Imperialism in Africa dbq (50 points) Historical Context



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Imperialism in Africa DBQ (50 points)
Historical Context:

European imperialism in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries resulted in the carving up of areas of Africa and Asia into vast colonial empires. This was true for most of the continent of Africa. As imperialism spread, the colonizer and the colony viewed imperialism differently. They saw both positive and negative effects of imperialism.
Prompt: Evaluate the new imperialism of the late 19th and early 20th centuries in Africa. What were the positive and negative effects of imperialism for the colonizer and the colony?
Task: Using at least 5 documents, write a well organized essay in which your 3 body paragraphs:

  1. Discuss at least 2 positive effects of the Imperialism in Africa.

  2. Discuss at least 2 negative effects of the Imperialism in Africa.

  3. Evaluate whether the changes that resulted from imperialism were overall worthwhile. Take a position! (Did the positive out way the negative?)

_____ _______________
After reading each document, answer the questions that follow on a separate sheet of paper. (10 points) Then, plan out your essay using the DBQ Organizer provided. (15 points)

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Document 1 This excerpt is adapted from Imperialism by J.A. Hobson, a British scholar.


The period of imperialism has witnessed many wars. Most of these wars have been caused by attacks of white races upon so-called “lower races.” They have resulted in the taking of territory by force. . . . The white rulers of the colonies live at the expense of the natives. Their chief work is to organize labor for their support. In the typical colony, the most fertile lands and the mineral resources are owned by white foreigners. These holdings are worked by natives under their direction. The foreigners take wealth out of the country. All the hard work is done by natives.




  • 1A: What negative aspects of imperialism does this British scholar point out?


Document 2


Sekou Toure, and African nationalist, pointed out another negative aspect of imperialism.

Colonialism’s greatest misdeed was to have tried to strip us of our responsibility in conducting our own affairs and convince us that our civilization was nothing less than savagery, thus giving us complexes which led to our being branded as irresponsible and lacking in self-confidence.



  • 2A: What criticism of imperialism does this African offer?


Document 3 The resolution of the All-African People’s Conference, held in Accra, Ghana in 1958, “condemns colonialism and imperialism” based on these premises.


Whereas all African peoples . . . deplore the economic exploitation of African people by Imperialist Countries, thus reducing Africans to poverty in the midst of plenty . . . Whereas fundamental human rights, freedom of speech, freedom of association, freedom of movement, freedom of worship, freedom to live a full and abundant life . . . are denied to Africans through the activities of Imperialists.



  • 3A: What are the reasons this group condemned imperialism?


Document 4 George H.T. Kimble, in a 1962 New York Times Magazine article, “Colonialism: the Good, the Bad, the Lessons,” gives his point of view.


. . . they [the colonial powers] failed to provide the African with sufficient [preparation] . . . None of the newly independent countries had enough skilled African administrators to run their own . . . [or] enough African technicians to keep the public utilities working. . . . And no country had an electorate that knew what independence was all about. . . . For all its faults, colonial government provided security of person and property in lands that had known little or either. . . . It was the colonial powers who were largely responsible for the opening of the region to the lumberman, miner, planter, and other men of means without whom its wealth would be continued to lie fallow [uncultivated].



  • 4A: What does this author cite as negative effects of imperialism?

  • 4B: What does he cite as positive effects of imperialism?


Document 5 This is an African proverb.

When the whites came to our country, we had the land and they had the Bible;

now we have the Bible and they have the land.



  • 5A: What does this proverb imply about the effect of imperialism in Africa?


Document 6 This poem by David Diop is from an Anthology of West African Verse.

The White Man killed my father, My brother was strong.

My father was proud. His hand red with black blood

The White Man seduced my mother, The White Man turned to me;

My mother was beautiful. And in the Conqueror’s voice said,

The White Man burnt my brother “Boy! A chair, a napkin, a drink.”

Beneath the noonday sun



  • 6A: What negative aspects of imperialism does David Diop present in this poem?


Document 7 This excerpt, adapted from Balance Sheets of Imperialism by Grover Clark, points out other negative aspects of imperialism.

