the article in quotation marks.


  • Whatever you put in the parentheses will match the first item in the full citation. That’s why it’s a good idea to do your citation (or even the whole works cited page) first.
  • Full Citation:
  • "IMF Releases Paper On Implications Of Climate Change For Fiscal, Financial, And Macroeconomic Policies."Arabia 2000, 12 Jan. 2016. Newspaper Source, Accessed 13 Jan. 2016.
  • Parenthetical Citation:
  • (“IMF Releases Paper”)
  • The parenthetical citation matches the first thing in the full citation.

The Works Cited Page

  • Use a cheat like to create the citation for you.

How to use

  • Go to

How to use

  • Choose the type of resource you want to cite.

How to use

  • Then click on

How to use

  • Easybib creates a citation using MLA v. 8!
  • BUT it doesn’t grab ALL the information from the webpage, so you have to add it.
  • Add the publication date.
  • Add the authors (check the top and the bottom of the page

How to use

  • Finally, save your citation.
  • Then, Copy/Paste it or Export to Word.
  • “Effects of Performance-Enhancing Drugs | USADA.” U.S. Anti-Doping Agency (USADA), USADA, 2014, enhancing-drugs/.

Create your works cited entries: Library Databases

  • You can also get citations from most library databases automatically.
  • Look for a CITE link such as the one above.

How to use library databases for citations.

  • You may have to click on MLA 8, to have your sources cited accordingly. Be sure to ask your teacher which version to use.



  • If you get your citation from a library database instead, be careful! Some of the information may not be formatted correctly. For example, author names should not be in all caps. Always check! Don’t take for granted that the citation is correct!

The Works Cited Page (Cont.)

  • Make sure you format the works cited page correctly.
  • Begin your works cited page on a new page.
  • Center the title “Works Cited” in the middle of the page. Don’t misspell it as “Sighted” or “Sited.”
  • Include one blank line between the title and the first citation.
  • Double space the page.
  • How to format your works cited page.
  • How to format your works cited page.
  • Indent any subsequent line(s) of each citation (reverse indentation)
  • Alphabetize the entries according to the first word in each citation.
  • Left align the first line of each citation.


  • Try Googling your question, such as “How do I cite a Tweet in MLA format?”
  • Refer to the OWL at Purdue:
  • Look in your textbook.
  • Ask your teacher or the media specialist.

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