Mdb1031: vocab : (20p)

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    • İkinci Vize İçerikleri

    • MDB1031:VOCAB   : (20p) I. vizeden sonra işlenen 3 metnin sadece "Vocabulary in Context" bölümündeki sözcükler sınava dahildir

    • READING: (40p) 15p Scanning, 15p Multiple-Choice, 10p Vocab in Context

    • WRITING: (40p) Girişi verilmiş bir classification essay'e iki body paragraf yazılacak.

  • Body Paragraph Evaluation Rubric

    • proper topic sentence (with a signal word) 4 pts

    • first supporting sentence 2 pts

    • first evidence/example 2 pts

    • second supporting sentence 2 pts

    • second evidence/example 2 pts

    • content&coherency  3 pts

    • vocab&grammar&spelling 5 pts

    • !!! Repetitive or off-topic sentences will not be evaluated.

MDB1051:İlk vize formatından tek farkı çoktan seçmeli bölümün çıkarılmış olmasıdır.Öğrenciler sadece 4. ve 5. ünitelerden sorumlular   

  1. Classification Essay: Analyzing the Thesis Statement and Writing Proper Body Paragraphs

Analyze the classification essay thesis statements below. Identify the topics and the categories.

1-Doctors Without Borders obtained funding mainly from two different sources: individual donors and non-governmental organizations.



2-The situtations which Medecins Sans Frontieres give emergency aid can be sorted in four: natural disasters, epidemics, war, malnutrition.



3-William Sheldon categorized human body into three groups according to their shapes; the endomorph, the mesomorph and the ectomorph.



4-The book collection of Mrs. Monteith is classified as fiction, poetry, and philosophy.



5-The common types of cakes my mother bakes can be listed in three groups according to their ingredients: chocolate, cheese, and lemon.



6-Janelle's shoes can basically be divided into two: flats and heeled.



7-Methods for birth today fall into two categories: normal and c-section.



8-Major problems of Istanbul today can be classified into three groups: traffic, pollution and rapid urbanization.



Note that all thesis statements need to:

* have a topic

* be a full sentence

* define at least 2 categories

* use classification essay signal words

Now carefully read the body paragraphs below and define the functions of each sentence in the paragraph. Please pay significant attention to the use of conjunctions.


Firstly, MSF (Doctors Without Borders) have almost 4 million individual donors. They support MSF monthly or annually. Their donations may differ from 100 dollars a month to 100.000 dollars annually. Donors are from all over the world: from Italy to Alaska… Also, donations are not restricted with money only. Some people prefer to donate blood, whereas some of them donate food and emergency kits regularly. All in all, these philanthropists are pleased and proud of what they’re doing.

Secondly, there are numerous non-governmental organizations which aim to support MSF. These organizations include local charities too but most of them consist of international teams working hand in hand to help MSF. Moreover, in developed countries, these NGOs organize seminars at schools to raise awareness about MSF. There are some international companies that support MSF with their products, too. As a result, NGOs in the world not only fund the MSF financially but also provide food, beverages, emergency kits, cleaning supplies and educate the youth to take responsibility in the future.


Sentence 1:

Sentence 2:

Sentence 3:

Sentence 4:

Sentence 6:

Sentence 7:


Sentence 1:

Sentence 2:

Sentence 3:

Sentence 4:

Sentence 5:

Note that each body paragraph needs to:

* have a topic sentence starting with a proper signal word

* have at least 2 supporting statements

* include examples and evidences

* use conclusion signal words, if it has a conclusive sentence

Read the body paragraphs below and discuss whether they follow the rules above.

First of all, her real love is high-heeled shoes. However, they are not always welcome. For example if she will ride a bike or take a walk with friends along the seaside, heeled shoes are not preferable. In these situations, she wears her flats: sneakers, sports shoes or ballerina flats…Also, loafers and espadrilles are her favorites to wear to college. In conclusion, for her tiring days the flats are user-friendly and they don’t cause foot pain.

On the other hand, her high-heeled shoes which she adores are perfect for an event. For a date out, she may prefer a 6-inch stiletto. If it’s a birthday party at a pub and if it snows outside, she would definitely choose a pair of knee-high boots. Ankle strap shoes or sandals with shiny colors are her favorites during summer. Also, she has d’Orsay pumps to wear to cultural events such as concerts and plays.