The struggle for colonies does not result only in cash losses. There were also lives lost, wars fought, and hatreds aroused which threatened new wars. . . .Italy’s trade with her colonies in 1894-1932 was worth 5,561 million lire [about $1,100 million]. This was less than one percent of her total foreign trade in the same period. In fact, her expenditures on colonies for that time was 6,856 million lire. Obviously colonies cost more than they are worth in trade.


  • 7A: What evidence does this author provide to show that colonies were a negative financial drain on the Europeans?


Part B—Essay

Evaluate the new imperialism of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries in Africa.

What were the positive and negative effects of imperialism for the colonizer and the colony?
Imperialism DBQ Name _____________________ Per _____
Prompt: Evaluate the new imperialism of the late 19th and early 20th centuries in Africa. What were the positive and negative effects of imperialism for the colonizer and the colony?
Task: Using at least 5 documents, write a well organized essay in which your 3 body paragraphs:

  1. Discuss at least 2 positive effects of the Imperialism in Africa.

  2. Discuss at least 2 negative effects of the Imperialism in Africa.

  3. Evaluate whether the changes that resulted from imperialism were overall worthwhile. Take a position!

DBQ Essay Assessment Rubric

5

4

3

INTRODUCTION – Provides background information on the topic. Thesis is evident, well written, and sets up the essay

Introduction has a satisfactory thesis, but is missing background information

Introduction of topic has minimal information or there is no evident thesis

BODY – DOCS are paraphrased, detailed, correctly labeled, and clearly supports the prompt and the thesis

Docs are somewhat detailed; paraphrasing is attempted but not clear; docs are not correctly labeled

Docs do not support the thesis or the prompt. Docs are quoted directly; less than 5 docs are used

BODY – COMMENTARY fully explains the docs and clearly supports the prompt and the thesis

CM somewhat explains the docs; support of thesis and prompt is vague

CM does not support the docs, the prompt, or the thesis

CONCLUSION – Summarizes essay and rewords the thesis statement

Summary is satisfactory; thesis is restated but not reworded

Summary of topic has minimal information; no thesis

TRANSITIONS – Uses transition words; essay is easily readable

Transitions are used in some paragraphs, but not all

Transitions are attempted, but do not maintain flow; difficult to read

25 points possible


Questions ______/10 Organizer______/15 Essay ______/25 TOTAL GRADE________/50 points

Imperialism DBQ Name _____________________ Per _____
Prompt: Evaluate the new imperialism of the late 19th and early 20th centuries in Africa. What were the positive and negative effects of imperialism for the colonizer and the colony?
Task: Using at least 5 documents, write a well organized essay in which your 3 body paragraphs:

  1. Discuss at least 2 positive effects of the Imperialism in Africa.

  2. Discuss at least 2 negative effects of the Imperialism in Africa.

  3. Evaluate whether the changes that resulted from imperialism were overall worthwhile. Take a position!

DBQ Essay Assessment Rubric

5

4

3

INTRODUCTION – Provides background information on the topic. Thesis is evident, well written, and sets up the essay

Introduction has a satisfactory thesis, but is missing background information

Introduction of topic has minimal information or there is no evident thesis

BODY – DOCS are paraphrased, detailed, correctly labeled, and clearly supports the prompt and the thesis

Docs are somewhat detailed; paraphrasing is attempted but not clear; docs are not correctly labeled

Docs do not support the thesis or the prompt. Docs are quoted directly; less than 5 docs are used

BODY – COMMENTARY fully explains the docs and clearly supports the prompt and the thesis

CM somewhat explains the docs; support of thesis and prompt is vague

CM does not support the docs, the prompt, or the thesis

CONCLUSION – Summarizes essay and rewords the thesis statement

Summary is satisfactory; thesis is restated but not reworded

Summary of topic has minimal information; no thesis

TRANSITIONS – Uses transition words; essay is easily readable

Transitions are used in some paragraphs, but not all

Transitions are attempted, but do not maintain flow; difficult to read

25 points possible


Questions ______/10 Organizer______/15 Essay ______/25 TOTAL GRADE________/50 points


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