Meeting 3 Grammar III g0134 Meeting 3



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Meeting 3

  • Grammar III
  • G0134

Meeting 3

  • We use the present perfect simple:
  • › with since or for, about a period of time which is still continuing:
  • I’ve lived next door since June. (= and I still live next door now)
  • We use the past simple:
  • › with for, about a period of time which is finished:
  • I lived there for four years. (=but I don’t live there now)

Meeting 3

  • › with questions asking how long:
  • How long have you lived here? (= I know you still live here)
  • § Sometimes we can also use the present perfect continuous.
  • › with questions asking when:
  • When did you move here? (=the move is in the past)

Meeting 3

  • › for unfinished actions and events, often with still or yet:
  • I still haven’t finished it.
  • I haven’t finished it yet.
  • § Still & yet are always used with a negative in the present perfect.

Meeting 3

  • › for events repeated over a period of time until the present (they may continue):
  • You’ve played the saxophone every night. (=until now, and you will probably continue to play every night)
  • › for events repeated over a period of time in the past (they are now finished):
  • You played the saxophone every night. (=but you don’t any more)

Meeting 3

  • We use the present perfect simple:
  • › for events which happened in the past at a time which is unknown and / or irrelevant:
  • I’ve started my essay. (=we don’t know when)
  • I’ve lost my new camera. (=it’s not important when or where)

Meeting 3

  • We use the present perfect simple:
  • › for events that happened in the recent past (often with just):
  • She’s just gone to the cinema. (= and she’s there now)
  • We use the past simple:
  • › for events that happened at a particular time in the past:
  • She was at the cinema between midday and two o’clock. (= but she’s not there now)

Meeting 3

  • › when the time stated is not finished:
  • I’ve spent this morning writing an essay. (= it’s still morning)
  • › when the time stated is finished:
  • I spent this morning writing an essay. (= it’s now afternoon so ‘this morning’ is in the past)

Meeting 3

  • › when we talk about a period of time up to the present:
  • I’ve been to Bali but not to Papua. (= in my life so far – I may go to Papua in the future)
  • › when we talk about past events which are not connected to the present:
  • I went to Bali but not to Papua. (= on a particular trip which is in the past)

Meeting 3

Meeting 3

  • We use the present perfect simple:
  • › Never, ever and already go between the auxiliary and the main verb. Before goes after the verb.
  • › after a superlative:
  • It’s the best cup of coffee I’ve had here.


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