Me and My Big Mouth



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Me and My Big Mouth

  • Terry Bradshaw & David Fisher
  • Unit 4

Lesson 1: Overview

  • Pre-reading questions
  • New words & expressions
  • About the author
  • A global picture

Pre-reading Questions

  • Do you like sports?
  • Who is your favorite footballer?
  • Why do you admire him or her?
  • What would you do to meet challenges or cope with frustrations in your life or work?

New Words & Expressions

  • Reading aloud (page 48)
  • Concept visualized
  • Word derivation
  • Word differentiation

Concept Visualized

  • Endorsement 支持,认可
  • After the endorsement of his home state the candidate campaigned
  • in the neighbor-
  • ing state.

Concept Visualized

  • Toupee 男用假发
  • Does he wear a ~?
  • Hairpiece
  • Wig 假发套
  • He wore a false
  • beard and a ~.
  • The thief went around
  • disguised in a ~.

Concept Visualized

  • Synthetic
  • Most ~ detergents are in the form of powder or liquid.
  • The tears are a bit ~. (=not genuine or sincere)
  • A ~ science 一门综合性学科
  • A ~ drug 合成药物 ~ silk 人造丝
  • ~ aircraft training 模拟飞行训练
  • A ~ smile 假笑 a ~ language 综合(型)语言
  • A ~ combat mission 假想的战斗任务

Concept Visualized

  • Salon
  • 美发厅
  • A hair / hairdressing salon

Concept Visualized

  • An Art Salon 美术展览馆

Concept Visualized

  • A reception room in a large house.
  • Salon
  • 大会客室

Concept Visualized

  • A Beauty Salon 美容院

Concept Visualized

  • Saloon Bar = Lounge Bar 雅座酒吧
  • It is usually in a hotel or public house where alcoholic drink may be served.

Concept Visualized

  • Suffocate
  • Passengers ~d in the burning aircraft.
  • Smother
  • S~ the flames from
  • the burning pan with a wet towel.

Concept Visualized

  • Duplicate
  • Copy
  • Photocopy
  • Information sheets had to be typed and ~d.
  • They have not been able to ~ his successes.

Concept Visualized

  • Mass-produce
  • The mass-produced goods are usually cheap.
  • production line 流水线
  • assembly line
  • (工厂产品的)装配线

Concept Visualized

  • Bust 半身像
  • I saw a marble ~ of David on his desk.
  • Cf:
  • Butt 烟头; 笑柄
  • His singing is the ~ of
  • dozens of jokes.

Concept Visualized

  • Pro-am = Professional and Amateur
  • There is going to be a ~ golf tournament next month.
  • Pro-ams are increasingly part of golfing scene.
  • I seem to play even better in ~.

Concept Visualized

  • Scalp 头皮
  • His pink ~ gleamed through his sparse hair.
  • Note: There is a former practice among American Indians that the ~ of an enemy would be cut or torn away as a battle trophy.

Concept Visualized

  • Play-by-play Announcer 赛况解说员
  • Tom gave us a
  • play-by-play
  • account of the
  • parade.
  • Since you can’t
  • see, I’ll give
  • you a ~. 既然你看不见,我就边看边讲给你听。

Concept Visualized

  • Quarterback 组织进攻的枢纽前卫
  • I used to be the ~ of our high school team.
  • Mother ~s the
  • housekeeping.
  • (=direct or
  • coordinate)

Concept Visualized

  • Binoculars 双筒望远镜
  • He focused his ~ on the building in the distance.
  • The boy was watching
  • the game through ~.
  • field glasses 野外用
  • opera glasses 观剧镜

Concept Visualized

  • Offensive 进攻的
  • We took immediate ~
  • action. 采取进攻
  • The advertisements were ~ to women.
  • (=causing to feel
  • resentful)

Word Derivation

  • N.
  • endorsement
  • scalp
  • offensive
  • V.
  • N.
  • V.
  • suffocate
  • duplicate
  • mass-produce
  • N.
  • V.
  • synthesize
  • fumble
  • distribute
  • scalp
  • suffocation
  • duplication duplicate
  • mass-production
  • synthesis
  • fumble
  • distribution
  • endorse
  • offend

Word Derivation

  • Nouns
  • Verbs
  • inflate
  • display
  • bleed
  • Nouns
  • mold
  • lure
  • Verbs
  • smack
  • Nouns
  • analyst
  • co-host
  • defensive
  • Verbs
  • inflation
  • display
  • bleed
  • smack
  • mold
  • lure
  • analyze
  • co-host
  • defend

