Jnv amarkantak



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Following are some Important dates of Indian History

Periods

Events/Significance

BC

300-5000

Indus Valley Civilisation

563

Birtd of Gautama Buddha (or 576 BC in some sources)

527-540

Birtd of Mahavir; Nirvana

327-326

Alexander's invasion of India. It opened a land route between India and Europe

313

Accession of Chandragupta Maurya, according to Jain traditions.

305

Defeat of Seleucus at tde hands of Chandragupta Maurya

273-232

Ashoka's reign

261

Conquest of Kalinga

145-101

Reign of Elara, tde Chola king of Sri Lanka

58

Beginning of Vikrami Era

AD

78

Beginning of Saka Era

120

Accession of Kanishka

320

Commencement of Gupta Era, tde golden age of Hindu India

380

Accession of Vikramaditya

405-411

Visit of Chinese traveller Fahien

415

Accession of Kumara Gupta I

455

Accession of Skanda Gupta

606-647

Harshavardhan's reign

712

First invasion in Sindh by Arabs

836

Accession of King Bhoja of Kannauj

985

Accession of Rajaraja tde Chola ruler

998

Accession of Sultan Mahmud

1001

First invasion of India by Mahmud Ghazni who defeated Jaipal, ruler of Punjab.

1025

Destruction of Somnatd Temple by Mahmud Ghazni

1191

First Battle of Tarain

1192

Second Battle of Tarain

1206

Accession of Qutub-ud-Din Aibak to tde tdrone oof Delhi

1210

Deatd of Qutub-ud-Din Aibak

1221

Changez Khan invaded India (Mongol invasion)

1236

Accession of Razia Sultan to tde tdrone of Delhi

1240

Deatd of Razia Sultan

1296

Accession of Ala-ud-Din Khilji

1316

Deatd of Ala-ud-Din Khilji

1325

Accession of Muhammad-bin Tughlaq

1327

Shifting of Capital from Delhi to Daulatabad in Deccan by tde Tughlaqs

1336

Foundation of Vijayanagar empire in Soutd

1351

Accession of Feroze Shah

1398

Invasion of India by Timur

1469

Birtd of Guru Nank

1494

Accession of Babur in Farghana

1497-98

First Voyage of Vasco de Gama to India (discovery of sea route to India via Cape of Good Hope) I

1526

First Battle of Panipat; Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodhi; foundation of Mughal dynasty by Babur

1527

Battle of Kanwaha-Babur defeated Rana Sanga

1530

Death of Babur and Accession of Humayun

1539

Sher Shah Suri defeated Humayun and became India's empreor

1555

Humayun recaptured the throne of Delhi

1556

Second battle of Panipal

1565

Battle of Talikota

1576

Battle of Haldighati - Rana Pratap defeated by Akbar

1582

Din-e-IIahi founded by Akbar

1600

East India Company established

1605

Death of Akbar and accession of Jehangir

1606

Execution of Guru Arjun Dev

1611

Jehangir marries Nur Jahan

1616

Sir Thomas Roe visits Jehangir

1627

Birth of Shivaji and death of Jehangir

1628

Shah Jahan becomes emperor of India

1631

Death of Mumtaz Mahal

1634

The English permitted to trade in India (in Bengal)

1659

Accession of Aurangzeb, Shahjahan imprisoned

1665

Shivaji imprisoned, by Aurangzeb

1666

Death of Shah Jahan

1675

Execution of Guru Teg Bahadur, the ninth Guru of Sikhs

1680

Death of Shivaji

1707

Death of Aurangzeb

1708

Death of Guru Gobind Singh

1739

Nadir Shah Invades India

1757

Battle of Plassey, establishment of British political rule in India at the hands of Lord Clive

