Introduction: The introduction has a "hook or grabber" to catch the reader's attention. Some "grabbers" include



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English 9 Unit 1: EA#2

Name:____________________________ Period:__________



Synthesis Essay Skeleton

Using multiple sources, answer: is college worth it?

Introduction:

The introduction has a "hook or grabber" to catch the reader's attention. Some "grabbers" include:

1. Opening with a strong statement: (Cigarettes are the number one killer in America!)

2. Opening with a Quotation: (Elbert Hubbard once said, "Truth is stronger than fiction".)

3. Opening with a Statistic or Fact: Sometimes a statistic or fact will add emphasis or interest to your topic. It is necessary to include the item's authoritative source.

4. Opening with an Exaggeration or Outrageous Statement. (The whole world watched as the comet flew overhead.)

The introduction should include some background for the reader.

This background should include information that the reader needs to know to understand your paper.



The introduction should also include a thesis statement or claim

There are three objectives of a thesis statement:



  1. It tells the reader the specific topic of your essay.

  2. It imposes manageable limits on that topic.

  3. It suggests the organization of your paper.

Introduction

My Hook: (How are you planning to get the reader’s attention?): ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Some background information on the topic: (Is College worth it? Who might it be worth it to? What are some of the reasons? You might also include where it originated, and possibly an interesting quote.

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

My Position/Claim Statement: (State a position that can be supported by evidence): _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

The Body:

Provide evidence to support the opinion offered in the thesis statement. The body usually consists of at least three paragraphs. Each paragraph is based on a solid reason to back your thesis statement.

Body Paragraph

Topic Sentence: A topic sentence has a topic and a focus. Your topic is “is college worth it?” Your limiting idea should be the #1 reason it is or is not available _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Suggestions for introducing Quotes:

  • ____________ states, “ ______________________.”

  • As the world-famous scholar _____________ explains it, “_________________________.”

  • As claimed by ____________, “_______________.”

  • In ______________’s perspective, “_______________________.”

  • ______________ concurs when she/he notes, “_____________________.”

Text Reference 1: ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________(___ _______).

Analysis: explanation/analysis of your text-based evidence should be twice as long as your text based evidence. This means that for every one sentence of text-based evidence, you need 2 sentences to support it). You also need to make sure you connect your text-based evidence and explanation back to your claim.



Suggestions for Explaining Quotes:

  • In other words, __________ asserts ____________________.

  • In arguing this claim, _____________ argues that ______________________.

  • ___________ is insisting that _____________________________.

  • What _______________ really means is that _________________________.

  • The basis of _______________’s argument is that _________________________.

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Text Reference 2 ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________(___________)

Analysis: ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Concluding Sentence: _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Body Paragraph

Topic Sentence: A topic sentence has a topic and a focus. Your limiting idea should be the #2 reason it is or is not worth it. _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Text Reference 1: ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________(___ _______).

Analysis: explanation/analysis of your text-based evidence should be twice as long as your text based evidence. This means that for every one sentence of text-based evidence, you need 2 sentences to support it). You also need to make sure you connect your text-based evidence and explanation back to your claim. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Text Reference 2 ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________(___________)

Analysis:________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Concluding Sentence: _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Body Paragraph 4: The Concession and Refutation:

The concession (counterclaim) recognizes the other side of the argument. This gives your credibility.

The refutation (rebuttal) reaffirms your argument, but directly addressing the argument of the other side.

Topic Sentence: (What are some of the arguments against your position?) ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Text Reference SUPPORTING the other side of the argument _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________(___ _______).

Analysis 1 (how is this a valid point?): this demonstrates.. _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Refutation: Strongest Text Evidence to support your point (be sure to provide a transition into your concrete detail): ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________(___________)

Analysis (how does your TR support your main idea?): ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Concluding Sentence: _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

The Conclusion:

A piece of writing usually ends by summarizing the most important details of the paper and stating once again what the reader is to believe or do.



  1. Restate your thesis or focus statement.

  2. Summarize the main points: The conclusion enables your reader to recall the main points of your position. In order to do this you can paraphrase the main points of your argument.

  3. Write a personal comment or call for action. You can do this:

    • With a Prediction: This can be used with a narrative or a cause and effect discussion. The conclusion may suggest or predict what the results may or may not be in the situation discussed or in similar situations.

    • With a Question: Closing with a question lets your readers make their own predictions, draw their own conclusions.

    • With Recommendations: A recommendations closing is one that stresses the actions or remedies that should be taken.

    • With a Quotation: Since a quotation may summarize, predict, question, or call for action, you may use a quotation within a conclusion for nearly any kind of paper.

Conclusion

Restate Thesis: Give new information ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Summarize main points: __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

My call to action sentence will be: ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________




MLA Formatting: Your paper should look like this:

(Header) Last Name, Page #

Your Name (Heading)


Date
Class
Teacher
Snazzy Title of Your Essay
This is my first paragraph! My essay is going to be amazing because I have followed the pre-writing steps. I also found relevant and interesting information to include as my text references. These will help support my claim.

I also paid particular attention to the counterclaim. This gives my argument validity. Thank you for asking us to work so hard Mr. Sturgeon, I feel great pride in my work





-12 pt. font

-Times New Roman

-Double Spaced

-Heading on the left

-Header on the upper right



Works Cited Page:

  • Your paper should also include a works cited page that corresponds with the sources you cited within your paper.

  • You only list sources you cited within your paper on your works cited page.

  • The works cited page should be on a separate piece of paper and should be typed and double spaced.

  • Works cited page should be in MLA format.

  • If you need help with your citations, try www.easybib.com




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