Word Derivation

  • Adj.
  • bald
  • synthetic
  • potential
  • N.
  • Adj.
  • insightful
  • dizzy
  • defensive
  • N.
  • Adj.
  • N.
  • executive
  • giant
  • analyst
  • baldness
  • synthesis
  • potential / potentiality
  • insight
  • dizziness
  • defensive /defense
  • executive
  • giant
  • analytical

Word Differentiation

  • Salon vs. Saloon
  • The Smiths bought a five-seater family ________ last week.
  • The brightest intellects of France used to assemble regularly at this ________.
  • saloon
  • salon

Word Differentiation

  • Offensive vs. Defensive
  • The government is very much on the __________ in the fight against crime/drugs.
  • He described the remarks as deeply ___________.
  • He was very __________ about that side of his life.
  • Word Differentiation
  • offensive
  • defensive
  • offensive

Word Differentiation

  • Bold vs. Bald
  • The wine made him ______ enough to approach her and introduce himself.
  • At the age of 40, he was starting to go ____.
  • Money is too ______ a word. They prefer funds.
  • The employee paid for his ______ remark by getting extra work.
  • bald
  • bald
  • bold
  • bold

Word Differentiation

  • Model vs. Mold
  • The country’s parliament is __________ on the British system.
  • He poured the chocolate into a heart-shaped _______________.
  • Some computers provide several so-called processor modes .
  • Automobiles are a popular _________ of transportation.
  • mold/mould
  • mode
  • modeled

Word Differentiation

  • Inflate vs. Deflate
  • The principal effect of the demand for new houses was to ________ prices.
  • One could _________ or diminish a person by a few words.
  • The failure left him ____________.
  • The prices of meals are often artificially ________.
  • inflate
  • inflated
  • deflated
  • inflate

Word Differentiation

  • Comment vs. Commentary
  • Our reporters will give a running ___________ on the election results as they are announced.
  • The plans were sent to the council for __________.
  • His life was a fitting ______________ on his teaching.
  • 他的一生恰当的说明了他的教诲。
  • I prefer non-fiction: history, social ____________ and stuff like that.
  • comment
  • commentary
  • commentary
  • 社会评论
  • commentary

Word Differentiation

  • Advertisement vs. Commercial
  • I suggest you put an _______________ in the local newspaper to sell your car.
  • She appeared in a TV ______________ for a brand of butter.
  • Unhappy clients are not a good _______________ for the firm.
  • She ended up doing ______________, which ironically revived her acting career.
  • commercial
  • commercials
  • advertisement
  • advertisement

Word Differentiation

  • Announcer vs. Host/Hostess
  • Our university is playing _____ to a group of visiting Russian scientists.
  • The station _____________ warned us that the train was running late.
  • She was the ___________ of a half-hour TV series.
  • The anchorman determines the style and tone of the talk show.
  • presenter; newsreader; newscaster; compere
  • announcer
  • hostess
  • host

Word Differentiation

  • Scrape; Scrap; Scalp
  • “If my father finds me here, he’ll _____ me!” said the girl in fear.
  • She ____________ the mud off her shoes.
  • I scribbled her address on a _________ of paper.
  • If I ever heard anybody doing that I’d ________ them.
  • For some years he __________ a living as a tutor.
  • scraped
  • scrap
  • scalp
  • scraped
  • scalp

Word Differentiation

  • Plaster vs. Plastic
  • She broke her leg a month ago and it’s still in _________.
  • She pays with cash instead of with _________.
  • A _________ cast of Madame
  • Fournier stood in the artist’s
  • studio.
  • Do you know what is plastic
  • surgery?
  • plastic
  • plaster
  • plaster

About the Author

  • Terry Bradshaw
  • Birth Name:
  • Terry Paxton Bradshaw
  • Nickname:
  • The Blond Bomber
  • Height:
  • 6' 3" (1.91 m)

About the Author

  • Graduated from Louisiana Tech University.
  • Former professional football player
  • Played his entire career with the Pittsburgh Steelers (1970-1983)

Mini Biography

  • Tall, charismatic ex-star quarterback for the NFL's Pittsburgh Steelers football team. During the 1970s, Terry Bradshaw led the Steelers to four Super Bowl wins over six seasons, and was noted Super Bowl MVP on two occasions. After retiring in 1983, he became a key media commentator on NFL football, and has worked for both the CBS and FOX networks.
  • Note: NFL — National Football League(美国)全国橄榄球联盟
  • 能力超凡的
  • Most Valuable Player

The Most Valuable Player

  • Bradshaw had a powerful throwing arm and called his own plays throughout his pro career. His physical skills and on-the-field leadership played a major role in every one of Pittsburgh‘s championship seasons. Hence he was named the Most Valuable Player.

