Latin American History 109 relationship with the U. S



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Chapter 12

Latin American History 109


relationship with the U.S.

latisfundimo

narco-agriculture

hacendados

new bourgeoisie

urban middle class

peasantry

industrial working class

service sector (informal sector)

Cartón de Colombia

gender separation

Paraguay


patriarchal culture

  • absolute supremacy of the father/husband

  • absolute self-sacrifice of the mother/wife

Cuba

Family Code

Sandinista People’s Army

racial issues

Catholic Church

military


School of the Americas

Western Hemisphere Institute of Security Cooperation

Mexican Revolution

Mexican Liberal Party (PLM)

Ricardo Flores Magón

Francisco Madero

Treaty of Ciudad Juárez

Francisco León de la Barra

Juana Gutiérrez de Mendoza

Emiliano Zapata

Zapatista movement

La China


Victoriano Huerta

Pancho Villa

Chihuahua

Ciudad Juarez

Chihuahua City

Constitutionalists

Coahuila

Venustiano Carranza

Plan of Guadalupe

USS Dolphin

Columbus, New Mexico

General John Pershing

Constitution of 1917

Alvaro Obregón

Plutarco Elias Calles

Bank of Mexico

Ford Motor Company

Calles Law

Vivo Cristo Rey

National Revolutionary Party (PNR)

General Lazaro Cardenas

Six-Year Plan

Vicent Lombardo Toledano

Confederación de Trabajadores Mexicanos (CTM)

Confederación Regional Obrera Mexicana (CROM)

Party of the Mexican Revolution (PRM)

labor/peasantry/military

March 18, 1938

General Manuel Ávila Camacho

Miguel Alemán

joint company

Pedro Infante

General Motors

1962 Integration Decree

student protest movement

rock and roll

Counterculture

Tlatelolco Square Massacre

political radicals

jipitecas

fresas


onderos

nacos


Luís Echeverría

U.S. investment

peso


Terms


Chapter 13

Latin American History 109


Brazil

cangaceiros

Republic of the United States of Brazil

valorization

São Paulo

Rio de Janeiro

favelas/morros

samba


carnival

Ernesto dos Santos

Dongo

Pelo Telefone

oligarchies

Three events galvanizing reform (1922)


  • Modern Art Week

  • Marxist groups/Communist Party

  • Tenentes

  • Artur da Silva bernardes

Artur da Silva Bernardes

Captain Luís Carlos Prestes

Prestes Column

Motta Diniz

Berta Lutz

Brazilian Federation for the Advancement of Women

(FBPF)

Coffee Institute



Paulista Washington Luís de Sousa Pereira

Great Depression

Liberal Alliance

Getúlio Vargas

populism

Bourgeois Revolution

Vargas’ reforms

Constitution of 1934

Article 119

fazendeiros

Five-Year Plan

National Petroleum Company

Estado Nuvo

Generals Goes Monteiro and Eurico Dutra

Communist Party (PCB)

Juscelino Kubitschek

Brasilia

Bossa Nova

Jânio da Silva Quadros

João Goulart


Terms

Chapter 14

Latin American History 109
Argentina

populism


Buenos Aires

estancieros

Saenz Peña Law

reasons for economic growth



  • large European market for wool, mutton, beef, wheat

  • millions of immigrants providing cheap labor

  • significant foreign investment capital

upper/middle/lower classes

landed elites/military/church

urban marginals/workers

tango


Radica Era, 1916-1930

Radical Party (reasons for popularity)



  • urban organization

  • leader, Hipólito Yrigoyen

Cecelia Grierson

International Feminist Congress

Semana Trágica

Women’s Rights Association (ADF)

Marcelo de Alvear

Infamous Decade, 1930-1943

Lt. Gen. José F. Uriburu

prostitution

Law of Social Prophylaxis

Dry Law


World War I

Great Depression

World War II

Juan Perón

Department of Labor

Women’s Division of Labor and Assistance

progressive socialist

fútbol (soccer)

Eva Duarte de Perón (Evita)

Eva Perón Foundation

Second Five Year Plan

Standard Oil Company

justicialismo

La Prensa

Isabel Perón


Terms

Chapter 15

Latin American History
Cuba

José Martí

El Partido Revolucionario Cubano

Afro-Cubans

General Valeriano Weyler

William B. McKinley

William R. Hearst

Joseph Pulitzer

Theodore Rosoevelt

jingoists



USS Maine

de Lôme Letter

Spanish-American War

Cuba Libre

Teller Amendment

reasons for U.S. occupation of Cuba



  • to teach Cuba to self-govern

  • repair and rebuild Cuba and install U.S. occupation

  • to model Cuba as an American economy

Platt Amendment

Guantánamo Bay

latifundio

sugar mills

proletariat

Tomás Estrada Palma

Charles Magoon

Independent Party of Color (PIC)

rumba

Gerardo Machado y Morales



León Álvarez

Fulgencio Batista

Carlos Manuel de Céspedes

Dr. Ramón Grau San Martín

Fedel Castro Ruz

26th of July Movement

Che Guevara

Cuban Revolution

two decisions for Cuba’s future

no parliamentary democracy; no representative government

economic goals for land reform, income redistribution, economic independence from the U.S.

