• Matthew Arnold (24 December 1822 – 15 April 1888) was a British poet and cultural critic who worked as an inspector of schools. He was the son of Thomas Arnold, the famed headmaster of Rugby School, and brother to both Tom Arnold, literary professor, and William Delafield Arnold, novelist and colonial administrator. Matthew Arnold has been characterized as a sage writer, a type of writer who chastises and instructs the readeron contemporary social issues.
• In 1852, Arnold published his second volume of poems, Empedocles on Etna, and Other Poems. In 1853, he published Poems: A New Edition, a selection from the two earlier volumes famously excluding Empedocles on Etna, but adding new poems, “Sohrab and Rustum” and “The Scholar Gipsy”. In 1854, Poems: Second Series appeared; also a selection, it included the new poem, “Balder Dead”.
• Arnold is sometimes called the third great Victorian poet, along with Alfred, Lord Tennyson and Robert Browning