Super Bowl

  • In professional American football, the Super Bowl is the championship game of the National Football League (NFL). The game and its ancillary festivities constitute Super Bowl Sunday. Over the years it has become the most-watched U.S. television broadcast of the year, and has become likened to a de facto U.S. national holiday.
  • 附属的
  • 事实上

Super Bowl

  • In addition, many popular singers and musicians have performed during the Super Bowl's pre-game and halftime ceremonies. Super Bowl Sunday is the second-largest U.S. food consumption day, following Thanksgiving.

Super Bowl

  • Television broadcast rights of the Super Bowl are held exclusively each year by only one major network (e.g. CBS) in the United States, and the annual broadcast is famous for having the most expensive commercial airtime space of the year. As a result, commercial watching during the Super Bowl has also proceeded to become one of the sub-cultures of the annual event.
  • 独家的
  • 广播时间

Super Bowl

  • The Super Bowl was first played in January, 1967 as part of an agreement between the NFL and its younger rival, the American Football League (AFL) in which each league's championship team would play each other in an "AFL-NFL World Championship Game".

Structure of the Text

  • Part I (para.1):
  • Introduction
  • Part II (para.2-13):
  • Conflict
  • Part III (para.14-27):
  • Climax
  • Part IV (para.28):
  • A solution to the conflict

Structural Analysis

  • Part One (para1)
  • Main idea : to give reasons for his job transfer
  • Function: to provide the setting of the story (whom, where, when, and why )
  • Part Two (para2-13)
  • Main idea: to recount his frustrating experiences as a toupee model
  • Function: to raise the first conflict and its climax

Structural Analysis

  • Part Three ( para14-27)
  • Main idea: to describe his problems, his progress and success in broadcasting
  • Function: to develop the second conflict, build up the climax and reach the solution
  • Part Four (para28)
  • Main idea: to comment on his successful career transition
  • Function: to elicit the theme of the story (conclusive remark)

Language Points

  • Big Mouth (title)
    • Be careful what you say to her — she’s got a big mouth.
    • Oops, I shouldn’t have said that.
  • Me and my big mouth!
    • You and your big mouth! (as a blame)
  • IBM: International Big Mouth
  • BMW: Big Mouth Woman

A Global Picture

  • Type of writing
  • Narration.
  • Purpose of writing
  • Sharing of his personal experiences, his perspectives and understanding of success.
  • Theme of the text
  • In the end I discovered my real talent — just being myself. (para.28)

Thank you!

  • To be continued.

Lesson 2: Overview

  • Word review
  • A global picture
  • Text analysis
  • Stylistic features

Word Review

  • __________ to kill by preventing from breathing
  • __________ to copy exactly
  • __________ causing offence, unpleasant
  • __________ expressing one’s approval or support
  • salon _____________________________________
  • _____________________________________
  • bust _____________________________________
  • wig _____________________________________
  • scalp _____________________________________
  • Lesson 1: Overview
  • suffocate
  • duplicate
  • offensive
  • endorsement
  • a stylish or fashionable small shop, esp.
  • a statue of the upper part of the human body
  • an artificial covering of hair for the head
  • the skin on the top of the human head
  • where services rather goods are sold

Complete the following sentences

  • She went to the hair s_______ and had a new hair-do.
  • I am afraid I can't e___________ your opinion. 
  • I'm s_________ in here; can't we open a few windows? 
  • He d___________ his former mistakes.
  • These curtains made of s_____________ fibres
  • The troops took up o____________ positions.
  • With a supply of compressed air the large balloon gets i__________ in a matter of seconds.
  • salon
  • endorse
  • suffocating
  • duplicated
  • synthetic
  • offensive
  • inflated

Detailed Study of the Text

  • Comprehension questions
  • Language points
  • Sentence highlights

Part I (Paragraph 1)

  • The first paragraph is the introductory part of the whole text.
  • The author introduces the setting, the character and prepares the ground for conflict.

Comprehension Questions

  • What is the meaning of “fine tradition ” mentioned in the text?
  • 2. Why does the writer talk about the “fine tradition ” of this country in this paragraph?

Explanation

  • Terry Bradshaw lives in a society that worships idols. It is common practice to follow the idols’ life-styles.
  • The writer’s mentioning of the fine tradition serves to justify his acceptance of the job as a toupee model.

Language Points

  • Fumble (italicized sentence)
  • Blinded by the soap, he had to ~ about for his glasses.
  • The speaker ~ed for the right word to answer the question.
  • Supposedly (para.1)
  • He was supposedly an American.
  • Supposing we're right, what should we do?

