Learning target: I can identify appropriate sources and gather relevant information from multiple sources (rs-b#3)



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Paraphrasing Practice

For your research essay, you will be paraphrasing all information from secondary sources. This activity will allow you to practice paraphrasing so that you can implement this skill with proficiency for your research essay.

Learning target: I can identify appropriate sources and gather relevant information from multiple sources (RS-B#3)

  1. Open a new Word document and save it as _________’s paraphrase assignment.

Your name

  1. Reread the six steps for effective paraphrasing from the OWL at Purdue handout.



    1. Steps to Effective Paraphrasing

  1. Reread the original passage until you understand its full meaning.

  2. Set the original aside, and write your paraphrase on a note card.

  3. Jot down a few words below your paraphrase to remind you later how you envision using this material. At the top of the note card, write a key word or phrase to indicate the subject of your paraphrase.

  4. Check your rendition with the original to make sure that your version accurately expresses all the essential information in a new form.

  5. Use quotation marks to identify any unique term or phraseology you have borrowed exactly from the source.

  6. Record the source (including the page) on your note card so that you can credit it easily if you decide to incorporate the material into your paper.



  1. Type your paraphrase of each of the following passages in your Word document. Be sure to include the correct MLA parenthetical citation. Try not to look back at the original passage.

  1. The twenties were the years when drinking was against the law, and the law was a bad joke because everyone knew of a local bar where liquor could be had. They were the years when organized crime ruled the cities, and the police seemed powerless to do anything against it. Classical music was forgotten while jazz spread throughout the land, and men like Bix Beiderbecke, Louis Armstrong, and Count Basie became the heroes of the young. The flapper was born in the twenties, and with her bobbed hair and short skirts, she symbolized, perhaps more than anyone or anything else, America's break with the past. From Kathleen Yancey, English 102 Supplemental Guide (1989): 25.



  1. Of the more than 1000 bicycling deaths each year, three-fourths are caused by head injuries. Half of those killed are school-age children. One study concluded that wearing a bike helmet can reduce the risk of head injury by 85 percent. In an accident, a bike helmet absorbs the shock and cushions the head. From "Bike Helmets: Unused Lifesavers," Consumer Reports (May 1990): 348.



  1. While the Sears Tower is arguably the greatest achievement in skyscraper engineering so far, it's unlikely that architects and engineers have abandoned the quest for the world's tallest building. The question is: Just how high can a building go? Structural engineer William LeMessurier has designed a skyscraper nearly one-half mile high, twice as tall as the Sears Tower. And architect Robert Sobel claims that existing technology could produce a 500-story building. From Ron Bachman, "Reaching for the Sky." Dial (May 1990): 15.

  1. E-mail your document to me at jlduffy@aurora-schools.org.



  1. Check your answers at http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/619/02/

From: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/619/01/


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