Illinois Novice Tournament 2001 – Round 4



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Illinois Novice Tournament 2001 – Round 4


Packet by “DePauw Sub One” (James McQuiston, Kirstyn Wentzel, Max Maile and Brian Murphy) and Grinnell A
Tossups
1. The second chapter of this work expounds on the titular subject in the context of “Thought and Discussion,” with the author stating that it is a “pleasant falsehood” to suppress opinion in the belief that truth would eventually win out. This 1859 essay argues that religious intolerance and prohibition are harmful to the State, and that social welfare only works when it does not impose restrictions. FTP, name this work in which utilitarian philosophy is applied to human freedom, written by John Stuart Mill.
Answer: On Liberty
2. He played second cornet in King Oliver's band and is heard on its early 1923 recordings. The Guinness Book of World Records lists this man as the oldest performer ever to chart a number one hit record, an accomplishment achieved in 1964 when his record of “Hello Dolly” displaced the Beatles from the top position. Four years later he topped the British chart with “What a Wonderful World”. FTP, name this jazz trumpetist who was nicknamed “Satchmo”.
Answer: Louis Armstrong
3. This woman co-founded a weekly newspaper with her sister, Tennessee, which produced the first English-language translation of the Communist Manifesto. Her interest in spiritualism earned her the financial backing of Cornelius Vanderbilt to open a stockbrokerage firm in 1870. Her speeches, including an address to the House Judiciary Committee, allowed her to challenge Susan B. Anthony for control of the National Woman Suffrage Association. FTP, name this woman who in 1872, on the Equal Rights ticket, was the first female to run for the U.S. Presidency.
Answer: Victoria (Claflin) Woodhull
4. His dramatic flare sometimes led him astray, such as when he incorrectly proclaimed that the blind Georg Khalkis had regained his sight and killed a man, and when he twice misidentified the decapitated, crucified body of Andrew Van. This pince-nez wearing mystery author lived with his police inspector father Richard in Manhattan, and his adventures often featured surreal locked-room murders and encoded dying clues. FTP, name this sleuth, who first appeared in The Roman Hat Mystery, a creation of Fred Dannay and Manfred Lee.
Answer: Ellery Queen
5. The Persian astronomer Al-Sufi called it "little cloud" and William Herschel believed that its distance was not greater than two thousand times that of Sirius. Both men were wrong, as modern astronomers know it to be almost three million light years away, and a spiral galaxy as opposed to an elliptical one. FTP name this galaxy, the closest large galaxy to the Milky Way with Messier number 31.
Answer: Andromeda Galaxy (Accept "Messier 31" or "M31" on early buzz)
6. While this man was on the USTA junior tour, he regularly lost tourney finals to David Wheaton. However, their pro careers went in opposite direction, with Wheaton fading into obscurity and this man breaking Ivan Lendl’s record for most consecutive weeks at number one. FTP, name this man who in 2000 broke Ken Rosewall’s record for most Grand Slam wins and also recently bagged actress Bridgette Wilson as his wife.
Answer: Pete Sampras
7. By the end of this battle Mardonius and the best of his troops lay dead on the slopes of Cithaeron. The general had hoped the plains of Boeotia would give an advantage to his cavalry but, while initially successful, the hoplite opposition under Pausanias eventually overpowered his forces. Unlike the naval battle of the previous year, this Greek victory was a Spartan one, not an Athenian. FTP, name this 479 BC battle, the last major land battle of the Persian Wars.
Battle of Plataea
8. Objects passing through them shielded by a one-eighth inch aluminum plate still receive a dosage of 2500 rem. Almost non-existent in the polar regions, the inner one is characterized by high energy protons trapped by the “magnetic mirror” effect, while the outer one contains lower energy helium ions and electrons from the solar wind. FTP, name these zones of high altitude charge particles, named after the man who used the Explorer satellite to study them in 1958.
Answer: Van Allen Belts