Comprehension Questions

  • What did Terry Bradshaw use to do?
  • What does Terry Bradshaw look like?
  • What was his first job after his football-playing career ended?
  • Why did the toupee company hire him as its model?

Explanation

  • Paragraphs 2 & 3 serve as the beginning of the story’s second part which includes three episodes in his frustrating experience as a toupee company’s spokesman.
  • The toupee company attempts to make use of the writer’s fame to attract the potential customers.

Language Points

  • Get/be involved in (para.2)
  • The President was involved in the political scandal.
  • Endorsement (para.2)
  • I wonder how many celebrities actually use the products they endorse.
  • The election victory is a clear ~ of their policies.

Language Points

  • He-man (para.3): a strong man with big muscles, esp. one who likes to show other people how strong he is
  • She-girl: a girl with feminine feature and very talented usually considered ideal life partner

Language Points

  • It-girl: sexually attractive woman
  • Now, when a man sees a sexually attractive woman, he would say, “Wow! She’s got it!”

Language Points

  • Potential (para.3)
  • Every seed is a ~ plant.
  • That hole in the road is a ~ danger.
  • Distribute to (para.3)
  • Information leaflets are being ~d to hotels.
  • The journal is ~d worldwide.

Language Points

  • A plastic model with a toupee stuck on it

Sentence Highlight

  • To show potential customers how good I looked with hair, the company made and distributed to salons all over the country a plastic model of my head. (para.3)
  • To show those people who might become customers in the future how good I looked with hair, the company made a plastic model of my head and sent it to beauty salons all over the country.

Comprehension Questions

  • What did the toupee company ask the writer to do in order to promote its products?
  • Paragraph 4 to 7 are mainly about the author’s suffering when people are making a plastic model of his head.

Comprehension Questions

  • What was the writer’s most intolerable thing as a toupee model?
  • What’s the writer’s tone while describing his experience as a wig-model?
  • What figures of speech (rhetorical devices) did the author use in order to make the description vivid and humorous?

Language Points

  • Holiday Inn (para.4):
  • a small hotel
  • Straws (para.4)

Language Points

  • Have trouble doing sth. (para.5)
  • I have some trouble getting the car started.
  • The factory is so noisy that they have trouble hearing each other.
  • In the meantime (para.5)
  • They’ll be here soon. In the ~, let’s have coffee.

Language Points

  • High on the list (para.6)
  • Having to wait hours came high on the list of complaints.
  • Keeping fit is often high on the list of New Year’s resolutions for Americans in the past decades.
  • John puts marriage and a family of his own high on the list when it comes to goals for his not-so-distant future.

Hyperbole: [修辞]夸张法

  • A figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect, as in “I could sleep for a year”. or “This book weighs a ton”.
  • exaggeration ; overstatement

Examples of Hyperbole

  • 1) You are my lifesaver.
  • 2) You are 100% right.
  • 3) A drop of ink may make a million think. (George G. Byron)
  • 4) I haven't seen you for ages.
  • 7) We're all tired/scared to death.
  • 8) One father is more than a hundred schoolmasters.
  • 9) It's a crime to stay inside on such a beautiful day.
  • 今天阳光明媚,躲在家中实在太遗憾了。
  • 10) He spent a lot of money, like water.

Comprehension Questions

  • How did the author’s parents react when they received their son’s modeled head?
  • Why were the parents bothered when they received their son’s modeled head?
  • What is another part of the deal between the author the toupee company?

Language Points

  • Deal (para.10)
  • Let's make a deal. That's a deal.
  • It's a deal.
  • Robust (para.10)
  • a robust young man 一个精力充沛的年轻人
  • robust work 强体力劳动
  • a robust tale 粗俗的故事
  • robust coffee 浓咖啡

Language Points

  • Road kill (para.10):
  • whatever animals killed on roads
  • The squirrel was crushed to death by the speeding car.
  • An angel flew near the road kill and kissed it. Miraculously, it revived.

Sentence Highlight

  • As another part of the deal, I filmed several toupee commercials. (para.10)
  • As another part of the agreement, I played the leading role in several toupee advertisements on TV or radio.

Comprehension Questions

  • What was the writer’s most intolerable thing as a toupee model?
  • He has to wear the wig whenever he appears in public.
  • Paragraph 11 to 13 forms the climax of the second part of the text. In this episode, the writer undergoes intolerable annoyance and frustration.

Language Points

  • Tournament (para.11): a series of contests 锦标赛;联赛
  • Cf: Championship: a competition to find the best player to team in a particular sport, especially one that involves several stages or games. 冠军赛
  • She's going for the double this year, the Olympics and the World ~. 
  • With this performance, she has notched up her third ~ title. 