1761

Third Battle of Panipat; Shah Alam II becomes India's emperor

1764

Battle of Buxer

1765

Clive appointed Company's Governor of India

1767-69

First Mysore War

1780

Birth of Maharaja Ranjit Singh

1780-84

Second Mysore War

1784

Pitt's India Act

1790-92

Third Mysore War

1793

The Permanent Settlement of Bengal

1799

Fouth Mysore War - Death of Tipu Sultan

1802

Treaty of Bassein

1809

Treaty of Amritsar

1829

Practice of Sati Prohibited

1830

Raja Ram Mohan Roy visits England

1833

Death of Raja Ram Mohan Roy

1839

Death of Maharaja Ranjit Singh

1839-42

First Afghan War

1845-46

First Anglo-Sikh War

1852

Second Anglo-Burmese War

1853

First Railway line opened between Bombay and Thane and a Telegraph line in Calcutta

1857

The Sepoy Mutiny of First War of Independence

1861

Birth of Rabindranath Tagore

1869

Birth of Mahatma Gandhi

1885

Foundation of Indian National Congress

1889

Birth of Jawaharlal Nehru

1897

Birth of Subhash Chandra Bose

1904

Tibet Expedition

1905

First Battle of Bengal under Lord Curzon

1906

Foundation of Muslim League

1911

Delhi Darbar; King and Queen visit India; Delhi becomes the Capital of India

1914

World War I begins

1916

Lucknow Pact Signed by Muslim League and Congress

1918

World War I ends

1919

Montague-Chemsford Reforms introduced; Jallianwala Bagh Massacre at Amritsar

1920

Khilafat Movement launched

1927

Boycott of Simon Commission; broadcasting started in India

1928

Death of Lala Lajpat Rai

1929

Lord Irwain's Pact; resolution of complete independence passed at Lahore Congress

1930

Civil disobedience movement launched; Dandi March by Mahatma Gandhi (6 April, 1930)

1931

Gandhi Irwin Pact

1935

Government of India Act enacted

1937

Provincial Autonomy; Congress forms ministries

1939

Word War II begins (September 1)

1941

Escape of Subhash Chandra Bose from India and death of Rabindranath Tagore

1942

Arrival of Cripps Mission in India; Quit India Movement launched (August 8)

1943-1944

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose forms provisional Azad Hind Fauj and Indian National Army; Bengal Famine

1945

Trial of Indian National Army at Red Fort; Shimla Conference; World War II ends

1946

British Cabinet Mission visits India; Interim government formed at centre

1947

Division of India; Indian and Pakistan seperate independent dimensions

1948

Mahatma Gandhi assassinated (Jannuary 30); integration of princely states




Organizations and specialized agencies of the United Nations




No.

Acronyms

Logo

Agency

Headquarters

Head

Established in




1

FAO



Food and Agriculture Organization

 Rome, Italy

 José Graziano da Silva

1945




2

IAEA



International Atomic Energy Agency

 Vienna, Austria

 Yukiya Amano

1957




3

ICAO



International Civil Aviation Organization

 Montreal, Canada

 Raymond Benjamin

1947




4

IFAD




International Fund for Agricultural Development

 Rome, Italy

 Kanayo F. Nwanze

1977




5

ILO



International Labour Organization

 Geneva, Switzerland

 Juan Somavía

1946 (1919)




6

IMO



International Maritime Organization

 London, United Kingdom

 Efthimios E. Mitropoulos

1948




7

IMF




International Monetary Fund

 Washington, D.C., USA

 Christine Lagarde

1945 (1944)




8

ITU



International Telecommunication Union

 Geneva, Switzerland

 Hamadoun Touré

1947 (1865)




9

UNESCO



United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

 Paris, France

 Irina Bokova

1946




10

UNIDO




United Nations Industrial Development Organization

 Vienna, Austria

 Kandeh Yumkella

1967




11

UPU



Universal Postal Union

 Bern, Switzerland

 Edouard Dayan

1947 (1874)




12

WB




World Bank

 Washington, D.C., USA

 Robert B. Zoellick

1945 (1944)




13

WFP



World Food Programme

 Rome, Italy

 Josette Sheeran

1963




14

WHO



World Health Organization

 Geneva, Switzerland

 Margaret Chan

1948




15

WIPO




World Intellectual Property Organization

 Geneva, Switzerland

 Francis Gurry

1974




16

WMO



World Meteorological Organization

 Geneva, Switzerland

 Alexander Bedritsky

1950 (1873)




17

UNWTO




World Tourism Organization

 Madrid, Spain

 Taleb Rifai

1974
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