John L. O’Sullivan
- November 15, 1813-March 24, 1895
- He was born on the North Atlantic Ocean during the War of 1812.
- His father, John, was a naturalized American citizen of Irish ancestry.
- His mother, Mary Rowly was English.
- He attended Columbia College in New York City, where he excelled.
- In 1841 O’Sullivan was elected to New York
- State Assembly at the age of 27.
- In 1846 he married Susan Kearny Rodgers.
- After a honeymoon in Cuba, he became involved
- to win Cuba independence from Spanish rule.
- He eventually returned to New York in the late 1870s, where he unsuccessfully tried to use his democratic contacts to get appointed to an office.
- O’Sullivan suffered a stroke in 1889. He died from influenza in a residential hotel in New York City in 1895. He was buried in the Moravian Cemetery on Staten Island.
- He had a reputation as an advocate for the elimination of the death penalty. He was also as advocate for rights for women and working people.
- He proposed creating a “Congress of Nations”, which would mediate international disputes.
- O’Sullivan was opposed to the American Civil War.
- In the July-August 1845 issue the Democratic Review , O’Sullivan published an essay titled “Annexation”.
- The essay was calling for the U.S. to admit Texas into the Union
- This had been a controversial issue over the expansion of slavery and possibly war with Mexico.
- His audience was the American public.
- Westward Expansion “Our Manifest destiny is to overspread the continent allotted by Providence for the free development of our yearly multiplying millions.”
- “Texas is now ours.” Texas has no obligation to Mexico and the United States needs welcome the annexation of Texas.
- “There is a great deal of Annexation yet to take place, within the life of the present generation, along the whole line of our northern border.”
- Prompted argument for and against westward expansion.
- As Americans moved west they trampled tribal lands, trespassed over territorial boundaries, and ignored international agreements.
- Those confronting the Americans were seen as objects to be removed.
The database is protected by copyright ©sckool.org 2016