He was born on 1st April 1929 in Brno (second largest city) and grew up there.
He studied aesthetics and criticism in the most famous Czech college Charles University (Karlova universita) but early he transferred to another university. There he studied film directing and screenwriting. When he ended the school he started teaching at college.
He was criticizing cultural policy of the past government in Czechoslovakia.
Finally he emigrated to France in 1975 and taught in Paris.