| JSU237: Introduction to HIV/AIDS:
Health, Gender, & Sexuality
Scott Rayter, Assistant Professor, Teaching Stream
Sexual Diversity Studies & Department of English (email@example.com)
UC A303 (take staircase between classroom A101 & the UC bookshop (A102) to the top floor)
Office Hours: Tuesday 12-2, Wed 4-6, or by appointment
Rodney Rousseau, Department of Immunology (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Faraz Vahid Shahidi, Dalla Lana School of Public Health (email@example.com)
Class time: Thursdays, 10am-1pm
Class location: LM 162
This course examines the HIV/AIDS pandemic from a multidisciplinary perspective. The course will cover the basic biology of HIV/AIDS and then explore the social, historical, political, cultural, and public health dimensions of HIV/AIDS. Particular attention is given to the themes of vulnerability, marginalization, prevention, treatment, drug development, and access to medicines. In addition we will examine a number of different cultural representations and self-representations of People living with HIV/AIDS (PHAs), and the politics, ethics, and agency involved in those articulations.
The course is structured as a series of twelve lectures. There will be weekly readings assigned to each lecture. All readings will be made available on Blackboard. Students are expected to complete the weekly readings before attending lecture.
Critical Commentaries (2 x 5%)
Students will complete three critical commentaries. Commentaries will not be accepted late. Commentaries will provide students the opportunity to reflect critically on the readings and themes covered throughout the course. Due dates: January 28th, February 4th,
In-Class Quiz (10%): February 11
Students will complete an in-class quiz on the basic science of HIV/AIDS. Topics covered include the HIV replication cycle, the immunological consequences of HIV/AIDS, and the treatment of HIV/AIDS.
Short Paper 1 (20%): March 3
Students will complete a 750 word paper in which they will identify an established social patterning of HIV/AIDS (e.g. income-related inequalities in the prevalence of HIV/AIDS, racial inequalities in access to antiretroviral therapy), describe the evidence for the pattern, and provide an example of and rationale for a public health intervention to produce population-level change in the pattern.
Short Paper 2 (20%): March 17
Students will complete a 750 word paper in which they will examine the fundamental causes underlying the uneven distribution of HIV/AIDS across populations. The assignment question will be circulated two weeks prior to the paper deadline.
Essay Outline Draft (10%): Mar 31
An outline/thesis/draft of the final paper on cultural representations of HIV/AIDS (500-750) words. Students will receive critical feedback on this assignment and have the opportunity to meet one-on-one for a scheduled appointment with the TAs to discuss their work. Topics/Questions/Expectations will be handed out and discussed closer to the date.
Final Paper (20%): Apr 14
Papers are submitted to the UC Programs Office (UC 173).
Class Participation (10%)
Students are expected to attend lectures and participate in discussion. For this grade, students will sometimes be asked to discuss topics or problems in groups, or submit in-class short written responses about ideas and topics covered in lecture. All students who submit the work will receive full marks.
If a student requires specific accommodations, they can contact the course instructor and/or the Accessibility Services Office. The St. George Campus Accessibility Services Office is located on the first floor of Robarts Library. Staff are available by appointment to help with assessing specific needs, providing referrals, and arranging for appropriate accommodations. The Accessibility Services Office can be contacted at (416) 978-8060 or through firstname.lastname@example.org.
Assignments submitted for evaluation should be the product of the student’s own work except where otherwise indicated. Students should review the University’s guidelines on academic writing and plagiarism carefully: http://www.writing.utoronto.ca/advice/using-sources/how-not-to-plagiarize.
From the Code of Behaviour on Academic Matters:
It shall be an offence for a student knowingly:
d) to represent as one’s own any idea or expression of an idea or work of another in any academic examination or term test or in connection with any other form of academic work, i.e., to commit plagiarism.
Wherever in the Code an offence is described as depending on “knowing,” the offence shall likewise be deemed to have been committed if the person ought reasonably to have known.
Should a student have any questions or concerns regarding these guidelines, they are expected to seek out additional information from the course coordinator, course instructors, or teaching assistants. Should any questions arise concerning the legitimacy of coursework submitted by a student, they will be expected to have a meeting with the course coordinator and course instructors, produce all notes and drafts, and be prepared to answer specific questions about their submitted work.
January 14: Introduction
Screening: Common Threads: Stories from the Quilt, dir. Robert Epstein & Jeffrey Friedman, 1989
Marita Sturken, "Conversations with the Dead: Bearing Witness in the AIDS Memorial Quilt," from Tangled Memories
Peter S. Hawkins, “Naming Names: The Art of Memory and the AIDS Project Names Quilt” Critical Inquiry 19.4 (Summer 1993): 952-79.
January 21: The Immune System: Fundamental & Critical Ideas
Sturken, M. (1997). Bodies of Commemoration: The Immune System and HIV. In Tangled memories the Vietnam War, the AIDS epidemic, and the politics of remembering. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Epstein, S. (1996). Introduction: Controversy, Credibility, and the Public Character of AIDS Research. In Impure science AIDS, activism, and the politics of knowledge. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Silvestri, G. (2013). Embracing the Complexity of HIV Immunology. Immunological Reviews, 254:5-9.