9. Though he is quite emphatic about not hating the South, his feelings towards his sister Caddy's lover are somewhat less positive. He is ultimately unable to kill Dalton Ames, which drives him to his death by drowning. FTP name this narrator of part of Absalom, Absalom, a recurring Faulkner character that kills himself in section two of The Sound and the Fury.
Answer: Quentin MacLachlan Compson III
10. It gained independence in 1964, but chose to remain a part of the British Commonwealth, in part due to its limited freshwater supply and low percentage of arable land. Though it is an archipelago country, most of its 316 square kilometer area is taken up by its three main islands, which include Comina and Gozo. FTP, name this strategically-located Mediterranean island nation whose largest city is Birkirkara but whose capital is Velletta.
Answer: Republic of Malta
11. Although its theory is based on the law of effect that Thorndike formulated from his puzzle box experiments, it differs from instrumental conditioning in that the subject is free to respond at any time, and thus the rate of response is measured. Responses are guided through reinforcement, such as the food provided to pigeons in a Skinner box. FTP, name this form of response in which a test subject is conditioned to act on its environment.
Answer: Operant conditioning
12. This polymer was discovered in 1938 when a DuPont chemist, Roy Plunkett opened a gas canister of tetrafluoroethylene but noticed that nothing came out. Inside the vessel he discovered a slippery polymeric material that had a high melting point and was nearly chemically inert. This discovery went unused until World War Two when it was employed to form gaskets that were inert to uranium hexafluoride. FTP, what polymer was later marketed in the 1960's to consumers as nonstick coatings on cookware?
Answer: Teflon
13. World leaders that have spoken here as guests of the “Green Lecture Series” include Margaret Thatcher, George H. W. Bush, Ronald Reagan, and Mikhail Gorbachev. Alums include the wide receiver that surpassed Jerry Rice’s NCAA All-Division reception record in 1999. The site of Winston Churchill’s “iron curtain” speech, for 10 points, name this Fulton, Missouri college that is home to a chapel moved from London, a large section of the Berlin Wall, and is named for a famous Abbey.
Answer: Westminster College
14. “As you wish” is the only phrase the hero says to Buttercup until right before they are separated. This film is told through a frame narration of a loving grandfather reading the novel to his Cubs-loving grandson, who, despite his protestations to the contrary, is in fact interested in the kissing scenes. The novel features farmboy-turned-pirate Westley seeking first to rescue his lady love from a kidnapping, then from her fiancée, the evil prince Humperdink. For ten points, name this film based upon “S. Morgenstern’s classic tale of True Love and High Adventure.”
Answer: The Princess Bride
15. In the center of the picture, a complex construction rises in front of a terraced landscape. The vertical axes are formed by two mighty towers, each crowned with a striking polyhedron. Small houses are attached to the left and right; the left foreground shows a small garden overgrown with bizarre underwater plants. FTP, name this M.C. Escher work in which the central action of the picture is the title object, which falls onto and drives a wheel.
Answer: Waterfall
16. After an indiscreet affair with the niece of Canon Fulbert, which included having a son named Astrolabe, he was attacked and castrated by a gang of hoodlums. While this put a cramp in his love life, it did allow him to continue teaching philosophy and theology as a monk at St. Denis, where he devised his own solution to the problem of universals. FTP, name this author of Sic et Non and lover of Heloise.
Answer: Peter Abelard
17. One of the few surviving original models of this invention resides at the University of Coimbra in Portugal. It first appeared in the 1784 work A Treatise on the Rectilinear Motion, a textbook on Newtonian mechanics. Named after its British inventor, FTP what is this device, a staple of first-year physics labs, consisting of a pulley and two unequal weights, which has nothing to do with the author of The Blind Assassins and The Handmaid’s Tale?