Language Points

  • Rip off (para.11)
  • The angry man ~ped off the big character post on the wall.
  • They ~ped us off at that hotel. (敲诈)
  • Shove (para.11)
  • He bundled the papers together and ~d them into a drawer.
  • They ~d the boat into the river.

Language Points

  • Squirrel (para.12)
  • Back pocket (para.11)

Language Points

  • Note the absolute construction:
  • I spent the rest of the tournament walking around with blood running down my face and the hairpiece hanging out of pocket like a ~’s tail.
  • The President walked down the stairs with one ambassador following him.

Comprehension Questions

  • What was the writer’s second job?
  • Why did the writer’s partner, Verne Lundquist, at first assume that the writer could be a dependable co-announcer?
  • What are the challenges for him as a TV broadcaster?
  • Did he get better? How?

Explanation

  • Paragraph 14 is a transitional paragraph which marks the end of the first conflict ( the second part of the text) and the beginning of another conflict.
  • Paragraphs 15-16 is the beginning of the third part of the text, which tells how he enters the broadcasting business and begins a new career.

Language Points

  • Sound bites (pa.14): brief excerpts from a speech, especially in TV news. The writer was good at saying something brief but interesting and sensible.
  • Explanation
  • When Terry Bradshaw was a football-player, reporters liked to talk to him because he always said something brief but interesting and sensible. This is a much needed talent in broadcasting.

Language Points

  • Executive (para.15)
  • The president of a company is an executive.
  • CEO: Chief Executive Officer
  • Long term (para.15)
  • In the long term, our efforts will pay off.
  • These ventures are unlikely to yield much return in the short term.

Language Points

  • CBS (para.15): Columbia Broadcasting System
  • FOX (para.26):
  • Logo of CBS

Language Points

  • Team sb. with sb. (para.16): let sb work together with sb.
  • The officer teamed the rookie with an experienced soldier.
  • Cf: Team up with : work together for a shared purpose
  • I teamed up with Jane to do the job.

Language Points

  • Veteran (para.16): experienced
    • My grandfather is a ~ of the Second World War.
    • At the age of 12 the boy was already a ~ traveler, having flown all over the world with his father.
    • Every year a race is held in England for ~ cars.

Language Points

  • Verne Lundquist (para.16)
  • Greg Gumbel (para.24)

Background Information

  • San Diego is the second largest city in California and the eighth largest city in the United States, located along the Pacific Ocean on the West coast of the Western United States.

Language Points

  • The Chargers (para.17)
  • a football team from
  • San Diego

Language Points

  • Frames (para.17)
  • The photo has a golden ~.
  • A few ~s from the original film were too far gone to salvage.

Sentence Highlight

  • As a quarterback, the big picture had been …made up the big picture. (pa.17)
  • When he was a quarterback the writer only cared about the winning of the games he played, while as a broadcaster he had to present a detailed account of what was going on on the field to the audience, which are the actions and moments that made up the whole view of the game.

Language Points

  • Understate (para.20): to state with less completeness or truth
  • They ~ the seriousness of the crime.
  • She believes the research ~s the amount of discrimination women suffer.
  • To say that her resignation was a shock would be an understatement — it caused panic.

Sentence Highlight

  • I would not describe my first game as a disaster, mostly because that would be understating how truly bad I was. (para.20)
  • I wouldn’t describe my first game as a complete failure, mostly because that word would not be enough to describe how truly bad I was.

Language Points

  • A bunch of (para.21): a lot of
  • She saw a ~ of flowers/bananas/keys on her desk.
    • The reorganization will give us a whole ~ of problems.
    • I went to a ~ of stores but none of them sold the kind of coat that I want .
  • Insightful (para.21)
  • His new essay on traditional Chinese medicine is ~ and rewarding.

Language Points

  • Viewer (para.23): someone who is watching a particular television program 电视观众
  • viewers of prime-time shows 电视黄金时间的观众
  • Cf. audience: a group of people who have come to place to watch a play, a concert, a film. a large audience
  • Cf. spectator: someone who is watching an event or game

Language Points

  • Boom microphone (para.24): a kind of microphone whose end can be moved about
  • Co-host (para.24)
  • co-worker
  • co-operation
  • co-author

Language Points

  • Analyst (para.24)
  • We don't pay our financial ~s to be wise after the event!
  • Knock out (para.24)
    • The blow ~ed his opponent out.
    • The sleeping tablets ~ed him out for 18 hours.
    • Our team was ~ed out in the first round of the competition.
    • Telephone communications were ~ed out by the storm.

