Learning Styles Learning by Reflecting



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Learning Styles

Learning by Reflecting

  • In touch with emotional content in learning.
  • Thrive in Humanities classes
    • Learning by observing rather than participating
  • Preferred activities

Learning by Thinking Critically

  • Components
  • Preferred Activities
    • Lecture, writing papers, debating, executing projects, building models, evaluating theories

Learning by Doing

  • Types of Classes
    • Science and math
    • Career-oriented classes
      • Nursing, business
  • Preferred activities
    • Lab work, applied projects, field work, modeling, games and simulations, problem sets

Learning by Thinking Creatively

  • Chances to think creatively aren’t limited to the Fine Arts
  • Preferred activities
    • Writing stories, brainstorming, solving problems in original ways, designing research, making posters
  • http://www.how-to-study.com/learning-style-assessment/

Visual Learners

  • Create graphic organizers such as diagrams and
  • concept maps that use visual symbols to represent ideas
  • and information.
  • When trying to remember information, close your eyes
  • and visualize the information.
  • Include illustrations as you take notes in class.
  • Use highlighter pens of contrasting colors to color code
  • different aspects of the information in your textbooks.
  • Sit in the front of the class so that you can clearly see the
  • teacher. This will allow you to pick up facial expressions
  • and body language that provide cues that what your teacher
  • is saying is important to write in your notes.

Visual Learners

  • When reviewing information, rewrite or draw the information from memory.
  • When taking notes, replace words with symbols wherever possible.
  • Type your written notes from class using different fonts, bold print, and underlining to make the most important concepts and facts visually apparent.
  • When solving math problems that involve a sequence of steps, draw a series of boxes, each containing the appropriate piece of information in sequence.

Visual Learners

  • Study in a place that is free from visual distractions.
  • When using flashcards, limit the amount of information on a card so that you can form a mental picture of the information.
  • Watch videos about topics you are studying in class.
  • When hearing a new word you want to remember, visualize its spelling.

Auditory Learners

  • Participate in study groups in which you can talk things out.
  • If allowed by your teacher, use a recording device to record class sessions. Use the recordings to support your written notes.
  • Use a recording device to record important information from your textbooks so that you can listen to the information as frequently as needed.
  • Work out math problems aloud, explaining to yourself the steps you are doing.
  • Repeat facts and definitions of words over and over to yourself with your eyes closed.

Auditory Learners

  • Create musical jingles or songs to remember information.
  • Dictate assigned papers and type them later.
  • Participate in class discussions as much as possible.
  • Look for books on tape or other audio materials when learning about a subject.
  • Be certain that your study place is free of auditory distractions.
  • When you encounter new words while reading, sound them out syllable by syllable.
  • Sit in front of the class to minimize things that might distract you from what your teacher is saying.
  • Read aloud when doing proofreading.

Tactile/Kinesthetic Learners

  • Be physically active while you study. Rather than just sit at your desk, occasionally walk back and forth with your textbook or notes as you read the information out loud.
  • To decrease your fidgeting as you study, listen to music, preferably baroque music. However, discontinue this if you find the music to be distracting.
  • Make extensive use of a computer and the Internet. Actively touching the keyboard will keep your mind active.

Tactile/Kinesthetic Learners

  • Take extensive written notes in class. Edit and type them later.
  • Study in short blocks of time with frequent but short breaks.
  • Do something physical as you study such as tapping a pencil or squeezing a stress ball.
  • Use your finger as a guide while reading.
  • Act out things you have to learn whenever possible.
  • Construct models of things you have to learn whenever possible.

Tactile/Kinesthetic Learners

  • If you find it difficult to sit at a desk when studying, trying lying on your stomach or back.
  • When trying to remember information, close your eyes and "write" the information in the air. Picture the information in your mind as you do so.
  • Use concrete objects to help you understand math concepts.
  • When trying to learn the spelling of a difficult word, arrange letter blocks to spell the word.

The Cost of Cutting Class

  • How much tuition do you pay?
  • How many credit hours are you taking? (Tuition Calculator)
    • Cost/credit hour
  • Credit hours of the course
    • Cost of the course
  • How many meetings for the course
    • Cost/meeting

Overcoming Distractions

  • Sit near the front
  • Eliminate distractions in the environment
  • Reduce the pressures that pull you off task
  • Practice stress management
  • Don’t shut down
  • Track your progress

Distinctive Students

  • Sit in the front
  • Bring articles or newspaper clippings
  • Get to know your instructor informally
  • Visit your instructor during office hours
  • Use email
  • Seek a mentor

Retention of Information

  • 50% of lecture material you will forget in 1 hour
  • 80% of lecture material you will forget in 3 days
  • Solutions
    • Review notes within 5 hours
    • Taking notes improves retention 30%
    • Use of visual aids improves retention 40%

More on Retention

  • Sugar melts concentration.
  • Turkey slows concentration. (Thanksgiving)
  • A good food for concentration - Fruit
  • If sluggish in the a.m., have nothing but fruit until about noon.
  • One peanut will produce energy for an hour.


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