Answer: Atwood machine


18. This native of Starkfield, Massachusetts once dreamt of being an engineer, but beginning with his mother, convalescence and invalidity were recurring themes in his life. An unused pickle dish symbolizes his loveless marriage to Zeena that he tries to escape through first through an unrealized affair with her cousin, and then in an attempted suicide by sled with Mattie Silver. FTP, name this famer and subject of an Edith Wharton novel.
Answer: Ethan Frome
19. In 939 this country regained its independence from China. This struggle was good practice for much of the rest of its history, as it overthrew Ming rule in 1428, had its government overthrown in the 1773 Tay Son rebellion, and expelled the French in 1954 at Dien Bien Phu. FTP name this nation of Southeast Asia from which U.S. troops finally withdrew in 1973.
Ans: Socialist Republic of Vietnam or Cong Hoa Xa Hoi Chu Nghia Viet Nam

(only prompt on “The ‘Nam” if player is a middle-aged male suffering flashbacks)


20. The exterior of this triptych depicts the third day of creation. The right wing depicts a discordant land full of oversized musical instruments and a bird-headed creature devouring a person. The left wing shows grazing unicorns and elephants in the background while God introduces Eve to a sitting Adam. The main panel features debauchery such as several clearly unclothed people of both sexes bathing communally.

FTP name this painting by Hieronymus Bosch.


Answer: The Garden of Earthly Delights
21. In this story people constantly watch their walls and listen to “Seashell radios.” The “green bullet” provides a means of communication between the main character and his accomplice. “Dover Beach” is read and mechanical hounds chase non-conformers. Here the “Book People” are the only ones who still have knowledge of literature and philosophy. FTP, name this novel that features 17-year old Clarrise McClellan, fire chief Beartty, Mildred, and the protagonist, Guy Montag, written by Ray Bradbury.
Answer: Fahrenheit 451
Bonuses
1. 30-20-10, name the novel.
A. The title character sees an angel at Tabitha's bedside in the night, but is told it is just a hallucination due to a high fever that he has. He later claims that it was the Angel of Death and he had interrupted it.
B. The theme of armlessness is iterated through an armadillo, the swaddled Baby Jesus, a vandalized statue of the Virgin Mary, and eventually the death of the title character.
C. This 1989 John Irving novel centers on development of faith in John Wheelwright through the sacrifices of his best friend, a preternaturally small boy with a nasal voice, who accidently killed his mother with a foul ball in Little League.
Answer: A Prayer For Owen Meany

2. Answer the following questions about reproduction in plants FTPE.


A. This is the group of all flowering plants in which fertilized seeds develop inside the protection of an ovary.
Answer: Angiosperms
B. For five points each, these are the terms for the whole male organ of a flowering plant and the section of that organ which produces and contains pollen.
Answer: Stamen and Anther
C. For five points each, these are the terms for the whole female organ of a flowering plant and the section of that organ which acts as a receptacle for the pollen.
Answer: Pistil and Stigma

3. People in the Old Testament of the Bible often die in very colorful and interesting ways. Given the coroner’s report, name the person who just kicked the bucket FTPE.


A. “Body contains high concentration of sodium chloride—100%, in fact. Last seen fleeing the city of Sodom.
Answer: Lot’s Wife
B. “Apparently crushed to death in collapse of a Temple to Dagon; eyes have been gouged out, and hair has been completely shorn very recently.
Answer: Samson
C. “Sizable stab wound in the stomach; dagger appears to belong to one “Joab”. Forehead and scalp show evidence of being pulled upon, as if the deceased was hanging from a tree by his hair.
Answer: Absalom

4. Several long-time U.S. Senators have announced their retirement this year. FTPE, given the description of the retiring senator, name him, 5 points if you need the state he represents.


A. (For 10) He switched parties after publicly supporting Ronald Reagan’s 1981 budget and tax cuts.

(For 5) Texas


Answer: Phil Gramm
B. (For 10) This erstwhile Democrat set a record in 1957 by reading from a telephone book for over 24 hours, thereby filibustering a key civil rights bill.
(For 5) South Carolina
Answer: Strom Thurmond
C. (For 10) Before his election to the Senate, he was an executive vice president of a television station and a radio network, and also changed parties in 1970, despite his staunch conservatism today.
(For 5) North Carolina
Answer: Jesse Helms

5. 30-20-10, name the musical instrument.