Now try to write body paragraphs for some of the thesis statements in part A.

MDB1031 Classification Essay Exercise

Writing a Classification Essay

This type of essay is a very specific one as it deals with the classification of organizing the logical connections in it. In order to write a professional classification essay, three advices should be kept in mind. First of all the organized categories are expected to fully reveal the theme of the essay and therefore must be very useful in terms of the classification classification. In spite of the amount of the separated categories each of them must follow one logical principle. And also each of the presented categories is to provide examples.

Classification essay Outline & Structure  

This rubric is a condensed treatment of the classification essay writing, this outline is just a description of the main facts and rules about how to write this type of essay. One should practice as much as possible to become good in writing a classification essay.

    1. Introduction

(The basic part pf the introduction is the thesis statement. The strength of the thesis statement depends on how well it reveals the topic and its classification. It is to justify the specific categories chosen for this classification).
The thesis statement has a very determined logical structure: theme® its classification® chosen categories (the number of categories is suggested to be limited to three in order not to blur the classification).
For instance: Exchange students can face three benefits: education, experience and cultural exchange.

    1. Body

    • First category (The less important category).

    • Second category

    • Third category (The most important one and requires brighter examples).

In a good classification essay each category must follow one organizing principle. The categories can be organized on the basis of forming different groups of arguments).

    1. Conclusion

The conclusion is the summary of the analyzed categories and the restatement of the thesis statement.

Classification essay format

This type of essay like all others could be formated in MLA, Chicago/Turabian, APA, AMA. That depends on your essay topic, subject area and the assignment requeirements. Please be consistent following the one style of format of all the essay elements: Title, headings, paragraphs Text pages, Fonts, Indents, Justifications, Spacing, Page numbers, Emphasis, Footnotes, reference list etc.

Useful Expressions and Exercise for Categorizing

a)A list of structure vocabulary that signals classification 

class/ classification












some of

most of

all of

to classify/divide into

to sort

to include

________ fall into _____ category

________ can be divided into ______ classes

to be listed

b) Below is a list of sixteen words. Arrange them into three categories and give each category a name.


surfing on the internet










credit cards






Category 1:

Category 2:

Category 3:

c) Now, write a classification essay thesis statement for each category. You may or may not categorize in order to include the words in parentheses. Try using the expressions above.




d) In a classification essay, it is very important to be able to state your criteria/principle of categorization/classification. Now, identify the classification principle for each of the thesis statement above.




e) Now, write classification essay thesis statements for any of the following topics. Occupations







Magazines , Problems of living in Istanbul

f) Build 2 body paragraphs for your thesis statement.

MDB1031 How to Write a Classification Essay

    1. Divide your topic into 3 groups using one rule or classifying principle. Make sure category names are the same type of word: e.g. all nouns or adjectives or phrases.

*Some dividing principles are:

a. Degree=best, average, worst; most, average, last=levels of something

b. Time=past, present, future

c. Location=where it happens or where it is found

2.   Write your thesis statement with the topic, controlling principle and categories.

Example:  Books can be classified according to their cost as expensive, affordable, and cheap.

Example:  My friends can be divided into three groups by how they answer the telephonepolite, cheerful, and rude.

3.  Each category will become a Body Paragraph in the order that they are mentioned in the Thesis Statement.

4.  Make a quick outline or chart of the categories with definitions and descriptions and examples.

 Books can be classified according to their cost as expensive, affordable, and cheap.




Definition: cost

55-200 TL

25-50 TL

5-20 TL

When Published

New release

With 1-2 years

More than 2 years

Book cover

Hard cover

Soft or paperback

Paper or used

Where to buy


Bookstores, supermarkets, airports


Used bookstores,

Street sellers



To Kill a Mockingbird

 Catcher in the Rye

5.  Be clear when defining and describing each category and showing the differences between them.

    1. Write the Introduction using the funnel style of general to specific to thesis.

      1. Step One:  Generalize your overall topic and write a Hook or Interest- getting sentence.

      2. Step Two:  Make the topic a little more specific and write another sentence.

      3. Step Three:  Write a sentence that is close to what you say in the thesis statement, but not exactly.  Maybe mention the topic and categorizing principle, but not the categories.

      4. Step Four:  Use a transition to connect your thesis statement with the sentence just before it. *transitions: however, in fact, actually.