January 28: Living with HIV: Virus Replication, Disease, & Prevention
***Due: Critical Commentary 1***
Screening: Living Proof: HIV and the Pursuit of Happiness, dir. Kermit Cole, 1993.
Deeks, S., Overbaugh, J., Phillips, A., Buchbinder, S. (2015). HIV Infection. Nature Reviews Disease Primers 1:1-22.
February 4: Fighting the Virus: Treatment, Vaccines & Activism
***Due: Critical Commentary 2***
Screening: United in Anger: A History of ACT UP, dir. Jim Hubbard, 2012.
Barré-Sinoussi, F., Ross, A.L., Delfraissy, J. (2013). Past, Present and Future: 30 Years of HIV Research. Nature Reviews Microbiology 11:877-883.
February 11: Quiz & Introduction to the Social Determinants of Health
***Note: The quiz will begin at 10:15am sharp.***
Rose G. (1985). Sick individuals and sick populations. International Journal of Epidemiology, 14:32-38.
February 17: Reading Week – No Class
February 24: Fundamental Causes
Link B, Phelan J. (1995). Social conditions as fundamental causes of disease. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 35:80-94.
Marmot M et al. (2008). Closing the gap in a generation: health equity through action on the social determinants of health. Lancet, 372:1661-1669.
Krieger N. (2001). A glossary for social epidemiology. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 55:693-700.
March 3: Infections and Inequalities
***Due: Short Paper 1***
Farmer P. (2004). An anthropology of structural violence. Current Anthropology, 45:305-324.
Parker R, Aggleton P. (2003). HIV and AIDS-related stigma and discrimination: a conceptual framework and implications for action. Social Science & Medicine, 57:13-24.
Rhodes T et al. (2005). The social structural production of HIV risk among injecting drug users. Social Science & Medicine, 61:1026-1044.
Stall R et al. (2003). Association of co-occurring psychosocial health problems and increased vulnerability to HIV/AIDS among urban men who have sex with men. American Journal of Public Health, 93(6):939-942.
Zierler S, Krieger N. (1998). HIV infection in women: social inequalities as determinants of risk. Critical Public Health, 8(1):13-32.
March 10: Global Political Economy
Basu S. (2004). AIDS, empire, and public health behaviorism. International Journal of Health Services, 34:155-167.
Benatar SR et al. (2009). Making progress in global health: the need for new paradigms. International Affairs, 85:347-371.
Hickel J. (2012). Neoliberal plague: the political economy of HIV transmission in Swaziland. Journal of South African Studies, 38:513-529.
Lee K, Zwi AB. (1996). A global political economy approach to AIDS: ideology, interests, and implications. New Political Economy, 1(3):355-373.
Stuckler D, Basu S. (2009). The International Monetary Fund’s effects on global health before and after the 2008 financial crisis. International Journal of Health Services, 34:771-781.
March 18: Witnessing as Cultural Practice
***Due: Short Paper 2***
Screening: Silverlake Life: The View from Here, dir. Tom Joslin and Peter Friedman, 1993
G. Thomas Couser, selections from Recovering Bodies: Illness, Disability and Life Writing
(Madison, WI: U of Wisconsin P, 1997)
March 24: AIDS Activism: Where Have We Been, Where Are We Going?
***Final Essay Outline/Draft Due***
Guest lecture: Tim McCaskell (AIDS Action Now)
Guest Lecture: Rebecka Sheffield (Lesbian and Gay Archives)
Sarah Schulman. Excerpt from Gentrification of the mind: Witness to a Lost Imagination. Berkley: University of California Press, 2013.
Ann Silversides. Excerpt from AIDS activist: Michael Lynch and the Politics of Community. Toronto: Between the Lines, 2003
March 31: AIDS, Narrative, and Self-Representation
Guest lecture: Mehr-Afarin Hosseini, MD, FRCPC (Clinic for HIV-Related Concerns, Mount Sinai Hospital)
Dr. Hosseini will talk about the Therapeutic Writing Group for People with HIV/AIDS. We will also hear from past participants in the program and contributors to the book that came out of this work, Still Here: A Post-Cocktail AIDS Anthology, Ed. Allan Peterkin and Julie Hann (2012). I have put Still Here on reserve in the UC Laidlaw library if you want to read any of the material before class or you want to use it as one of your sources for the final essay.
A D Peterkin and A A Prettyman, "Finding A Voice: Revisiting the History of Therapeutic Writing" J Med Ethics; Medical Humanities 35 (2009): 80–88.
April 7: New Voices, New Directions in HIV/AIDS Representation
Screen: Life, Above All, dir. Oliver Schmitz, 2010 (based on Allan Stratton’s Chandra’s Secrets, 2004)
Read: Richard Fung and Tim McCaskell, “Continental Drift: The Imagining of AID,” in FitzGerald and Rayter, eds, Queerly Canadian: An Introductory Reader in Sexuality Studies (Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press, 2012) 191-95.
--April 14: ***Final Paper Due: Hand in to UC 172