Soviet Union

Cuban-Soviet relations

American-Cuban relations

American CIA

John F. Kennedy Administration

Bay of Pigs Invasion (April 15, 1961)

Cold War


Cuba Missile Crisis

Laws of Agrarian Reform

state farms

Cuban Women’s Federation

Family Code of 1975

Cuba as a model


Terms


Chapter 16

Latin American History 109


the Andes

Peru


Bolivia

Ecuador


War of the Pacific

Andrés Cáceres

Nicolás Piérola

caciques apoderados

Rumi Maqui Movement (1915-1930)

Augusto B. Leguía

LaBrea-Pariñas

Lima, Peru

Constitution of 1920 (Peru)

socialism

anti-imperialism

indigenismo

Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana (APRA)

Haya de la Torre

Fernando Belaúnde Terry

General Juan Velasco Alvarado

International Petroleum Company (IPC)

Francisco Morales Bermúdez

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

World Bank

cumbia andina/chichi music

Alan García Pérez

Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso)

coca industry

Bolivia

Chaco War (1932-1935)



Cataví Massacre

National Revolutionary Movement (MNR)

Victor Paz Estenssoro

populist movement

Ecuador

General Guillermo Rodríguez Lara



Terms

Chapter 17

Latin American History 109
Salvador Allende Gossens

José Manuel Balmaceda

copper

Anaconda Copper Co.



Guggenheim

Bethlehem Steel

Socialist Labor Party

Communist Party

trabajo a domicilio

Braden Copper Company

progressivism

Arturo Alessandri

Carlos Ibáñez del Campo

Chilean Popular Front

Pedro Aguirre Cerda

pan, techo, y abrigo

Women’s Liberation Movement (MEMCH)

Gabriel González Videla

Christian Democratic Party

Eduardo Frei

Jorge Alessandri

Edwards family

Vietnam

Nueva Canción



Movement for United Popular Action (MAPU)

Popular Unity (PU)

U.S. support for coup

General Augusto Pinochet


ESSAY QUESTION


From one of the following countries/regions, please discuss the formative years of the 20th century. You will chronicle the internal and external changes that occurred for the country you have chosen. These changes include class conflict; gender, racial, ethnic struggles; foreign investment and influence on behalf of the U.S.; economic reform; land reform; labor reforms and movements. You must embark on a discussion of the various leaders and political parties for the country of your choice. You may choose one of the following countries: Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, Cuba, Chile, and the Andes. (If you choose the Andes, you must include discussion of all three of those countries featured in chapter 16. They are Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador.)

Please provide a conclusion that summarizes the overall plight of these countries in their efforts to stabilize and modernize.


Post-independence from Spain and Portugal

Leaders and Time Periods of Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, Cuba


Mexico --

was ruled as an empire, after independence, from 1822-1823, First Mexican Empire, 1823-1823,

Emperor Agustín I

1824-1864, Mexican Presidents,

From December 23-31, 1829, Mexico saw three presidents, Pedro Vélez, Lucas Alamān, Luis de

Quintanar.

Between 1824-1864, Santa Anna was president eleven times.

October 1863 – May 1867, Second Mexican Empire, Maximilian I.

From 1867-present, Mexico has had presidents, with Porfirio Díaz claiming the office three

times. These presidents have been Conservative or Liberal. Díaz has been the most

controversial.

Brazil --

was ruled as an empire, after independence, from 1822-1889. The only two emperors of that

time were father and son, Dom Pedro I and Dom Pedro II. Dom Pedro II reigned for 58

years, and was the last emperor.

1889-1930 – Old Republic

1930-1945 – Vargas Era; unstable era; authoritarian and populist movement

Republic of 1946 (the time when Vargas was deposed the first time; he served twice, ending the

second time in 1954 with his suicide

1945-1964 – Second Republic (political instability)

1964-1985 – military dictatorship

1985- present – New Republic

Argentina

received independence in 1816. was ruled by an juntas and triumvirates.

1814-1820 – Supreme Directors

1816-1817 – first president

1827-1854 – a confederation without presidents, but did have leaders

1854-1916 – The Argentine Republic

1916-1930 – presidents elected by free and universal vote; Radical Era

1930 – first military coup d’état

1930-1943 – more presidents; Infamous Decade, military intervention

1943 – another coup d’état; ushered in line of de facto military presidents

1946-1955 – Juan Perón Era (removed in 1955)

1955 – military coup known as Revolución Libertadora; end of populism

1955 – military juntas

1958 – military coup known as Revolución Argentina

1966-1973 – juntas and de facto presidents

1973 – attempt at democracy; short-lived; two presidents; first one resigned; second was interim

1973-1974 –Juan Perón; died in office

1974-1976 – Isabel Perón; deposed in coup (Juan Perón’s third wife)

1976 – military coup, Proceso de Reorganización Nacional; last coup to date

1976-1983 – military juntas



1983- present – civilian presidents



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