    1. Write the Body paragraphs in the order mentioned in thesis statement.

      1. Step One:  Write a topic sentence for the paragraph that defines the category.

      *Use transitions such as: first type, second type, third type; first kind, next group, last, another, an additional, a final.

Example:  The first category that books can be divided into contains the most expensive books which cost between 55-200 YTL.

      1. Step Two:  Give 1- 2 supporting points which will describe and explain the category.

      2. Step Three: Give 1-2 examples of the supporting points of typical members of the group and explain and describe them with details.

*Use transitions such as: a good example, a typical example, an excellent example, for instance, such as.

      1. Step Four: Write a concluding sentence of the paragraph to summarize how your examples relate to your classification principle.

*Use transitions such as: therefore, for this reason, as a result, consequently, lastly, finally.

8.  Make sure all body paragraphs give similar types of information and supporting points so that the reader can be clear on the differences between the categories.

9. Write the Concluding Paragraph.

a. Step One:  Paraphrase your thesis statement.

b. Step Two:  Paraphrase topic sentences from the three body paragraphs.

c. Step Three:  Write a concluding statement that gives your opinion, suggestion, or prediction about the information in the essay.  Do not write “I think that,” but use it to help you clarify what you think, and then just state it. 

Example: (I think that) People should buy discounted books or go borrow them from the library because first edition books have become too expensive.

  1. Okuma-Konuşma, The Workforce of the 21st Century


Suggested Video:

Follow-Up Questions for the video:

1-       What are the working conditions in Dongguan?

2-       Why does the speaker think workers are content with working conditions?

3-       How is the speaker’s mood/tone about conditions in China? Do you agree with her?

Warm-up: *Brainstorming about today’s workforce and working conditions

Possible answers: Working conditions, Outsourcing, Low-skill jobs X High skill jobs, Hi-tech jobs, Cost- goes up X goes down, Supply Chain, Global X Local /Mobile workforce, Blue Collar/White Collar Worker Supply- Demand (the balance between the amounts of goods available and the amount that people ask for),

*Ask these questions to make ss talk with the vocabulary above

Would you like to work in a foreign country? Why? /Why not?

What qualities/skills do you think the 21st century workers need?

While Reading Questions

PAR. 1
a) How would you describe ‘a skilled worker’?

b) What kind of opportunities are these skilled workers offered at work?

PAR. 2

a)       What is a low-skill job? What kinds of businesses are considered as low-skill job?

b)       Why is outsourcing a profitable thing for companies?

PAR. 3

a)       Why do employees in host countries criticize outsourcing?

PAR. 4

a)       Why are workers more willing to work in other countries when you compare the situation in the past?

b)       Can Turkish workers also work in different countries as European workers? Why? Why not?

PAR. 5

a) How does mobile workforce help the economy of the country that a worker leaves?

Collocations: modern businesses, mobile workforce, skilled worker, developing/industrialized country, low-skilled/high-tech jobs-workplaces, move across national borders

Post reading activity: Have the students analyze and comment on the images about globalization (Appendix 4). Try to make them discuss the concepts covered in the unit. 


Lead- In:
Suggested Movie: Schooling, Dangerous Minds

Suggested Books: Dead  Poets’ Society

Suggested website:
Suggested Video:

Questions for the Video (Write the questions on the board before ss start watching)

1-       What’s the public education for?

2-       What’s the profound mistake in education?

Lead-In: While introducing the topic, the following vocabulary can be written on the board to make the students think about the topic:

alternative education = non traditional / non conventional /non standardized education

traditional education=mainstream /conventional education/standardized education (Traditional learning is a kind of rote learning. Also remind the students the word “learn/know by heart” means to memorize.)