Explanation

  • Paragraphs 23-26 tell us how the writer progresses in sports broadcasting. With his hard and enduring effort, the writer gradually gets some experience and masters the know how in sports broadcasting. Thus the second conflict is resolved, marking the end of the third part of the text.

Sentence Highlight

  • Then, minutes before we went on the air, a heavy boom microphone smacked me upside the head so hard it nearly knocked me out. (para.24)
  • Then, minutes before we began broadcasting, a heavy boom microphone hit me upside the head so hard that it almost made me lose consciousness.

Language Points

  • On the air (para.24): 正在广播; 开始播送
  • in the air 在空中
  • up in the air 悬而未决
  • live on air [口]喝西北风过日子, 饿肚子过活
  • put on airs 装腔作势
  • eat the air 画饼充饥, 痴心妄想
  • fish in the air (=plough the air) 白费力气
  • (as) free as the air 自由自在, 行动自由
  • give air to (air one’s view) 发表(意见等)

Language Points

  • Smack (para.24)
  • Put that down or else I'll ~ you.
  • Don't you dare ~ my children!
  • Their comments ~ of racism.
  • 他们的评论有点种族偏见的味道.
  • Brand-new (para.25)
    • How can he afford to buy himself a ~ car?
    • His coat looked as if it was ~.

Language Points

  • Relate to (para.25)
  • 1) to connect
  • The cost ~s directly to the amount of time used on the job.
  • 2) to tell
  • He ~d to us the story of his escape.
  • 3) to be about
  • These secret documents ~s to the conduct of the war.

Language Points

  • Entertainer (para.26)
  • He’s a popular television ~.
  • A man never does justice to himself as an ~ when his wife is around.
  • All of a sudden (para.26)
    • It seemed to happen all of a ~ — I felt dizzy and I just collapsed.
    • All of a ~, I remembered that I hadn’t locked the door.

Language Points

  • Release (para.26): (n.) to issue for performance, sale, publication, or distribution.
  • In the weekly ~ of the football team of New Jersey University, there is no information about next week’s match.
  • Lure (para.27)
  • He left home because of the ~s of the life in the city.
    • The travel brochure ~d me into taking a Caribbean vacation.

Language Points

  • Relate to (para.25)
  • 1) to connect
  • The cost ~s directly to the amount of time used on the job.
  • 2) to tell
  • He ~d to us the story of his escape.
  • 3) to be about
  • These secret documents ~s to the conduct of the war.

Sentence Highlight

  • … we were catching a lot of fish (para.26)
  • Previously the writer was a successful athlete
  • …all of a sudden we couldn’t catch mud (para.26)
  • In the career transition, he did not have much to boast of.

Sentence Highlight

  • …either these fish got real bright all of a sudden or they are not interested in these lures. We got to change lures. (para.27)
  • When the situation changes, one should make some necessary changes accordingly to adapt himself to the situation.

Sentence Highlight

  • Inflated ellipsoid (para.28): a substitute term for American football with the shape of an ellipsoid (椭圆体)that is inflated with air.

Comprehension Questions

  • What is the significance of the fishing anecdote mentioned in paragraph 26 and his dad’s saying in paragraph 27?
  • The fishing anecdote is a play of words in which the writer, on the one hand, comments on his live transmission and, on the other hand, allures his career transition to fishing experience.

Explanation

  • The writer thought his only talent was playing American football. (Of course, it was one of his best talents.) But now he realizes that his real talent lies in how to make the best use of his potential (“Talking is what I can do best, and I like to make people smile”) and adapt himself to the changed situation.

Rhetorical Devices

  • Parallelism & Repetition
    • I didn’t know the players and their assignments; I didn’t know when to talk and when to keep quiet. I didn’t know what to look at, how to describe what I was seeing. (para.18)
    • There was so much I didn’t know and I didn’t even know it. (para.19)
    • I worked hard. I wanted to be good, to please the viewers. And I needed that job. (para.23)

Figures of Speech

  • Hyperboles
    • There were lots of ways to die, but being suffocated by plaster while getting your head duplicated for a toupee display is high on the list. (para.6)
  • Simile
    • Then I surfaced with what looked like road kill stuck to my head. (para.10)
    • …the hairpiece hanging out of my pocket like a squirrel’s tail. (para.12)

Thank you!

  • To be continued.

