Does not just simply list similarities and differences between the works
Makes connections and provides analysis
Starts with critical reading, noting parallel themes – love and hate, innocence and experience, life, death and rebirth, progress and tradition, gender, family issues, freedom and responsibility, human nature, search for identity, etc.
Critical Analysis Essay
Examines how a part or parts of a literary work connect to the whole work
Requires careful analysis of work to see how these parts contribute to the meaning of the entire work – how a character influences the outcome, how a play turns on a critical scene
Often focuses on an element – structure, language, characters, sound, plot, irony, etc.
Counterclaim (claim made by those who disagree with you) must be possible
Claims make judgments about what must, should, or needs to be done, about inadequacy of certain practices, or about debatable matters
Because Atlanta’s traffic is nightmarish, because its streams and rivers are increasingly polluted, and because smog often reaches hazardous levels, the municipalities around Atlanta should limit development
Warrants – assumptions or interpretative principles that an author shares and that provides the basis for interpreting facts