A. The Bulgarian gaida, the Spanish gaita gallega, and the Breton biniou are less-famous regional models.
B. It has a scale of nine notes, though it can play in different octaves depending on the position of the chanter.
C. Though the chanter typically has a double-reed mouthpiece, the three drones common to the Highland model are usually single-reed pipes.
Answer: Bagpipes

6. Name the bands from songs, FTPE.


A. “Burning Down The House”, “Once In A Lifetime”, “Psycho Killer”
Answer: Talking Heads

B. “Paranoid Android”, “Pyramid Song”, “Fake Plastic Trees”

Answer: Radiohead


C. “Sour Times (Nobody Loves Me)”, “Glorybox”, “Only You”
Answer: Portishead

7. Identify the twentieth century German works of literature for ten points, or for five if you need the author.




  1. (For 10) Harry Haller’s life changes dramatically when he meets the “carefree and elusive” Hermine, and he learns that he must overcome his inhibitions in order to relate to humanity.

(For 5) Herman Hesse


Answer: Der Steppenwolf

  1. (For 10) Oskar Matzerath refuses to mature past the age of three, developing into a misshapen dwarf who observes the horror engulfing his home of Danzig as the tide of Nazism rises.

(For 5) Gunter Grass


Answer: The Tin Drum or Die Blechtrommel


  1. (For 10) This play recounts the conflict between two communes over the ownership of a prosperous valley. This tale is set in comparison with the conflict between the servant girl Grusche and the mother of the child she raised that was settled through a Solomon-like test.

(For 5) Bertolt Brecht


Answer: The Caucasian Chalk Circle or Der Kaukasische Kreidekreis

8. Identify the following things for which a Nobel Prize has been awarded FTPE.


A. This class of carbon structures, which includes C sixty and C seventy, can be modified into high-temperature superconductors and nanotubules, and it earned Robert Curl, Harold Kroto and Richard Smalley the 1996 Chemistry Nobel.
Answer: Buckminster Fullerenes or Buckyball
B. These protein structures cause diseases such as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and scrapie, and their discovery earned Stanley Prusiner the 1997 Medicine Nobel.
Answer: Prions
C. Robert Furchgott, Louis Ignarro and Ferid Murad were awarded the 1998 Medicine Nobel for their discovery of the role of this compound as a signal-carrier in the cardiovascular system, and thus paving the way for Viagra.

Answer: Nitric Oxide

9. Given a description of what causes the phobia, name it FTPE.
A. Heights
Answer: Acrophobia
B.Gravity
Answer: Barophobia
C. Trees
Answer: Dendrophobia

10. For ten points each, name the philosophers.


A. This philosopher was caricatured by Voltaire as the tutor Doctor Pangloss who proclaims that “this is the best of all possible worlds.”
Answer: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnitz
B. A critique of Locke’s theory that perceptions resemble physical objects led this Irish philosopher to adopt what he called idealism.
Answer: George Berkeley [barkley]
C. This English philosopher argued that humanity’s natural state of unregulated psychological egoism creates an existence that is “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short.”
Answer: Thomas Hobbes

11. Identify the following about a European monarch FTPE.


A. Nicknamed the Minerva of the North, this daughter of Gustavus Adolphus ascended to the throne of Sweden at the age of eighteen, but abdicated on her own volition a decade later.
Answer: Christina
B. This French philosopher spent his last year as Christina’s tutor, eventually succumbing to pneumonia induced by rising early to trudge through the snow to her palace.
Answer: Rene Descartes
C. Christina was instrumental in hammering out this treaty that concluded the Thirty Year’s War.
Answer: Peace of Westphalia

12. 30-20-10, given a literary quote, name the story.


A. “Often he lay there the whole long night through, not sleeping a wink and only scrabbling on the leather for hours on end.”
B. “And it was like a confirmation of their new dreams and good intentions when at the end of the ride their daughter got up first and stretched her young body.”
C. “When Gregor Samsa woke up one morning from unsettling dreams, he found himself changed in his bed into a monstrous vermin.”
Answer: The Metamorphosis or Die Verwandlung

13. Name the American deserts from the descriptions FTPE.


A. Located on an Arizona plateau and partially situated inside of Petrified Forest National Park, this desert contains both Hopi and Navajo reservations, and is characterized by brilliantly colored shales, marls and sandstones.
Answer: Painted Desert
B. This biologically rich desert is home to the Saguaro cactus and it pushes far down into Mexico on both sides of the Gulf of California
Answer: Sonoran Desert
C. Agaves are one of the characteristic plants of this desert, which is named for a Mexican state and lies primarily between the Sierra Madre Oriental and the Sierra Madre Occidental.