Lesson 3: Overview

  • Duty Report
  • Paraphrase
  • Translation Practice
  • Exercise Highlights

Duty Report

  • Broadcasting Companies in the US
  • American football vs. soccer
  • Humor

Matching

  • 1. CBS
  • 2. ABC
  • 3. PBS
  • 4. Fox
  • 5. NBC

Matching

  • CBS

Football vs. Soccer

Football vs. Soccer

  • (British) Football Soccer
  • American Football Rugby
  • Ball Shape
  • Time
  • Ways to Play
  • Wearing
  • Goal
  • Round
  • Oval
  • 90 minutes
  • 60 minutes
  • Kicking the ball
  • Throwing the ball
  • Body armour
  • Sports suits
  • Sending the ball into a net
  • Touching the ball down over a touchline

Humor

  • The term derives from the humoral medicine of the ancient ________, which taught that the balance of fluids in the human body, known as humours (Latin, meaning "body fluid"), control human health and emotion.
  • The majority of people are able to experience humour, i.e., to be amused, to laugh or smile at something funny, and thus they are considered to have a ______ of humour.
  • 体液
  • Greeks
  • sense

Humour Formula

  • Root components:
  • being reflective of or imitative of reality
  • surprise/misdirection, contradiction/paradox, ambiguity
  • Methods:
  • hyperbole metaphor
  • farce 滑稽 reframing timing

Humour Formula

  • According to Rowan Atkinson, an English comedian, screenwriter, and actor, an object or a person can become funny in three different ways. They are:
  • * by behaving in an unusual way
  • * by being in an unusual place
  • * by being the wrong size

Blank-filling

  • black; dry; brand; schoolboy
  • I must say I find his ___________ humour rather tiresome.
  • Black comedy aims at revealing the bitter and absurd reality in a tone of ________ humor.
  • ________ humour is very amusing in a way which is clever and not loud or obvious.
  • Do you like his ________ of humour?
  • black
  • schoolboy
  • =childish
  • Dry
  • brand
  • =type

Explain the underlined part

  • To show potential customers how good I looked with hair, the company made and distributed to salons all over the country a plastic model of my head.
  • those people who might become customers in the future

Explain the underlined part

  • As another part of the deal, I filmed several toupee commercials.
  • advertisements on TV or radio

Explain the following sentence

  • As a quarterback, the big picture had been the only thing that mattered to me, but as a broadcaster I soon learned it was the small frames that made up the big picture.
  • As a player I only cared about the winning of the game, that is, the general picture of it, while as a broadcaster I soon learned that it was the details, i. e. the series of actions taking place on the field that make up the whole view of the game.

Explain the underlined part

  • I would not describe my first game as a disaster, mostly because that would be understating how truly bad I was.
  • complete failure

Explain the underlined part

  • All I could see was a bunch of people with numbers I couldn’t read running around.
  • a group of

Explain the underlined part

  • Then, minutes before we went on the air, a heavy boom microphone smacked me upside the head so hard it nearly knocked me out.
  • made me lose consciousness

Explain the following sentence

  • For a man who thought his best talent was throwing an inflated ellipsoid a long way, I’ve been fortunate in my career.
  • I thought my only talent was to play American football (an inflated ellipsoid), but in job transition I have come to realize what I can do best.

Sentence Translation

  • Transition Commentary
  • Defensive Challenge
  • Distribute Duplicate
  • Endorse Mass-produce

Translation Practice

  • Transition
  • The country is undergoing a peaceful ~ from colonial rule to self-government.
  • The negotiators hoped to effect a smooth ~ to an interim administration.
  • I am not very lively during the ~ months from winter to spring.
  • The company was slow to make the ~ from paper to computer.
  • 在冬春之交的几个月里精神总不大好
  • 实现向临时政府的平稳过渡
  • 公司从纸张向电脑过渡的速度非常缓慢。

Translation Practice

  • defensive
  • She became very ~ when I asked her how much the car had cost.
  • Why is she so ~ about her husband?
  • He plays ~ position brilliantly.
  • These are purely ~ weapons, not designed for attack.
  • 他试图为自己的错误辩解。
  • He attempted to be on the ~ about his own mistakes.
  • 充满了戒备,不愿多说
  • 她为什么老是这样护着他的丈夫?
  • 他的防守打得十分出色。

Translation Practice

  • distribute
  • This new machine ~s seed evenly and quickly over the whole field.
  • There are over 35000 species of orchid ~d throughout the world.
  • Wealth is not evenly ~d between age groups.
  • Copies of the book were ~d free to each school in the district.
  • 这台新机器播种得又匀又快。
  • 有超过三万五千个兰花品种
  • 这本书被免费分发给该地区各所学校。

