Metaphysical – first half of the 17th Century (dates vary but usually considered 1600-1670)
ndrew Marvell (1621-1678)
arvell was an English Metaphysical Poet and Parliamentarian. He was a close friend of John Milton, the author of Paradise Lost. Marvell was never a Puritan despite being a Parliamentarian. He managed to avoid any political problems during the changes to Parliament over this period. His poetry, like Donne’s is characterised by its use of wit, intellect and extended metaphor.
The Definition of Love
My Love is of a birth as rare
As 'tis for object strange and high:
It was begotten by despair
Magnanimous Despair alone.
Could show me so divine a thing,
Where feeble Hope could ne'r have flown
But vainly flapt its Tinsel Wing.
Neo-Classical Period – 1660-1785 (although can vary to 1798)
John Wilmot - Earl of Rochester (1647-1680)
prominent figure during the Restoration, Rochester was a poet, playwright, friend of Charles II and English Libertine. His poetry was known for its satirical features and bawdiness. His life was reflected in his poetry. He was known for his drunkenness and liberal ways when at court, which resulted in his death at the young age of 33 from venereal diseases.