Answer: Chihuahuan Desert

14. 30-20-10 name the space mission:
A. Launched on April 7, 2001, it had journeyed 285 million miles by the time it reached its target on October 24.
B. It was named after the planet that its orbiting and a Greek epic.
C. It is designed to search for water, map surface minerals, and measure radiation levels on Mars.
Answer: Mars Odyssey

15. Identify the speaker of quotes from Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar FTPE.


A. “I am as constant as the northern star”
Answer: Cassius
B. “Cowards die many times before their deaths”
Answer: Julius Caesar
C. “When beggars die there are no comets seen”
Answer: Calpurnia

16. Name this Civil War general, 30-20-10.

A. When A.E. Burnside resigned command of the Army of the Potomac after the Union disaster at Fredericksburg, he was appointed to succeed him.
B. He immediately effected several much-needed organizational reforms and prepared to challenge the South at the Battle of Chancellorsville, but his grave defects as a commanding officer became apparent when Confederate general Lee, with fewer than half the number of troops, outmaneuvered him and caused a Union retreat.
C. Contrary to popular belief, the slang term for women of the night did not draw from the large female contingent that followed his boisterous troops.
Answer: “Fighting” Joe Hooker

17. Given a description of a hybrid creature, name it on a 5-10-15 basis.


A. It had the body and head of a horse, the hind legs of a stag, the tail of a lion, and a single horn in the middle of the forehead.
Answer: Unicorn
B. The head, forepart, and wings were of an eagle and the body, hind legs, and tail were of a lion.
Answer: Griffin
C. Out of the mists of history, this legendary creature was a horse with the head of a rabbit and the body of a rabbit.
Answer: Esquilax

18. Answer these questions about scientific formulas encountered by Homer Simpson when he enters the third dimension, FTPE.


A. One formula Homer sees—1782^12 + 1841^12 = 1922^12—cannot be true because it contradicts what famous mathematical theorem?
Answer: Fermat’s last theorem
B. Homer also sees this formula, which relates five of the most important numbers in the form of e^(i * Pi) + 1 = 0
Answer: Euler’s formula
C. Finally, Homer sees a formula containing this physical constant, whose as-yet undetermined value indicates whether the universe will keep expanding indefinitely, or collapse back on itself.
Answer: Hubbell’s constant

19. Identify the following about a large military production contract.


A. For ten points, name this program to develop the next generation of fighter aircraft that awarded a $300 billion contract.
Answer: Joint Strike Fighter
B. For ten points each, identify the winning company and their plane model that will replace the Harrier, the F-16 and the F/A-18.
Answer: Lockheed Martin; X-35

20. Given the mythological figure, identify his or her mother, 5-5-10-10.


A. Heracles
Answer: Alcmene
B. Hermes
Answer: Maia

C. Ariadne

Answer: Pasiphae



D. Andromeda

Answer: Cassiopeia



21. Given a few tidbits of info, name the state FTPE.
A. The current governor, who will be in power until 2005, is Frank O’Bannon. Historical sites include Amish Acres, Conner Prairie Pioneer Settlement, and Points of Interest include Wyandotte Cave, and Holiday World.
Answer: Indiana
B. The current governor, who will be in power until 2003, is Paul E. Patton. Historical sites include:,Fort Boonesborough State Park, Fort Campbell Memorial Park, Fort Duffield, and Old Fort Harrod State Park.
Answer: Kentucky
C. Historical sites here include Voyageurs National Park, and North Shore Drive. It entered the Union on May 11, 1858 and its flag has a blue background with a oddly-pentagramic styled star.
Answer: Minnesota


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