Translation Practice

  • endorse
  • The committee’s report fully ~s the government’s proposals.
  • 委员会的报告完全赞同政府的建议。
  • When the former President ~d her candidacy, she knew she had a good chance of being elected.
  • 候选人时,她知道自己大有当选的可能。
  • The plan does not explicitly ~ the private ownership of land.
  • 这项计划没有明确支持私人拥有土地。
  • They paid $2million to the world champion to ~ their new aftershave.
  • 当前总统支持她作
  • 他们付给那位世界冠军两百万美元,请他为他们的润肤香水作代言。

Translation Practice

  • commentary
  • We couldn’t see Tom, but Sally gave us a running ~ on what he was doing.
  • She kept up a running ~ on the festivities.
  • The novel provides a powerful social ~ on post-war Germany.
  • The petty quarrels were a sad ~ on the state of the government.
  • The ~ is exemplary in its concision and lucidity.
  • 这些争吵不幸印证了政府的现状
  • 小说有力地揭示了战后的德国社会。
  • 进行了绘声绘色的描述
  • 这篇评论在简洁清晰方面堪称典范。

Translation Practice

  • challenge
  • One of the biggest ~s facing the present government is that of creating new jobs and new industries.
  • The result of the vote poses a serious ~ to the government’s credibility.
  • She issued a ~ to her rival candidates to take part in a public debate.
  • 他接受了朋友游泳过河的挑战。
  • He accepted his friends’ ~ to swim across the river.
  • 政府的信任度
  • 她向选举对手发出挑战

Translation Practice

  • mass-produce
  • Mass-produced furniture is cheaper than furniture made by hand.
  • In the battery farms, poultry and eggs will be ~d.
  • 在机械化农场,禽蛋都是大批量生产的。
  • 如果论文能够大批量生产的话,你觉得他们的质量能好吗?
  • If academic/research papers can be ~d, do you think they will be good quality/of any value?

Translation Practice

  • duplicate
  • Parenthood is an experience nothing else can ~.
  • All the members received ~d notices of the meeting.
  • The contract is prepared in ~, so that both parties can sign it.
  • Can you ~ this key for me?
  • The original experiment cannot be exactly ~d.
  • I wanted to avoid simply ~ing work that had already been done.
  • 你能为我另配一把钥匙吗?
  • 合同准备了备份,以便双方可以签字。
  • 避免简单地重复做过的工作

Exercises Highlights

  • Word Expansion (page52)
  • Grammar Exercises (page 54)

Word Expansion

  • dis-: lack of
  • disgrace; dishonesty; dishonor; discourage
  • ac-: (before c, k, q) going with, usu. unexpectedly
  • acknowledge; accept; acquire; accident; acquaintance
  • de-: denoting removal or reversal
  • depopulate; delay; defeat; deflate; decrease; descend

Word Expansion

  • sym-: (before b, m, p) exact likeness
  • symphony; sympathy; symptom; symbol;
  • equil-: equal; equally
  • equilateral; equivalent; equidistant; equiangular
  • re-: once more
  • recall; reunite; rebuke; recover; reassure; reply

Grammar Exercise → Adjectives

  • Opinion adjectives → objective/descriptive adjectives
  • e.g. Tom is a handsome young man.
  • Articles/adjective pronouns → other adjectives
  • e.g. It is Judy’s new hat.
  • Comparative/superlative adjectives → other adjectives
  • e.g. Do you have any longer silk shirt?
  • Size → age → shape → color → nationality → material

Put the adjectives in proper order.

  • Mary is a _________________ girl. (young, beautiful)
  • Mary has a pair of _____________ eyes. (blue, big)
  • She has bought a _________________________ carpet. (Persian, old, large, beautiful)
  • He graduated from a ______________________ school. (medical, American, famous)
  • A ______________________ bridge is being built. (yellow, iron, long)
  • The Mid-autumn Festival is a(n) ___________________ _________ festival. (traditional, Chinese, important)
  • beautiful young
  • big blue
  • beautiful large old Persian
  • famous American medical
  • long yellow iron
  • important traditional
  • Chinese

What is an auction?

  • Auctions are public sales of goods, conducted by an officially appointed auctioneer. He asked the crowd assembled in the auction room to make offers, or “bid”, for the various items on sale. He encourages buyers of the goods to make higher offers. This is called “knocking down” the goods, for the bidding ends when the auctioneer bangs a gavel on a table which is often set on a platform.

Oral Practice

  • A Simulated Auction
  • Each group is to choose one article to be auctioned off.
  • Decide on the value of the article and the lowest price you would like to give it.
  • Choose one student to be the auctioneer.
  • The auctioneer is to introduce the merits of the article so as to push up the bidding (encourage the bidders to make higher offers).

Thank you!



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