Medes and Persians enter the Iranian region.
Persian vassal state to the Medean empire. Concept of "Kings of Kings" (shâhanshâh). Zoroaster (between 1000 and 600) and Zoroastrianism.
Reign of Cyrus 'The Great' begins the Achaemenid Empire
Reign of Cambyses.
Reign of Darius. Construction at Persepolis begins. Invasion of Greece, battle of Marathon. Reign of Xerxes
Alexander the Great destroys Persepolis and ends the Achemenid empire.
Alexander dies, and Iran is divided among Greek generals.
Arcasid Dynasty and Parthian state. Zoroastrianism as a state religion.
Inhabitants of Pârs rebel against the Parthians.
Mohammad and his followers leave Mecca for Medina.
Moslem Arab occupation of the Iranian region.
Hossein (3rd Shia Emâm) is martyred at Kerbalâ.
Autonomous regional dynasties in Iran: Saffârids, Tâherids, Sâmânids and Ziyârids.
Disappearance of the twelfth and last Shi'i Emâm.
Mongols (Jenghis Khân) invade Iran. Mowlânâ (Rumi) (1207 - 1273), the premier Sufi poet.
Hulegu Khân captures Baghdad and ends the Caliphate. Il-Khânid dynasty rules Iran.
Tamerlane invades the Persian Plateau. Hâfez (c.1214-c.1290), the premier lyric poet in Iranian history.
SAFAVID dynasty, 12. Shi'ism becomes state religion
Shâh Abbas I
Afghans invade Iran (Mahmoud)
Reign of Nâder Shâh (Il-Khâni)
Nâder Shâh is killed.
Reign of Karim Khân Zand.
War between the Zand and Qajar factions.
QAJAR-DYNAST Aghâ Mohammad Khân Qajars is crowned Shâhanshâh in the new capital Tehran.
Iran's first newspaper.
A Western-style secondary school opens in Tehran.
Tobacco concession and Talbot monopoly. Successful boycott of the concession. The concession given to the British gave them monopoly on the growing, selling and export of tobacco. The mullas showed their strength. The mojtahed Shirâzi gave a fatwa making illegal the use of tobacco.
The widespread use of concession as a means of getting cash, together with incompetence, corruption, political press and economic control from foreign powers, and contact with new ideas via education in Europe led to the creation of a movement for a constitution.
The Constitutional Revolution.
Reign of Mohammad Ali Shâh. He closed the majles in 1908.
Anglo-Persian Oil Company produces oil.
Turkey invades Iran, as do England and Russia later.
Anglo-Persian Treaty. A convention which nearly made Iran a British protectorate.
Rezâ Khân executes a coup d'état. The Shi'i theologian Hâ'eri moves to Qom and stimulates its emergence as a centre for Shi's learning.
Rezâ Khân enthrones himself and takes the name Rezâ Shâh Pahlavi
Construction of trans-Iranian railroad begins.
Foreign states are directed henceforth to refer to the country as 'Irân'.
Allied occupation of Iran and abdication of Rezâ Pahlavi in favour of his son, Mohammad Rezâ Pahlavi. The reason for the abdication was Anglo-Russian pressure to expel Germans. The Tudeh-party is founded.
Premiership of Mohammad Mosaddeq (1880-1967) begins. Oil nationalization law.
USA-organized coup d'état precipitates Mosaddeq's fall.
Al-e Ahmad publishes Gharbzadegi (Westomania).
The White Revolution is promulgated. The White Revolution was not just a land-reform, but also un-Islamic curtailment of religious property-rights, enfranchement for women, and the selling of oil to Israel
Revolts against the regime led by Ulama. Khomeini is expelled to Irâq.
Oil prices rise dramatically.
The social reformer Dr. Ali Shari'ati dies in England.
Shâh flees Iran, and Khomeini returns in triumph ot establish Islamic Republic of Iran.
Sâ'edi escapes from Iran.
UNESCO and Iran celebrate "The Year of Hâfez".
Khomeini dies in Tehran.
Relations to Iraq are improved.
Diplomatic relations are reestablished.
Start of my internship in Tehran.
Return to Allerød.