Warm-up: Make ss talk about the alternative forms of education. Suggested answers:

homeschooling /home-based learning

distance learning / e- learning / learning online
alternative high school
The Montessori school system (was characterized by an emphasis on freedom within limits, independence & respect for a child’s mental development as well as technological advancements in the society)

vocational schools

Warm-up: Make ss think about the main differences between traditional and alternative education in terms of curriculum, teaching, place, dressing code, rules, etc… Suggested answers:

Traditional Education                                                    Alternative Education

standardized curriculum and teaching                          variety in courses and teaching

in-class education                                                              Homeschooling/ online learning etc.             

wearing uniforms in higher education                           no dress code

While-Reading/ Pre&Post Reading Questions:
1. What does education provide? /What is education for?
2. What would your ideal education be like?
3. What forms of alternative education do you know?
4. What are the alternative education settings available in your country?
5. Are there any similarities between Montessori School and alternative high schools /If yes, what are they? (Par. 3)
6. Why do you think parents choose homeschooling? (Par. 4)
7. What are the advantages /disadvantages of homeschooling?
8. Do you prefer taking distance learning courses? Explain your idea by giving supports.
9. If you were the Minister Of National Education, what would you like to change in the current system?
10. What do you think of the future of alternative education?

Vocabulary exercises: Match the words with the related ones:

1.look for /find

a.  online

2.take class

b. in school /at home /online


c. globally

4. grow /expand

d. popular / distance learner

5. skilled /semi-skilled/unskilled

e. a job

6. take place

f. worker

1 e - 2 a - 3 d - 4 c - 5 f - 6 b

Collocations: Public education, improve one’s life, standardized tests, business leaders, emotional/physical/academic needs, multi-aged groups, passive/real learning, global demand, take tests/classes online, internet access, have right to education/ education right, shortage/lack of skilled people

Post Reading Activity:

Discussion: Ask ss whether they agree with the idea of the writer that “Alternative learning will continue to grow”. (Here remind the ss the use of “be likely to+V1)


Suggested Movies: 15 Minutes, Mr Bone

Suggested Video:

Follow-Up Questions for the Video:

1-       What is undercover journalism?

2-       What are the cases that the journalist reported?


*Write“ethics” in capitals in the middle of the board (add the meaning if you like) and students can be asked to brainstorm on what’s ethical and what’s not (is it ethical for students to cheat or plagiarize)

Ethics:   moral principles that determine a person’s behavior in his activities

Forms:   ethical X unethical (adj)

ethically X unethically (adv)

Maxim: an absolute moral statement about a universal truth; such as: “murder is wrong”.

 Immanuel Kant:” Act only on those maxims that you could be, at the same time will to be a universal law.”

Golden Rule: Treat others as you would like to be treated.

*Then students can be asked to brainstorm about “ethical reporting”. Suggested answers:

         Telling the truth

         Using fake documents/ using documents illegally

         Interference into private life of people

         Violating human rights

         Having an impact on national security


Scan the journalists’ Code of Ethics (Appendix 1) and discuss some of the items.

While-Reading Questions

1.       Why would journalists need to change/alter the facts?

2.       What are the criteria for a newspaper’s popularity?

3.       What do our people generally look for in a newspaper?

4.       What kind of news would disturb/bother you?

5.       Would undercover reporting be considered beneficial for the society?

6.       In what other ways would undercover reporters serve for the benefit of the society?

7.       Can you name some undercover reporters in Turkey or in the world?


Match the synonyms of the boldface words and phrases in the text on pages 31-33 with the definitions given below: (one item in the text will be extra)

a)       Try to persuade someone to do something wrong (tempt)

b)       Work or do something secretly (go undercover)

c)       Numerous cases/incidents (many examples)

d)       Very exciting and surprising (sensational)

e)       They must be honest (journalists must always tell the truth)

f)        They have an appetite for celebrity news (but the public wants to read about it)


Break the law- Be under pressure - Get into trouble - Lose control - Tell the truth - Make money

Make sure - Go too far - Put pressure on - Go undercover - Cover/Find/Get a story


Suggested Video: How Social Media Can Make History

Follow-Up Questions for the Video:

1-       What’s the influence of the digital media during the earthquake in China?

2-       Do you remember the name given to the censorship on the internet in China?


Ask ss whether they have OR follow a blog? Are blogs modern diaries?

Ask ss the differences between traditional and digital/alternative media?

Ask ss which medium they prefer to follow daily news. (Remind ss that “medium” is the singular form of “media”) 


How can citizens be journalists? Can you give examples from your daily life?

What would the advantages and drawbacks of citizen journalism be?

Collocations: take place, well-trained journalist, provide information, make a statement/comment, make sure, have control over the news, publish/report news, add/post comment, do business

Post-Reading Questions:

1-       How did the internet change the ways that traditional media made money?

2-       Do you think banning the websites or restricting the internet access are acceptable in today’s world?

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