The sun was at its highest point in the sky, rays of heat beating down on the runners. Heat could be seen reflecting off of the track in waves. Jenna tried to focus on the finish line and the satisfaction she’d get from winning the race.
**What is the setting in this short paragraph?
Characterization – introduction to characters through what they say about themselves, what others reveal about them, their appearance, and/or their thoughts
Samantha’s favorite blue sweater, favored because it brought out the blue in her eyes, hung limply over the back of her computer chair. She couldn’t bring herself to wear her father’s gift so soon after his death but she couldn’t bear to hide it away in her closet. Samantha needed to be able to see it and feel it at any moment; it made her dad seem closer.
**What do we learn about Samantha from this short paragraph?
Initial Conflict – the conflict that begins the story, leading right into the rising action
Foil – a character that contrasts with the main character
**Write down an example for each type of character.
Hero - A person noted for feats of courage or nobility of purpose, especially one who has risked or sacrificed his or her life
Firemen, nurses, soldiers
Greek Hero- In mythology and legend, a man or woman, often of divine ancestry, who is endowed with great courage and strength, celebrated for his or her bold exploits, and favored by the gods.
Epic Hero – a historical, mythical, or legendary figure who is often of divine descent and has great strength or ability. Epic heroes go on quests where they face adversity in order to achieve a goal.
Tragic Hero – the main character in a tragedy who causes his own downfall, usually through a tragic flaw (e.g. hubris)
Byronic Hero – an antihero (a hero who lacks traditional heroic qualities: courage, idealism, etc.) who is a romanticized but wicked character. Usually a young, attractive male with a bad reputation who defies authority and conventional morality.
Heathcliff (Wuthering Heights)
James Dean (Rebel Without a Cause)
Point of View - perspective from which the story is told
1st person – told from the perspective of a character in the story. Narrator can only relate what he/she experiences, hears about, or sees.
3rd person – telling the story from the perspective of an onlooker (narrator sounds like the author)
2nd person - narrator is telling the story to another character using “you”